• Title, Summary, Keyword: Problem Behaviors

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The relationship between communication with parents of vocational girls' high school students and their problem behaviors (청소년의 환경적 변인 및 부모와의 의사소통이 문제행동에 미치는 영향 - 부산시내 실업계 여고생을 중심으로 -)

  • 정유미
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.31-46
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between communication with parents of vocational girls' high school students and their problem behaviors, to find out variables which influence them. Data were collected by the second grade 389 students of vocational girls' high school students in Pusan. Major findings were as follows: 1. Problem behaviors were different according to the type of problem behaviors and behavior frequencies. 2. Problem behaviors were influenced positively by the delinquency of friends and negatively by communication with parents and the successful school life. Communication with parents was influenced positively by the harmonious family atmosphere and the successful school life, negatively by stepparent family. 3. Runaway was influenced negatively by the harmonious family atmosphere and positively by the delinquency of friends. Gang fight was influenced negatively by the successful school life and positively by the delinquency of friends. Sex affairs was influenced positively by the delinquency of frends. Suicide trial was influenced negatively by the harmonious family atmosphere and the delinquency of friends, positively by stepparent family and communication with their parents. Gang fight was influenced by school environmental factors and suicide trial was influenced by family environmental factors.

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Influences of Family Environment Risk Factors and Ego Resilience on The Early Adolescents' Problem Behaviors (가정환경 위험요인과 자아탄력성이 초기 청소년의 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Soon Ok;Choi, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.484-494
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to verify the direct influences of the risk factors of the family environment on the problem behaviors of early adolescents, and the indirect influences of the same by the mediation of ego resilience. Method: After random extraction of five elementary schools located in D metropolitan city, we conducted a survey of 5th and 6th-grade male and female students. For the analysis, we used data from the questionnaire results of 450 students. For the data analysis, we performed t-test of independent samples, one-way ANOVA, path analysis and Sobel test, utilizing SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Result: The direct influence of the risk factors of the family environment on the problem behaviors of the early adolescents was 0.447, while the indirect influence by the mediation of ego resilience was 0.146. Conclusion: It was found that the risk factors of the family environment not only exert direct influences on the problem behaviors of early adolescents, they also have indirect influences on the problem behaviors of early adolescents by way of the mediation of ego resilience.

Effects of the Science Project Activities Based on Multiple Intelligences on the Elementary School Children s Problem Solving Behaviors (다중지능에 기초한 과학 프로젝트 활동이 초등학교 아동의 문제해결 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • 임채성;왕경순
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 2000
  • This study examined the influences of science project activities based on multiple intelligences on problem solving behaviors of elementary school children. Specifically, the influences of the project activities on the problem solving skills and propensities of the children were investigated. Forty-four fifth graders were selected for the study. They performed the projects and made their products of it during five months on the units of "Weather" and "Our Body" Criteria for assessment of problem solving abilities were determined. The patterns reflected in products of the project activities were examined, then the observation of the subjects' problem solving behaviors and the interviews were performed based on the criteria. The results were analyzed through both of qualitative and quantitative approaches. In these analyses, the implementation of the science projects was found to contribute to the improvement in all sub-factors of problem solving, specially, skills associated with the propensities of problem identification and of the collection, analysis, and synthesis of data significantly increased

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Relationships Among Preschoolers' Temperament, Intelligence and Problem Behaviors (유아의 기질과 지능, 문제행동의 관계 분석)

  • Lee, Jin Suk;Han, Jihyeon;Park, Hyewon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study examined the relationships among preschoolers' temperament, intelligence, and problem behaviors. Intelligence was individually measured by the newly standardized K-WPPSI-IV (2015). Methods: The participants were 113 children (4-6 years old), their mothers and teachers. The following instruments were administered: EAS, K-WPPSI-IV, K-CBCL. Descriptive and correlational analyses were performed using SPSS 18.0. Results and Conclusion: The major results were as follows. First, sociability of temperament was negatively correlated with depression, withdrawal, and internalizing problem behavior. Second, activity and sociability of temperament were positively correlated with the most of the K-WPPSI-IV major indices (VCI, VSI, FRI, PSI, FSIQ, NVI, GAI, CPI). Third, depression, withdrawal, and internalizing problem behavior were negatively correlated with NVI and CPI indices of the K-WPPSI-IV. Attention problem and externalizing problem behavior were negatively correlated with FRI, WMI, FSIQ, NVI, GAI, and CPI indices of K-WPPSI-IV.

