• Title, Summary, Keyword: Protein Evaluation

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EVALUATION OF HAIR DAMAGE BASED ON MEASUREMENTS OF LABILE PROTEIN

  • Inoue, Takafumi;Ito, Mayumi;Kizawa, Kenji;Iwamoto, Yoshimichi
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • pp.142-160
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    • 2003
  • Most consumers have noted hair damage following coloring treatments. Proper evaluation of hair bleaching products must be performed using quantitative assessments of hair damage, though they are difficult, because of the slight fluctuations in hair composition. In the present study, we utilized a sensitive evaluation method for hair damage and found that the amount of soluble protein fraction extracted from hair under a reducing condition, termed labile protein, dramatically increased after bleaching.(omitted)

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Safety assessment of the AtCYP78A7 protein expressed in genetically modified rice tolerant to abiotic stress

  • Nam, Kyong-Hee;Kim, Do Young;Shin, Hee Jae;Pack, In-Soon;Park, Jung-Ho;Yoon, Won Kee;Kim, Ho Bang;Kim, Chang-Gi
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.248-257
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    • 2018
  • Overexpression of AtCYP78A7, a gene encoding a cytochrome P450 protein, has been reported to improve tolerance to drought stress in genetically modified (GM) rice (Oryza sativa L.). The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential allergenicity and acute oral toxicity of the AtCYP78A7 protein expressed in GM rice. Bioinformatics analysis of the amino acid sequence of AtCYP78A7 did not identify any similarities with any known allergens or toxins. It showed that no known allergen had more than a 35% amino acid sequence homology with the AtCYP78A7 protein over an 80 amino acid window or more than 8 consecutive identical amino acids. The gene encoding the AtCYP78A7 protein was cloned in the pGEX-4T-1 vector and expressed in E. coli. Then, the AtCYP78A7 protein was purified and analyzed for acute oral toxicity. The AtCYP78A7 protein was fed at a dose of 2,000 mg/kg body weight in mice, and the changes in mortalities, clinical findings, and body weight were monitored for 14 days after the dosing. Necropsy was carried out on day 14. The protein did not cause any adverse effects when it was orally administered to mice at 2000 mg/kg body weight. These results indicate that the AtCYP78A7 protein expressed in GM rice would not be a potential allergen or toxin.

A Study of Functional Jeolpyon Prepared with Silk Protein (Silk Protein을 첨가한 기능성 절편의 제조에 관한 연구)

  • 황영정;김경옥
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to reach silk protein added in differing amounts to Jeolpyon, Korean traditional rice cake, using rice powder as its primary material, estimation of the micro organism quality, physicochemical property, sensory evaluation and the property of storage period (20${pm} 5 ^{\circ}C$). In the physicochemical property, the content of proximate composition of rice powder was measured as 38.11% of moisture, 56.62% of total sugar, 5.11% of crude protein, 0.52% of crude lipid, 0.25% of ash. And the raw material of silk protein was measured as 6.61% of moisture, 91.22% of crude protein, 6.41% of crude lipid and 0.75% of ash. The pH of raw material for rice powder and silk protein Jeolpyon showed mild acidity as 6.41 and 6.23, respectively. In rice powder and silk protein, total free sugar contents was 0.89% and 0.02%, and total amino acids contents was 4.28% and 52.21 %, respectively. For sensory evaluation. color, taste, softness and adhesiveness were significantly acceptable in control and adding 1 % silk protein. Control and samples added 1$\sim$3% silk protein had high sensory score color in overall acceptance. In conclusion. Jeolpyon can be manufactured with nutritious Jeolpyon by adding silk protein.

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Research on Real-Time Portable Quality Evaluation System for Raw Milk

  • Lee, Dae Hyun;Kim, Yong Joo;Min, Kyu Ho;Choi, Chang Hyun
    • Agribusiness and Information Management
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2014
  • The goal of this research was to develop a portable system that could be used to evaluate the quality of milk in real time at a raw milk production site. A real-time portable quality evaluation system for raw milk was developed to enable non-destructive quality evaluation of somatic cell count (SCC), fat, protein, lactose, and total solid (TS) in milk samples. A prediction model of SCC, fat, protein, lactose, and TS was constructed using partial least squares (PLS) and 200 milk samples were used to evaluate the prediction performance of the portable quality evaluation system and high performance spectroscopy. Through prediction model development and verification, it was found that the accuracy of high performance spectroscopy was 90% for SSC, 96% for fat, 96% for protein, 91% for lactose, and 97% for TS. In comparison, the accuracy of the portable quality evaluation system was relatively low, at 90% for SSC, 95% for fat, 92% for protein, 89% for lactose, 92% for TS. However, the measurement time for high performance spectroscopy was 10 minutes for 1 sample, while for the portable quality evaluation system it was 6 minutes. This means that the high performance spectroscopy system can measure 48 samples per day (8 hours), while the portable quality evaluation system can measure 80 (8 hours). Therefore, it was found that the portable quality evaluation system enables quick on-site quality evaluation of milk samples.

