• Title, Summary, Keyword: Purchase intentions

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The Impact of Nature of Purchase and Purchase Utility on Purchase Intention According to Retailtainment (리테일테인먼트에 따라 구매특성과 구매효용이 구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hyun-Seok;Cheon, Hongsik J.
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The development of technologies lead the volume of sale on online market increase but an off-line shopping center is still a core component in the omni-channel strategy. It is generally thought that high-level retailtainment on brick and mortar store affects purchase intentions positively, but some previous studies dispute that and have reported that retailtainment does not affect purchase intentions. So we have studied the additional factors' effect - the nature of purchase and utility - with retailtainment. Research design, data, and methodology - There are 8 treatment groups which were assigned by the method of retailtainment (high vs. low), nature of purchase (essential vs. non-essential), and utility (acquisition vs. transaction). A total of 240 subjects (office workers = 163, 68%; undergraduates = 77, 32%; average age = 30s; female = 39%) were divided into groups and exposed to one of the eight scenarios. Participant's purchase intention was the dependent, and ANOVA and L-matrix were used to analyze for main and interactive effects between factors. Results - First, the main effect and interactive effect between retailtainment and the nature of purchase are significant. We also found that the contrast between essential and non-essential at low-level retailtainment is higher than that of high-level retailtainment. Second, in the case of retailtainment and utility, transaction utility under high-level retailtainment affects purchase intentions positively. Third, between the nature of the purchase and utility, the main effect of the nature of purchase and the interactive effect is significant, but the main effect of utility is not significant. In the case of non-essential goods, the purchase intention was high when transaction utility was provided but in the case of essential goods, acquisition utility increased purchase intentions. Finally, when transaction utility is given, purchase intentions of essential goods increase under low retailtainment, and the purchase intentions of non-essential goods increase under high retailtainment. Conclusions - When customers buy essential goods, discounts decrease purchase intentions. During the season for bargain sales, purchase intentions increase when retailtainment of essential goods is low, and retailtainment of non-essential goods is high.

Analysis of Factors which Influence Consumers' Purchase Intentions in Electronic Commerce Market (전자상거래 기업의 성공을 위한 소비자 구매의도 영향요인 분석)

  • Kim, Sung-Eon;Nah, Sun-Young
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.61-77
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    • 2000
  • World Wide Web(Web) supports bi-directional communication between corporations and consumers. In the year of Electronic Commerce, close relationships with consumers are more emphasized for corporations. Nowadays, corporations compete with corporations which are located in whole world through the media called Internet. In this competitive environment, to attract consumers' attentions, it is required to develope corporations' Web sites in the way to stimulate consumers' purchase intentions. To verify the elements needed to stimulate consumers' purchase intentions factors which influence consumers' purchase intentions were analyzed. Adaptation, shopping convenience and assurance-reliability were found to be positive factors for consumers' purchase intentions. It was also found that consumers' purchase intentions in electronic commerce market are influenced by previous shopping experiences. Consumers who have previous shopping experiences are mainly influenced by good delivery systems and shopping environments while who have no experiences are influenced by consumers' risks such as performance risk and personal and privacy risk when they intend to purchase products or services.

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The Moderating Effects of Nationality and Lifestyle on the Relationship between Brand Equity and Purchase Intentions

  • Ko, Eun-Ju;Zhang, Hao
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 2009
  • This research investigates the differences in sportswear purchasing behavior between global consumers in Korea and China. Korean and Chinese consumers showed significant differences in purchasing behavior. Brand personality, perceived price, and brand loyalty showed a significant, positive relationship with purchase intentions across both cultural groups. The results identified two lifestyle categories for Korean and Chinese consumers: Adventurer and Follower. The consumers of each lifestyle group have significantly different views regarding brand equity and purchase intentions. Several marketing implications are discussed in this paper.

The effects of young consumers' perceptions of environment-friendly shopping bags and environmental consciousness on attitudes and purchase intentions

  • Smith, Madalyn;Cho, Eunjoo;Smith, Kathleen R.
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.687-696
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    • 2016
  • As consumers' interest in social responsibility (SR) has greatly increased in the last two decades, a growing body of academic research has examined the influence of consumers' environmental consciousness on their attitudes and purchase intentions toward environment-friendly apparel products. Use of environment-friendly shopping bags (EFSB; recycled and reusable bags) is an example of how apparel retailers engage in SR. However, little research has examined consumers' perceptions and their responses to the use of EFSB. To fill this research gap, this study examined the impact of young consumers' perceptions of EFSB and environmental consciousness on their attitudes and purchase intentions toward apparel retailers using EFSB. An online survey was conducted for data collection. A convenience sample of 212 college students was obtained from a large mid-Southern university in the U.S. A simple linear regression analysis was conducted to test all hypotheses. Results showed that young consumers' perceptions of EFSB positively influenced their environmental consciousness and their attitudes toward apparel retailers that use EFSB, which led to purchase intentions toward the retailers. Findings confirmed that young consumers placed a great degree of importance on EFSB and, therefore, would purchase apparel from retailers that use recycled or reusable shopping bags. These findings imply that providing EFSB is important in enhancing positive attitudes and purchase intentions toward apparel retailers.

