• Title/Summary/Keyword: Psychological factors

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Psychological Factors Affecting Endocrine Disease (내분비질환에 영향을 미치는 심리적 요인)

  • Joe, Sook-Haeng
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 1998
  • Although there has been a considerable research in psychoneuroendocrinology, particularly in relation to the biology of mood disorders, there has been a paucity of research regarding the effects of psychological factors on endocrine diseases. Of the existing literature, the most research is focused on diabetes mellitus, graves' disease. Especially diabetes appears to be the only endocrine disease that has been the focus of recent research studies. Most of the studies had retrospective designs or several methodological flaw. There has been no consistent results demonstrating that psychological factors affect the onset of diabetes mellitus. Several studies have suggested that psychological factors affect the course of diabetes. A small number of studies showed some evidence that psychological stress was associated with changes in glucose regulation in a subset of diabetic patients. There was also evidence to suggest that some temperament and coping skill influence glycemic control in child, adolescent diabetics. Studies of behavioral or psychosocial intervention on diabetic control have been small and have produced mixed results. There was a few controlled study suggested that stressful life events might be a causal role in Cushing's disease and Graves'disease, but there is no presently sufficient evidence to suggest that psychological factors affect the onset and the course of Cushing's disease and Graves' disease. In future, there is need for a well-designed biopsychosocial research with prospective designs, well defined patient population and control groups to study the relationship between psychological factors and endocrine diseases.

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Perceptions of Socio-Psychological Factors of Outdoor Spaces in Apartment Complex (아파트 단지환경의 사회심리적 요소에 관한 거주자 인식 - 부산시 해운대 지역 신시가지 아파트를 중심으로 -)

  • Yang Sehwa;Oh Chanohk;Kim Suktae;Park Soobeen
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of the study was to examine the socio-psychological factors of outdoor spaces in apartment complex. The data for the empirical analysis were collected from 412 households living in Haeundae New Town, Busan, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and one-way analysis of variance and Duncan's multiple range test. The socio-psychological factors abstracted were territoriality, privacy, safety, sociality, accessibility, and identity. It was found that the households were generally positive to the overall socio-psycological factors in the current apartment complex. The significant explanatory variables for the responses to the socio-psychological factors were age of the wife, education of the wife, occupation of the wife, tenure type, monthly household income, length of residence, and overall satisfaction with outdoor spaces.

Characteristic of Trait Anxiety and Positive Psychological Factors in Patients with Depression and/or Anxiety Disorders (우울증 및 불안장애 환자에서 특성불안 차이에 따른 긍정심리요인의 특징)

  • An, Hee-Young;Min, Jung-Ah;Kim, Sun-Young;Chae, Jeong-Ho
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2013
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between trait anxiety and positive psychological factors. Methods : A total of 429 outpatients diagnosed with depression and/or anxiety disorders surveyed with questionnaires measuring socio-demographic, clinical, and positive psychological factors. The relationships of trait anxiety with clinical symptoms and positive psychological factors were evaluated. Results : Patients with low trait anxiety showed high optimism, gratitude, hope, spirituality and purpose in life. After adjusting age, scores of BDI and STAI-S, the results showed low trait anxiety was associated with high spirituality and purpose in life. Conclusion : The result revealed that trait anxiety had negative-relationship with spirituality and purpose in life in patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders. Although trait anxiety was known as a general tendency which is stable, approach to trait anxiety by modulating these associated positive psychological factors would be newer approach of treatment to patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders.

Are Korean Smokers Rational Addicts\ulcorner: An Analysis of Cigarette Consumption by the Rational Addiction Model (한국의 흡연자는 합리적 중독자인가 \ulcorner : 합리적 중독 모형(Rational Addiction Model)에 의한 담배소비 분석)

  • 이종국;공문기;이회경
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.53-69
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    • 1999
  • In this study. we present a modified rational addiction model which incorporates social-psychological factors. This is done through a utility function which includes social-psychological factors as its component. We apply this model to a cigarette consumption function in Korea using the data from the Korean Household Panel Study(KHPS). The results provide relatively strong support for the rational addiction model. However. the impact of social-psychological factors and the short-run and long-run price elasticities are statistically insignificant.

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The Interplay between the Psychological Factors and Entrepreneurial Intention: An Empirical Investigation

  • SHAHNEAZ, Mir Abdullah;AMIN, Mohammad Bin;ENI, Lima Nasrin
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.12
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2020
  • The domain of entrepreneurship has been dotted across various paradigms. Identifying and examining entrepreneurial intention and propensity to it spontaneously require the insight from the lens of psychological approach. The aim of this study is to examine the influence and impact of psychological factors on entrepreneurial intention; as it is found that in Bangladeshi context several entrepreneurship studies are undertaken, still the exploratory research on interplay between the psychological factors (i.e., self-confidence, locus of control, need for achievement, and tolerance for ambiguity) and entrepreneurial intention has been merely found. The study has chosen Bangladeshi university students as the unit of analysis and the ultimate sample size in this research is n=265. The current paper is a quantitative study where sampling method is followed by convenience sampling technique, and study data is collected through survey questionnaire. Data has been compiled into SPSS whereas, for hypotheses assessment, Smart PLS software is applied. The results reflect that self-confidence, locus of control, and need for achievement are revealed as contributory determinants of entrepreneurial intention while tolerance for ambiguity is found as an insignificant predictor. The current research is expected to offer an in-depth understanding about the significance of psychological factors in examining entrepreneurial intention.

