• Title, Summary, Keyword: Protein trafficking

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A WD40 Repeat Protein, Arabidopsis Sec13 Homolog 1, May Play a Role in Vacuolar Trafficking by Controlling the Membrane Association of AtDRP2A

  • Lee, Myoung Hui;Lee, Sung Hoon;Kim, Heyran;Jin, Jing Bo;Kim, Dae Heon;Hwang, Inhwan
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.210-219
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    • 2006
  • Dynamin-related protein 2A (AtDRP2A, formally ADL6), a member of the dynamin family, is critical for protein trafficking from the TGN to the central vacuole. However, the mechanism controlling its activity is not well understood in plant cells. We isolated Arabidopsis sec13 homolog1 (AtSeh1) that interacts with AtDRP2A by a yeast two-hybrid screening. AtSeh1 has four WD40 motifs and amino acid sequence homology to Sec13, a component of COPII vesicles. Coimmunoprecipitation and protein pull-down experiments demonstrated specific interaction between AtSeh1 and AtDRP2A. AtSeh1 bound to the pleckstrin homology domain of AtDRP2A in competition with the C-terminal domain of the latter, and this resulted in inhibition of the interaction between AtDRP2A and PtdIns3P in vitro. AtSeh1 localized to multiple locations: the nucleus, the prevacuolar compartment and the Golgi complex. Based on these results we propose that AtSeh1 plays a role in regulating cycling of AtDRP2A between membrane-bound and soluble forms.

Interaction of Human α-Synuclein with VTI1B May Modulate Vesicle Trafficking

  • Lee, Hak-Joo;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Im, Ha-Na
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.9
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    • pp.3071-3075
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    • 2012
  • Human ${\alpha}$-synuclein is the major component of the protein aggregates known as Lewy bodies or Lewy neurites, which define the intracellular lesions of Parkinson's disease. Despite extensive efforts, the physiological function of ${\alpha}$-synuclein has not yet been elucidated in detail. As an approach to defining its function, proteins that interacted with ${\alpha}$-synuclein were screened in phage display assays. The SNARE protein vesicle t-SNARE-interacting protein homologous 1B (VTI1B) was identified as an interacting partner. A selective interaction between ${\alpha}$-synuclein and VTI1B was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assays. VTI1B and ${\alpha}$-synuclein were colocalized in N2a neuronal cells, and overexpression of ${\alpha}$-synuclein changed the subcellular localization of VTI1B to be more dispersed throughout the cytosol. Considering the role played by VTI1B, ${\alpha}$-synuclein is likely to modulate vesicle trafficking by interacting with a SNARE complex.

Physiological functions of the TRPM4 channels via protein interactions

  • Cho, Chang-Hoon;Lee, Young-Sun;Kim, Eunju;Hwang, Eun Mi;Park, Jae-Yong
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2015
  • Transient Receptor Potential, Melastatin-related, member 4 (TRPM4) channels are $Ca^{2+}$-activated $Ca^{2+}$-impermeable cation channels. These channels are expressed in various types of mammalian tissues including the brain and are implicated in many diverse physiological and pathophysiological conditions. In the past several years, the trafficking processes and regulatory mechanism of these channels and their interacting proteins have been uncovered. Here in this minireview, we summarize the current understanding of the trafficking mechanism of TRPM4 channels on the plasma membrane as well as heteromeric complex formation via protein interactions. We also describe physiological implications of protein-TRPM4 interactions and suggest TRPM4 channels as therapeutic targets in many related diseases.

Role of Rab11 on Membrane Trafficking of Rat Vanilloid Receptor, TRPV1 (바닐로이드 수용체 TRPV1의 막수송과정에서의 Rab11의 역할)

  • Um, Ki-Bum;Lee, Soon-Youl
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.3096-3102
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    • 2011
  • Vanilloid receptor, TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid 1) is a non-selective cation channel that responds to a variety of pain-eliciting material including capsaicin, pH, heat. Although, membrane trafficking of TRPV1 was not much known so far, TRPV1 was reported to interact with FIP3 (family of Rab11 interacting protein 3). FIP3 was identified as one of Rab11 interacting proteins that is recently reported important in membrane trafficking of several channel proteins directly or indirectly. Therefore, in this study, we examined the role of Rab11 in the membrane trafficking of TRPV1 using cell biological and biochemical techniques. Rab11 was found really colocalized with TRPV1 based on the result of confocal microscopy. However, GST-pulldown assay, one of biochemical technique, found that Rab11 did not interact with TRPV1. Although Rab11 does not interact with TRPV1 directly, we hypothesized that Rab11 is indeed involved in the membrane trafficking of TRPV1. In order to examine further the role of Rab11 in the membrane trafficking of TRPV1, the expression of TRPV1 on the membrane was examined when the expression of Rab11 was decreased down to about 50% by siRNA technique and found decreased significantly. From this result, we can conclude that Rab11 is involved in the membrane trafficking of TRPV1 in a way of including FIP3.

