• Title, Summary, Keyword: Previous Intervention

Search Result 322, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

The Current Domestic Study Trends Based on Intervention Strategies of Behavior Problems for the Children with EBD (정서.행동장애아의 행동문제 중재중심 국내연구 동향)

  • Seo, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.647-664
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of the study was to analyze trends of the previous interventions based studies in Korea to improve behavior problems of the children with EBD in order to suggest the research development and trends of future behavior intervention program as their behavior coping strategies. Therefore, it was analyzed 50 papers related to interventions of behaviors problems, published at the professional EBD journal from 2005 to 2009. The result suggested effective intervention factors, strategies, program & intervention trends, based on the results by factors. Previous researches in the study was comparatively analyzed by factors, such as the number, gender, age, and grade of subjects, and strategies, deliever, place of the intervention. The result of the study was analyzed the Previous researches based on the research subjects, research methods(subjects, research design, intervention delievers, intervention places, and intervention periods) and the type of intervention strategies included research procedures. The study results provided the foundation of the future intervention methods and the related program developments.

A Study on the Outliers Detection in the Number of Railway Passengers for the Gyeongbu Line From Seoul to Major Cities Using a Time Series Outlier Detection Technique (시계열 이상치 탐지 기법을 활용한 경부선 주요도시 철도 승객수의 이상치 탐색 연구)

  • LEE, Jiseon;YOON, Yoonjin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.35 no.6
    • /
    • pp.469-480
    • /
    • 2017
  • On April 1, 2004, KTX (Korea Train eXpress), the first HSR (High-Speed Rail) in Korea, was introduced to Gyeongbu Line. The introduction of the KTX service led to a change in the number of passengers for Gyeongbu Line. Previous studies have analyzed the pre and post-event changes of the intervening events by either simple statistics or intervention ARIMA analysis. However, the intervention ARIMA model has a limitation that several assumptions such as the occurrence time and the type of intervention events are necessary. To this end, this study analyzed the effects of intervention event on the number of passengers using the Gyeongbu line based on a time series outlier detection technique which can overcome limitations in the previous studies. The time series outlier detection technique can analyze the time, effect type and size of an intervention event without the assumption of the time and effect type of the intervention event. The data were collected from the Korea Transport Database (KTDB) for twelve years from 2003 to 2014 (144 months). The analysis results showed that the size of the influence type in the same intervention events was different across the major city routes, and the intervention event which could not be found by previous study methods was also found.

A Study of Humor as a Nursing Intervention for Hospitalized Children (입원아동을 위한 아동간호학 분야의 유머 중재에 관한 고찰)

  • Sim, In-Ok;Han, Kyung-Ja
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.114-121
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: Humor is an important part of life. Humor has many benefits as an intervention for hospitalized children. Humor is one strategy that pediatric nurses can use to help children cope with illness and hospitalizations. The purposes of the study were to 1) review the definition of humor, 2) identify methods and skills in using humor as an intervention, 3) identify the effects of humor as an intervention, and 4) suggest further research. Method: The design was a descriptive study with literature review. Previous studies were identified by searches of MEDLINE, CHNIAL, PUBMED and ProQuest. Results: Humor has positive physiological, psychological, social and communicative effects on patients and humor has a positive effect on the immune system. Conclusion: The main point identified from this study suggests that humor as a nursing intervention be developed for nurses to use with children who are hospitalized. Further research is needed to develop programs for humor as an intervention for health promotion and disease prevention in children.

