• Title, Summary, Keyword: Private Brand

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The Study on Purchase Determination Variables of Home-shopping Private Brand Apparel (홈쇼핑 자체상표 의류제품 구매결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • 최미영;이은영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.734-745
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    • 2004
  • This paper investigated the consumer's purchase behaviors on the home-shopping private brand apparel. Female consumers of age in the range of 20∼50 were asked to complete a questionnaire, who had experienced to search apparel on home shopping media or had purchased it from home shopping business. Through this empirical study, the importance of home-shopping private brand apparel is confirmed. And the model of home-shopping private brand purchase determination, consists of private brand purchase intention, brand evaluation and company patronage, is suggested focusing on two brand types and three different home shopping media. The data were analyzed by mean, multiple regression analysis, ANOVA, Duncan-test of SPSS Win(ver.10.0). The result generated from this study are as follows: First. there are significant differences in preferred private brand types according to the types of media they preferred to purchase. Consumers's sex and age are also important demographic variables in relation to purchase determination variables of home-shopping private brand apparel. Second, the home-shopping company patronage is directly influenced in consumer's purchase intention of home-shopping private brand apparel as well as the consumer's brand evaluation. Consequently, the company patronage is more related to purchase intention of home shopping private brand apparel.

A Study on the Consumer Factors Affecting Private Brand Proneness (Private Brand 제품구매에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Yun, Cha-Young;Kwon, Young-Sang
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.159-186
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    • 2004
  • One of the biggest change in the distributive market recently is that the development of private brand is progress actively since consumers purchasing behavior is tend to shift to resonable and practical planned purchase from brand image or brand name. Once the development of private brands is done successfully, the independent merchandising distinguished from other distribution companies is established, store image through customer satisfaction is strengthen and volume of sales and profit are increased. However, the existing studies in this field have not dealt with this matter systematically. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to propose an integrated framework within which to view private brand proneness. Factors found to influence private brand proneness included perceived cost, with private brand, perceived value for money, store fame, perceived risk, perceived quality variation between national and private brand products. Foe empirical analysis, the data were collected from 211 consumers who purchased the private brands in discount store and department store. With the collected survey data, reliability test, factor analysis for validity test and regression analysis for hypotheses test were conducted. Most hypotheses were accepted but on hypotheses were rejected negative relation of perceived cost and private brand proneness. Research results indicate that private brand proneness is affected by perceived value, perceived fame and there are negative relation between private brand proneness and perceived quality variation.

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Influential Factors on Customers Purchasing Intentions of Private Brand Apparel (유통업자상표 의류 구매의도에 미치는 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • 박진용;권순기;오세조
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 1999
  • Private brands play an important role in formulating the marketing strategies of fashion goods. Merchandisers of Korean department stores are now realizing that the effective marketing of private brands can increase customers store loyalty as well as store profitability. Thus, it is important to better understand customer's decision making processes underlying the purchase of private brand apparels. However, Little research had been undertaken to examine integrated factors influencing purchases of private brand apparel. Therefore, the objective of this study is to propose a model of purchasing intentions of private brand apparel. This study pays attention to (1) perceived value, (2) familarity, (3) store image, (4) differenciated needs, (5) perceived risk, and (6) perceived quality variation of private brand. The proposed model supports all hypotheses presented in the paper. Purchase intentions of private brand increased as perceived money, familiarity, positive store image of private brands, and satisfaction of individuals differentiated needs increase. Furthermore, perceive value of private brand increased as perceived risk and quality variation of private brand increased.

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Why Do Manufacturers Produce the Private Brand, Even if They Have Their Own National Brands? (독립 브랜드를 가진 제조업체의 유통업체 브랜드(Private Brand) 공급 전략)

  • Song, Tae Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2012
  • With the enormous growth and various applications of private brands, national brand manufacturers are confronted with a dilemmatic situation. That is, paradoxically, some manufacturers have come to produce private brands of retailers which are potential competitors to their own brands. This study reveals why manufacturers with their own brands let themselves do the consignment production of retailers' private brands although those private brands may become strong competitors of their own brands and then investigates the condition in which manufacturers may benefit from such consignment production. Through an analysis of a game theoretical model assuming a monopoly market, the present study presents the theoretical backgrounds and provides new insights about consignment production of manufacturer with its own brand for retailer's private brand. First, such consignment production can play a role in mitigating the loss in the consignee manufacturer's own brand sales caused by the private brand in the competitive environment. Second, the effectiveness of such role is affected by the quality of the private brand produced under consignment. In other word, only if the consignee manufacturer keeps the quality of the private brand low, the manufacturer can maintain the benefit from its own brand. In addition, a consigner retailer needs to consider the final objective of launching its private brand, when it chooses its consignee manufacturer of the brand. Finally, a manufacturer with its own brand may consider consignment production as not merely an unavoidable option compelled by a retailer's power but a reasonable strategic choice to reduce the risk from competition.

A Study on Brand Alliance between Private Brand and National Brand (유통업체 브랜드와 제조업체 브랜드간 전략적 연계에 관한 연구)

  • 박진용
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.49-68
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to introduce brand alliance to private brand context. The conventional concept of the wheel of retailing hypothesis explains the limitation of private brand growth. Retailers, therefore, has made an effort to adopt brand alliance with national brand to solve the potential problem of private brand. The conjoint analysis was used to identify the importance of brand alliance. The importance of the general variable extracted from part worth presented there was significant benefit in an alliance between a private brand and a national brand. Additionally, the results showed that there were moderating effect of 1) familiarity with private brand, 2) evaluation of specific retailer and vendor and 3) usage amount on part worth structures.

