• 제목/요약/키워드: Pseudomonas sp

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페놀분해세균인 Pseudomonas sp. EL-04J에 의한 Trichloroethylene의 공동대사 (Cometabolism of Trichloroethylene by a Phenol-Degrading Bacterium, Pseudomonae sp. EL-04J)

  • 김호성;박근태;손홍주;박성훈;이상중
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • 제10권5호
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 2001
  • Pseudomanas sp. EL-04J was previously isolated from phenol-acclimated activated sludge. This bacterium was capable of degrading phenol and cometabolizing trichloroethylene (TCE). After precultivation in the mineral salts medium containing phenol as a sole carbon source, Pseudomonas EL-04J degraded 90% of TCE $25 \mu\textrm{M}$ within 20 hours. Thus, phenol-induced Pseudomonas sp. EL-04J cells can bdegrade TCE. Followsing a transient lag period, Pseudomonas sp. EL-04J cells degraded TCE at concentrations of at least $250 \mu\textrm{M}$ with no apparent retardation in rate, but the transformance capacity of such cells was limited and depended on the cell concentration. The degradation rate of TCE followed the Michaelis-Menten kinetic model. The maximum degradation ratio ($V_{max}$) and saturation constant ($K_{m}$) were $7nmo {\ell}/min{\cdot}mg$ cell protein and $11 \mu\textrm{M}$, respectively. Cometabolism of TCE by phenol fed experiment was evaluated in $50m {\ell}$ serum vial that contained $10m {\ell}$ of meneral sals medium supplemented with $10 \mu\textrm{M}$ TCE degradation was inhibited in the initial period of 1 mM phenol addition, but after that time Pseudomonas sp. EL-04J cells degraded TCE and showed cell growth.

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PU매체에 부착한 유류분해 bacteria를 이용한 오염토양 처리 (Remediation of PAH-Polluted Soil by Pseudomonas sp. Adhered on PU Foam)

  • 조대철;허남수;권성현
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • 제7권3호
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    • pp.458-464
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    • 2006
  • 토양의 생물학적 복원은 산업화로 무차별하게 오염되어 있는 국내 산업단지 주변과 지하수 환경보전을 위한 경제적 도구로 인식되어왔다. 본 연구는 친환경적 생물복원을 위한 기초자료를 얻기 위하여 유류로 오염된 양토에서 Pseudomonas sp. (KCCM 40055)를 접종한 polyurethane 매체환경을 적용, 유류의 성분중 PAH 분해도를 조사하였다. 다공성 매체로서 재현성이 뛰어나며 미생물 부착에 활용되어 온 polyurethane foam을 사용하여 미생물 부착성을 아울러 조사하였다. 사용된 PU중 최저공극 foam인 SR9-35C/G 의 경우 부착률과 PAH분해율이 가장 높았으며 토양함수율 증가에 따라 그 효율이 증가하였다.

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Overproduction of Pseudomonas sp. LBC505 Endoglucanase in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis

  • CHUNG, YOUNG-CHUL;KYEONG-SOOK KIM;YANG-WOO KIM;SUNG-SIK CHUN;NACK-KIE SUNG
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • 제5권1호
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    • pp.18-21
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    • 1995
  • Endoglucanase gene of Pseudomonas sp. LBC505 was previously cloned in pUCl9 to yield plasmid pLC1. overproduction of endoglucanase was attempted by following ways. First, the endoglucanase gene of Pseudomonas sp. LBC505 cloned in pUCl9(pLC1) was tandemly inserted, step by step, into a expression vector pKK223-3 in a directly repeated form to enhance productivity of endoglucanase. Escherichia coli containing pKCC30 among the resulting plasm ids showed the higher yield of the endoglucanase. Ecoli harboring pKCC30 which had three inserted endoglucanase genes expressed about 12.3 times as much CMCase activity as Ecoli harboring pLCl. Second, the endoglucanase gene was subcloned into Bacillus subtilis expression vector pgnt41 for both overproduction and extracellular secretion of the endoglucanase. A resulting plasmid pgntc15 in Bacillus subtilis expressed 4.3-fold higher levels of CMCase activity than that of E.coli harboring pLCl and the endoglucanase produced was entirely secreted into the culture medium.

