• Title, Summary, Keyword: Problem Behaviors

Search Result 815, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Comparison of Chemistry Problem Solving Behaviors In the Aspects of Cognitive Developmental Level of Student and Context of Problem (학생의 인지발달 수준과 문제의 상황에 따른 화학 문제해결 행동 비교)

  • Noh, Tae-Hee;Jean, Kyung-Moon;Han, In-Ok;Kim, Chang-Min
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.389-400
    • /
    • 1996
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze chemistry problem solving processes of middle school students and to compare their problem solving behaviors in the aspects of the cognitive developmental level of student, the success in problem solving, and the context of problem. Their failures in solving problems were also analyzed in the aspects of problem solving stage and prior knowledge. Forty-two students individually solved four problems regarding density and solubility using a think-aloud method. Students' responses were analyzed after intercoder agreement for analyzing problem-solving processes had been established to be 0.94. The results were as follows: 1. Most students solved chemistry problems following the stages of understanding, planning, and solving, while few exhibited the behaviors of the reviewing stage. There was also individual difference in the number of the stages repeated and their behaviors at each stage. 2. Most students were successful in understanding problems. However, unsuccessful and/or concrete-operational students had more difficulties in understanding problems than successful and/or formal-operational students, and students tended to have more difficulties in understanding problems in everyday contexts than in scientific contexts. 3. Successful and/or formal-operational students exhibited more behaviors of the planning stage than unsuccessful and/or concrete-operational students. Students showed more behaviors of the planning stage, but failed more at this stage, in everyday contexts than in scientific contexts. 4. Most students did not review their solutions. Successful and/or formal-operational students exhibited these behaviors more than unsuccessful and/or concrete-operational students. Students tended to exhibit the behaviors more in everyday contexts than in scientific contexts. 5. Many students failed to solve problems correctly due to the lack of prior knowledge and the inability to plan appropriately.

  • PDF

A Study on Stress Coping Styles, and Problem Behaviors and Personality in Youth (청소년의 스트레스 수준과 대처양식에 따른 문제행동 및 성격에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Ja-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.171-184
    • /
    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how much students stress have, how they cope with this stress, differences between problem behaviors and personality changes based on stress, and stress differing levels when coping with the situation either actively or passively The hypotheses were stated as follows. 1. There will be differences between problem behaviors and personality problems based on sex. 2 There will be differences between problem behaviors and personality problems based on grade. 3. There will be differences between problem behaviors and personality problems based on stress level. 4. There will be differences between problem behaviors and personality problems based on a student's ability to cope with stress. 5. Upper level students under lower stress and lower level students under higher stress will have more problems behaviors and more personality problems. 300 male/female high school students throughout the Seoul area were randomly selected. Of the 300 subjects that were sampled, 294 (Male=145, Female=149) actually participated in this study. The Stress Scale developed by Lazarus & Folkman (1984) Problem Behavior Scale, Personality Problem Scale, and Checklist were used and the conclusions are stated as follows. First, male students have more anti-social behavior and higher anti-social tendencies than female students and female students have more self-depreciation than male students. Second, upper level students have more anti-social behavior, self-ego, fabrication, and higher personality problems than lower level students. Third, students having too much stress have more anti-social behavior, self-ego, and fabrication and personality problems than students having less stress. Fourth, students coping with stress actively showed less self-ego and fabrication and less thought disturbance, anti-social tendencies, and self-depreciation than students coping with stress passively. Finally, upper level students under lower stress and lower level students under higher stress have more fabrication behaviors and more thought disturbance and self-depreciation.

  • PDF

The Impact of Health Status, Health Promoting Behaviors, and Social Problem Ability on College Adjustment among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 지각된 건강상태, 건강증진행위 및 사회적 문제해결 능력이 대학 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Nam Young;Moon, Sun Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-42
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: The study identified the impact of health status, health promoting behaviors, and social problem ability on college adjustment among nursing students. Method: The subjects consisted of 208 nursing students. Data collected from October to November 2011 were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Result: The mean scores of health status ($3.20{\pm}.56$), social problem ability ($3.20{\pm}.43$), and college adjustment ($2.95{\pm}.57$) were above the average. But health promoting behaviors ($2.31{\pm}.39$) was the average. Health status was significantly different according to grade, dwelling, and academic achievement. Health promoting behaviors was significantly different according to gender. College adjustment was significantly different according to gender, grade, religion, dwelling, reason of nursing department application, and academic achievement. But social problem ability was not significantly different according to general characteristics. Significant correlations were found among health status, health promoting behaviors, social problem ability and college adjustment. Health promoting behaviors, social problem ability, academic achievement, and gender were influencing factors of college adjustment (47.3%). Conclusion: These findings indicate that it is considered to gender, academic achievement, health promoting behaviors, and social problem ability to improve college adjustment of nursing students. Will also reflect the need to develop programs to promote desirable college adjustment among nursing students.

