• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Public diplomacy

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공공외교활동을 통해 본 글로벌거버넌스의 정책적 함의 (Policy Implications of Global Governance through Public Diplomacy Activities)

  • 김영미
    • 디지털융복합연구
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2020
  • ICT기반의 인프라가 구축되면서 세계 많은 국가들의 네트워크가 활발하게 이어지는 가운데 외교 활동도 이전까지의 전통외교와는 차별화된 다양한 외교양식으로 진화되고 있다. 특히 그 과정에서 정부 이외의 주체와 새로운 외교영역을 중심으로 하는 공공외교의 활동이 가속화되는 양상을 보이고 있다. 본 연구는 새로운 외교양식의 대표적 유형으로 등장한 공공외교의 현황을 파악하고 글로벌 거버넌스의 활성화를 위한 정책적 함의를 도출하였다. 각 주체별 다양한 외교활동의 주요 내용을 중심으로 생성된 데이터를 통해 현황 분석을 시도하고 공공외교의 트랜드를 토대로 방향성을 모색하였다. 외교의 주체가 더욱 더 다양해지고 있고, 무엇보다 외교 수단의 변화로 인해 세계무대를 토대로 다각적인 활동들이 이어지고 있다. 무엇보다 국민들 모두가 민간외교의 역할을 수행하는 모습을 보이고 있고, 지방정부 차원의 역할과 역량도 더 강해지고 있음을 파악하였다. 공공외교의 활성화를 위해 글로벌 거버넌스구축이 필요하며, 공공외교의 역할과 다양한 주제로 확장하여 지원정책이 지속될 필요가 있다.

The Paradox of Public Diplomacy on the Web: An Empirical Analysis on Interactivity and Narratives of Nation-States' Ministry of Foreign Affairs Web Sites

  • Lee, Hyung Min;Wang, Kevin Y.;Hong, Yejin
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 2015
  • Against the backdrop of Habermas' theory of communicative action, we empirically analyzed the level of interactivity and narratives offered in nation-states' ministry of foreign affairs Web sites. A multiple regression analysis was performed in an attempt to identify factors affecting the level of interactivity in such Web sites. Findings revealed that the level of economic development is the sole significant factor in regards to the level of interactivity. Further, self-interested, goal-directed, and strategic purposes behind the allegedly transparent, engaging, and interactive public diplomacy were evidenced through a critical analysis of the objectives, key issues, and target publics addressed and highlighted in the public diplomacy narratives on the Web. The results suggested a possible digital divide in the interactive adoption of Web public diplomacy as well as strategic motives and interests embedded in the public diplomacy communication on the Web. This study helps increase our understanding of the paradox of public diplomacy in the digital age.

소셜 미디어를 이용한 공공외교가 국가이미지와 국가 브랜드에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 (The Influence of Public Diplomacy with Social Media on Country Image and Country Brands -Focusing on Cultural Contents-)

  • 최용석;김효미
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.426-438
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 공공외교가 이루어지는 소통의 채널에 관심을 두고, 소셜미디어를 이용한 공공외교 활동의 효과를 검증하는데 목적이 있다. 이에 따라 소셜 미디어의 특성이 공공외교 콘텐츠 호감도와 국가 이미지, 국가 브랜드 호감도와 로열티에 미치는 영향 관계를 규명하고자 하였다. 체계적인 실증분석을 위하여 7개 대륙 42개국 외국인 301명을 대상으로 표본을 수집하였으며, 연구 결과, 소셜 미디어 특성 중 상호작용성과 신속성을 제외한 모든 변수가 공공외교 문화 콘텐츠 호감도와 유의한 영향 관계가 있는 것으로 확인되었다. 또한, 공공외교 문화콘텐츠 호감도는 국가 이미지에 유의한 영향을 미치며, 국가 이미지는 국가 브랜드 호감도와 국가 브랜드 로열티에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이로써 21세기 공공외교 정책의 효과적인 수단으로써 소셜 미디어가 가지는 영향력이 검증되었으며, 공공외교를 수행하는 주체들에게 기초자료를 제공하여 미래 공공외교 활동에 이바지할 수 있는데 시사점이 있다.