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TOXIC EFFECTS OF 2,4-D AND OTHER AROMATIC COMPOUNDS ON BACTERIA, AND THEIR PROTECTIVE RESPONSES

  • Oh, Kye-Heon;Kim, Chi-Kyung
    • 한국미생물생명공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국미생물생명공학회 2000년도 Proceedings of 2000 KSAM International Symposium and Spring Meeting
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    • pp.116-123
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this work was to investigate the induction of stress shock proteins (SSPs) in Burkholderia sp. YK-2 in response to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), and Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12 to benzoate, 4-chlorobenzoate (4-CBA), 4-hydroxybenzoate, and biphenyl. The SSPs, which contribute to the resistance of the cytotoxic effect of the toxic aromatic compounds including 2,4-D and 4-CBA, were induced at different concentrations of the compounds in exponentially growing cultures of Burkholderia sp. YK-2 or Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12. This response involved the induction of a 43 kDa DnaK and 41 kDa GroEL proteins in Burkholderia sp. YK-2, characterized by SDS-PAGE and Western blot using the anti-DnaK and anti-GroEL monoclonal antibodies. In Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12, 70 kDa DnaK and 60 kDa GroEL proteins was induced as SSPs, respectively. The total SSPs were analyzed by 2-D PAGE. Survival of Burkholderia sp. YK-2 or Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12 with time in the presence of different concentrations of the compounds was monitored, and viable counts paralleled the induction of the SSPs in these strains. Cells treated with the increased concentrations of toxic compounds showed some destructive openings on the cell envelopes.

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방선균이 생산하는 Cephalosporin 내성 병원성 Pseudomonas에 유효한 항생물질 (An Antibiotic from Actinomycetes Becoming Effective for Cephalosporin Resistant Pathogenic Pesudomonas sp.)

  • 하병조
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • 제12권3호
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 1999
  • We isolated activnmycetes LAM-98-80 as strain producing an effective antibiotic for cephalosporin re-sistant pathogenic PSeudomonas sp. and identified as Streptomyces sp. LAM-98-80 from cultural and phyisological characteristics. We investigated the optimal culture conditions for producation of an anti-biotic becoming effective for cephalsporin-resistant pathogenic Pseudomonas sp. It was found that 1.5% soluble starch and 1.0% yeast extract were good as carbon and nitrogen source respectively. The pro-duction of antibiotic was also activated by 0.04% Mn2+ as 80% degree. The optimum initial pH on pro-ductio of antibiotic was pH 7.0. The culture condition for the maximal productivity of the antibiotic was at 3$0^{\circ}C$ for 5 days. The cephalosporin-resistant pathogenic Pseudomonas sp. as test bacteria was rev-ealed to resist antibiotic of cepha families but revealed to not resist those of $\beta$-lactam families ampicil-lin and amoxicillin. Parital purified antibiotic was stable for the pH from 3 to 9 and was also stable when treated at 70 $^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour, This antbiotic was effective against all gram positive and negative bac-teria but was not effective against molds and yeasts.

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Pseudomonas sp. EL-091S에 의한 4-Chlorophenol의 분해 Kinetics (Biodegradation Kinetics of 4-Chlorophenol by Pseudomonas sp. EL-091S)

  • 손준석;이건;이상준
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • 제2권2호
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 1993
  • In order to find the most fitted biodegradation model, biodegradation models to the initial 4-chlorophenol concentrations were investigated and had been fitted by the linear regression. The degrading bacterium, EL-091S, was selected among phenol-degraders. The strain was identified with Pseudomows sp. from the result of taxonomical studies. The optimal condition for the biodegradation was as fellows: secondary carbon source, concentration of ammonium nitrate, temperature and pH were 200mg/l fructose, 600 mg/l, $30^{\circ}C$ and 7.0 respectively. The highest degradation rate of the 4-chlorophenol was about 58% for 24 hours incubation on the optimal condition. Biodegradation kinetics model of 5 mg/l 4-Chlorophenol, 10 mg/l 4-chlorophenol and 50 mg/l 4-chlorophenol were fitted the zero order kinetics model, respectively. Key Words : 4-chlorophenol, Pseudomonas sp., zero order kinetics model.