The Effects of Preference Characteristics of Korean Wave Drama on Images, Attitudes, and Purchase Intentions for Korean Cuisine among Chinese Tourists (방한 중국인의 한류 드라마에 대한 선호도 특성이 한식에 대한 이미지와 태도 및 한식의 구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee-Kyung;Sim, Ki Hyeon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.440-453
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we conducted an empirical analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM) by distributing questionnaires to 208 Chinese tourists who constitute the largest proportion of foreign tourists visiting South Korea. The survey was conducted in a face to face (FTF) manner with the aim to contribute to globalization of Korean cuisine through comprehensive analysis of the effects of preference characteristics of Korean wave dramas on the relationship among images, attitudes, and purchase intentions for Korean cuisine. The main actor characteristics among the preference characteristics of Korean wave dramas had a significant effect on the attitudes and purchase intentions for Korean cuisine. However, the thematic characteristics among the preference characteristics of Korean wave dramas did not have a significant effect on the purchase intentions for Korean cuisine; in addition, the production characteristics did not have a significant effect on the attitudes and purchase intentions for Korean cuisine. The eco-friendly and health images of Korean cuisine had a significant effect on the purchase intentions for Korean cuisine, and the attitudes toward Korean cuisine significantly affected the purchase intentions for Korean cuisine. Based on the results of this study, it is considered necessary to continuously publicize Korean cuisine through Korean wave dramas to build positive attitudes toward Korean cuisine through enhanced images of Korean cuisine.

Effects of E-servicescape and Positive Emotion on Purchase Intention for Fashion Products (인터넷 패션쇼핑몰의 e-서비스스케이프가 구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chaeyeon;Park, Eunjoo
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this paper is to develop and test a conceptual model of purchase intentions, positive emotion, and e-servicescape that is defined as the online environment factors that exist during service delivery. Survey research method was used to gather data regarding consumers' perceptions of e-servicescape. Surveys were administered to 681 college students who experienced purchasing fashion products on the Internet. The results showed that e-servicescapes perceived by fashion consumers were composed of three dimensions: (1) Aesthetic appeal, (2) Ambient conditions, and (3) Layout & functionality. These dimensions of e-servicescape influenced consumers to lead positive emotions and purchase intentions. Additionally, positive emotions constituted a key variable for the purchase intention of fashion products during online exchange. The study revealed that consumers' interpretations of online environments exerted a powerful influence over positive emotion and purchase intentions. Also, it strongly endorsed the view that the purchase intentions of customers were linked to the extent to which they feel positive emotions by the e-service provider. This study provides insights into how consumers' interpretations of e-servicescape affect their subsequent positive emotions and ultimately their intentions to purchase. The findings of this study also have numerous implications for both services managers and internet developers related to fashion products.

Female Consumers' Attitudes and Purchase Intentions toward Intimate Apparel Brands

  • Rose, Jennifer;Cho, Eunjoo;Smith, Kathleen R.
    • Fashion, Industry and Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine female consumers' attitudes and purchase intentions toward intimate apparel brands. To understand female consumers' shopping behaviors for intimate apparel products, this study examined interrelationships among brand familiarity, perceived risk, attitudes, and purchase intentions toward intimate apparel brands. A conceptual model was developed by adopting perceived risk theory (Cox, 1967) and theory of reasoned action (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980). A pre-survey using a paper and pencil was conducted to identify the most familiar intimate apparel brand to young female consumers. The majority of pre-survey respondents (66 female college students) indicated Victoria's Secret as the most prominent intimate apparel brand. Therefore, Victoria's Secret was used to examine possible effects of brand familiarity on perceived risk and attitudinal and behavioral responses toward the brand. Using a web-based survey, 384 complete responses were collected from young female college students between the ages of 18-29 at a Mid-southern U.S. university. A structural equation modeling was employed to test the proposed research model and hypotheses. Results showed positive, statistically significant associations among the four variables (e.g., brand familiarity, perceived risk, attitudes, and purchase intentions). The findings suggested that young female consumers who are familiar with a particular intimate apparel brand are likely to perceive a low level of risk, leading to positive, strong attitudes with purchase intentions toward that particular intimate apparel brand. This suggests establishing brand familiarity through integrated marketing communication is crucial for risk reduction strategy in intimate apparel shopping.

