• Title, Summary, Keyword: Proliferation

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In vitro Effects of L-Ascorbic Acid and Acrylamide on Lymphocyte Proliferation in Young and Aged Mice

  • Kang, Nam-Sung;Pyo, Suhk-Neung;Sohn, Eun-Hwa
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of Acrylamide (ACR) and L-ascorbic acid (AsA) on the proliferation of splenocytes and the mitogen-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation in young (8 weeks) and aged (82 weeks) C57BL/6male mice in vitro. AsA increased splenocyte proliferation in both groups; however, this effect was higher in old mice, while the proliferation of lymphocyte was decreased except for treatment at $1\;{\mu}g/mL$ low concentration in both mice. In addition, ACR treatment resulted in decreased LPS-induced B lymphocyte proliferation and ConA-induced T lymphocyte proliferation in both groups. However, AsA increased LPS/ConA-induced lymphocyte proliferation in young groups and had no effects in old mice except at $0.5\;{\mu}g/mL$ Thus, the present data indicate that there is no difference effect of ACR and AsA on lymphocyte proliferation, whereas the effect of AsA on mitogen-induced cell proliferation was reduced in old mice. Overall, our results suggest that various immunomodulators have differing effects of lymphocytic proliferation on young versus aged mice.

Reactive Oxygen Species Co-Operated with Sex Hormones Inhibit Proliferation of Hepal-6 Cells

  • Wang Ai-Guo;Kim Nam-Soon;Lee Dong-Seok
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.253-258
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    • 2005
  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and sex hormones affect the proliferation of cells and are believed to play important roles in tumorigenesis. However, little is known regarding how these two factors interact to affect cell proliferation. In this study, hepal-6 cells were treated with ROS and sex hormones (testosterone and steroidal) either separately or in combination. The sex hormones had no significant influence the cell proliferation up to a concentration of $1{\mu}M$. However, cell proliferation was inhibited when the cells were treated simultaneously with $H_2O_2$, which alone was found to promote cell proliferation at the concentrations of $15{\mu}M$. In conclusion, this study indicates that instead of promoting the cell proliferation, ROS interact with sex hormones to inhibit the Hepa 1-6 cell proliferation.

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Nuclear Imaging of Cellular Proliferation (핵의학적 세포증식 영상)

  • Yeo, Jeong-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.198-204
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    • 2004
  • Tumor cell proliferation is considered to be a useful prognostic indicator of tumor aggressiveness and tumor response to therapy but in vitro measurement of individual proliferation is complex and tedious work. PET imaging provides a noninvasive approach to measure tumor growth rate in situ. Early approaches have used $^{18}F$-FDG or methionine to monitor proliferation status. These 2 tracers detect changes in glucose and amino acid metabolism, respectively, and therefore provide only an indirect measure of proliferation status. More recent studies have focused on DNA synthesis itself as a marker of cell proliferation. Cell lines and tissues with a high proliferation rate require high rates of DNA synthesis. $[^{11}C]Thymidine$ was the first radiotracer for noninvasive imaging of tumor proliferation. The short half-life of $^{11}C$ and rapid metabolism of $[^{11}C]Thymidine$ in vivo make the radiotracer less suitable for routing use. Halogenated thymidine analogs such as 5-iodo-2-deoxyuridine (IUdR) can be successfully used as cell proliferation markers for in vitro studies because these compounds are rapidly incorporated into newly synthesized DNA. IUdR has been evaluated as a potential in vivo tracer in nuclear medicing but the image qualify and the calculation of proliferation rates are impaired by its rapid in vivo degradation. Hence, the thymidine analog $3'-deoxy-3'-^{18}F-fluorothymidine$ (FLT) was recently introduced as a stable proliferation marker with a suitable nuclide half-life and stable in vivo. $[^{18}F]FLT$ is phosphorylated to 3-fluorothymidine monophosphate by thymidine kinase 1 and reflects thymidine kinase 1 activity in proliferating cell. $[^{18}F]FLT$ PET is feasible in clincal use and well correlates with cellular proliferation. Choline is a precursor for the biosynthesis of phospholipids (in particular, phosphatidylcholine), which is the essential component of all eukaryotic cell membranes and $[^{11}C]choline$, which is a new marker for cellular proliferation.

