• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pseudomonas sp

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Selection and Characteristics of Bacteriocin-Producing Microorganism to Utilize in Anti-Bacterial Rice Brain Protein Film Production (항균성 미강 단백질 필름 개발을 위한 Bacteriocin 생성균주의 선별 및 특성)

  • Kim, Eun-Joung;Kim, Kyung-Mi;Han, Hye-Kyung;Kim, Young-Ho;Kwon, Ki-Sung;Bae, Dong-Ho
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.285-290
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to select the bacteriocin-producing microoreanism cultivated in the rice bran culture and to characterize the produced bacteriocin for the further purpose of economical and anti-bacterial rice bran protein film. Pseudomonas putida 21025 was cultivated from rice bran and identified as a producer of a bacteriocin which showed bactericidal activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa 9027. Bacteriocin produced by Pseudomonas putida 21025 showed a broad spectrum of activity against spoilage and soil bacteria. The activity of the bacteriocin produced by Pseudomonas putida 21025 decreased after 1 hr of staying at the temperature of $50^{\circ}C$, and with the presence of some organic solvents, except hexane and ethanol. However, the bacteriocin activity was stable throughout the pH ranges of 6-9 for 2 hrs, at the temperature lower than $50^{\circ}C$, and with the presence of ethanol for 3 hrs. The bacteriocin was partially purified by 50% ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by subsequent dialysis. Direct detection of the partially purified bacteriocin on SDS-PAGE suggested that it had an apparent molecular mass of about 21.6 kDa.

An Antifungal Subatance, 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol Produced from Antagonistic Bacterium Pseudo-monas fluorescens 2112 Against Phytophthora capsici (Phytophthora capsici를 길항하는 Pseudononas fluorescens 2112가 생산하는 항진균 항생물질 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol)

  • 이은탁;김상달
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2001
  • An antifungal substance was purified from culture broth of Pseudomonas flulorescens 2112 that showed a broad-spectrum antagonistic activity against various phytopathogenic fungi including capsici. The substance was identified as 2,4-diacetylphloro-glucinol basd on NMR analysis. The 2,4-diacetylphloroglcinol showed antibiotic activity in broad acidic range from pH 1.0 to pH 9.0. About 83% of initial activity was remained after incubation for 30min ar $60^{\circ}C$, however, the activity was dropped up to 50% after 30 min incubation in $80^{\circ}C$. When the nucleotides of P. capsici treated with 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol were labeled with[$^{3}$ H]-Adenin, the newly synthesized and radioactive-labeled RNA was significantly reduced than those of untreated P. capsici. indicating that the 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol inhibits RNA synthesis.

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Variations of Immunoglobulins in Colostrum and Immune Milk as Affected by Antigen Releasing Devices

  • Zhaoa, Shengguo;Zhanga, Chungang;Wang, Jiaqi;Liu, Guanglei;Bu, Dengpan;Cheng, Jinbo;Zhou, Lingyun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.1184-1189
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    • 2010
  • This work was conducted to examine the variation of immunoglobulins (Igs) in serum, immune milk, normal milk and colostrum upon implantation of a new Antigen Releasing Device (ARD). The core of each ARD housed an immunostimulating complex (ISCOM) that was made of adjuvant Quil A and type XIII lipase from a Pseudomonas sp. Each ARD was coated with polylactic acid, known as polylactide, that controls antigen release. Twenty lactating Chinese Holstein cows were divided into 2 groups (n = 10): test group and control group. All cows in the test group were implanted with a single injection in the right iliac lymph node with 3 types of ARDs, which were designed to release the antigens at d 0, 14 and 28 post-implantation. Blood and milk samples were collected from both groups, and colostrum samples were also collected from other post-partum cows in the same farm. Concentrations of $IgG_1$, IgA and IgM in whey and serum were measured by sandwich ELISA. The results showed that the $IgG_1$, IgA and IgM concentrations in serum and whey from the test group were higher than from the control group. Among the three Igs measured, the $IgG_1$ concentration in serum was significantly higher at d 40 after ARD implantation, and the $IgG_1$ concentration in whey peaked at d 9, 17 and 30, which corresponded with release of the antigen. Based on Pearson's correlation between Ig concentration and production parameters, IgA concentration in normal milk was positively correlated with lactation period, which reflected IgA changes during the lactation period in immune milk. In colostrum, $IgG_1$, IgA and IgM decreased abruptly from d 0 to 3, and then decreased slightly. In conclusion, serum $IgG_1$ concentration can be affected by controlled release of the ARD, while whey IgA levels are primarily affected by lactation period. These results may be useful in future studies designed to regulate concentrations of Igs in immune milk.

