• Title/Summary/Keyword: PubMed

Search Result 1,166, Processing Time 0.116 seconds

Review on randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for postmenopausal symptoms in the search site, Pub Med. - focusing on hot flush (Pub Med 검색을 통한 폐경기 증상의 침구 임상시험에 대한 고찰 - 안면홍조를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ro-Sa;Lee, Jin-Moo;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub;Lee, Chang-Hoon
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.148-159
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: Vasomotor symptoms including hot flash are very common to postmenopausal women. Estrogen therapy was regarded as the best option for relieving menopausal symptoms until 2002, when the Women#s Health Initiative(WHI) reported the side effect of the therapy. Consequently, studies on the complementary and alternative medical herbs and therapy for the management of menopausal symptoms have followed. And so we have reviewed some international clinical studies about the management of postmenopausal symptoms with acupuncture therapy. Methods: "Menopause and acupuncture" was designated as a key word in the search site. Pub Med, and nine papers dealing with hot flash among the relevant RCTs were selected, and then, the effect of acupuncture on hot flash and the way the researches had been done was examined. Results : The intensity of hot flash reduced significantly and the frequency of hot flash was inclined to reduce, but not significantly, compared to the controlled group. Conclusion: Each clinical test has its limitations in point of the number of the required samples. However, it still shows the possibility that acupuncture itself will be effective enough to reduce the intensity of hot flash to a certain degree. It is believed that extensive clinical tests on the effect of acupuncture on hot flash will need to be done hereafter. And when the tests are carried out, it is required to exclude placebo effect, do blind test, and carefully select and control the methods.

  • PDF

Effectiveness of Exercise after Lung Cancer Surgery: A Systematic Review in PubMed Database (폐암 수술 후 운동의 효과: PubMed 내 연구에 대한 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Jerng, Ui Min
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
    • /
    • v.31 no.1
    • /
    • pp.149-163
    • /
    • 2021
  • Objectives This study is to review the effectiveness of exercise after lung cancer surgery. Methods Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched in PubMed database. The systematic review was conducted through flow diagram. The risk of biases were assessed through the Cochrane guideline. Characteristics and outcomes were extracted from each study. Meta-analyses of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), quality of life (QoL), pulmonary complications were conducted. Results 14 RCTs were selected. In meta-analysis, exercise improved FEV1 (mean difference [MD] 0.14; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.04 to 0.25; p=0.009; I2=55%) and mean change of FEV1 (MD 0.11; 95% CI 0.02 to 0.20; p=0.02; I2=0%). Exercise increased the distance of 6MWT, but there was considerable heterogeneity (MD 45; 95% CI 21.16 to 68.83; p=0.0002, I2=89%). There was no differences in QoL scores by 2 questionnaires (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality of life questionnaire, short form-36). Exercise reduced the duration of hospital stay (MD -3.32; 95% CI -5.27 to -1.36; I2=0%; 2 studies) but not duration of chest tube intubation (MD -1.37; 95% CI -2.81 to 0.06; I2=0%) and incidence of pulmonary complications (pooled risk ratio 0.54; 95% CI 0.23 to 1.30; I2=0%). Conclusions Exercise might reduce the duration of hospital stay after lung surgery. There was not enough evidence to prove improvement of lung function, aerobic capacity, muscle strength, QoL, and decline of pulmonary complications. Low-quality risk of bias, different units or estimation of outcome, different exercise type and duration, heterogeneity among studies make the evidence of effectiveness weak. Future researches are required to redeem these defects.

Experimental Study Trends on the Acupuncture Moxibustion Treatment for Visceral Hypersensitivity: Based on the Data of PubMed (내장감각과민의 침구 치료에 대한 실험연구 현황: PubMed를 중심으로)

  • Han, Chang Woo;Choi, Jun-Yong;Park, Seong Ha;Kim, So Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.93-103
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to review the current trends in experimental studies on the acupuncture moxibustion treatment for visceral hypersensitivity. Methods : PubMed was searched for experimental studies about visceral hypersensitivity and acupuncture/moxibustion. Data were extracted and tabulated from the selected articles about experimental method, intervention, result and mechanism. Results : Total 23 articles were reviewed. Chronic visceral hypersensitivity animal model was applied in 17 studies (74%). Visceral hypersensitivity was measured by abdominal withdrawal reflex scoring or/and abdominal electromyogram. Acupoints like ST25, ST36, ST37, BL25, LI11, BL32 and PC6 were treated by electroacupuncture or moxibustion. All articles reported that electroacupuncture or moxibustion treatment is significantly effective in reducing visceral hypersensitivity. Treatment mechanisms were studied, related to mast cell, serotonin (5-HT) and receptor (5-HT3R and 5-HT4R), substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), c-fos positive cell, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), purinergic 2X (P2X)2, P2X3, P2X4, P2X7, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NR1 and NR2B), prokinectin (PK) 1 and PK2. Conclusions : Evidences on acupuncture/moxibustion treatment for visceral hypersensitivity in animal studies warrant more research on effective acupoins, electro-acupuncture methods and treatment durations.

A Study on the Motivation and User Satisfaction of Medical Students Using the Academic Search Engines (의과대학 대학원생의 학술정보 검색엔진 이용 동기 및 이용자 만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Saebom;Yi, Yongjeong
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.197-216
    • /
    • 2019
  • The study aimed to investigate the motivation and user satisfaction of medical school graduate students using specific academic information sites, and examines the effect of usage motivation factors on user satisfaction. This study was conducted from September 10, 2018 to September 21, 2018 by a large medical school graduate student in Seoul, and analyzed 135 valid responses. According to the analysis, the degree of reliability and interactivity of PubMed is higher than that of Google Scholar in medical school graduate students' use of academic information sites. It was found to have a significant effect on user satisfaction of academic information sites. In particular, convenience has the greatest influence on users' choice of academic information sites. The results of the study are of theoretical implications in that the discussion of academic information services through web sites is explained in terms of use and satisfaction in the context of medical information. On the other hand, specific research results provide practical implications for improving the services of medical-related academic search engines.

Analysis of Studies Related with Anti-cancerous herbs that is Uesd in Clinical Treatment Recently : Analyzing Articles from PubMed Search (항암 본초에 관한 최근의 연구 동향 분석 - Pub med 검색을 통해)

  • Yoon, Dam-Hee;Cho, Jung-Hyo;Son, Chang-Gue;Yoo, Hwa-Seung;Lee, Yeon-Weol;Lee, Nam-Heon;Lee, Jong-Hoon;Bang, Sun-Hwi;Cho, Chong-Kwan
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.20 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1763-1768
    • /
    • 2006
  • Cancer is one of the most serious health problem in modern society, and there are many studies to treat this disease. We have performed the study about analyzing papers related with anti-cancerous herbs that is used in clinical treatment recently. We found 257 papers in 'Pub med', the internet site, using the key words 'cancer' and the scientific name of anti-cancerous herbs. We also have compared the herbs' efficacy in oriental medicine with the experimental results in those papers, and thought the practical uses in clinical treatments. However, research studies that reported data on anti-cancerous herbs were wholly lacking. It is recommended that further studies be performed from the point of view of oriental medicine.