• Title/Summary/Keyword: Presidential election

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Paying Attention to the 20th Presidential Election as Policy Windows (20대 대통령선거, 보건의료정책 변혁의 기회)

  • Lee, Sun-Hee
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.385-386
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    • 2021
  • The 2022 Presidential election is approaching. Because health policies are intimately connected to other policies and involve multiple stakeholders, it is difficult to promote policy changes. Hence, the presidential election, during which policymakers are replaced, is a great timing for making policy improvements. Several important policies have been introduced and promoted throughout the presidential election process. However, these policies have been implemented without going through sufficient discussion among the experts but rather through the voices of minority groups with stronger political will. This eventually posed an obstacle to the balanced development of the entire health care system. The current medical system faces challenges that need to be addressed in the medium and long term. In particular, we should be wary of the populistic approach. We look forward to seeing more policy commitments, proposed through the evidence-based policy process and sufficient amount of discussion among the experts.

Statistical Outliers in Florida Counties at the Presidential Election 2000 (2000년 미국대선 플로리다주의 투표결과 분석)

  • 김현철
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2002
  • We searched out in the votes data of the State of Florida at presidential election 2000. We used a multivariate regression analysis. We got there were several outliers including Palm Beach County. It means that we should analyze the number of disqualified ballots which were double-punched as well as the votes, to insist the " Butterfly Ballot" made Palm Beach outlier.

10 Main Pledge of 19th Presidential Election (19대 대통령 선거 주요 후보의 10대 공약 및 보건의료 공약)

  • Lee, Sang Ah;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.186-189
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    • 2017
  • On May 9th 2017, the 19th presidential election was held. This election was historically significant because of the impeachment of the former president. This election was held in a relatively short period of time, unlike the normal presidential elections. Therefore, there was not enough time to deliberate pledges for candidates and review pledges for the people. South Korea has suffered from many healthcare problems associated with low-birth rate, population aging, and low economic growth rate. In this paper, we compared the '10 main pledge' of the major five candidates of the 19th presidential election and discussed focusing on the healthcare issue. As a result of comparing the 10 main pledge of the major candidates, it was difficult to find healthcare parts whereas there were lots of welfare parts existed. We need enough time to review and discuss pledges in the next election.

Propensity Score Weighting Adjustment for Internet Surveys for Korean Presidential Election (인터넷 선거여론조사 가중치보정을 위한 성향점수의 활용)

  • Kim, Young-Won;Be, Ye-Young
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2010
  • Propensity score adjustment(PSA) has been suggested as approach to adjustment for volunteer internet survey. PSA attempts to decrease the biases arising from noncoverage and nonprobability sampling in volunteer panel internet surveys. Although PSA is an appealing method, its application for internet survey regarding Korea presidential election and its effectiveness is not well investigated. In this study, we compare the Ni Korea internet survey with the telephone survey conducted by MBMR and KBS for 2007 Korean presidential election. The result of study show that the accuracy of internet survey can be improved by using PSA. And it is critical to include covariates that highly related to the voting tendency and the role of nondemographic variables seems important to improving PSA for Korea presidential election prediction.

A Study on Predicting Presidential Election Results by Analyzing Twitter Message Contents: A Focus on the 18th Presidential Election in Korea (트위터 메시지 분석을 통한 선거 결과 예측 고찰: 18대 대선을 중심으로)

  • Lee, SeoYoung;Kwon, SangJib
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.174-186
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    • 2019
  • Twitter is very popluar with users who desire social interaction as it is a highly effective method of communicating compared to traditional communication platforms; and thus has garnered considerable interest from the academic community. This research reveals how election results can be predicted by the factors of total volume of messages, positive messages and negative messages tweeted about a candidate. Social matrix analysis revealed that the quantity of twitter messages was a strong predictor of election results in the 18th presidential election in Korea. In addition, more positive messages than negative messages about a candidate from twitter users recorded better results in the election. This research found that the total quantity of messages, positive messages, and negative messages as key factors for predicting election result. Future studies should investigate other SNS platforms to discover what is the most effective communication strategy on each platform.

Strength Map of Presidential Candidates 2019 in Indonesia Based on a NodeXL Analysis of Big Data from Twitter

  • Suratnoaji, Catur;Arianto, Irwan Dwi;Sumardjijati, Sumardjijati
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2018
  • Leading up to the 2019 presidential election in Indonesia, campaigns have emerged through social media, particularly Twitter, using various hashtags, such as #2019GantiPresiden (2019 Change President) and #TetapJokowi (Always Jokowi). This paper tries to understand the presidential candidates' power map in forming opinions and influencing voter behavior by analyzing Twitter from August 6, 2018 to September 15, 2018, just before the beginning of the official campaign period, by searching for the keyword "pemilihan presiden RI Tahun 2019" (RI presidential election in 2019). According to our NodeXL's analysis, there were 1,650 active Twitter users talking about the 2019 presidential election. The 1,650 Twitter users have formed a communication network of 46,750 relationships formed from messages in the form of tweets, comments, and retweets. Our analysis found that those mentioning "pilihan presiden 2019" form large communication networks around four clusters: one for each of the two candidates (Jokowi and Prabowo) and two for opinion leaders who are undecided about the election (Gus Mus and Mas Piyu). GusMus is a religious leader, as an official of the PBNU Rais Syuriah (an Islamic organization) and has a large following both on and off Twitter. "MasPiyu" is an unidentified Twitter user; he only has a large following on Twitter, but does not have support offline.

Analysis of Fake News in the 2017 Korean Presidential Election

  • Go, Seon-gyu;Lee, Mi-ran
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.105-125
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze 1) who created and distributed fake news, 2) the distribution channels of fake news, 3) who fake news has targeted, and 4) the effects on voting and the impact of fake news on Korean politics. In South Korea, fake news was mainly created by candidates or election campaigns. The reason is that in the wake of the impeachment of President Park Guen Hye, all the political parties in Korea used fake news as a means of mobilizing supporters for each of their candidates or parties to gain an advantage in situations involving political divisions and confrontations between the pro-impeachment, progressive young generation and anti-impeachment, conservative senior generation. Voters' media usage patterns were polarized through social network services (SNS) media and television. Fake news was mostly received through these two media outlets. According to the spreading structure of fake news in Korea, the younger generation generally uses SNS posts intended for unspecified individuals, and the older generation uses closed SNS like KakaoTalk or Naver's BAND. In the end, it is typically characteristic of the older generation to spread fake news through existing offline human networks. In the 2017 presidential election, fake news has been confirmed to have the effect of mobilizing supporters for each political party. In the presidential election, an increase in voter turnout was confirmed among those in their 20s and those in their 60s or older. Evidently, fake news influenced the election of Moon Jae-In. The influence of fake news is expected to grow further as ideological polarization and consequent political polarization continues to intensify in South Korea.

Content Analysis on Newspaper Public Opinion Survey - The 17th Presidential Election of Korea -

  • Choi, Kyung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.431-441
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    • 2008
  • A public opinion poll's importance is at this time increasing now. Especially, a news report with a fair and objective execution and investigative reporting Moral Code is very important. But a research on the basis of investigative reporting Moral Code is not yet carried out. In this paper, with the center of a public opinion poll involved in the 17th Presidential Election of Korea, investigative reporting Moral Code has been analyzed measurably how well observed in the Press. Furthermore, it has been compared with findings carried out in the year 2002. Finally, through comparing response rate with actual results acquired in a survey of public opinion, I proposed a response rate acquisition.

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