Protein Profiles of Major Korean Rice Cultivars

  • Wei, Chuanha;Kwon, Oh-Yun;Liu, Xi-Wen;Kim, Hyoung-Chin;Yoon, Won-Kee;Kim, Hwan-Mook;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2007
  • The protein profiles among Korean rice cultivars were assessed by total protein determination, solubility fractionation, SDS-PAGE analysis and scanning densitometry. In the extraction of protein, the SDS/urea system at a neutral pH was more efficient than that at alkaline pH. The determination of total protein showed that the protein content was similar among cultivars, ranging from 87.9 to 92.7 mg/g dry weight. Additionally, the water/NaCl-soluble protein fraction, containing 14${\sim}$16 kDa albumin and 22 kDa globulin ${\alpha}$-globulin, was also similar among cultivars, with a range of 9.94 to 11.98 mg/g dry weight. The SDS-PAGE/densitometry of total protein showed that there was no discernable difference in proteins of higher molecular weights among various cultivars, whereas the amount of lower molecular weight proteins (14${\sim}$16 kDa) is somewhat variable among cultivars. Furthermore, SDS-PAGE analysis of water/NaCl-soluble and propanol-soluble fractions indicates that there is a discernible change in the content of albumin, globulin or prolamin among cultivars. Thus, the PAGE/densitometry method, preceded by solubility fractionation, is useful for examining differences in protein profiles of rice cultivars.

Analysis of Evaluation Methods for the Efficacy of Protein Removal Agents for Soft Contact Lens (소프트콘택트렌즈 단백질제거제의 효능 평가법 분석)

  • Byuna, Hyun Young;Sung, Hyung Gyeong;Won, Hye Lim;Shim, Ji In;Park, Mijung;Kim, So Ra
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The present study was conducted to establish the experimental condition for the proper evaluation of protein removal efficacy when developing protein removal agents. Its protein removal efficacy was further analyzed and compared with the result from protein removal efficacy against protein deposition on contact lens to suggest the evaluation method for efficacy of protein removal agents. Methods: Protein digestibility assay presented in the Korean pharmacopoeia was selected to establish the evaluation method for efficacy of papain, pancreatin, subtilisin A and protease itself as a ingredient and protein removal tablets or solution containing those enzymes and find a suitable test conditions. Furthermore, the cleaning efficacy of commercially available protein removal tablets and solution on balafilcon A lens deposited with protein artificially was measured and the correlation between two evaluation methods was further analyzed. Results: When pancreatin itself and the product containing pancreatin was evaluated by protein digestibility assay, both reached 28 IU/mg, the standard value of protein digestibility suggested by the Korean pharmacopoeia. In case of protease and subtilisin A tested with trichloroacetic acid B solution, both of them met the enzyme activity level proposed by the manufacturers when they were evaluated by protein digestibility assay however, papain and subtilisin A tested with trichloroacetic acid A solution were not reached the enzyme activity level. Among protein removal agents, three products except a product containing pancreatin did not meet the enzyme activity value specified by the manufacturer when they were evaluated by protein digestibility assay. However, actual protein removal efficacy of three products except a papain-containing product on the lens was greater than 90% protein removal. In the case of papain-containing protein removal product, its effect was not measured by protein digestibility assay however, its actual protein removal efficacy on the lens reached 73.72%. Conclusions: From the results, it was confirmed that the efficacy of protein removal agents for contact lens should be evaluated by different method according to the type of proteolytic enzyme contained. That is, the protein removal agents containing pancreatin, protease and subtilisin A can be evaluated by protein digestibility assay and protein removal efficiency evaluation and the products containing papain can be effectively evaluated by only the evaluation method for protein removal efficiency employing the lens.

Protein Evaluation of Dry Roasted Whole Faba Bean (Vicia faba) and Lupin Seeds (Lupinus albus) by the New Dutch Protein Evaluation System: the DVE/OEB System

  • Yu, P.;Egan, A.R.;Leury, B.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.871-880
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    • 1999
  • The effects of dry roasting (110, 130, $150^{\circ}C$ for 15, 30, 45 min) on potential ruminant protein nutritional values in terms of: a), rumen bypass protein (BCP); b), rumen bypass starch (BST); c), fermented organic matter (FOM); d), true absorbed bypass protein (ABCP); e) microbial protein synthesized in the rumen based on available energy (E_MP); f), microbial protein synthesized in the rumen based on available nitrogen (N_MP); g), true protein supplied to the small intestine (TPSI); h), true absorbed rumen synthesized microbial protein (AMP); i), endogenous protein losses (ENDP); j), true digested protein in the small intestine (DVE); k), degraded protein balance (OEB) of whole lupin seeds (WLS) and faba beans (WFB) were evaluated by the new Dutch DV/OEB protein evaluation system. Dry roasting significantly increased BCP, BST, TPSI, ABCP, DVE (p<0.001) and decreased FOM, E_MP, AMP, N_MP and OEB (p<0.001) with increasing temperatures and times except that when temperature was at $110^{\circ}C$. The values of BCP, BST, TPSI, ABCP and DVE at $150^{\circ}C/45min$ for WLS and WFB were increased 2.2, 3.7; -, 2.0; 1.7, 1.7; 2.3, 3.7 and 1.7, 1.7 times and the values of FOM, E_MP, AMP, N_MP and OEB at $150^{\circ}C/45min$ for WLS and WFB were decreased by 15.3, 25.8; 18.1, 25.8; 18.7, 25.8; 54.6, 41.6 and 82.3% 54.7%, respectively, over the raw WLS and WFB. The results indicated that though dry roasting reduced microbial protein synthesis due to reducing FOM, TPSI didn't decrease but highly increased due to increasing BCP more than enough for compensation of the microbial protein decreasing. Therefore the net absorbable DVE in the small intestine was highly increased. The OEB values were significantly reduced for both WLS and WFB but not to the level of negative. It indicated that microbial protein synthesis might not be impaired due to the sufficient N supplied in the rumen, but the high positive OEB values in the most treatments except of $150^{\circ}C$ for 30 and 45 min of WLS (The OEB values: 54.8 and 26.0 g/kg DM) indicated that there were the large amounts of N loss in the rumen. It was concluded that dry roasting at high temperature was effective in shifting protein degradation from rumen to intestines and it increased the DVE values without reaching the negative OEB values. No optimal treatment was found in WLS due to the too high OEB values in all treatments. But dry roasting at $150^{\circ}C$ for 30 and 45 min might be optimal treatments for WLS due to the very lower OEB values.