C-terminal truncation of a bovine B12 trafficking chaperone enhances the sensitivity of the glutathione-regulated thermostability

  • Jeong, Jinju;Park, Jihyun;Lee, Dong-Yeon;Kim, Jihoe
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2013
  • The human $B_{12}$ trafficking chaperone hCblC is well conserved in mammals and non-mammalian eukaryotes. However, the C-terminal ~40 amino acids of hCblC vary significantly and are predicted to be deleted by alternative splicing of the encoding gene. In this study, we examined the thermostability of the bovine CblC truncated at the C-terminal variable region (t-bCblC) and its regulation by glutathione. t-bCblC is highly thermolabile ($T_m={\sim}42^{\circ}C$) similar to the full-length protein (f-bCblC). However, t-bCblC is stabilized to a greater extent than f-bCblC by binding of reduced glutathione (GSH) with increased sensitivity to GSH. In addition, binding of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) destabilizes t-bCblC to a greater extent and with increased sensitivity as compared to f-bCblC. These results indicate that t-bCblC is a more sensitive form to be regulated by glutathione than the full-length form of the protein.

Synapsin Isoforms and Synaptic Vesicle Trafficking

  • Song, Sang-Ho;Augustine, George J.
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.38 no.11
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    • pp.936-940
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    • 2015
  • Synapsins were the first presynaptic proteins identified and have served as the flagship of the presynaptic protein field. Here we review recent studies demonstrating that different members of the synapsin family play different roles at presynaptic terminals employing different types of synaptic vesicles. The structural underpinnings for these functions are just beginning to be understood and should provide a focus for future efforts.

SNAREs in Plant Biotic and Abiotic Stress Responses

  • Kwon, Chian;Lee, Jae-Hoon;Yun, Hye Sup
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.501-508
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    • 2020
  • In eukaryotes, membraneous cellular compartmentation essentially requires vesicle trafficking for communications among distinct organelles. A donor organelle-generated vesicle releases its cargo into a target compartment by fusing two distinct vesicle and target membranes. Vesicle fusion, the final step of vesicle trafficking, is driven intrinsically by complex formation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs). Although SNAREs are well-conserved across eukaryotes, genomic studies revealed that plants have dramatically increased the number of SNARE genes than other eukaryotes. This increase is attributed to the sessile nature of plants, likely for more sensitive and harmonized responses to environmental stresses. In this review, we therefore try to summarize and discuss the current understanding of plant SNAREs function in responses to biotic and abiotic stresses.

Protection of aquo/hydroxocobalamin from reduced glutathione by a B12 trafficking chaperone

  • Jeong, Jin-Ju;Ha, Tal-Soo;Kim, Ji-Hoe
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2011
  • We identified a bovine $B_{12}$ trafficking chaperone bCblC in Bos taurus that showed 88% amino acid sequence identity with a human homologue. The protein bCblC was purified from E. coli by over-expression of the encoding gene. bCblC bound cyanocobalamin (CNCbl), methylcobalamin (MeCbl) and adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl) in the base-off states and eliminated the upper axial ligands forming aquo/hydroxocobalamin ($OH_2$/OHCbl) under aerobic conditions. A transition of $OH_2$/OHCbl was induced upon binding to bCblC. Interestingly, bCblC-bound $OH_2$/OHCbl did not react with reduced glutathione (GSH), while the reaction of free$OH_2$/OHCbl with GSH resulted in the formation of glutathionylcobalamin (GSCbl) and glutathione disulfide (GSSG). Furthermore we found that bCblC eliminates the GSH ligand of GSCbl forming $OH_2$/OHCbl. The results demonstrated that bCblC is a $B_{12}$ trafficking chaperone that binds cobalamins and protects $OH_2$/OHCbl from GSH, which could be oxidized to GSSG by free $OH_2$/OHCbl.

Psychiatric Implication for the Regulation of AMPA Receptor (AMPA 수용체의 조절이 지니는 정신과적 의의)

  • Oh, Daeyoung;Lee, Eunee
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2013
  • Glutamate receptors are important components of synaptic transmission in the nervous system. Especially, ${\alpha}$-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors mediate most abundant excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. There is elaborate mechanism of regulation of AMPA receptors including protein synthesis/degradation, intracellular trafficking, exocytosis/endocytosis and protein modification. In recent studies, it is revealed that functional dysregulation of AMPA receptors are related to major psychiatric disorders. In this review, we describe the structure and function of AMPA receptors in the synapse. We will introduce three steps of mechanism involving trafficking of AMPA receptors to neuronal membrane, lateral diffusion into synapses and synaptic retention by membrane proteins and postsynaptic scaffold proteins. Lastly, we will describe recent studies showing that regulation of AMPA receptors is important pathophysiological mechanism in psychiatric disorders.