• Title, Summary, Keyword: Psycho education

Search Result 94, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

Analysis of the seventh school curriculum relating to smoking prevention in Korea (제7차 교육과정에 의한 초.중.고등학교 교과서의 흡연예방교육내용 분석)

  • Hwang, Myung-Hee-Song;Suh, Mee-Kyung;Seo, Hong-Gwan;Myung, Seung-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.181-200
    • /
    • 2007
  • Objectives: A content analysis was conducted to examine whether the current school textbooks providing smoking information are effective or not. Methods: The authors reviewed 111 qualified textbooks using elementary through high schools during 2006-2007 academic year in Korea. Educational components were coded with an analysis tool developed through the present research. Result: Tobacco education components were narrowly focused on long-term physiological consequences of tobacco use, addictiveness, and harmful ingredients and they were repetitively shown in the textbooks. Negative health consequences such as lung cancer were emphasized 10 times among 12 smoking-related textbooks. Educational messages or contents are mainly based on medical knowledge (72%) rather than psycho-social components. The US school-based smoking prevention programs, however, employ psycho-social approach with cognitive and life-skill components and they contain only 7-17% of smoking-related medical knowledge. In order to increase psycho-social smoking prevention components in Korean textbooks, the present study identified social subjects of textbooks (and relating core sessions) for elementary, middle, and high school. It also provided guidelines for school instructors to use. Conclusion: Adolescent smoking behavior is not caused by the deficit of health information, but mostly by social influences including media and peer pressure. School textbooks proving smoking information need to increase psycho-social context. One of the most effective ways as a psycho-social smoking prevention program is to use social subjects (or curriculum) of textbooks such as social studies, ethics, social cultures, social environment, and home management.

Differences of Characteristics of Life and Psycho-social Factors in Elderly Women Participating in Leisure Activity (여성노인의 여가활동 참여유형에 따른 생활특성 및 사회심리적 요인의 차이)

  • CHUN, Kyung-Hee;PARK, Euna
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.428-438
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the differences of characteristics of life and psycho-social factors between elderly women participating in a senior's college(SC) and an exercise prescription(EP) service from social services. Data were collected using in-depth interview and questionnaire from 39 in a SC and 76 EP. SC group were associated with higher level of cognitive function and life satisfaction than EP group. These findings suggest that differentiated programs and multidisciplinary convergence services to improve mental and physical health of elderly women.

The Impact of Parents' Marital Conflict and Parent-Adolescent Communication on College Students' Psycho-Social Adjustment (부모간 갈등과 부모자녀간 의사소통에 따른 후기 청소년의 심리${\cdot}$사회적 적응)

  • Lee Young-Mi;Min Ha-Yeoung;Lee Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.53-62
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study investigated the effect of parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication on the psycho-social adjustment of college students. The subjects were 287 college students(107 boys and 180 girls) in Daegu and Kyoungbuk Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate the college students' depression, anxiety and school adjustment and parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication perceived by college students. Data were analyzed by SPSS-WIN program, including median, mean, standard deviation, correlational analysis, and regression. Results were as follows. (1) The college students who perceived their parents' marital conflict as lower and parent-adolescent communication as positive were less depressive and less anxious and were good at school than those who perceived them as higher and negative. (2) The college students of the family with negative parent-adolescent communication and high parents' marital conflict were more negative in psycho-social adjustment than those of the family with positive parent-adolescent communication or low parents' marital conflict. (3) The regression analysis showed that college students' perception of positive parent-adolescent communication was more influential on college students' psycho-social adjustment than the parents' marital conflict perceived by college students.

A Study Exploring the Relationship between Leisure Needs and Perception of Psycho-Social Aging among Older Adults (노인의 여가활동욕구와 심리사회적 노화인식)

  • Lim, Hyo Yeon;Lee, Soon Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.16 no.10
    • /
    • pp.96-107
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study examined the relationship between leisure needs and perception of psycho-social aging among 1307 older adults aged over 60 years utilizing social services of a social welfare center for senior citizens in Seoul, Korea. A convenience sample of this study was collected for three weeks in December 2012 among older adults via paper survey. Hierarchical multiple regression was utilized to analyze collected data. The present study demonstrated that age, years of education, perception of health status, and perception of economic status were significantly associated with perception of successful aging. However, years of education and perception of economic status were no longer significantly associated with perception of psycho-social aging, when leisure needs was included. Age, perception of health status, and hobbies/entertainment activities and employment/plan of later years activities among types of leisure needs were significantly associated with perception of psycho-social aging. This finding demonstrates that leisure needs influence perception of psycho-social aging. Implications and suggestions to improve perception of psycho-social aging among older adults are discussed.

The Stability of K-BSID-II Performance: A Longitudinal Study (한국 Bayley 영유아 발달검사수행의 안정성: 종단 연구)

  • Park Choi Hye-Won;Shin Min-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.44 no.2
    • /
    • pp.103-112
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study followed the standardization study pool of K-BSID-II to examine the stability of K-BSID-II. One hundred and ninety five infants aged from 1-42 months tested twice with intervals of 5-16 month between tests. All participants had been full-term babies without any medical complications. There were no significant differences between the groups which were divided in terms of demographic variables such as mothers' education, infants' birth order and gender. The stability of K-BSID-II was significant and that of the mental scale was lower than that of the psycho-motor scale: There were high stabilities between raw scores in two sessions(r=.91 for the mental scale and r=.89 for the psycho-motor scale) but there were significant but low correlations between mental index scores(r=.18, p<.05) and psycho-motor index scores(r=.17, p<.05). The stability was increased with initial test age and mothers' education. It was recommended for testers and researchers to use both raw scores and index scores for better interpretations in future research.

