• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pulse Pile- Up

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Implementation of Efficient Pile-up Pulse Processing Algorithm Based on Trapezoidal Filter (사다리꼴 필터를 이용한 효율적인 중첩펄스 처리 알고리즘 구현)

  • Piao, Zheyan;Chung, Jin-Gyun
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.50 no.8
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    • pp.162-167
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    • 2013
  • X-ray or ${\gamma}$-ray spectroscopy systems are widely used for analyzing material characteristics. Pile-up pulses are very often encountered for several reasons in XRF systems. Thus, it is necessary to reject or recover pile-up pulses to accurately analyze the material under test. In this paper, a pile up pulse rejection and recovery method is presented for XRF systems using trapezoidal pulse shaping of the input signals. Since the proposed method is based on the trapezoidal pulse shaping method widely-used in XRF systems, only two counters and a few registers are needed to implement the additional function of pile-up pulse rejection and recovery. Consequently, the proposed system is much simpler than conventional pulse reconstruction systems. It is shown that the proposed method can detect and reject pile-up pulses exactly. It is also shown that the pile-up pulses can be recovered if some conditions are satisfied.

A technique for the reduction of pulse pile-up effect in pulse-shape discrimination of organic scintillation detectors

  • Nakhostin, M.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.360-365
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    • 2020
  • A technique for the reduction of pulse pile-up effect in digital pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) of neutrons and gamma-rays with organic scintillation detectors is presented. The technique is based on an electronic reduction of the effective decay-time constant of scintillation pulses while retaining the PSD information of the pulses. The experimental results obtained with a NE213 liquid scintillation detector in a mixed radiation field of neutrons and gamma-rays are presented, demonstrating a figure of merit (FOM) of 1.20 ± 0.05 with an energy threshold of 350 keVee (electron equivalent energy) when the effective length of the pulses is reduced to 50 ns.

Application of Pulse Pile-Up Correction Spectrum to the Library Least-Squares Method (펄스 중첩 보정 스펙트럼의 라이브러리 최소자승법에의 이용)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 2006
  • The Monte Carlo simulation code CEARPPU has been developed and updated to provide pulse pile-up correction spectra for high counting rate cases. For neutron activation analysis, CEARPPU correction spectra were used in library least-squares method to give better isotopic activity results than the convention library least-squares fitting with uncorrected spectra.

Radiation detector deadtime and pile up: A review of the status of science

  • Usman, Shoaib;Patil, Amol
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.50 no.7
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    • pp.1006-1016
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    • 2018
  • Since the early forties, researchers from around the world have been studying the phenomenon of deadtime in radiation detectors. Many have attempted to develop models to represent this phenomenon. Two highly idealized models; paralyzable and non-paralyzable are commonly used by most individuals involved in radiation measurements. Most put little thought about the operating conditions and applicability of these ideal models for their experimental conditions. So far, there is no general agreement on the applicability of any given model for a specific detector under specific operating conditions, let alone a universal model for all detectors and all operating conditions. Further the related problem of pile-up is often confused with the deadtime phenomenon. Much work, is needed to devise a generalized and practical solution to these related problems. Many methods have been developed to measure and compensate for the detector deadtime count loss, and many researchers have addressed deadtime and pulse pile-up. The goal of this article is to summarize the state of science of deadtime; measurement and compensation techniques as proposed by some of the most significant work on these topics and to review the deadtime correction models applicable to present day radiation detection systems.

The development and test of the electro-discharge machine for micro-drilling (미세구멍 가공용 방전 가공기의 개발 및 시험)

  • Baek, Hyeong-Chang;Kim, Byeong-Hee;Chang, In-Bae
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.19
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1999
  • This is the pre-study to pile up the basic technique for the electro-discharge machining in the field of micro-drilling. The machined chips are flowed out from the machining area by the flow arisen from the high speed rotation of the electrode. The cylindrical shape electrode, whose diameter is 0.5mm, is clamped by the three point clamping type clamper and the clamper is attached at the front shaft of the high speed rotating DC motor. The current for machining is controlled by pulse width modulation technique and the machining conditions such as frequency and duty ratio are changed to find out the effect of the variables for machined results.

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A Literatural study on the hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids complicated by anal fistula (痔瘡과 痔瘻에 對한 文獻的 考察)

  • No, Hyun-Chan;Rho, Sek-Seon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.284-305
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    • 1997
  • A Literatural study on the etiological factors, classification, prescription of hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids complicated by anal fistula following results were obtained. 1. The cause of hemorrhoids are long time sit, long time gate, overfatigue, overeating, imbalance of stool( constipation or diarrhea), pregnant fertility(overfatigue after childbirth, insufficiency of middle warmer energy), uncontrol sexual excess, pathgenic factors of wetness, heat, wind, dry, genetic cause, excess of anxiety, pile up of heat poison, weakness of entrails and viscera. The cause of hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula are attack of external wind, heatness, dry, fire, wetness(pathgenic factors), inapporiate treatment and chronic disease, greasy diet, excess of anxiety, constipation, uncontrol sexual excess, obstacle of circulation of vital energy and blood on anal site. 2. Classification of hemorrhoids are female hemorrhoids, male hemorrhoids, pulse hemorrhoids, intestines hemorrhoids, vital energy hemorrhoids, wine hemorrhoids, blood hemonhoids, flowing hemorrhoids. Classification with other method are external hemorrhoids, internal hemorrhoids, mixed hemorrhoids, excrescence hemorrhoids, nipple homorrhoids. External hemorrhoids is classified of varicosis of hemorrhoidal vein, connective tissue form, thrombus form. Classification of hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula are simple lower hemorrhoid, lower mixed hemorrhoid, deep hemorrhoid, outer of one hole hemorrhoid, a horseshoe hemorrhoids. Once more classificated of four are space of sphincter muscle form, penetration sphincter muscle form, upper of sphincter muscle form, outer of sphincter muscle form. 3. Therapy method of hermorrhoid and hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula are internal method, fumigation method method, ointment, method of close with medicine, necrotizing method, hot medicated compress( gxternal method), injection, insertion, bind, (operation) and acupuncture therapy (the others method) 4. Herb medicine for many used of internal method are Scutellaria baikalensis George(黃芩), Coptis japonia Makino(黃連), Rehmania giutinosa Liboschitz ex Fischer & Meyer(生地黃), Poncirus trifoliata Refinesque(枳殼), Sanguisorba officinalis Linne(地楡), Sophora japonica L.(槐花), Cnidium officinale Makino (川芎), Astragalus membranaceus Bunge(황기), Angelica gigas Nakai (當歸). 5. Herb medicine for many used of fumigation are Schlechtendalia Chinesis J. Bell (五倍子), Artemisia Vulgaris L. var indica Maxim(艾葉), Poncirus trifoliata Refinesque (枳殼), Nepeta japonica Maximowicy(荊芥), And herb medicine for many used of ointment are Calomelas(輕粉), Alum(白礬), Boswellia carterii Birdwood(乳香), Os Draconis Fossilia Ossis Mastodi(龍骨).

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