Relationships of Child Effortful Control and Problem Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Teacher-child Relationships (남녀 유아의 의도적 통제가 행동 문제에 미치는 영향에 대한 교사-유아 관계의 매개 효과)

  • Kwon, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.595-609
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study examine the mediating role of teacher-child relationships on children's effortful control and problem behaviors. Boys and girls were analyzed separately. Participants were 221 children(l21 boys, 100 girls; aged 4-5), their mothers and 19 child care teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the perception of teacher-child relationships and the children's problem behaviors. Children's effortful control was rated by the mother's questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, Pearson's correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results indicated that children's effortful control was negatively related to their problem behaviors. In addition, the associations between children's effortful control and their aggressive behaviors were mediated by conflictual teacher-child relationship. Also, the relation of girl's effortful control and her withdrawal behavior was partially mediated by conflictual teacher-child relationship. Finally, the association between boy's effortful control and his withdrawal behavior was mediated by close teacher-child relationship. Results suggest the importance of teacher-child relationships in the context of intervention planning for preschooler's problem behaviors.

The Relationship between Maternal Attitudes toward Children's Expressiveness, Children's Emotional Intelligence and Problem Behaviors (어머니의 정서표현 수용태도, 유아의 정서지능 및 문제행동간의 관계)

  • Cho, Soo-Jung;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Kim, Sang-Won
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.167-183
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study examined the relationship between maternal attitudes toward children's expressiveness, children's emotional intelligence and problem behaviors. The question as to whether emotional intelligence mediated the relationship between maternal attitudes and problem behaviors was also explored. A sample of 307 preschool children were used as subjects. Mothers rated their levels of acceptance toward their children's emotions, while teachers reported on the children's emotional abilities and behavioral problems. The data were analyzed by means of regression analyses. Our results indicated that mothers' controlling attitudes were associated with low levels of worry-anxiety. Additionally, it was found that children with high emotional intelligence showed low levels of worry-anxiety, hostility-aggression, and hyperactivity-inattention. While multiple factors of emotional intelligence had differential impacts, the self-control factor was the most powerful predictor for all the problem behaviors. It was further found that a mother's receptive attitude was related to higher levels of self-awareness in children. Instead of the significant mediating effect of emotional intelligence, it was revealed that emotional intelligence had greater effects upon problem behaviors than maternal attitudes toward children's expressiveness.

The Relationships Between Verbal Behaviors and Chemistry Problem Solving Ability in Cooperative Learning (협동학습 과정에서의 언어적 행동과 화학 문제 해결력 사이의 관계)

  • Jeon, Kyung-Moon;Yeo, Kyeong-Hee;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.234-243
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study investigated the relationships between verbal behaviors and chemistry problem solving ability in cooperative learning. Based on the previous chemistry achievement. 11th-graders were assigned heterogeneously into three-membered groups. Small cooperative group problem solving processes in using 4 stage-problem solving strategy were audio/video taped. Students' chemistry problem solving ability was then measured by a problem solving strategy performance test. Their verbal behaviors were classified into giving information, receiving information, asking questions, and disagreeing. These were further coded into 16 subcategories. Providing, a subcategory of giving information, was the most frequent behavior. In studying partial correlation between verbal behaviors and problem solving ability, 7 categories were found to have significantly positive relationships. Providing showed the highest correlation with the problem solving ability as reported previously. Moreover, this study also revealed significant correlations in the categories of clarifying provided, correcting, justifying, and clarifying. In the case of low-ability students, the verbal behaviors of giving or receiving information were strongly correlated with problem solving ability. However, these verbal behaviors did not enhance the problem solving ability of high- and medium-ability students.

