• Title, Summary, Keyword: Problem Behaviors

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The Effects of the Individual and Family Relational Variables Perceived by Adolescents on Adolescents' Problem Behaviors (청소년의 개인변인과 청소년이 지각한 가족변인이 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • 고정자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.121-143
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to show general trends in the psychological environment of family and problem behaviors perceived by adolescents and examine possible changes in such trends in accordance with the individual variables of adolescent, and then find out the effect of these variables on adolescents' problem behavior. The subject were 1374 adolescents of middle school in Busan(male 698, female 676). The main results were as follows : (1) General trends in the degree of parental monitoring showed that girls had more high than boys, and in the degree of family discord, boys showed more high than girls. In the degree of openness of parent-adolescent communication perceived by adolescents showed that girls had more open communication with mother than boys. Such trends in problem behaviors indicated that adolescents had the attention problem most. According to gender, girls had more problems in withdrawal, somatic complain, anxiety/depression, thought problems, attention problems, destructivity/identity, internalizing problems, total behavior problems in comparison to boys. Boys did delinquent behaviors more than girls. (2) For boys, the monthly income of their family, family discord, and the mother-adolescent communication have a significant direct effect on internalizing problems, externalizing problems and total behavior problems. Besides mother's employment and the type of family have a significant indirect effect on behavior problem. For girls, mother's employment, parental monitoring, family discord, and father-adolescent communication have a significant direct effect on internalizing problems. Mother's employment, family discord, mother-adolescent communication have a significant indirect effect on externalizing problems and total behavior problems. Bisides mother's employment, grade, the type of family, dating have a significant indirect effect on behavior problem. (3) The variables to have a significant influence on the parental monitoring showed as the monthly income of their family, dating, mother's employment, the type of family, the family discord showed as mother's employment on the parent-adolescent communication showed as the type of family. (4) Family discord was the most powerful predicator of problem behaviors of middle school students.

Longitudinal Developmental Paths of Preschooler's External Problem Behaviors: Focusing on Maternal Depression, Marital Conflict, Maternal Social Parenting Style and Preschooler's Effortful Control in Infancy (유아기 외현화 문제행동의 종단적 발달경로: 영아기 어머니의 우울, 부부갈등, 어머니의 사회적 양육행동과 영아기 의도적 통제를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Youngkyung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.431-444
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    • 2019
  • This study explored the longitudinal developmental paths of preschooler's external problem behaviors from infancy. Subjects consisted of 205 preschoolers (106 boys, 99 girls aged 4) and their mothers recruited for the 2009 in-depth Panel Study on Korean Children. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlations, and structural equation modeling using SPSS 18.0 (SPSS Co., Chicago, IL, USA), Amos 18.0 (SPSS Co., Chicago, IL, USA). The results were as follows: Maternal depression at preschooler's age 0 had a direct effect on maternal social parenting style at preschooler's age 0. Maternal social parenting style at preschooler's age 0 had a direct effect on preschooler's effortful control at age 1. Preschooler's effortful control at age 1 had a direct effect on preschooler's external problem behaviors at age 4. Marital conflict at preschooler's age 0 did not have a direct effect on preschooler's effortful control at age 1. The direct effects of maternal depression at preschooler's age 0 on preschooler's effortful control at age 1, and on preschooler's external problem behaviors at age 4 were not significant. In addition, direct effect of maternal social parenting style at preschooler's age 0 on preschooler's external problem behaviors at age 4 was not significant. This study showed that maternal psychological characteristics, marital conflict, maternal social parenting style and preschooler's effortful control in infancy should be considered simultaneously to explain the effect on preschooler's external problem behaviors.

The Effects of Family Environment and Individual Psychological Variables on Adolescents' Problem Behaviors (가족 환경 및 개인 심리 요인이 남녀 청소년의 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo Chan-Ran;Lee Hyong-Sil
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.151-162
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family environment and individual psychological variables on adolescent's problem behaviors. The subjects of this study were 855 students of middle school who reside in Seoul and 791 self-reported questionnaires were used for final analysis. The major results of this study were as follows: First, gender differences in adolescent's problem behaviors were not found. Second, depression, mother's monitoring and father's parenting behavior were found to have effects on adolescents' problem behaviors. Particularly, male adolescents' problem behaviors were influenced by depression and father's parenting behavior. Female adolescents' problem behaviors were influenced by depression, father's monitoring, and mother's monitoring.