The Effects of Boron on the Proliferation of Osteoblastic and Neuroblastoma Cells

  • Choi, Hye-Sook;Hang, Do;Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Lee, Sung-Ryul;Pyo, Suhkneung;Son, Eun-Wha;Kim, Mi-Hyun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.353-356
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    • 2005
  • It has been recently reported that boron affects bone metabolism in humans and animals. In this study we examined whether boron affects the proliferation on various cell types, MG-63, HOS, Raw 264.7 and SK-N-SH. When treated with different concentrations of boron $(1,\;10,\;100{\mu}M)$ for 24 and 48 hr, the proliferation of MG-63 cells was enhanced at $10{\mu}M\;(p<0.05)$, for 24 hr. In HOS cells, boron had no effect on cell proliferation at 24 or 48 hr. In addition, treatment of pre-osteoclastic cells (Raw 264.7) with 1, 10, $100{\mu}M$ boron resulted in no effect on cell proliferation. Proliferation of neuronal cells (SK-N-SH) was enhanced by boron in a concentration dependent manner at low concentrations (0.1, 0.5, $1{\mu}M$). Besides proliferation activity, boron has an effect on the enhancement of NO production in SK-N-SH cells in a concentration-dependent manner. These studies showed that boron enhances proliferation of osteoblastic cells (especially MG-63), depending upon the concentration of boron. These results also provide further evidence of the positive effects of boron in neuronal disease.

Inhibitory effects of ginsenosides on basic fibroblast growth factor-induced melanocyte proliferation

  • Lee, Ji Eun;Park, Jong Il;Myung, Cheol Hwan;Hwang, Jae Sung
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.268-276
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    • 2017
  • Background: UV-B-exposed keratinocytes secrete various paracrine factors. Among these factors, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates the proliferation of melanocytes. Ginsenosides, the major active compounds of ginseng, are known to have broad pharmacological effects. In this study, we examined the antiproliferative effects of ginsenosides on bFGF-induced melanocyte proliferation. Methods: We investigated the inhibitory effects of Korean Red Ginseng and ginsenosides from Panax ginseng on bFGF-induced proliferation of melan-a melanocytes. Results: When melan-a melanocytes were treated with UV-B-irradiated SP-1 keratinocytes media, cell proliferation increased. This increased proliferation of melanocytes decreased with a neutralizing anti-bFGF antibody. To elucidate the effects of ginsenosides on melanocyte proliferation induced by bFGF, we tested 15 types of ginsenoside compounds. Among them, Rh3, Rh1, F1, and CK demonstrated antiproliferative effects on bFGF-induced melanocyte proliferation after 72 h of treatment. bFGF stimulated cell proliferation via extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation in various cell types. Western blot analysis found bFGF-induced ERK phosphorylation in melan-a. Treatment with Rh3 inhibited bFGF-induced maximum ERK phosphorylation and F1-delayed maximum ERK phosphorylation, whereas Rh1 and CK had no detectable effects. In addition, cotreatment with Rh3 and F1 significantly suppressed bFGF-induced ERK phosphorylation. Western blot analysis found that bFGF increased microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) protein levels in melan-a. Treatment with Rh3 or F1 had no detectable effects, whereas cotreatment with Rh3 and F1 inhibited bFGF-induced MITF expression levels more strongly than a single treatment. Conclusion: In summary, we found that ginsenosides Rh3 and F1 have a synergistic antiproliferative effect on bFGF-induced melan-a melanocyte proliferation via the inhibition of ERK-mediated upregulation of MITF.

A Comparative Study on the Proliferation Resistance of Nuclear Fuel Cycles

  • Chang, H.L.;Ko, W.I.;Lee, Y.D.;Lee, K.S.;Kim, H.D.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
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    • pp.53-54
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    • 2009
  • The preliminary quantitative analysis of proliferation resistance for the five nuclear fuel cycles demonstrated that the thermal MOX fuel cycle is most vulnerable to proliferation due to the presence of pure $PuO_2$ in the fuel cycle, while the once-through fuel cycle has the highest proliferation resistance. The innovative next generation fuel cycles such as Pyro-SFR and Wet-SFR were found to have similar levels of proliferation resistance to that of the DUPIC fuel cycle which is believed to have proliferation resistance strong enough for commercial deployment. The sensitivity analysis also demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed methodology in applying to existing and/or newly developing nuclear fuel cycles so as to improve the proliferation resistance characteristic of the fuel cycle systems.

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EVALUATION OF PROLIFERATION RESISTANCE USING THE INPRO METHODOLOGY

  • Yang, Myung-Seung;Park, Joo-Hwan;Ko, Won-Il;Song, Kee-Chan;Choi, Kun-Mo;Kim, Jin-Kyoung
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.149-160
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    • 2007
  • The IAEA launched the International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO) and developed the INPRO Methodology to provide guidelines and to assess the characteristics of a future innovative nuclear energy system in areas such as safety, economics, waste management, and proliferation resistance. The proliferation resistance area of the INPRO Methodology is reviewed here, and modifications for further improvements are proposed. The evaluation metrics including the evaluation parameters, evaluation scales and acceptance limits are developed for a practical application of the methodology to assess the proliferation resistance. The proliferation resistant characteristics of the DUPIC fuel cycle are assessed by applying the modified INPRO Methodology based on the developed evaluation metrics and acceptance criteria. The evaluation procedure and the metrics can be utilized as a reference for an evaluation of the proliferation resistance of a future innovative nuclear energy system.