Comparison of the Relationship Between Impairment, Disability and Psychological Factors According to the Difference of Duration of Low Back Pain (요통기간에 따른 손상, 장애, 심리적 요인들의 상관성 비교)

  • Won, Jong-Im
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.76-84
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between pain intensity, physical impairments, disability, and psychological factors according to the difference in duration of low back pain. This study was a cross-sectional survey of 102 participants with low back pain, divided into two groups equal in number: The first group consisted of patients with acute and subacute low back pain, while the second group consisted of patients suffering from chronic low back pain. The results showed that gender, age, pain intensity, physical impairment, disability and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs (FABs) for work activities were not significantly different between two groups. FABs for physical activities of the first group were significantly more prevalent than in the second group. More than moderate correlations were found between pain intensity, physical impairment, and disability in the first group. Less than moderate correlations were found between pain intensity, physical impairment, disability, FABs, and depression in the second group. These findings suggest that we must consider psychological factors in the treatment of patients with chronic low back pain. Regression analyses revealed that pain intensity and FABs for work activities significantly contributed to the prediction of disability in the first group. Also, pain intensity and FABs for physical activities significantly contributed to the prediction of disability in the second group. Pain intensity was most important predictor of disability in two groups.

Psychological Aspects of Burning Mouth Syndrome

  • Kim, Cheul
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 2015
  • The etiopathogenesis of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) seems to be complex and many patients probably involves interactions among local, systemic, and/or psychological factors in the pathophysiologic mechanism. Although there are controversies over whether the psychological factor is a cause or a result of BMS, several studies have supported strong relationships between psychological factors and chronic pain. It has been suggested that somatic complaints from unfavorable life experiences may influence both individual personality and mood changes; however, initiation of BMS symptoms is not necessarily correlated with stressful life events despite their elevated psychological stress. If the psychological distress is not a causal factor of BMS, it seems that BMS patients may be particularly vulnerable to psychological problems, primarily depression, anxiety, and hostility due to the characteristic entities of BMS such as chronic persistent pain itself. It seems likely that both physiological and psychological factors play a role in causing, perpetuating and/or exacerbating BMS; therefore, both two components of the patient's symptoms must be addressed. The acceptance of psychological factors by the patient is often an important element of BMS, management. The evaluation of psychological and emotional status of BMS patient enables clinicians to recognize prolonged negative and subclinical factors which can complicate the management of pain or indirectly perpetuate other physical factors. This evaluation improves the doctor-patient relationships, motivation, and compliance through a correct understanding of the clinical problem. Appropriate emotional and psychological evaluation may be required prior to developing a treatment plan in order to gain the successful treatment outcome.

Association between psychological factors and temporomandibular disorders in Korean adults : The fouth Korean national health and nutritional examination survey(2009) (한국 성인의 심리적 요인과 측두하악관절 장애와의 관련성 : 제4기 3차년도(2009) 국민건강영양조사)

  • Sim, Soo-Hyun;Ha, Mina
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.739-747
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study aimed to investigate relationship between the psychological factors, the prevalence, and perception of temporomandibular disorder in Korean adults. Methods : A total of 7203 data were derived from Korean national health and nutritional examination survey. All data were analyzed using R-COMMANDER(12.2 SDI) program. Results : The prevalence of temporomandibular disorder in Korean adults was 3.1% and 10.5% of adults with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) had more than one TMD related symptom. Women had higher prevalence rate of TMD related symptom than men. Prevalence rate in TMD was low in the younger age, the higher education level, higher income, and the professionals. Psychological factors including cognition of stress and depression was shown to be closely related with suicidal ideation and TMD prevalence. Conclusions : To prevent TMD, it is necessary to provide the systematic oral health education and to develop the combined psychological counseling with treatment program.

Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Adults: Evidence From the 2001 to 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Kim, Jihye;Sharma, Shreela V.;Park, Sung Kyun
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.94-103
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The present study examined relationships between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity and body mass index (BMI) as well as the effects of health-related behavioral and psychological factors on the relationships. Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted on Korean adults aged 20 to 79 years using data from the 2001, 2005, and 2007 to 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multivariate logistic and linear regression models were used to estimate odds ratios of obesity and mean differences in BMI, respectively, across SES levels after controlling for health-related behavioral and psychological factors. Results: We observed significant gender-specific relationships of SES with obesity and BMI after adjusting for all covariates. In men, income, but not education, showed a slightly positive association with BMI (p<0.05 in 2001 and 2005). In women, education, but not income, was inversely associated with both obesity and BMI (p<0.0001 in all datasets). These relationships were attenuated with adjusting for health-related behavioral factors, not for psychological factors. Conclusions: Results confirmed gender-specific disparities in the associations of SES with obesity and BMI among adult Korean population. Focusing on intervention for health-related behaviors may be effective to reduce social inequalities in obesity.