  • PDF

Internet Use Motivations and Problem Behaviors of Vocational High School Students according to Internet Addiction and Family System Type (실업계 고등학생의 인터넷 중독 수준과 가족체계유형에 따른 인터넷 사용동기 및 문제행동)

  • Shin, Soo-Jung;Jang, Yoon-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.25 no.5
    • /
    • pp.31-46
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in internet use motivations and problem behaviors among vocational high school students according to internet addiction and family system type. Five hundred vocational high school students from Daegu took part in the survey. The questionnaire survey consisted of an internet addiction self-assessment scale, a family system type scale, an internet use motivation scale, and a problem behavior scale. The data was analysed using MANOVA and Cronbach a, and the $Scheff\acute{e}$ test was used for post-hoc analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, the study found significant differences in adolescent internet use motivation according to internet addiction. Adolescents in the high dangerous user group showed higher communicative, experiential, and addictive motivations than adolescents in potentially dangerous and normal user groups. Also, there were no significant differences in informative motivation according to internet addiction. Regardless of internet addiction, adolescents tend to use the internet to search for information and to solve problems. Second, there were significant differences in adolescents' problem behaviors according to internet addiction. More specifically, adolescents who were in the high dangerous user group displayed more problem behaviors toward their body, family, school, and society than adolescents in the potentially dangerous and the normal user groups. Third, an adolescent's family system type significantly influenced his/her internet use motivation. Adolescents from an extreme family showed higher communicative and addictive motivations than adolescents from middle and balanced families. Fourth, there were significant differences in the problem behaviors of adolescents according to family system types. Adolescents from an extreme family showed more problem behaviors toward their body, family, school, and society than adolescents from middle and balanced families.

The Mediating Effects of Mothers' Depression on the Relationship of Marital Conflict and Young Children's Problem Behaviors (부부갈등과 유아의 문제행동 간 관계에서 어머니 우울의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Kyu-Rang;Lee, Hyong-Sil
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.343-351
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the mediating effects of mothers' depression on the relationships of marital conflict and young children's problem behaviors. Data was collected from 177 young children and their mothers. The results of this study revealed that young children's problem behaviors were significantly positively correlated with mothers' marital conflict and depression. Mothers' marital conflict were also significantly positively correlated with hyperactivity, anxious and aggressive behaviors. Mothers' depression was significantly positively correlated with hyperactivity, anxious and aggressive behaviors. Regression analysis revealed that marital conflict significantly affected their depression. Mothers' depression also significantly affected young children's hyperactivity, anxious and aggressive behaviors. The relationship between marital conflict and young children's problem behaviors was fully mediated by mothers' depression.

The Patterns of attachment between mother and child related to the child's Problem Behaviors (모자의 애착유형에 따른 문제행동)

  • 이정숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.277-292
    • /
    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between infant's attachment and maternal parenting attitudes of 12 months infants and to verify the child's problem behaviors according to the patterns of attachment. There was no statistical significant difference between the maternal parenting attitudes and the patterns of infant's attachment. But the latter infants had been fed the more they showed secured attachment. Infants fostered under mothers having a good relationship with brother's family husband, and having a satisfaction of environmental factors had more secured attachment. There was the statistical significant difference between the patterns of attachment and child's problem behaviors. In securely attached children showed more immature insecure antisocial behaviors and habit disorders. As the results the maternal parenting attitude influenced infants's patterns of attachment to their mothers. And childern's problem behaviors were influenced by the patterns of attachment.

  • PDF

Participation in Activities, Emotions, and Problem Behaviors of Elderly with Dementia Residing in Nursing Homes (시설 거주 치매노인의 활동 참여, 정서, 문제행동에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, In-Soon;Kang, Hee-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.5
    • /
    • pp.45-55
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the participation in activities, emotions, and problem behaviors of elderly people residing in nursing homes. In this observational study targeting 81 elderly patients with dementia, each patient's participation in activities, emotion, and problem behaviors were observed for 4 hours per day with 20 minutes interval, which leads to 6,804 data based on 12 times a day for 7 days. According to this study, 90.1% of the participants were suffering from severe cognitive impairment. Their emotions were scored 4 out of 7. They mainly participated in activities such as sitting or lying down, which had no specific purpose, but they showed the most positive emotion when involved in social activities. The most frequent types of problem behaviors were repetitive behaviors and making noises, and the frequency of their behaviors were different depending on the time. There were significant correlation between cognitive functions, emotions, and problematic behaviors. Therefore, it is necessary to find effective ways to increase participation in activities, induce participation in positive emotional activities, and reduce problem behaviors manifested most prominently each hour of the elderly patients with dementia residing in nursing homes.