Characterizing LipR from Pseudomonas sp. R0-14 and Applying in Enrichment of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids from Algal Oil

  • Yang, Wenjuan;Xu, Li;Zhang, Houjin;Yan, Yunjun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.1880-1893
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    • 2015
  • In this study, Pseudomonas R0-14, which was isolated from Arctic soil samples, showed a clear halo when grown on M9 medium agarose plates containing olive oil-rhodamine B as substrate, suggesting that it expressed putative lipase(s). A putative lipase gene, lipR, was cloned from R0-14 by genome walking and Touchdown PCR. lipR encodes a 562-amino-acid polypeptide showing a typical α/β hydrolase structure with a catalytic triad consisting of Ser153-Asp202-His260 and one α-helical lid (residues 103-113). A phylogenetic analysis revealed that LipR belongs to the lipase subfamily I.3. LipR was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and biochemically characterized. Recombinant LipR exhibited its maximum activity towards p-nitrophenyl butyrate at pH 8.5 and 60℃ with a Km of 0.37 mM and a kcat of 6.42 s-1. It retained over 90% of its original activity after incubation at 50℃ for 12 h. In addition, LipR was activated by Ca2+, Mg2+, Ba2+, and Sr2+, while strongly inhibited by Cu2+, Zn2+, Mn2+, and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Moreover, it showed a certain tolerance to organic solvents, including acetonitrile, isopropanol, acetone, methanol, and tert-butanol. When algal oil was hydrolyzed by LipR for 24 h, there was an enrichment of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (1.22%, 1.65-fold), docosapentaenoic acid (21.24%, 2.04-fold), and docosahexaenoic acid (36.98%, 1.33-fold), and even a certain amount of diacylglycerols was also produced. As a result, LipR has great prospect in industrial applications, especially in food and/or cosmetics applications.

Antifouling Activity towards Mussel by Small-Molecule Compounds from a Strain of Vibrio alginolyticus Bacterium Associated with Sea Anemone Haliplanella sp.

  • Wang, Xiang;Huang, Yanqiu;Sheng, Yanqing;Su, Pei;Qiu, Yan;Ke, Caihuan;Feng, Danqing
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.460-470
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    • 2017
  • Mussels are major fouling organisms causing serious technical and economic problems. In this study, antifouling activity towards mussel was found in three compounds isolated from a marine bacterium associated with the sea anemone Haliplanella sp. This bacterial strain, called PE2, was identified as Vibrio alginolyticus using morphology, biochemical tests, and phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of 16S rRNA and four housekeeping genes (rpoD, gyrB, rctB, and toxR). Three small-molecule compounds (indole, 3-formylindole, and cyclo (Pro-Leu)) were purified from the ethyl acetate extract of V. alginolyticus PE2 using column chromatography techniques. They all significantly inhibited byssal thread production of the green mussel Perna viridis, with $EC_{50}$ values of $24.45{\mu}g/ml$ for indole, $50.07{\mu}g/ml$ for 3-formylindole, and $49.24{\mu}g/ml$ for cyclo (Pro-Leu). Previous research on the antifouling activity of metabolites from marine bacteria towards mussels is scarce. Indole, 3-formylindole and cyclo (Pro-Leu) also exhibited antifouling activity against settlement of the barnacle Balanus albicostatus ($EC_{50}$ values of 8.84, 0.43, and $11.35{\mu}g/ml$, respectively) and the marine bacterium Pseudomonas sp. ($EC_{50}$ values of 42.68, 69.68, and $39.05{\mu}g/ml$, respectively). These results suggested that the three compounds are potentially useful for environmentally friendly mussel control and/or the development of new antifouling additives that are effective against several biofoulers.