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Children's Problem Behaviors Trajectories of Poor- and Non Poor-Households on the Path to Learning Readiness and School Adjustment (비빈곤가정과 빈곤가정 유아의 문제행동 발달궤적과 학습준비도 및 학교적응)

  • Lee, Wanjeong;Kim, Meena
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2018
  • Using data from the Panel Study on Korean Children, this study investigated whether children with high levels of problem behaviors adjusted more poorly on the $1^{st}-grade$ than children with low levels of problem behaviors, and whether there was evidence of intra-individual stability in behavior problems over time. Data were analyzed by use of the Latent Growth Model and group differences analyses. Three findings were noteworthy. First, there was evidence of intra-individual and inter-individual variability in behavior problems between poor- and non-poor household children. Second, children with higher initial levels of internalizing and externalizing behaviors at 4 years had lower school readiness scores at 6 years. Finally, children with lower levels of school readiness at 6 years had lower school adjustment scores in $1^{st}$ grade. The results discuss implications for future research and policies for preschool children. With mediating effect of school readiness, developmental trajectories of child's problem behavior have been found to be predictors of delayed achievements in school. The results show that intervention programs are necessary for children with high levels of problem behavior. This study also showed that children who experienced poverty at home could have more difficulties in school readiness and school adjustment.

Problem behaviors, Cultural Identity and Acculturation of North Korean Refugee Youth (북한이탈 청소년의 문제행동과 문화변용정체성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Youngsuk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.144-154
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of problem behaviors, cultural identity and acculturation of North Korean (NK) refugee youth and to suggest an appropriate approach for helping them to adjust to our society based on these findings. Methods: The subjects were 117 NK adolescent refugees in Hanawon. Data were collected by a demographic questionnaire, Youth Self Report (YSR), the South-North Korean cultural identity. Results: Problem behaviors of NK refugee youth were the highest in anxiety/depression and withdrawal behavior and were followed by internalized behavior, aggressiveness, overall problem behavior, externalized behavior, delinquency and positive behavior in that order. Acculturation was the highest in 'separation' followed by 'integration', 'assimilation' and 'marginalization' in that order. No significant relationship was found between acculturation types and problem behaviors except positive behavior. Conclusion: This study provides some important information that we have to develop specific strategies and interventions primarily focused on withdrawal, anxiety/depression, and internalization for the adjustment and mental health of NK refugee youth. It is necessary to explore further research related to cultural identity, acculturation processes, and the correlation between acculturation types and problem behaviors.

Mediating effect of family cohesion on the relations between the stress cognition of adolescents of single parent families and problem-focused coping behavior (한부모가족 청소년이 인지하는 스트레스와 문제해결적 대처행동 관계에서 가족응집력의 매개효과)

  • Park, Kyeong Won;Kim, Kyeong Shin
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.29-45
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purposes of this study were to investigate the influence of stress cognition of adolescents in a single-parent family on their problem-focused coping behaviors, and to verify the mediating effect of family cohesion between stress cognition and their problem-focused coping behaviors. Method: A survey was conducted on middle school students in Gwangju, and the responses of 404 participants were used in the analysis. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 program. Results: The results of this study were as follows: First, stress cognition had a negative influence on the problem-focused coping behaviors of the adolescents of single-parent family. Second, family cohesion completely mediated the effects of stress cognition on this problem-focused coping behaviors. Conclusions: This study suggests that it is necessary to improve the function of family cohesion in order to improve the problem-focused coping behaviors of adolescents in single-parent families.