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Cloning and Expression in E. coli of the HOPDA Hydrolase Gene from Pseudomonas sp. P20

  • Lim, Jong Chul;Chae, Jong Chan;Kim Youngsoo;Kim, Hyong Bai;Kim Chi Kyung
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • 제34권4호
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 1996
  • Pseudomonas sp. P20 is a natural isolate which is capable of degrading biphenyl and 4-chlorobiphenyl. From a clone of pCK1022 harboring pcbCD genes of Pseudomonas sp P20, a pcbD gene encoding 2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenylhexa-2, 4-dienoic acid (HOPDA) hydrolase was subcloned in Escherichia coli XL-1-Blue by using pBluescript SK(+) vector. The 2.8-kb HindII fragment harboring the pcbD gene cloned in pCK 1024 had a single site for each of XhoI, SalI, BstXI, and XbaI restriction enzymes. Escherichia coli CK1024 had a single site for each of XhoI, SalI, BstXI, and XbaI restriction enzymes. Escherichia coli CK1024 carrying pCK0124 degraded HOPDA to benzoate and 2-hydroxypenta-2, 4-dienoate by HOPDA hydrolase encoded by pcbD gene as effectively as E coli CK 1022 HARBORING pcbCD genes.

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Improved Degradation of 4-Chlorobiphencyl, 2,3-Dihydroxybiphenyl, and Catecholic Compounds by Recombinant Bacterial Strains

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Kim, Youngsoo;Lee, Kyoung;Kim, Chi-Kyung
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • 제6권1호
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    • pp.56-60
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    • 2001
  • The pcbC gene encoding (4-chloro-)2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase was cloned from the genomic DNA of Pseudomonas sp. P20 using pKT230 to construct pKK1. A recombinant strain, E. coli KK1, was selected by transforming the pKK1 into E. coli XL1-Blue. Another recombinant strain, Pseudomonas sp. DJP-120, was obtained by transferring the pKK1 of E. coli KK1 into Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12 by conjugation. Both recombinant strains showed a 23.7 to 26.5 fold increase in the degradation activity to 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl compared with that of the natural isolate, Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12. The DJP-120 strain showed 24.5, 3.5, and 4.8 fold higher degradation activities to 4-chlorobiphenyl, catechol, and 3-methylcatechol than DJ-12 strain, respectively. The pKK1 plasmid of both strains and their ability to degrade 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl were stable even after about 1,200 generations.

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Effect of Rhamnolipids on Degradation of Anthracene by Two Newly Isolated Strains, Sphingomonas sp. 12A and Pseudomonas sp. 12B

  • Cui, Chang-Zheng;Zeng, Chi;Wan, Xia;Chen, Dong;Zhang, Jia-Yao;Shen, Ping
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • 제18권1호
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 2008
  • Anthracene is a PAH that is not readily degraded, plus its degradation mechanism is still not clear. Thus, two strains of anthracene-degrading bacteria were isolated from long-term petroleum-polluted soil and identified as Sphingomonas sp. 12A and Pseudomonas sp. 12B by a 16S rRNA sequence analysis. To further enhance the anthracene-degrading ability of the two strains, the biosurfactants produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa $W_3$ were used, which were characterized as rhamnolipids. It was found that these rhamnolipids dramatically increased the solubility of anthracene, and a reverse-phase HPLC assay showed that the anthracene degradation percentage after 18 days with Pseudomonas sp. 12B was significantly enhanced from 34% to 52%. Interestingly, their effect on the degradation by Sphingomonas sp. 12A was much less, from 35% to 39%. Further study revealed that Sphingomonas sp. 12A also degraded the rhamnolipids, which may have hampered the effect of the rhamnolipids on the anthracene degradation.

탈질능을 가진 Pseudoomonas sp.의 분리 및 특성 (Isolation and characterization of denitrifying bacteria, Pseudomonas sp.)

  • 김현국;김성구;이병헌;서근학;공인수
    • 생명과학회지
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    • 제8권1호
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 1998
  • 양어장에서 어류의 배설물이나 사료에 의해 생성된 암모니아성 질소 제거를 위한 수처리 공법의 하나로써 질산화 세균 및 탈질화 세균을 고정화 방법의 개잘리 필요한 실정이다. 이를 위해서는 우수한 고정화 방법의 개발이 필요한 실정이다. 이를 위해서는 우수한 질산능과 탈질능을 가지는 미생물의 분리가 선행되어야 하므로 denitifier consortium으로부터 여러 균주를 선별, 동정하여 이를 Pseudomonas sp. KH2-2으로 명명하였다. 분리된 균의 탈질능은 최적의 생육을 보일 때 가장 강하게 나타났다. $30{\circ}C보다는 40{\circ}C$에서 배양하였을 때 최적의 성장을 보여주었고, 탈질능도 현저히 높았다. pH에 있어서는 pH7에서 가장 강한 탈질능을 나타내었다. pH5에서는 균의 성장이 이루어지지 않았고 pH9에서는 $NO_3$^-환원능은 높았으나 $NO_2$^-환원능은 낮았다.

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