• Title, Summary, Keyword: Prunus mandshurica

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Cytotoxic Effect of Fruit of Prunus mandshurica on Human Monocytic Leukemia Cells

  • Chung, Ha-Sook
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.265-269
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    • 2004
  • Prunus mandshurica var. glabra Nakai (Rosaceae) is widely distributed in South Korea and bears a fruit with a bitter and astringent taste. An ethyl acetate-soluble extract of Prunus mandshurica was found to exhibit significant cytotoxicity against human leukemia cell lines. Bioassay-directed fractionation of this extract using an MTT(3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) cell proliferation assay as a monitor led to the isolation of the bioactive compounds. Two compounds, 1 and 2 were subsequently found to mediate cytotoxicity against U937, human monocytic leukemia cells. The 50% growth inhibitory concentrations ($IC_{50}$/) of compounds 1 and 2 on U937 were 40 and 62 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, respectively.

Studies on the Interspecific Grafting of Almond (Almond의 종간접목(種間接木)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Kyo Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.7-18
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    • 1979
  • Almonds are one of the oldest sources of food and oil for man as used the ice cream, candy, roast, salting, chocolate, breads, backed, cookies, and flavoring ect. So, we wish to plant Almond in our country at the most parts of mountains. In this purpose we must be find out of both root stock of more compatibility and new techniques of grafting was rather simples as compared with the many steps of machinary involved today. This investigation has been carried out to reveral compatibility and practical controls of environment effectives involved in the occurence of each difference combination results in interspecific grafting of Almonds on the root stock of Prunus mandshurica and Prunus persica as materials during the 9 months period from March to November in 1978. With these selected scions were 4 varieties of Almond employing as the Hal1's hardy, Nonpareil, and Thompson grafted in the polyethylene green house with almost identical provision made for effective controls of automatical supplying to heating and mistsprayers as the $22{\sim}25^{\circ}C$ of temperature and 70~90% humidity. Following results have been obtained. Those environmental controls were more effective and practical to grafting unions and success by means veneer-grafting at the green house. 1. Hall's hardy Almond grafted on the root stock of Prunus persica was more compatibility than Prunus mandshurica. 2. The survival percentages as follows of the 95.33% of Hall's hardy/Prunus persica and 92.66% of Hall's hardy/Prunus mandshurica. And those were no significant between root stock of both species. 3. The 3 varieties of sweet Almond grafted on the root stock of P. mandshurica. And those were no significant between root stock of both species. 4. And the survival percentages as fellows. Thompson 92.66%, Nonpareil 90.66% and Kapareil 89.33% those grafted on the root stock of Prunus persica. 5. And then the survival percentage of interspecific grafts on the root Prunus mandshurica as follows of the materials of Thompson 89.66%, Nonpareil 87%, Kapareil 85%. 6. The analysis of variance were no significant among the interactions between 3 varieties Almond and 2 species of root stock plants. 7. And the growth of interspecific grafts of the high 161cm, diameter 12.3mm and length of roots 21.5cm growth as the Hall's hardy Almond grafted on the root stock of Prunus persica. 8. The root stock plants of Prunus mandshurica more effected to 6~8 days early developed leafing of scions and dark green colour than the Prunus persica. 9. The identical provision of automatic systems was more effective to graft unions and grafting process. 10. The veneer-grafting method at the green house was more effective and practical method for the mass production of Almond grafts.

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Studies on the Structure of Forest Community at Dongdaesan, Turobong, Sangwangbong Area in Odaesan National Park (오대산 국립공원 동대산, 두노봉, 상왕봉 지역의 삼림군집구조에 관한 연구)

  • 김갑태;추갑철;엄태원
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.147-155
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    • 1996
  • To investigate the structure and the conservation strategy of natural forest at Dongdaesan, Turobong, Sangwangbong Area in Odaesan National Park, 27 plots(20$\times$20m) set up with random sampling method. Three groups were classified by cluster analyses. High positive correlations was proved between Tilia amurensis and Acer pseudo-sieboldianum, Malus faccata and Syringa reticulata var. mandshurica, Prunus padus and Viburnum sargentii, and High negative correlations was proved between Quercus mongolica and pronus padus, Tilia amurensis and Prunus padus, Acer pseudo-sieboldianum and Prunus padus. Species diversity(H') of investigated area was calculated 0.9586~1.1814.