Yin-Yang Temperament and Psychopathological Behavior in Middle School Students (중학생에서 음양 기질과 문제 행동의 관련성)

  • Lee, Soo Jin;Han, Sang Yun;Kim, Hee Young;Choi, Mi Hwa;Chae, Han
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The Yin-Yang temperament and the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) were reported to have relations with psychopathological problems in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine how domains of Yin-Yang temperament influence on problem behaviors in Korean middle school students. Methods: Subjects of 681 Korean middle school students completed the SPQ for measuring Yin-Yang temperament and the Youth Self-Report (YSR) for measuring problem behaviors. The differences of problem behaviors between Yin and Yang temperament groups were tested with T-test and profile analysis. The associations of the SPQ subscales on problem behaviors was also examined with Pearson's correlation and regression analysis. Results: Yang temperament was related to the externalizing problem while Yin temperament to the internalizing problem. The Emotionality and Behavior dimension of Yin-Yang temperament were found to be a factor of susceptibility and resilience for problem behaviors, respectively. Three dimensions of Yin-Yang temperament have different influences on externalizing and internalizing problems depending on the sex and Yin-Yang temperament groups of subjects. Conclusions: The Yin-Yang temperament would be useful for predicting and preventing the problem behaviors of middle school students. This study would be useful for screening the psychopathological problems and helping Korean adolescents to develop healthy character.

A Study on the Parents' and Teachers' Recognition Level about the Causes of Behavior among Children with Behavioral Problems and the Teachers' Teaching Strategies for Problem Behaviors of Children (문제행동유아의 행동원인에 대한 부모-교사의 인식수준과 교사의 지도전략에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Joeng Kyoum;Kang, Young-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.342-348
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the difference between parents' and teachers' recognition about problem behaviors of children. The findings showed that there was a distinct difference between parents' and teachers' recognition about all problem behaviors of children. Especially, teachers had more recognition about problem behaviors of children than parents. And the reactive interaction and the actual prevention in educational institutions were preferred in the difference between parents' and teachers' recognition about a teaching strategy for children, such that teachers had significantly higher recognition about a teaching strategy for children than parents did, while there was no significant difference in the strategy for social emotion. This means that teachers should originally control and manage various problem behaviors based on the common teaching strategy, which is socio-emotionally recognized, rather than the biased teaching strategy. But the teaching strategy of reactive interaction is preferred in accordance with the type of problem behaviors between teachers and children and the children who show problem behaviors. Especially, teaching strategies of reactive interaction and actual prevention focused on the inhibition and prevention of children's problem behaviors are preferred in light of children's characteristics of many unexpected problem behaviors.

A Study of the Relationship between Anger Thought And Problem Behavior in Perfectionist High School Girls (완벽성향 여고생의 분노사고 및 문제행동 연구)

  • Moon, So-Hyun;Cho, Hun Ha
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.332-339
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This descriptive correlational study was designed to examine the relationship of perfectionism to anger thought and problem behaviors. In addition, the mediating effect of anger thought in relation to perfectionism and problem behaviors was investigated. Methods: Data were collected from 807 students in a girls' high school, and descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and hierachical multiple regression were used with SPSS/PC 18.0 program to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in anger thought (primary and secondary anger-thought) and problem behaviors between the upper 25% and lower 25% group for perfectionism. Primary and secondary anger-thought had a significant mediating effect in relation to perfectionism and problem behaviors. Conclusion: For effective management and prevention of adolescent women's problem behaviors, programs including perfectionism and anger thought should be developed. Further research is necessary in order to draw a consensus on cognitive factors as mediators between the related factors of problem behaviors.

The Effects of Maternal Emotional Availability on Preschooler's Social Skills and Problem Behaviors: The Mediating Effects of Preschooler's Effortful Control (어머니의 정서적 가용성이 유아의 사회적 기술 및 문제행동에 미치는 영향: 유아 의도적 통제의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Young-Kyung;Lee, Young
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.103-119
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the mediating effects of preschooler's effortful control on the relationship between maternal emotional availability and preschooler's social skills and problem behaviors. One hundred-thirty six 5-year-old preschoolers and their mothers participated in this study. Instruments for this study were the Emotional Availability Scale for maternal emotional availability, the Delay task, and the Child Behavior Questionnaire for preschooler's effortful control, and the Social Skill Rating Scale, K-CBCL 1.5-5 and K-TRF for preschooler's social skills and problem behaviors. The resulting data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, partial correlation, and structural equation modeling analysis. As predicted, the preschooler's effortful control mediated the effects of maternal emotional availability on preschooler's social skills and problem behaviors. In conclusion, the preschooler's effortful control mediates the effects of emotion related socialization behavior on the preschooler's socio-emotional adjustment.