• Title, Summary, Keyword: Prostatic neoplasms

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Initial experience of magnetic resonance imaging/ultrasonography fusion transperineal biopsy: Biopsy techniques and results for 75 patients

  • Tae, Jong Hyun;Shim, Ji Sung;Jin, Hyun Jung;Yoon, Sung Goo;No, Tae Il;Kim, Jae Yoon;Kang, Seok Ho;Cheon, Jun;Kang, Sung Gu
    • Investigative and Clinical Urology
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study is to describe the technique and to report early results of transperineal magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography (MRI-US) fusion biopsy. Materials and Methods: A total of 75 patients underwent MRI-US fusion transperineal biopsy. Targeted biopsy via MRI-US fusion imaging was carried out for cancer-suspicious lesions with additional systematic biopsy. Detection rates for overall and clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) were evaluated and compared between systematic and targeted biopsy. In addition, further investigation into the detection rate according to prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS) score was done. Results of repeat biopsies were also evaluated. Results: Overall cancer detection rate was 61.3% (46 patients) and the detection rate for csPCa was 42.7% (32 patients). Overall detection rates for systematic and targeted biopsy were 41.3% and 57.3% (p<0.05), respectively. Detection rates for csPCa were 26.7% and 41.3%, respectively (p<0.05). The cancer detection rates via MRI fusion target biopsy were 30.8% in PI-RADS 3, 62.1% in PI-RADS 4 and 89.4% in PI-RADS 5. Rates of csPCa missed by targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy were 0.0% and 25.0%, respectively. The cancer detection rate in repeat biopsies was 61.1% (11 among 18 patients) in which 55.5% of cancer suspected lesions were located in the anterior portion. Conclusions: Transperineal MRI-US fusion biopsy is useful for improving overall cancer detection rate and especially detection of csPCa. Transperineal MRI-US targeted biopsy show potential benefits to improve cancer detection rate in patients with high PIRADS score, tumor located at the anterior portion and in repeat biopsies.

The Trend of Uro-Oncologist About Blood Test and Imaging Studies for the Diagnosis of Biochemical Recurrence in Korea (한국에서 Biochemical Recurrence의 진단에 대한 혈액 및 영상의학적 검사에 관한 비뇨기종양을 전공하는 의사의 트렌드에 대한 고찰)

  • Seo, Sung Pil;Kim, Won Tae;Kang, Ho Won;Kim, Yong-June;Lee, Sang-Cheol;Kim, Wun-Jae;Kim, So Young;Park, Jong-Hyock;Yun, Seok Joong
    • The Korean Journal of Urological Oncology
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the criteria of biochemical recurrence (BCR) and follow-up periods and methods with and without blood and imaging test of urologic oncology before established guidelines of prostate cancer in Korea. Materials and Methods: In December 2015, we sent the questionnaire to urologic oncologist in academic hospital and received the answer from 108 urologic oncologist (50%). Also, we analyzed the data of 1,141 patients underwent radical prostatectomy in 2005 from Korean Medical Insurance. Results: In follow-up, 72 physicians (66.7%) performed blood test every 3 months, 51 physicians (47.2%) performed imaging study in case of BCR. Bone scan was the most common imaging study in the follow-up (74 physicians, 68.5%). But, bone scan was only performed in case of BCR (43 physicians, 39.8%). The criteria of BCR was PSA 0.2 ng/mL (75 physician, 69.4%), 76 physicians (70.4%) was performed different follow-up according to risk of patients. In Korean Medical Insurance data analysis, PSA were performed average 2 times every year and magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, Bone scan were performed average 0.1, 0.2, 0.1 times every year, respectively. Conclusions: The criteria of BCR and the follow-up of prostate cancer patients in Korea were similar Korean prostate cancer guidelines. Blood and imaging test might be increased compared to 10 years ago, it is necessary to compare the Korean Medical Insurance data between 10 years ago and present.

Genomic analysis of Korean patients with advanced prostate cancer by use of a comprehensive next-generation sequencing panel and low-coverage, whole-genome sequencing

  • Kang, Minyong;Cho, Eunhae;Jang, Jahyun;Lee, Junnam;Jeon, Youngjoo;Jeong, Byong Chang;Seo, Seong Il;Jeon, Seong Soo;Lee, Hyun Moo;Choi, Han Yong;Jeon, Hwang Gyun
    • Investigative and Clinical Urology
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: To analyze the characteristics of somatic mutations and copy number alterations (CNAs) in Korean patients with advanced prostate cancer (PCa) by use of the Oncomine Comprehensive Panel (ThermoFisher Scientific) and low-coverage, whole-genome sequencing (LC-WGS). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed PCa tissues obtained from 14 patients with advanced PCa (metastatic tumor, 12 [85.7%]; nonmetastatic castration-resistant PCa, 1 [7.1%]; pT3b, 1 [7.1%]) from 2009 to 2017. The Oncomine Comprehensive Panel included a total of 143 genes. Moreover, LC-WGS was performed to detect CNAs of the entire genome. Two plasma samples matched with tumor tissues were analyzed using LC-WGS to compare the chromosomal aberration patterns between circulating tumor DNA and tumor tissue. Results: Genetic alterations were most frequently observed in the androgen receptor (AR) (42.9%, n=6/14), TP53 (14.3%, n=2/14), and PTEN (14.3%, n=2/14) genes in the Oncomine panel. AR amplification was the most common CNA (35.7%, n=5/14). As a result of LC-WGS, CNAs were confirmed in about 92.9% (n=13/14) of the samples in regions Xq12, 8q24.21, and 11q13.3 (gains) and in regions 6q16.1, 8p23.1, 10q25.1, 16q24.2, 18q12.3, Xq25, and Xq26.3 (losses). All CNAs identified in the Oncomine panel matched the results of LC-WGS. Additionally, LC-WGS of two plasma samples that matched tumor tissues revealed that CNA patterns of plasma samples (circulating tumor DNA) were very similar to those detected in tumor samples. Conclusions: Our data showed that the characteristics of mutations and CNAs in Korean patients with advanced PCa were similar to those observed in previous studies.