  • PDF

Factors Associated with Early Adverse Events after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Subsequent to Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

  • Kamal, Yasser Ali;Mubarak, Yasser Shaban;Alshorbagy, Ashraf Ali
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.49 no.3
    • /
    • pp.171-176
    • /
    • 2016
  • Background: A previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may affect the outcomes of patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The objective of this study was to compare the early in-hospital postoperative outcomes between patients who underwent CABG with or without previous PCI. Methods: The present study included 160 patients who underwent isolated elective on-pump CABG at the department of cardiothoracic surgery, Minia University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2014. Patients who previously underwent PCI (n=38) were compared to patients who did not (n=122). Preoperative, operative, and early in-hospital postoperative data were analyzed. The end points of the study were in-hospital mortality and postoperative major adverse events. Results: Non-significant differences were found between the study groups regarding preoperative demographic data, risk factors, left ventricular ejection fraction, New York Heart Association class, EuroSCORE, the presence of left main disease, reoperation for bleeding, postoperative acute myocardial infarction, a neurological deficit, need for renal dialysis, hospital stay, and in-hospital mortality. The average time from PCI to CABG was $13.9{\pm}5.4$ years. The previous PCI group exhibited a significantly larger proportion of patients who experienced in-hospital major adverse events (15.8% vs. 2.5%, p=0.002). On multivariate analysis, only previous PCI was found to be a significant predictor of major adverse events (odds ratio, 0.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.03 to 0.71; p=0.01). Conclusion: Previous PCI was found to have a significant effect on the incidence of early major adverse events after CABG. Further large-scale and long-term studies are recommended.

Physical Therapy Approaches for Respiratory Diseases (호흡계 질환의 물리치료적 접근방법)

  • Kim, Ki-Song
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.67-74
    • /
    • 2009
  • Background: Various functional factors should be incorporated during assessment and intervention for patient rehabilitation. Stable respiratory function is one of required factors for functional restoration. To maximize respiratory physical therapy intervention outcome, it is required to understand clinical features of respiratory diseases and physical therapy approaches. Methods: Previous studies were systematically reviewed through computerized search. Methodological qualities of selected studies were evaluated and the levels of recommendations were determined. Results: Assessment for respiratory pattern and thoracic mobility is of importance to improve cardiopulmonary fitness during physical reconditioning. Application of optimal therapeutic protocol can increase thoracic mobility and respiratory function. Interdisciplinary communication is critical during rehabilitation for respiratory patients. Health care provider should have professional knowledge and experience for cardiopulmonary fitness and obligation to endeavor for patients' respiratory rehabilitation. It is necessary to standardize therapeutic intervention, and rehabilitative respiratory exercise should be applied to confirm the effects of intervention. Conclusion: Respiratory diseases that may reduce patients' quality of life and cardiopulmonary fitness should be resolved through physical therapy approaches. Through conducting research, effect of evidence-based and patients' function-oriented intervention can be determined.

  • PDF

Effects of Cognitive Intervention on Myths about Uterus and Anxiety in Women Undergoing a Hysterectomy (인지적 중재가 자궁적출술을 받는 여성의 자궁에 대한 통념(myths)과 불안에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh, Jin-A
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.5-12
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cognitive intervention on myths about the uterus and anxiety in women undergoing a hysterectomy. Method: Subjects were admitted to G hospital in Busan for a hysterectomy. Of the subjects, 37 were in the experimental group and 36 were in the control group. Data was collected from December 1st, 2005 to February 28th, 2006. A hand-out, including knowledge about the uterus and the healing process, was used in the cognitive intervention. The tool for myths about the uterus had 10 questions developed by a researcher from previous research. In addition, the levels of anxiety(STAI) were measured. The data was analyzed by $x^2$-test, t-test, paired t-test, and pearson correlation coefficient with the SPSS 12.0/pc program. Results: After providing cognitive intervention, the level of belief in the myths about the uterus of the experimental group decreased significantly more than the control group. In addition, the level of anxiety of the experimental group decreased significantly more than the control group. There is a significant correlation between the myth about the uterus and anxiety. Conclusion: Cognitive intervention is a useful nursing intervention that decreases anxiety in women undergoing a hysterectomy. It is recommended to further use the appropriate cognitive intervention in nursing practice.

  • PDF

Research Trend on Cognition Training Method using Computer Software (컴퓨터 소프트웨어를 이용한 인지 훈련 방법의 연구 동향)

  • Lee, Juhyeon;Oh, Doyeong;Koo, Kyo-In
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.35 no.6
    • /
    • pp.185-191
    • /
    • 2014
  • Mild cognitive impairment is status between healthy people and dementia patients. In order to prevent dementia or slow its progression, cognitive interventions could be effective. In this paper, review of the cognitive intervention with computer software was undertaken. Previous reports showed that the cognitive intervention with additional equipment could practical to the mild cognitive impairment.