Dietary Evaluation and Protein Catabolic Rate in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 식이조사 및 Protein Catabolic Rate에 관한 연구)

  • 장유경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.256-263
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    • 1992
  • As various metabolic alterations develope in uremic patients. their diets need to be restricted, Furthermore medical complications with accompanying anorexia result in further complications and decrease in body strength. To assess the nutritional status of hemodialyzed patients we performed evaluation for dietary intake and protein catabolic rate(PCR) For 24 clinically stable male patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis dietary intake was estimated by 3-day food record method and PCR was calculated with blood urea nitrogen at pre and post hemodialysis. The results were as follows : 1) Average daily energy and protein intake were 26.7$\pm$5.1kcal/kg of body weight. 0.95$\pm$0.19 g/kg of body weight respectively. 2) Protein catabolic rate calculated from interdialysis blood urea nitrogen levels was 1.00$\pm$0.20g/kg of body weight. Protein catabolic rate was correlated with the amount of Protein intake(r=0.44 p<0.05) 3) Relative body weight(RBW) of the subjects was smaller than that of healthy man without hemodialysis. Calorie and protein intake and protein catabolic rate were significantly different (p<0.05) between patients with lower RBW(<90% of ideal body weight) and those with normal RBW(90~110% of ideal body weight) and those with normal RBW(90~110% of iedal body weight) 4) The duration of hemodialysis did not have a significant effect on the nutritional status of the subjects.

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Quality Characteristics of Paeksulgi (Korean rice cake) Containing Various Levels of Whey Protein Isolate Powder (WPI 분말을 첨가한 백설기의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Chan-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.561-569
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    • 2009
  • The effects of substituting whey protein isolate (WPI) powder for rice flour during the preparation of paeksulgi (Korean rice cake) were evaluated by objective and subjective tests. Milk whey is drained from milk curd as a by-product of the cheese manufacturing process. Whey protein is known as a good nutritional source and a functional material for many processed foods. WPI contains more than 90% whey protein. The moisture content decreased gradually during storage and the decrease was less in control than WPI powder-substituted groups. The color lightness (L) decreased significantly with increasing WPI powder, wherease the redness (a) and yellowness (b) both increased. Texture analyses revealed that the hardness, chewiness, gumminess, adhesiveness and fracturability of paeksulgitended to increase in proportion to the amount of WPI powder added. Evaluation of the gelatinization of paeksulgi by amylographing revealed that the initial pasting temperature, peak viscosity, hot pasting viscosity and breakdown was lower in samples that contained WPI powder. However, the lowest setback value was observed in the control. The results of the sensory evaluation indicated that paeksulgi prepared with 2% WPI powder had the highest overall acceptability. Taken together, these results suggest that WPI paeksulgi containing 2% WPI powder has the best quality.

Organoleptic Evaluation of the High-Protein Yoghurt containing the Edible Insect Oxya chinensis sinuosa (Grasshopper): A Preliminary Study

  • Kim, Hong-Seok;Kim, Young-Ji;Chon, Jung-Whan;Kim, Dong-Hyeon;Song, Kwang-Young;Kim, Hyunsook;Seo, Kun-Ho
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.266-269
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    • 2017
  • This objectives of this study were to assess the pH and titratable acid (TA) and conduct sensory evaluation of the high-protein yogurt supplemented with Oxya chinensis sinuosa (grasshopper). High-protein yogurt containing Oxya chinensis sinuosa powder displayed TA of 0.93% to 1.1%, and a pH of 4.3 or 4.4. There were no significant differences between the control and treated groups in pH and TA. Organoleptic evaluations revealed that, except for color and texture, taste, flavor, and overall acceptability showed decreased trends in proportion to the amount of Oxya chinensis sinuosa powder. Further studies will explore the potential of Oxya chinensis sinuosa powder as a protein with health benefits for humans.