The Effects of After-School Self-Care on Children's Development (방과후 방치가 아동발달에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Bong-Joo;Cho, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.36
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    • pp.7-27
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    • 2011
  • This study empirically examines the effects of after-school self-care on children's development. More specifically, we examine whether the level of after-school self-care experiences that a child had during the 4 to 6 grade period affects the levels of school achievement, internalizing problem behaviors, externalizing problem behaviors, and delinquent behaviors during the child's middle school years. The study utilized the data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study's 1st and 4th year child supplementary surveys. The results show that the level of after-school self-care experiences negatively affects children's school achievement and internalizing problem behaviors. The study finds that, as the level of after-school self-care experiences increase, school achievement decreases and internalizing problem behaviors increase. The effects of after-school self-care on school achievement and internalizing behaviors were statistically significant even after controlling for the other variables that are known to be important factors on child development including child, parent, and family characteristics. The findings suggest that there is an independent effect of the level of after-school self-care on school achievement and internalizing problem behaviors. We also provide policy implications of the study. The policy considerations for latchkey children should include not only increasing the quantity of after-school programs, but also paying attention to the need of child development support programs beyond basic protection and care.

Effects of Emotionality, Interpersonal Problem Solving Strategies, and Maternal Behaviors on Children's Social Competence (아동의 사회적 유능성에 영향을 미치는 정서성, 대인간 문제 해결 전략 및 어머니 행동)

  • Kwon, Yeon Hee;Park, Kyung Ja
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.27-44
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    • 2003
  • This study examined effects of children's emotionality, interpersonal problem solving strategies, and maternal behaviors during mother-child interaction on children's social competence as rated by teachers. Data were analyzed separately for boys and girls. A total of 102 children(60 boys, 42 girls; aged 5-6) and their mothers were studied. Children's positive and negative emotionality were related to their social competence. Positive solving strategies were positively related to boy's social competence; negative solving strategies had negative to both boy's and girl's social competence. Mother's negative affect related negatively to boy's social competence and mother's sensitivity/guidance related positively to girl's social competence. When children's emotionality and interpersonal problem solving strategies were controlled, maternal behaviors during mother-child interaction did not contribute to children's social competence.

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The Effects of Mothers' Supportive and Non-supportive Reactions to Young Children's Negative Emotions on Young Children's Internal and External Problem Behavior (유아의 부정적 정서에 대한 어머니의 지지적 반응과 비지지적 반응이 유아의 내면화 및 외현화 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Kyeong-Mi;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.83-102
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study investigates the main effects and interaction effects of mother's reactions to young children's negative emotions on the children's problem behaviors. Methods: A total of 346 mothers with toddlers completed questionnaires, the data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: First, mothers' supportive response to young children's negative emotions, including expressive encouragement, emotion-focused reactions, and problem-focused reactions, showed negative relations with the children's internal and external problem behaviors. Mothers' unsupportive response to children's negative emotions, including distress reactions, minimization reactions, and punitive reactions, showed positive relations with the children's internal and external problem behaviors. Second, an interactive effect was observed. For external problem behavior, mothers' lower distress reactions accompanied by higher emotion-focused reactions, lower punitive reactions accompanied by higher emotion-focused reactions, lower distress reactions accompanied by higher problem-focused reactions, and lower punitive reactions accompanied by higher problem-focused reactions all decreased children′s problem behavior. However, for internal problem behavior, only mothers' lower distress reactions accompanied by higher emotion-focused reaction decreased children′s problem behavior. Conclusion/Implication: The main interaction effect on mothers' reaction to young children's negative emotional expression shows that preventive intervention is needed to address problem behavior.

