• Title, Summary, Keyword: Protection

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A study on approach thesis of protection martial arts (경호기법에 입각한 경호무도의 학문적 접근)

  • Park, Jun-Seok
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.6
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 2003
  • Protection sciences are new science. therefore, protection martial arts sciences are will studied be based on study of protection in order to supply high level by request. Moreover, It is reconstruction that protection martial arts masters education, systematic manage, certificate system, protection martial arts recognition certificate, protection martial arts equipment, practice of protection martial arts. Protection martial arts occurs on the unforeseen accident and body guarding, therefore martial arts concept of protection martial arts different general martial arts and sport. In order to develope of protection martial arts First, scientific thesis need of protection martial arts learning. Especially, aims of present protection martial arts is not protect oneself, protect the VIP to safely from all dangers is different thing with aims of general martial arts. Instinct that VIP protect rather than oneself should study and develop. Second, techniques and model of protection martial arts spread to who in connection with security service by systematic and organized. Preferentially, study of protection martial arts Techniques and model possible the protection martial arts learned society, found laboratory and endowed protection martial arts society organize and prevention for random of protection martial arts and must make the original protection martial arts. Third, protection martial arts official certificate and license system must organize in order to training and manage of protection martial art master, Match director(First Second), life physical director(First, Second, Third) is systematically manage by Ministry of Culture & Tourism Republic of Korea. Like this protection martial arts also classify the certificate by scholarship and experience. Fourth, In union to university, private security service company, public institution, police and system that possible leaning to protection martial arts certificate course important. In addition, destroy the commercial character of present martial arts and cultivate the pure martial arts mind, should develop to martial arts in order to improve the humanism and temperament of right body guard.

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Improved Coordination Method for Back-up Protection Schemes Based on IEC 61850 (IEC 61850 기반 후비보호계전시스템 보호협조 개선방안)

  • Kim, Hyung-Kyu;Kang, Sang-Hee
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.60 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2011
  • A distance relay scheme is commonly used for backup protection. This scheme, called a step distance protection, is comprised of 3 steps for graded zones having different operating time. As for the conventional step distance protection scheme, Zone 2 can exceed the ordinary coverage excessively in case of a transformer protection relay especially. In this case, there can be overlapped protection area from a backup protection relay and, therefore, malfunctions can occur when any fault occurs in the overlapped protection area. Distance relays and overcurrent relays are used for backup protection generally, and both relays have normally this problem, the maloperation, caused by a fault in the overlapped protection area. Corresponding to an IEEE standard, this problem can be solved with the modification of the operating time. On the other hand, in Korea, zones are modified to cope with this problem in some specific conditions. These two methods may not be obvious to handle this problem correctly because these methods, modifying the common rules, can cause another coordination problem. To overcome this problem clearly, this paper describes an improved backup protection coordination scheme using an IEC 61850-based distance relay for transformer backup protection. IEC 61850-based IED(Intelligent Electronic Device) and the network system based on the kernel 2.6 LINUX are realized to verify the proposed method. And laboratory tests to estimate the communication time show that the proposed coordination method is reliable enough for the improved backup protection scheme.

A Novel Procedure for Protection Setting in an HVDC System Based on Fault Quantities

  • Gao, Benfeng;Zhang, Ruixue;Zhang, Xuewei
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.513-521
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    • 2017
  • HVDC protection setting is difficult to be calculated analytically because of its strong nonlinearity. The currently used setting method is based on the empirical setting of previous projects and then verified by digital simulation. It entails a huge workload and low efficiency. To facilitate protection setting, this paper systematically summarizes the HVDC protection characteristics and then presents a classification of HVDC protections according to the protection principles. On the basis of the fault quantities, a novel setting procedure suitable for travelling wave protection, derivative and level protection, and differential protection is proposed. The proposed procedure is illustrated and verified in detail with the example of travelling wave protection. An HVDC protection setting system that has the functions of automatic protection setting and data management is developed utilizing the C# programming language.

Environmental Radiation Protection in Medical Institutions

  • Han, Eun-Ok;Dong, Kyung-Rae
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.91-95
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    • 2010
  • The study aimed to measure the levels of radiation protection for radiologists in medical institutions in three environmental categories (physical, administrative and social) and to establish a data base which can be used to increase awareness of environmental radiation protection in medical institutions within Korea. The study surveyed 10% of radiologists working in radiology departments in medical institutions which are supervised by the National Dose Registry overseen by the Korean Food and Drug Administration(KFDA). This study found that the level of environmental radiation protection was higher in the capital area and in larger hospitals. On the other hand, the study shows environmental radiation protection was lower in the Youngnam area and in clinics. Results from the questionnaires indicate the level of environmental radiation protection was higher when radiologists were given an individual dosimeter but lowest when the radiation protection apron quality test was conducted. Environmental radiation protection is an important factor for radiologists to conduct activities in a safe and protected environment. However, this study shows there are differences in the level of environmental radiation protection in medical institutions and location within Korea. In particular, the level of environmental radiation protection was lower in clinics, appropriate intervention strategies befitting these conditions are needed based on medical institution classification and location in order to improve the level of environmental protection.

Comparative Analysis of Regulations for Consumer Protection of Local Self-government (지방소비자행정 발전을 위한 광역자치단체의 소비자보호조례와 소비자정책심의위원회 운영 현황 비교분석)

  • 송인숙;제미경
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.9
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    • pp.79-95
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    • 2002
  • In this paper the consumer protection regulations of 16 wide area self-governments in Korea are studied. Status of consumer protection policy committees and their general policies for consumer protection of these wide area self-governments are also investigated. The data of consumer protection regulation were collected from the internet web-site of each self-government and the status of consumer protection policy committee and the general policy for consumer protection were obtained by requesting each self-government to report administration information during May through October in 200l. 13 of 16 wide area self-governments except Daegu, Inchon, and Jejudo have own consumer protection regulations. Major parts of these regulations conform the standard regulation of ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs. Many of the consumer protection policy committees reported that they do not have meetings constantly. Moreover since the price of goods and services is the typical subject of meetings, the committees do not seem to properly play the role of a consumer protection policy authority. Contents of the general policy for consumer protection of many self-governments are simple description of detailed practicing plans according to the general consumer protection policy of the national government. By criticizing the problems aroused during the study of consumer protection policy of self-governments, suggestions are given which will help for the development of consumer policy of wide area self-governments.