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Characteristics of Distribution of Vascular Plants in the Mt. Manduk (만덕산일대의 관속식물 분포 특성)

  • Oh, Hyun-Kyung;Beon, Mu-Sup
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.1139-1146
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    • 2007
  • The vascular plants in the Mt. Manduk was listed 560 taxa composed of 110 families, 345 genera, 488 species, 1 subspecies, 67 varieties and 4 forms. Based on the list of the rare plants by the Forest Research Institute, 4 taxa were recorded in the studied areas; Lilium distichum (Preservation priority order; No. 159), Tricyrtis dilatata (No. 97), Aristolochia contorta (No. 151) and Prunus yedoensis (No. 110). Based on the list of Korean endemic plants, 12 taxa were recorded; Cephalotaxus koreana, Carex okamotoi, Lilium amabile, Populus tomentiglandulosa, Salix purpurea var. japonica, Pseudostellaria multiflora, Prunus yedoensis, Stewartia koreana, Forsythia koreana, Paulownia core ana, Weigela subsessilis and Aster koraiensis. Based on the list of approved for delivering overseas of plants, 7 taxa were recorded; Carex okamotoi, Lilium distichum, Aristolochia contorta, Vaccinium oldhami, Paulownia coreana, Asperula lasiantha and Saussurea seoulensis. Specific plants by floral region were total 32 taxa; Prunus yedoensis in class V, Wistaria floribunda in class IV, 5 taxa (Girardinia cuspidata, Spiraea salicifolia, Acer palmatum, Stewartia koreana, Asperula lasiantha) in class III, 3 taxa (Potentilla dickinsii, Viola tokubuchiana var. takedana and Caryopteris incana) in class II and 22 taxa (Pinus koraiensis, Hosta capitata, Chloranthus japonicus, Salix glandulosa, Juglans mandshurica, etc.) in class I. The naturalized plants in the surveyed sites were 14 families, 36 genera, 44 species, 2 varieties, 46 taxa and naturalization rate was 8.2% of all 560 taxa of vascular plants. Wild plants disturbing ecosystem like Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior have been increasing. Therefore, continuous control and conservation measures are needed on the ecosystem of Mt. Manduk.

Analysis on the Correlation Between Vegetation Structure and Environment Factors of the Geumosanseong-inside in Geumosan Provincial Park, in Korea (금오산도립공원의 금오산성 식생구조와 환경요인의 상관관계 분석)

  • Kim, Hyoun-Sook;Park, Gwan-Soo;Lee, Sang-Myong;Lee, Joong-Ku
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.49-67
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to compare and analyze forest vegetation distributed in Geumosanseong-inside in Geumosan Provincial Park from 2017.10 to 2019.6. The vegetation structure was classified by the phytosociological method and TWINSPAN and the correlation between the community structure and the environmental factors was analyzed using DCCA ordination analydsis. The vegetation structures are Quercus mongolica, Fraxinus mandshurica, Q. acutissima, Larix leptolepis, Prunus padus and Morus alba community by the phytosociological method and 16 communities under TWINSPAN. The importance value of Q. mongolica(64.5) was the highest, and followed by F. mandshurica, L. leptolepis, Acer pseudosieboldianum, M. alba, P. padus, Q. acutissima, Sorbus alnifolia, P. serrulata var. pubescens, F. sieboldiana, Rhododendron schlippenbachii and Castanea crenata which is consistent with species having the dominance status by analysis of the vegetation structure. As the results of DBH analysis for taxon with high importance values, Q. mongolica and M. alba represented normal distribution, and thus, the dominance status of these species is likely to continue. L. leptolepis will maintain the dominance status due to high density of large individuals as compared with species above medium size. However, it will decrease because of high mortality after increase in age class. F. mandshurica and P. padus continue to show dominance status due to high density of young individuals as compared with species above medium size. Q. acutissima have high density of individuals above intermediate size and low density of young individuals, and thus, will maintain the dominance status. A. pseudosieboldianum, F. sieboldiana and R.schlippenbachii which are arborescent will present continuously high dominance status because of high density of young individuals. Soil analysis shows that whereas pH, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in the research area were lower than the average values of overall forest soil and O.M, T-N, C.E.C and P2O5 were higher. We expected that these results were due to agricultures until 50 years ago in Geumosanseong-inside. As a result of DCCA ordination analysis using eleven environmental factors and communities classified by the phytosociological method analysis showed that Q. mongolica was distributed in the environment with higher elevation and O.M and steep slope, and lower P2O5, Mg2+ and Ca2+. In contrast to F. mandshurica, Q. acutissima was distributed in higher K+ and lower pH. L. leptolepsis was distributed in various environment.

Medicinal Plants on Mt. Dae-Am in KangWon-Do (대암산(大岩山)의 약용식물(藥用植物)(III))

  • Seong, Rack-Seon;Ro, Sook-Hee;Kim, Yong-Hae;Won, Do-Hee;Ha, Kwang-Won;Chang, Seung-Yeup;Yook, Chang-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2000
  • Mt. Dae-Am is the branch-range of DMZ located on the $38^{\circ}7'$ N KangWon-Do in South Korea. The resources of important Herbal medicine (medicinal plants) were Phacellanthus tubiflorus (fam.: Orobanchaceae), Ostericum maximowiczii, Dendranthemum zawadskii Herbich f. latifolium, D. zawadskii subsp. acutilobum, D. var. campanulatum, Halenia corniculata (fam.: gentianaceae), Prunus mandshurica var. glabra, Acanthopanax divaricatus f. inermis. A. chiisanense, A. sessiliflorum, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Bupleurum longeradiatum, Heracleum moellendorffii sub-spp. subbipinnatum, Sanicula rubriflora, Spuriopimpinella bracycarpa f. latifolia, Angelico gigas, Artemisia montana, A. stelleriana, Paeonia japonica, Phellodendron amurense, Schizandra chinensis, Menyanthes trifoliata, and Gentiana axillariflora var. coreana, etc.