Sexual Problem Behaviors in High School Students (일 지역 고등학생의 성문제 행동)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Ok;Park, Gwang-Sug;Jeon, Mi-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.257-265
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate sexual problem behaviors of high school students in one province, North Cholla. Method: The participants in this research were 951 high school students, grades 1, 2 and 3, chosen at random in big cities, small towns and rural areas of North Cholla Province. Result: The routes for sexual knowledge acquisition were through a peer group or an older member(35.8%), internet(29.8%), classes and the teacher at school(18.8%), multimedia(8.4%) and parents (7.2%). The percentages for domains of sexual problem behaviors were masturbation 36.7%, sexual impulse 35.6%, voyeurism 12.6%, sexual violence 9.6%, transvestism 4.1%, prostitution 3.5%, exhibitionism 3.1%, and pregnancy of a female student 0.6%. Sexual problem behaviors experienced by 30% or more of the students were reported as the experience of the desire to embrace, the desire to kiss, the desire to touch a friend's body of the opposite sex, masturbation and the desire to sleep with a friend of the opposite sex. The biggest sexual problem behaviors for the students were sexual impulses toward friends of the opposite sex and masturbation. These experience rates were higher for boys than for girls(p<.05), higher vocationally than academicly(p<.05), and higher in the largest cities than smaller cities and rural area(p<.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that systematic programs that focus on a problem solution method should be developed for sexual problem behavior prevention.

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Predictor Variables of Developmental Trajectories in Problem Behavior and School Adjustment among Children from Low-Income Families (취약계층 아동의 문제행동과학교적응 발달궤적의 예측요인)

  • Lee, Ji Yeon;Chung, Ick Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.54
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    • pp.173-197
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to examine developmental trajectories and predictor variables of problem behaviors and school adjustment trajectories among children from low-income families using latent growth modeling. The data was collected from the 2nd year to the 4th year (2012-2014) of a community child center child panel survey conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute. The major findings are as follows. First, as the grade went up, the problem behaviors of children from low-income families increased while school adjustment decreased. Second, multi-level domains, such as individual, school, and family variables influenced school adjustment trajectory, while only individual variables, such as depression, isolation, and motivation for achievement influenced problem behavior trajectory. Third, common protective factors between problem behaviors and school adjustment trajectories were motivation for achievement in and satisfaction of the community child center. Common risk factors between problem behaviors and school adjustment trajectories were isolation and aggression. Based on the results, the implications for child welfare practices were discussed.

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PERCEIVED PARENTING AND PROBLEM BEHAVIORS IN KOREAN MALE ADOLESCENTS (청소년에서 자녀가 지각한 부모 양육태도와 문제 행동의 연관성 - 서울시내 남자 고등학생을 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Do-Hoon;Moon, Yoo-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.237-244
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    • 2001
  • Objectives:Dysfunctional parent-child relationships have been associated with various mental and conduct disorders in adolescence and mental problems in adulthood as well. Most studies have done in clinical settings and little is known about the relationship between parenting and adolescent problem behaviors in community settings. This study is done to compare the perceived parenting and problem behaviors between problem behavior group and those of non-problem behavior group in male adolescents. Methods:The subjects of this study were 147 male high school students in Seoul, who do not have any known mental or conduct disorders and live with their real parents. Parental Bonding Instrument and Youth Self Report were administered to evaluate the perceived parenting and problem behaviors of adolescents. Results:There were significantly higher scores of mother overprotection in problem behavior group when comparing to non-problem behavior group. There was a significant association between mother overprotection and problem behavior when adjusting the number of family members, mother's job, parents' education level, grades, and religion. Conclusion:The parenting such as mother overprotection can be helpful to predict the problem behaviors in male adolescents, and appropriate parenting may prevent various problem behaviors in male adolescents.

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