Studies on the Ecological Characteristics of Marine Bacteria Isolated from Deep Sea (심해 해양미생물의 분리 및 분리균의 생태적 특징에 관한 연구)

  • LEE Won-Jae;OHWADA Kouichi
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.401-411
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    • 1995
  • Flavobacterium spp., Pseudomonas spp., and Vibrio spp. were isolated from samples(sediments) of Sagami Bay and Suruga Bay(in Japan) at 810-4,000m in depth. Among isolated strains, Vibvio sp.-86 and sp.-87 strains were identified as barophilic and psychrophilic ones. They grew in 400 atm and showed best growth at 100 atm. Marine bacteria grown at 400 atm were long rod shape and 30 to 50times longer than those grown at 1 atm. which were short rod shape and formed flocks (aggregates). Vibrio sp,-86 strain grew at $5-37^{\circ}C\;and\;0,5-9.0\%\;NaCl\;(3.0\%\;of\;optimum\;concentration),$ while Vibrio sp.-87 strain grew at $1-7\%\;NaCl\;(2,0\%\;of\;optimum\;concentration).$ The fatty acid compositions of Vibrio sp.-86 strain grown at 1 atm were $C_{20}-C_{22:0},\;C_{l6:1},\;and\;C_{16:0}$ in the order of their abundance and at 400 atm the order were $C_{18:1},\;C_{18:0},\;and\;C_{20}-C_{22}$, whereas those of Vibrio sp.-87 strain at 1 atm were $C_{6:1},\;C_{14:1},\;and\;C_{20}-C_{22}$ and at 400 atm the order were $C_{14:1},\;C_{12:0},\;and\;C_{16:1}$ The amino acids compositon of Vibrio sp.-86 strain grown at 1 atm were abundant in the order of aspartic acid, methionine, and glutamic acid and those at 400 atm were abundant in the order of methionine, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid. The amino acids composition of Vibrio sp.-87 strain grwon at 1 atm were abundant in the order of methionine, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid and those at 400 atm were abundant in the order of methionine, glutamic acid, and isoleucine.

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Effects of Salt-induced Stress on the Fluctuation and Rhizosphere Colonization of Soil Microorganisms (염류(鹽類)의 스트레스가 주요(主要) 토양미생물(土壤微生物)의 변동(變動) 및 근권정착성(根圈定着性)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kwon, Jang-Sik;Suh, Jang-Sun;Weon, Hang-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.291-300
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    • 1998
  • A study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different salts and their Quantities on the fluctuation and rhizosphere colonization of soil microorganisms. The results obtained are as follows. The electrical conductivities(ECs) of $KNO_3$, $K_2HPO_4$, KCl and $K_2SO_4$ showed negative correlations to the number of gram positive bacteria and gram negative bacteria : the number of bacteria was significantly decreased in the KCl or $KNO_3$ treated group compared to the $K_2HPO_4$ or $K_2SO_4$ treated group. The highest microorganism density of gram negative bacteria, gram positive bacteria and Fusarium sp. in balanced salts-treated soil was observed at $0.5dS\;m^{-1}$, $2.1dS\;m^{-1}$ and $8.0dS\;m^{-1}$ of EC, respectively. The ratio of bacteria to fungi ratio in balanced salts-treated soil substantially decreased as the EC of soil increased. Ten and thirty days after soil treatment with balanced salts, the ratio of bacteria to fungi decreased to 757-1571 and 89-215, respectively. Root colonization density of Fluorescent Pseudomonas in cucumber and tomato significantly decreased as the EC of soil increased, whereas that of Fusarium sp. increased.