Experimental Effects of Taklihwangki-Tang on the Anti-Cancer And Immuno-Action (托裏黃기湯이 抗癌 및 免疫作用에 미치는 實驗的 效果)

  • Jeong, Dong-Hwan;Choi, Jung-Hwa;Kim, Jong-Han;Jeong, Woo-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.118-130
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    • 2002
  • Taklihwangki-Tang was a drug that treated carbuncle and cellulitis. So, the purpose of this Study was to investigate effect of Taklihwangki-Tang on the anti-cancer and proliferation of immunocytes, nitric oxide(NO) production of peritoneal macrophages. We used Taklihwangki-Tang extract(THT) with freeze-dried, 8wks-old male mice and cancer cell lines(L1210, S-180) for this Study. The proliferation of cells was tested using a colorimetric tetrazoliun assay(MTT assay). The results of this Study were obtained as follow ; THT was showed cytotoxicity on the L1210 and S-180 cell lines, increased proliferation of thymocytes. And the combined effects of THT and vincristine were became cytotoxicity of cancer cell lines and increased significantly proliferation of thymocytes. THT accelerated proliferation of thymocytes in normal mice, and decreased significantly proliferation of L1210 cells and accelerated significantly NO production of peritoneal macrophages in L1210 cells transplanted mice. This results suggest that THT inhibit proliferation of cancer cells by becoming immunocytes activity(NO production, proliferation of T-cell).

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Effects of Ginsenoside $Rg_1$ on Neural Progenitors Proliferation in Vitro and in Vivo

  • Shen Li-Hong
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • pp.522-530
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    • 2002
  • We have already known, neural progenitor cells exist not only in the developing brain, but in certain spots in adult CNS in mammals, so it will be of great value to find out some compounds which can interfere these cells proliferation ability. In this research, we observed that ginsenoside $Rg_1$ can not only enhance neural progenitors' proliferation ability in vitro, but increase neurogenesis in adult mouse dentate gyrus in vivo. Firstly, we set up neural progenitor cells' culture system from embryonic rats' hippocampus and prove their feature through immunocytochemistry. Then by using MTT assay, we found that when growing with ginsenoside $Rg_1(0.5\~2.5{\mu}mol/l)$, the progenitor cells' survival rate nearly doubled, furthermore, we proved that this increase was due to the increment of cell proliferation through $^3H-thimidine$ incorporation assay, hence, we drew the first conclusion: ginsenoside Rg1 has the ability to stimulate neural progenitor cells' proliferation in vitro; in order to observe this compound's effect in vivo, we devised the following experiment: after administering ginsenoside Rg1 (5, 10 mg/kg, once a day) intraperitoneally for two weeks, we examine the number of BrdU positive cells in the dentate gyrus of mice, and found that Rg1 could increase the number of proliferation cells significantly in vivo. From these studies, we are quite sure about Rg1's effects on the proliferation ability of neural progenitor cells both in vitro and in vivo, certain targets of the compound and its underlying mechanisms are in progress.

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The Effects of Fatty Acids Supplementation in Culture Medium on Proliferation and Lipid Peroxides Production of Fibroblast from Neonate Rats (신생흰쥐 피부섬유아세포의 배양액의 지방산의 종류와 양을 변화시켰을 때 세포의 증식과 지질과산화물 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 장영애
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 1996
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of concentration and degree of unsaturation of fatty acids on cellular proliferation and lipid peroxide production, using primary skin fibroblasts from neonate rats Fibroblasts (CPD : 2.8-5.4). Cells were cultured either in control medium (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplement with 10% fetal bovine serum) or in media supplemented with various kinds (stearic, oleic, linoleic, arachidonic, linolenic, eicosapentaenoic acid) and amounts (5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 150uM)of fatty acids. Cellular proliferation ratio and lipid peroxice production were measured and morphological changes were observed. Cellular proliferation was inhibited and morphological changes were observed. Cellular proliferation was inhibited and morphological changes were observed in cells grown in stearic containing media. Oleic, arachidonic, and eicosapentaenoic aicd tend to stimulate cellualar proliferation, and linolenic acid had no effects. Lipid peroxide concentrations in fibroblasts increased in proportion to the contents and unsaturation of fatty acids in media. Especially supplementation of arachidonic acid accelerated cellualr lipid peroxidation. Free radicals may cause severs damage to biological molecules, so lipid peroxidation probably contributes cellular membrane damages. However there were little relationship between lipid peroxide production and cellular proliferation in this study. (Korean J Nutrition 29(2) : 159~165, 1996)

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