• Title, Summary, Keyword: Probability density function (PDF)

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Noisy Speech Enhancement Based on Complex Laplacian Probability Density Function (복소 라플라시안 확률 밀도 함수에 기반한 음성 향상 기법)

  • Park, Yun-Sik;Jo, Q-Haing;Chang, Joon-Hyuk
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents a novel approach to speech enhancement based on a complex Laplacian probability density function (pdf). With a use of goodness-of-fit (GOF) test we show that the complex Laplacian pdf is more suitable to describe the conventional Gaussian pdf. The likelihood ratio (LR) is applied to derive the speech absence probability in the speech enhancement algorithm. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated by the objective test and yields better results compared with the conventional Gaussian pdf-based scheme.

Numerical Study on Turbulent Nonpremixed Pilot Stabilized Flame using the Transported Probability Density Function Model (수송확률밀도함수 모델을 이용한 난류비예혼합 파일럿 안정화 화염장 해석)

  • Lee, Jeong-Won;Kim, Yong-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2010
  • The transported probability density function(PDF) model has been applied to simulate the turbulent nonpremixed piloted jet flame. To realistically account for the mixture fraction PDF informations on the turbulent non-premixed jet flame, the present Lagrangian PDF transport approach is based on the joint velocity-composition-turbulence frequency PDF formulation. The fluctuating velocity of stochastic fields is modeled by simplified Langevin model(SLM), turbulence frequency of stochastic fields is modeled by Jayesh-Pope model and effects of molecular diffusion are represented by the interaction by exchange with the mean (IEM) mixing model. To validate the present approach, the numerical results obtained by the joint velocity-composition-turbulence frequency PDF model are compared with experimental data in terms of the unconditional and conditional means of mixture fraction, temperature and species and PDFs.

Euclidian Distance Minimization of Probability Density Functions for Blind Equalization

  • Kim, Nam-Yong
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.399-405
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    • 2010
  • Blind equalization techniques have been used in broadcast and multipoint communications. In this paper, two criteria of minimizing Euclidian distance between two probability density functions (PDFs) for adaptive blind equalizers are presented. For PDF calculation, Parzen window estimator is used. One criterion is to use a set of randomly generated desired symbols at the receiver so that PDF of the generated symbols matches that of the transmitted symbols. The second method is to use a set of Dirac delta functions in place of the PDF of the transmitted symbols. From the simulation results, the proposed methods significantly outperform the constant modulus algorithm in multipath channel environments.

Probability Density Function of the Tidal Residuals in the Korean Coast (한반도 연안 조위편차의 확률밀도함수)

  • Cho, Hong-Yeon;Kang, Ju-Whan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2012
  • Tidal residual is being an important factor by the influence of the climate change in terms of the coastal safety and defense. It is one of the most important factor for the determination of the reference sea level in order to check the safety and performance of the coastal structures in company with the typhoon intensity variation. The probability density function (pdf) of tidal residuals in the Korean coasts have a non-ignorable skewness and high kurtosis. It is highly restricted to the application of the normal pdf assumption as an approximated pdf of tidal residuals. In this study, the pdf of tidal residuals estimated using the Kernel function is suggested as a more reliable and accurate pdf of tidal residuals than the normal function. This suggested pdf shows a good agreement with the empirical cumulative distribution function and histogram. It also gives the more accurate estimation result on the extreme values in comparison with the results based on the normal pdf assumption.

Approximate Probability Density for the Controlled Responses of Randomly Excited Saturated Oscillator (불규칙 가진을 받는 포화 진동계의 응답제어에 관한 확률밀도 추정)

  • 박지훈;김홍진;민경원
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.301-309
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    • 2003
  • The non linear control algorithm with actuator saturation for a randomly excited oscillator has been widely explored and has shown promising results, but the probabilistic analysis of the algorithm has been rarely made due to its non-linear nature and the fact that the analytical solution of probability density function (PDF) for controlled responses does not exist. In this paper, a method for the probabilistic analysis on the non linear control algorithm with actuator saturation is proposed based on the equivalent non linear system method. Numerical examples are given to verify the approximation solution of PDF comparing to a statistically obtained PDF using a Gaussian white noise and a Kanai - Tagimi filtered Gaussian white noise.