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Impacts of Chemical Properties on Microbial Population from Upland Soils in Gyeongnam Province (경남지역 밭 토양 화학성분이 미생물 생태에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Han;Ha, Sang-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.242-247
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    • 2011
  • Soil management for environment-friendly agriculture depends on the effects of soil microbial activities and soil fertility. To improve soil health for the upland crops, this study evaluated a relationship between soil chemical properties and soil microbial diversities at 25 sites in upland soils in Gyeongnam Province. The average nutrients in the upland soils were 1.7 times for available phosphorous, 1.4 times for exchangeable potassium and 1.5 times for exchangeable calcium higher compared to recommend concentrations in the upland soils. We found a significant positive correlation between the soil organic matter and the soil microbial biomass C (p<0.01). Contents of organic matter and dehydrogenase in the inclined piedmont soils were significantly higher than those in the other topographical soils (p<0.05). In addition, concentrations of organic matter and microbial biomass C in the loam soils were significantly higher than in the silt loam soils (p<0.05). In principal component analyses of chemical properties and microbial populations in the upland soils, our findings suggested that available phosphorous should be considered as potential factor responsible for the clear upland soils differentiation. The soil organic matter was positive correlation with Bacillus sp. and fungi, whereas soil pH was also positive correlation with Pseudomonas sp. in upland soils.

Isolation and Characterization of High Viscosity Polysaccharide Producing Endophytic Bacteria from Pueraria Root (고점도 다당류를 생산하는 갈근 내생균의 분리 및 특성)

  • Whang, Kyung-Sook;Choi, Seung-Hyun;Han, Song-Ih
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.341-345
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    • 2007
  • Fifty endophytic bacteria, which produced slime around the colonies, were isolated from Pueraria roots. In particular, HDN-14, TDG-3, and TNB-3 strains, which appeared to be high viscosity producers, were selected. These strains produced high levels of polysaccharides in Puerara root medium extract. The purified polysaccharide was digested with 1N HCI and analyzed by HPLC, with glucose ($45.6{\sim}63.1%$), maltose ($14.6{\sim}23.7%$), and fructose ($17.4{\sim}23.7%$) detected as constitutive sugars. When determined by the homology relationship of the 16S rDNA sequence with the relative taxa, the HDN-14 and TNB-3 strains were closely ($99.06{\sim}99.32%$) related to the Pseudomonas $koreensis^T$ and Pseudomonas $jessenii^T$, while TDG-3 were closely ($99.48{\sim}99.74%$) related to Pseudomonas $plecoglossicida^T$, Pseudomonas $mosselii^T$, and Pseudomonas $monteilii^T$. The major cellular Pseudomonas acids are $3OH-C_{10:0}$, $2OH-C_{12:0}$, $3OH-C_{12:0}$, and $3OH-C_{12:1}$, with these strains being further differentiated in species belonging to the genus Pseudomonas.

Biocontrol of Rice Diseases by Microorganisms (미생물을 활용한 친환경적인 벼 병해 방제법)

  • Kim, Jung-Ae;Song, Jeong-Sup;Jeong, Min-Hye;Park, Sook-Young;Kim, Yangseon
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 2021
  • Rice is responsible for the stable crop of 3 billion people worldwide, about half of Asian depends on it, and rice is grown in more than 100 countries. Rice diseases can lead to devastating economic loss by decreasing yield production, disturbing a stable food supply and demand chain. The most commonly used method to control rice disease is chemical control. However, misuse of chemical control can cause environmental pollution, residual toxicity, and the emergence of chemical-resistant pathogens, the deterioration of soil quality, and the destruction of biodiversity. In order to control rice diseases, research on alternative biocontrol is actively pursued including microorganism-oriented biocontrol agents. Microbial agents control plant disease through competition with and antibiotic effects and parasitism against plant pathogens. Microorganisms isolated from the rice rhizosphere are studied comprehensively as biocontrol agents against rice pathogens. Bacillus sp., Pseudomonas sp., and Trichoderma sp. were reported to control rice diseases, such as blast, sheath blight, bacterial leaf blight, brown spot, and bakanae diseases. Here we reviewed the microorganisms that are studied as biocontrol agents against rice diseases.