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The Effects of Private Brand Value on Brand Trust, Brand Attitude and Brand Loyalty (유통업체 브랜드 가치가 브랜드 신뢰, 브랜드 태도, 브랜드 충성도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Oh
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.159-173
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study examines the relationship among private brand value, brand trust, brand attitude and brand loyalty. Theoretical studies and the current study indicate that private brand loyalty is influenced by brand value, brand trust, and brand attitude. Through the empirical survey undertaken for this study, it was found that emotional value, social value, functional value, and brand trust including brand attitude influence brand loyalty. The results of empirical analysis can be summarized by the following: First, private brand value had a significant direct effect on brand trust and brand attitude. Second, emotional value and functional value had a positive effect on brand trust and brand attitude. Further, social value had a significant direct effect on brand attitude. And social value had a significant indirect effect on brand attitude through brand trust. Third, brand trust had a significant direct effect on brand attitude. And brand trust had a significant indirect effect on brand loyalty through brand attitude. Fourth, brand attitude had a positive effect on brand loyalty. Therefore, These finding will spawn both academic and practitioner interest in the private brand value and serve as a foundation for further research in this important area.

Effect on Consumers' Product Perceptions of National and Private Brand Clothing according to Consumer Decision-marketing Style (소비자 의상결정유형에 따른 전국상표와 자체상표의 제품 지각차이에 관한 연구)

  • 신수연;권영아
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.851-861
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    • 1998
  • The present study examined the consumer's evaluations of apparel quality and price, and the brand recognition according to the consumer's decision making styles(quality-conscious, brand-conscious, and price-conscious consumers). The two hundred and three subjects were asked to evaluate the quality and price of the two almost identical experimental blouses except for brand labels. One was the national brand, Keith and the other was the private brand, Ivy house. Also, the subjects were asked to answer if they recognize these two brands. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaire and were analyzed by frequency, percentage, one-way ANOVA, two-way ANOVA, and factor analysis. The results of the study were as floows: (1) Examining the perceptions of product qualities, generally speaking, all three types of the consumers evaluated the national brand's qualities more highly than those of the private brand. However, in-part, the price-conscious consumers evaluated some product charac-teristics more highly than those of national brand: touch of fabric, sewing, and the hemline finishing. (2) Investigating the perceptions of product prices, All three types of the consumers evaluated the price of the national brand more highly than that of the private brand. Among those, the price-conscious consumers recognized the price of the national brands most expensively. (3) Identifying the brand recognition of the two brands, the brand-conscious consumers showed the highest brand recognition and the price-conscious consumers showed the lowest brand recognition in both national and private brands, 51.9% of the total respondents identified the private brand showing comparatively high brand recognition. (4) Examining the relationship between the demographic factors and the consumer decision making styles, the monthly household income was statistically significant. Namely, 71.4% of the brand-conscious consumers have the monthly household income of 3,000,000 Won or higher which means that the higher monthly household income, the higher tendency to be brand-conscious consumers.

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A Political Proposal for the Private Brand Activation (유통업체 PB상품 활성화를 위한 정책연구)

  • Cho, Hye-Jeong;Lee, Seung-Chang;Ryu, Sung-Min
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.113-128
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    • 2012
  • The growth of market share of distributors' brands, also known as private brand, has accelerated in recent years. Sales volumes and market shares of private brands, as well as their appeal to consumers have steadily increased. Carrying private brands comes with numerous advantages, one of which is the relatively high gross margin, which can be 20 - 30% higher compared to manufacturer brands. Recently, many big discount stores are expanding private brand for higher sales volume. Thus, private brands play an important strategic role for retailers. The tendency of growing private brand will decrease sales revenue of both channel members, distributer and manufacturer. The disadvantage for manufacturer is obvious, especially for the manufactures who not only produce their own brands but also retailer brands competing against their own. There are also possible to weaken the brand awareness of manufacturer's brand. The purpose of this study is to explore the perception gap between retailers and manufacturers. we investigated to identify how consumers perceive private brand. In other to study the impact of private brands on distributors, we surveyed the actual condition of private brand and perception towards private brands among consumers, retailers and manufacturers. Based these analysis, we recommended proposal for private brand policies as follows: First, it need to correct imbalance between large retailer and manufacturer. second, we suggest "win-win growth policy", Third, by registering trademark right of national brand, manufacturers have a way of protecting their brands. Forth, manufacturers are encouraged to produce PNB(Private National Brand).

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The Effect of Retailer Image on Private Brand Attitude: Halo Effect and Summary Construct (유통업자 상표 태도에 대한 소매업체 이미지의 후광 효과 및 함의 개념에 관한 연구)

  • 박진용
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.101-122
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    • 2004
  • In this study, two alternative models are developed and tested in order to investigate the relationship between retailer image and its private brand attitude. The halo effect model hypothesizes that retailer image is related as a halo in private brand evaluation and the summary construct model hypothesizes that retailer image functions as a summary construct of private brand evaluation. The results indicate there are moderating effects of 1) familiarity with a private brand and 2) the characteristics of a product category High familiarity is related with the summary construct model and low familiarity the halo effect model. In private brand food, the summary construct model fits better and explains more adequately that private brand evaluation influences retailer image as a summary construct. In private brand clothes, however, the halo effect model performs better in explaining the relationship between retailer image and private brand attitude.

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