Effects of Personality Education Program for University Students (대학생을 위한 인성교육 프로그램 효과)

  • Park, Eun-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.7
    • /
    • pp.497-509
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purposed of this study was to evaluate the effects of psycho-social maturity personality improvement program for university students. This program based on the book written by Lee et al.(2010) to improve the personality for university student was used. The program consisted of a total of 13 session and every session consisted of a 50 minutes lecture and 100minutes activity program. The researcher carried out the pre-test, post test and follow up test regarding psycho-social maturity and conducted Mann-Whitney U test and the ancova. The results showed who had participated in counseling groups reported significant improvement of psycho-social maturity total scores and sub scores, while the control group did not report any significant improvements. After 10 weeks follow-up point, these changes experienced by the experiment group on the improvement of the psycho-social maturity. Finally the personality program helped improve the psycho-social maturity.

The Relationship of Internet Game Addiction to Psycho-Emotional Variables (인터넷 게임중독과 정신-정서적 변인과의 관계)

  • Kim, Jung-Ae;Cho, Eui-Young
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.29-37
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to research on the relationship of Internet Game Addiction to Psycho-emotional Variables(self-identity, depression, meaning of life). The cross-sectional descriptive study design was used. We selected 275 adults through randomised sampling and analysis the result by chi-square test and hierarchial regression method. The result of this study was as follows; The effects of personal characteristics to Internet Game Addiction was sex, age, smoking and family including social characteristics were level of mother's education, father's education, and family economic status in a row. The relationship of Internet Game Addiction to Psycho-Emotional Variables were self-identity and depression. Therefore we suggest that the practical support system for 20's age adult to increase the self-identity and decrease the depression will be applied.

Influence of Psycho-Social Maturity and Self-efficacy for Contraceptive on Sexual Assertiveness of Male University Students (남자 대학생의 심리사회적 성숙도와 피임 자기효능감이 성적 자기주장에 미치는 융복합적 영향)

  • Park, Jung-Suk;Kim, Bo-Mi;Gwan, Young-Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.9
    • /
    • pp.461-470
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to identify relationships among psycho-social maturity, self-efficacy for contraceptive, and sexual assertiveness to see which factors influence sexual assertiveness in male university students. Data were collected from 200 male university students in A city from July 1 to 30, 2015. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Significant correlations were found among Psycho-Social Maturity, Self-efficacy for Contraceptive, and Sexual Assertiveness. Meaningful variables that influenced Sexual Assertiveness were Self-efficacy for Contraceptive and Psycho-Social Maturity, and the total explanation power was 33%. In conclusion, development of sex education program to increase Sexual Assertiveness of male university students based on the influencing factors is needed.

Effectiveness of a Behavioral Intervention Program for Urinary Incontinence in a Community Setting

  • Oh, Hyun-Soo;Kim, Mi-Kyung;Seo, Wha-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.35 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1476-1484
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose. The purposes of this study were to examine the effectiveness of a behavioral intervention program combining pelvic floor muscle exercise with bladder training for urinary incontinence and also to conduct follow-up assessment after self-training. Methods. This study was conducted using a non-equivalent control group, pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 60 middle-aged women(control group, n=30; intervention group, n=30) who experienced an episode of urinary incontinence at least once a week. The program was run over a 4 week period (once a week) and composed of urinary incontinence education, pelvic floor muscle exercise, and bladder training. Results. Overall, there was a significant difference in urinary incontinence symptoms and psycho-social well-being related to urinary incontinence between the treatment and control group. Of the variables, weekly leakage frequencies, leakage amounts on each occasion, leakage index, frequencies of nocturia, and quality of life were significantly different between the groups. Follow-up assessment (9th week) indicated that overall incontinence symptoms and psycho-social well-being were significantly different between the posttest and follow-up assessments. Most variables of incontinence symptoms and psycho-social well-being were significantly improved at follow-up assessment versus posttest. Conclusions. The program was voerall effective in terms of relieving symptoms and improving psych-social well-being related to urinary incontinence, and this effect continued after a 4-weeks self-training period. In the respect that this is a community-based application study, the results can be meaningful and applicable.

Factors Affecting Health-related Quality of Life on Korean Blue-collar Workers (한국 생산직 근로자의 건강 관련 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Hwang, Won-Ju;Park, Yunhee
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.94-102
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate Korean blue-collar workers' Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and influencing factors in Korean blue-collar workers. Methods: Participants in this study were 109 Korean blue-collar workers. The survey included health-related, work-related, and psycho-social factors. SF-36 was used to measure HRQoL. The data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results: In the hierarchical linear regression model, when subjects' psycho-social variables were included in the regression model, $R^2$ change was statistically significant. The significant predictors for HRQoL were education level (${\beta}=.26$, p=.023), depression (${\beta}=-.38$, p<.001), and self-efficacy (${\beta}=.23$, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that health care providers must have priority to consider psycho-social variables, especially depression and self-efficacy to improve HRQoL in Korean blue-collar workers.