Probability Density Function of Samples' Amplitude of ASSS OFDM Signal

  • Wang, Lei;Yoon, Dong-Weon;Park, Sang-Kyu
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2008
  • The adaptive symbol selection scheme(ASSS) is popular in reducing peak to average power ratio(PAPR) for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing(OFDM) signals. The probability density function(pdf) of the samples' amplitudes of the adaptively selected OFDM signal without over-sampling has been considered to be approximately equal to the Rayleigh pdf. In this paper, we derive a more precise pdf which shows the relationship between the probability distribution of the samples' amplitudes and the number of the candidate symbols for ASSS. Using the newly derived pdf in the theoretical analysis, more accurate calculation results can be obtained.

Low Frequency Characteristics Analysis of EMG Signal on the Probability Density Function of the IPI (IPI의 확률밀도함수에 의한 근신호의 저주파 특성 해석)

  • 류재춘;조원경;박종국;김성환
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.335-342
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    • 1988
  • In this paper, we proposed a new algorithm for EMG low frequency analysis. Through the power spectrum analysis of Gaussian's, Gamma's and Erlang's PDF(probability density function) based on the proposed algorithm, the proper PDF of IPI (inter pulse interval) representing the firing rate of muscle was suggested. In order to verify the proposed algorithm EMG signals of masseter and biceps muscle were detected by surface electrode and its power spectrum analysis was performed. The experimental results are compared with the computer simulaiton. As a result, the masseter muscle's IPI was fitted by Gamma PDF, having a 10Hz fundamental frequency including n(1+\ulcornerfp high harmnic frequency on 10% MVC(maximum voluntary contaraction). And the biceps muscle's IPI was fitted by Gaussian PDF, also it have a 14Hz fundamental frequency.

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Large-Eddy Simulation based Eulerian PDF Approach for the Simulation of Scramjet Combustors (대와류모사 기법과 확률밀도함수를 이용한 스크램제트 연소부에서의 연소 현상 연구)

  • Koo, Heeseok
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.355-357
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    • 2012
  • A probability density function (PDF) approach to account for turbulence-chemistry interaction in the context of large eddy simulation (LES) based simulation of scramjets is developed. To solve the high-dimensional joint-composition PDF transport equation robustly, the semi-discrete quadrature method of moments (SeQMOM) is recently proposed [1]. The SeQMOM approach addresses key numerical issues in LES related to the inaccuracies in computing filter-scale gradients, enabling an efficient and numerically consistent solution of the PDF transport equation. The computational tool is used to simulate a cavity-stabilized Mach 2.2 supersonic combustor.

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Estimation of ecological flow rate for Zacco platypus based on habitat suitability index considering probability density function (확률밀도함수를 고려한 서식처 적합도 지수에 의한 피라미 생태유량 산정)

  • Jang, Kyeung Ho;Park, Young Ki;Kang, Jae Il;Kim, Min Hwan
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.207-219
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the ecological flow rate of the Zacco playtypus habitat was simulated based on the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) in reachs of urban and natural stream using the habitat suitability index (HSI) of the probability density function (PDF). To apply this method, PHABSIM model was used in this study. However, in this study, the HSI of the probability density function was developed by adjusting the parameters of the PDF based on Kang (2010) HSI. As a result, the normal distribution is closest to the ecological flow rate of the Kang (2010) in the urban stream. However, the two-parameter log-pearson distribution tended to be the closest in the natural stream. The ecological flow rate was simulated by the HSI and the reach of stream with the PDF. Based on the comparison of simulation results, we propose an ecological flow rate estimation method using probabilistic method.

New Chaos Map for BER Performance Improvement in Chaos Communication System Using CDSK (상관지연편이변조 방식의 혼돈(Chaos) 통신 방식에서 비트오류율 성능 향상을 위한 새로운 혼돈 지도)

  • Lee, Jun-Hyun;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38A no.8
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    • pp.629-637
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    • 2013
  • Chaos communication systems have the characteristics such as non-periodic, wide-band, non-predictability of signals and easy implementation. There have been many studies about chaos communication systems because of these advantages. But, chaos communication systems have low BER(Bit Error Rate) compare to general digital communication system. Existing researches on chaos communication systems only analyze BER performance according to various chaos maps. There are no studies on analysis of BER performance according to PDF(Probability Density Function) of chaos maps. In this paper, we analyze the BER performance according to changing parameter, equation, and initial values of chaos map's PDF. In addition, we propose new chaos map to improve BER performance. Simulation results show that BER performance of CDSK(Correlation Delay Shift Keying) is changed when PDF of chaos map changed. And the proposed chaos map has a better BER performance compare to previous chaos maps such as Tent map, Logistic map, and Henon map.