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Development and Practical Use of RT-PCR for Seed-transmitted Prune dwarf virus in Quarantine

  • Lee, Siwon;Shin, Yong-Gil
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.178-182
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    • 2014
  • Among imported plants, seeds are the items that have many latent pathogens and are difficult to inspect. Also, they are the import and export items whose market is expected to expand. The biggest problem with seeds is viruses. Prune dwarf virus (PDV) is the virus that is commonly inspected in Prunus cerasifera, P. persica, P. armeniaca, P. mandshurica, P. cerasus, P. avium or P. serotina seeds. In this study, two RT-PCR primer sets, which can promptly and specifically diagnose plant quarantine seed-transmitted PDV, were developed; and nested PCR primers, where products amplify 739 and 673 nucleotides (nt), and an nested PCR-product, 305 nt, can be obtained as these products are amplified again, were developed. Also, a modified-positive control plasmid was developed, where the restriction enzyme XhoI, which can identify the contamination of samples from the control, was inserted. The method developed in this study has detected PDV in 18 cases since 2007, and is expected to continuously contribute to the plant quarantine in Korea.

Studies on Resource Plants of the Mireukbong and Manduksan in Jeollabuk-do (전라북도 만덕산과 미륵봉 일대의 자원식물상 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Ha;Beon, Mu-Sup;Oh, Hyun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.447-458
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    • 2006
  • The resource plants at the Manduksan and Mireukbong was listed 550 taxa: 107 families, 339 genera, 481 species, 1 subspecies, 65 varieties and 3 forms. Among 550 taxa listed was confirmed 323 taxa of edible plants (58.7%), 384 taxa of medicinal plants (69.8%), 267 taxa of ornamental plants (48.5%) and 268 taxa of the others (48.7%). Based on the list of the rare plants by the Forest Research Institute, 4 taxa were recorded in the studied areas; Lilium distichum (Preservation priority order: No. 159), Tricyrtis dilatata (No. 97), Aristolochia contorta (No. 151), Prunus yedoensis (No. 110) and based on the list of Korean endemic plants, 11 taxa were recorded; Cephalotaxus koreana, Carex okamotoi, Lilium amabile, Populus tomentiglandulosa, Salix purpurea var. japonica, Pseudostellaria multiflora, Prunus yedoensis, Forsythia koreana, Paulownia coreana, Weigela subsessilis, Aster koraiensis. Specific plant species by floral region were total 30 taxa; Prunus yedoensis in class V, Wistaria floribunda in class IV, 3 taxa (Spiraea salicifolia, Acer palmatum, Asperula lasiantha) in class III, 3 taxa (Potentilla dickinsii, Viola tokubuchiana var. takedana, Caryopteris incana) in class II, 22 taxa (Pinus koraiensis, Hosta capitata, Chloranthus japonicus, Salix glandulosa, Juglans mandshurica, etc.) in class I. This site needs urgent countermeasures, because there have increased many man-made damages like planting exotic plants, picking wild plants and soil compaction induced by human trampling.

Effects of host plants on the pupal weight and number of eggs in the ovary of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cuncunea Drury -Correlation between the pupal weight and the number of eggs­ (흰불나방의 용중과 포란수에 미치는 기주식물의 영향 -용중과 포난수와의 상관-)

  • Choi S. Y.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.7
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 1969
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the vriabibities of the pupal weight and the number of eggs in the ovary of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury. collected from the seven different host plants in the field. The correlation between the pupal weight and the number of eggs in the ovary was studied in connection with the species of the host plants. The results obtained were as follows. I) The pupal eight was varied with the species of the host plants and sexes. The order of average female pupal weight was Populus euramericanal Guinier(206.6 mg). Juglans mandshurica Max. (J97.8 mg). Platanus orientalis L. (182.4 mg). Acer neugndo L. (172.2 mg). Taxodium distichum Rich. (172.1 mg). Salix babylonica L. (128.8 mg) and Prunus serrulata var. spontanea (Max). Wilson (103.4 mg). and of the average male pupal weight. T. distichum (125.2 mg). P. orientalis (123.5mg). J. mandshurica (114.4 mg). A. negundo (109.5 mg). Peuramericana (106.3mg). S. babylonica (94.3 mg). and P. serrulata var. spontanea(74.6 mg). The weight of female pupae was greater than that of male pupae in all case. 2) The unmber of eggs in the ovary was also vaied with the species of the host plants. The order of the average number of eggs in the ovary was P. euramericana(1331.1). J. mandshurica(I239.9). T. disichum (1237.0). A. negundo (1186.9). P. orientalis (1145.5), S. babylonica (800.0) and P. serrulata var. spontanea (641.5). 3) The number of eggs in the ovary for all the host plants tested was highly correlated with the pupal weight.

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