Characteristics of Subsyndromal Anxiety Disorder and Its Clinical Importance (Subsyndromal Anxiety Disorder의 특징과 임상적 중요성)

  • Kang, Nam-In;Yang, Jong-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.197-202
    • /
    • 2011
  • Subsyndromal anxiety disorder indicates mental states of having anxiety symptoms not fulfilling criteria for anxiety disorders. Despite of the lack of previous objective findings of the subsyndromal anxiety disorder, its clinical importance has increased. It can cause many kinds of clinical anxiety symptoms and functional disabilities. But the early intervention and early treatment make it possible not only to attenuate the anxiety symptoms and functional disabilities but also to prevent disease progression to a full syndromal anxiety disorder. In this article, we will review the previous studies about the subsyndromal anxiety disorder and discuss its clinical characteristics and importance.

The Analysis of Risk Factor Management Programs for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease (관상동맥질환자를 위한 위험요인관리 프로그램 분석)

  • Bang, So-Youn;Park, Mi-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-36
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was performed to analyse the trends of risk factor management programs for patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: Using PubMed, 35 intervention studies related to risk factor management programs among randomized controlled trials searched with the key words of coronary artery disease and coronary heart disease. Collected studies were analysed according to the characteristics of studies and participants, method and content of intervention, and outcome indicator and its effects. Results: The mean period of intervention was $28.7{\pm}26.8$ weeks, the mean frequency was $3.0{\pm}2.0$ times per week, and the duration of one session was below 60 minuets in 65.8% of the reviewed studies. The interventions were counselling, exercise, education, and cognitive behavior therapy. Counselling was applied most frequently in previous studies. The outcomes of intervention had been measured with anthropometric, physical, physiological, psychological, behavioral, and cognitive aspects, but the effect of the intervention was inconsistent among the studies. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, systematic and comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program consisted of counselling, exercise, and education should be developed and performed for health management and relapse prevention of patients with coronary artery disease.

Cost Effectiveness of Interventions to Promote Screening for Colorectal Cancer: A Randomized Trial

  • Misra, Swati;Lairson, David R.;Chan, Wenyaw;Chang, Yu-Chia;Bartholomew, L. Kay;Greisinger, Anthony;Mcqueen, Amy;Vernon, Sally W.
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.101-110
    • /
    • 2011
  • Objectives: Screening for colorectal cancer is considered cost effective, but is underutilized in the U.S. Information on the efficiency of "tailored interventions" to promote colorectal cancer screening in primary care settings is limited. The paper reports the results of a cost effectiveness analysis that compared a survey-only control group to a Centers for Disease Control (CDC) web-based intervention (screen for life) and to a tailored interactive computer-based intervention. Methods: A randomized controlled trial of people 50 and over, was conducted to test the interventions. The sample was 1224 partcipants 50-70 years of age, recruited from Kelsey-Seybold Clinic, a large multi-specialty clinic in Houston, Texas. Screening status was obtained by medical chart review after a 12-month follow-up period. An "intention to treat" analysis and micro costing from the patient and provider perspectives were used to estimate the costs and effects. Analysis of statistical uncertainty was conducted using nonparametric bootstrapping. Results: The estimated cost of implementing the web-based intervention was $40 per person and the cost of the tailored intervention was $45 per person. The additional cost per person screened for the web-based intervention compared to no intervention was $2602 and the tailored intervention was no more effective than the web-based strategy. Conclusions: The tailored intervention was less cost-effective than the web-based intervention for colorectal cancer screening promotion. The web-based intervention was less cost-effective than previous studies of in-reach colorectal cancer screening promotion. Researchers need to continue developing and evaluating the effectiveness and costeffectiveness of interventions to increase colorectal cancer screening.