Effects of Self-congruity and Functional Congruity of Luxury Fashion Brands on Purchase Intentions: Focusing on Self-construal Moderation (럭셔리 패션 브랜드의 자아 일치성 및 기능 일치성이 구매의도에 미치는 영향: 자기해석 조절 효과를 중심으로)

  • Seo, Jiin;Lee, Eun-Jung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.50-62
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    • 2018
  • The global volume of luxury fashion industries has continuously grown with the influx of young consumers in 20s and 30s, yet little research explores luxury consumption patterns of the young consumers. Given the crucial importance of socio-psychological shopping values in luxury, the current study explores the effects of self-congruity and functional congruity on purchase intentions of luxury fashion brands, and the moderation of self-construal in the mechanisms. An online study was conducted through Google Forms with a total of 227 Korean respondents of actual luxury consumption experiences. The data was analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program. The results of the study reveal the following: (i) Among the three factors of self-congruity, ideal and social self-congruity factors have significant positive effects on purchase intentions; (ii) actual self-congruity has no statistical effect on purchase intnetions of luxury fashion brands; (iii) functional congruity has a significant positive effect on purchase intentions of luxury fashion brands; (iv) no moderation effect of self-construal was found in the relationships between the three factors of self-congruity and purchase intentions; (v) the moderation effect of independent self-construal is significant but negative in the relationship between functional congruity and purchase intentions; (vi) the effect of intdependent self-construal is not found to be significant in the relationship between functional congruity and purchase intentions. Managerial and theoretical implications are discussed.

Effects of Heuristic Type on Purchase Intention in Mobile Social Commerce : Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Shopping Value (모바일 소셜커머스에서 휴리스틱 유형이 구매의도에 미치는 영향 : 쇼핑가치의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • KIM, Jin-Kwon;YANG, Hoe-Chang
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the heuristic type of consumers affecting purchase decision making and the intention of shopping value in their relationship to derive mobile social commerce purchase promotion plans. Research design, data, and methodology - A research model was constructed to relate the mediating effect of shopping value between heuristic types and purchase intentions. A total of 233 valid questionnaires were used for analysis for users using mobile social commerce. The statistical program used SPSS 24.0 and AMOS 24.0, and correlation analysis, regression analysis, and 3-step parametric regression analysis were used for the analysis. Results - The results of the analysis showed that representativeness heuristics, availability heuristics, adjustment heuristics, and affect heuristics had a statistically significant effect on the utilitarian value and the hedonic value. On the other hand, affect heuristics among the heuristic types were found to have the greatest influence not only on the utilitarian value but also on the hedonic value. The two types of shopping value were found to be partially mediated between representativeness heuristics and purchase intentions, between adjustment heuristics and purchase intentions, and fully mediated between availability heuristics and purchase intentions, affect heuristics and purchase intentions. Conclusions - These findings suggest that mobile social commerce companies should check in advance how consumer heuristic types affect purchase intentions. In particular, affect heuristics are caused by consumers' emotional mood such as mood or external stimulus being more important to decision making than rational decision making. Therefore, the result of this study suggests that it can be an important factor to secure the competitiveness that the potential customers who access to use mobile social commerce can feel enough fun and enjoyment in the platform provided by the company. It is also worth paying attention to the utilitarian and hedonic values perceived by consumers. This is because the judgment regarding the economic, convenience and important information provided by the mobile social commerce users affects the purchase intention through the trust of the information, past use, and shopping experience displayed on the mobile social commerce platform.

An Empirical Study about the Influence of Country Personality and Product Involvement on Consumer's Purchase and Visit Intentions

  • Sousa, Ana;Nobre, Helena;Farhangmehr, Minoo
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to understand the influence of country personality dimensions and product involvement on European consumers purchase and visit intentions, considering the Portuguese context. The increasing economic globalisation has resulted in the reducing of trade barriers between nations and the availability of more foreign products and services across borders. Therefore, the place associations of these products and services might be regarded as a potential competitive differentiator in their respective markets. Despite the proliferation of literature devoted to assessing the effects of country-of-origin, the symbolic dimension of a country's image remains understudied. A questionnaire measuring country personality dimensions, product involvement, and consumer's purchase and visit intention was passed on a sample of 335 European consumers. Country personality indeed matters both positively and negatively. Findings show that while assiduousness positively influences consumer's visit intentions, wickedness has a negative influence on consumer's purchase intentions. Findings also reveal that product involvement has a positive significant influence on consumer's purchase and visit intentions. On developing marketing strategies, international marketers and governmental decision-makers should consider product involvement attributes and specific country personality traits to provide the country's products with a competitive edge, as well as to promote the country as a travelling destination.