An Exploration of Korean Discourses on Public Diplomacy

  • Ayhan, Kadir Jun
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 2020
  • There is great confusion over what constitutes public diplomacy (PD), who its actors are, and the relevance of non-state actors. In the Korean context, in addition to the general fuzziness of the concept, linguistic peculiarities of the terms gonggong and gongjung both of which refer to public, waegyo, which is interchangeably used for international affairs, foreign policy and diplomacy, and juche which is simultaneously used for actor and agent, add more layers of confusion. While the term PD in Korea is based almost entirely on Western conceptualization, these linguistic peculiarities prevent fruitful conversations among scholars and practitioners on PD. Against this background, this research note explores and addresses conceptual ambiguities that pertains to PD and the policy discourse on the topic, particularly on non-state PD in Korea. The paper draws on Korean government's PD-related policy documents and Diplomatic White Papers and all relevant academic articles found in Korean-language journals registered in the Korean Citation Index (KCI), which are analysed to gain an understanding of the PD-related policy discourse in Korea.

Policy Implementation Process of Korean Government's Public Diplomacy on Climate Change

  • Choi, Ga Young;Song, Jaeryoung;Lee, Eunmi
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2020
  • In 2015, the State Council of South Korea finalized its goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by "37% from the business-as-usual (BAU) level" by 2030 across all the economic sectors. Of that reduction, 4.5% will be achieved overseas by leveraging Emission Trading Systems (ETS) aided by international cooperation. In line with this, considering both the demand for and supply of the carbon market increased after the Paris agreement, the importance of public diplomacy in negotiating climate change actions also rose. This study aimed to analyze the impact of international discussions such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on domestic policies and the types of public diplomatic climate change policies pursued by different government agencies, and draw implications from them. This study attempted to find implications from the Korean government's public diplomacy on climate change for developing countries. Lessons learned regarding Korea's public diplomacy would provide a practical guidance to the Asian developing countries, which are suffering from environmental crisis at a phase of rapid economic growth.

Digital Diplomacy via Social Networks: A Cross-National Analysis of Governmental Usage of Facebook and Twitter for Digital Engagement

  • Ittefaq, Muhammad
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 2019
  • Over the last couple of years, digital diplomacy has become a fascinating area of research among Mass Communication, Peace and Conflict Studies, and International Affairs scholars. Social media and new technology open up new avenues for governments, individuals, and organizations to engage with foreign audiences. However, developing countries' governments are still lacking in the realization of the potential of social media. This study aims to analyze the usage of social media (Facebook & Twitter) by the two biggest countries in South Asia (Pakistan and India). I selected 10 government officials' social media accounts including prime ministers', national press offices', military public relations offices', public diplomacy divisions', and ministries of foreign offices' profiles. The study relies on quantitative content analysis and a comparative research approach. The total number of analyzed Twitter tweets (n=1,015) and Facebook posts (n=1,005) include 10 accounts, five from each country. In light of Kent and Taylor's (1998) dialogic communication framework, the results indicate that no digital engagement and dialogue occurs between government departments and the public through social networking sites. Government departments do not engage with local or foreign audiences through digital media. When comparing both countries, results reveal that India has more institutionalized and organized digital diplomacy. In terms of departmental use of social media, the digital diplomacy division and foreign office of India is more active than other government departments in that nation. Meanwhile, Pakistan's military public relations office and press office is more active than its other government departments. In conclusion, both countries realize the potential of social media in digital diplomacy, but still lack engagement with foreign audiences.

한·중 언론의 공공외교 이슈에 관한 보도 연구 - AIIB 보도를 중심으로 (A Study on the Reports of Korean and Chinese Newspapers on Public Diplomacy Issues)

  • 조영권;나미수
    • 디지털융복합연구
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2016
  • 이 논문은 공공외교의 관점에서 자국의 이익과 관련된 국제 이슈에 대해 중국 언론과 한국 언론의 보도행태를 AIIB 출범에 관련된 기사를 통해 분석했다. 분석결과, AIIB 이슈에서 중국 신문은 중국 정부의 성명과 주장을 세계에 공표하고, 바람직한 국가 이미지를 구축하며 외국 정부의 정책 결정에 영향력을 행사하려는 공공외교의 목표에 부합하는 수단으로서 작용하고 있음이 확인되었다. 따라서 중국 언론은 미디어 공공외교의 세 가지 패러다임 가운데 도구주의 패러다임으로 규정할 수 있다. 중국 신문의 도구주의 패러다임은 언론의 소유 구조에서 기인한다. 한국 신문의 경우는 미디어 공공외교 패러다임의 대외정책 상관성에 있어서 도구주의를 제외한 문화주의와 전문가주의 패러다임이 혼재되어 있다. 그러나 기사형식에서 AIIB가 국가의 정치 경제에 미치는 영향에 관한 전망을 포함한 기획기사가 크게 부족한 점 등으로 미뤄볼 때, 성숙한 담론경쟁과 정책경쟁이라는 측면이 강조되는 전문가주의 패러다임보다 문화주의 패러다임이 더 유사하다고 결론지을 수 있다. 결론적으로 본 연구는 언론의 소유 구조가 국가이익과 관련된 공공외교 이슈에 관해서도 주요한 변인임을 입증하였다.

The Objectives and Governance of Science and Technology Diplomacy: A Preliminary Comparative Analysis

  • Lee, Chansong
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.85-110
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    • 2015
  • Science and technology diplomacy has become an important policy agenda because of its diplomatic utility and enhancing of international science networks. However, different countries possess different objectives and governance of S&T diplomacy. In this context, this paper seeks to answer the following questions: what are the similarities and differences of S&T diplomacy in countries and what shapes these characteristics? To answer these questions, this paper conducts a comparative case study with five countries - Switzerland, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States - whose S&T diplomatic programs are highly recognized and benchmarked by other countries. A useful typology is devised to conduct a systematic comparison. For S&T diplomatic objectives, this paper suggests five types by elaborating concepts from the previous literature: access diplomacy, promotion diplomacy, public aid diplomacy, functional diplomacy, and global leadership diplomacy. Also, in terms of a governance model for S&T diplomacy, three models - a sciencecentered model, a science-outsourcing model and a top-down coordinating model - are suggested based on leadership organization. This paper reveals the different characteristics of the selected countries in S&T diplomacy. While the selected countries pursue almost every type of S&T diplomatic objective, the US and the UK tend to conduct influence-based diplomacy more than other countries do. In addition, different countries each have unique governance models for S&T diplomacy. While more research is necessary for vigorously testing the causes of different objectives and their relationship with governance models, this paper suggests more general policy implications throughout. The strength of the country's S&T base is fundamentally important for the success of S&T diplomacy. However, domestic S&T assets need to be transferred to its diplomatic capabilities. In this sense, the appropriate governance that fits best with the country's S&T mission should be established, while S&T communities should increasingly play a leadership role in evolving global S&T networks.

중국 공공외교 전략과 수행방식 변화 연구 (A Study on Changes in Chinese Public Diplomacy Strategy and Performance)

  • 안지영
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.169-184
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    • 2020
  • 본 논문은 중국 공공외교 전략 하에 추진되는 국제교육 프로그램의 분석을 통해, 중국 공공외교 수행방식 변화와 그 의미를 분석하였다. 시진핑 지도부는 중국은 지난 40여 년간의 경제적 성장으로 토대로, 이제는 G2에서 세계최강국으로 발돋움하기 위해 노력하고 있다. 또한 그에 대한 비전으로 '중화민족의 위대한 부흥'이라는 '중국의 꿈'을 제시하고 있다. 현재 중국의 공공외교 차원에서 추진되는 국제교육 프로그램은 기존의 수동적이고 대응적인 방식에서 벗어나 국가 전략 속에서 능동적이고, 중장기적으로 구체화되어 운영된다. 즉 과거의 중국의 국제교육 프로그램이 '중국위협론'을 불식시키기 위한 소극적 모델이었다면, 현재 중국의 국제교육 프로그램은 세계 속에 '중국식' 질서를 학습, 확산시킬 수 있는 능동적인 모델로 진화하고 있다.

The Making of a Nation's Citizen Diplomats: Culture-learning in International Volunteer Training Program

  • Lee, Kyung Sun
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.94-111
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    • 2018
  • This study examines Korea's international development volunteer program as a citizen diplomacy initiative. Informed by a cultural perspective of transmission and relational models of public diplomacy, I examine the ways in which volunteer training incorporates cultural-learning into its program. The study finds that volunteer training is largely based on an instrumentalist approach to culture that places emphasis on learning the "explicit" side of culture, such as Korean traditional dance, art, and food as a strategy to promote the country's national image. In contrast, much less covered in the training program is a relational approach to culture-learning that is guided by a reflexive understanding of the "implicit" side of culture, or the values and beliefs that guide the worldviews and behavior of both volunteers and host constituents. Whereas the value of the volunteer program as a citizen diplomacy initiative is in its potential to build relationships based on two-way engagement, its conception of culture is mostly guided by that of the transmission model of public diplomacy. Based on the findings, this study calls for an integrated approach to culture-learning in volunteer training program to move the citizen diplomacy initiative forward.