• Title, Summary, Keyword: Prepare for aging

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The Comparative Research of Universal Design Based on Korean and Japanese Demographic & Economic Change

  • Moon Ho-Rim;Fukuda Tamio
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.117-130
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    • 2006
  • This paper analyzed the current status of universal design in the Republic of Korea (Korea) and Japan. In the case of Japan, the aged society or the super aged society has been preparing from 1985 when the aging rate was 10%. Japan's activity to prepare it became promoted during 1990's when per capita Gross National Income (GNI) was $$20,000{\sim}40,000$. In Korea, the preparation for the aging society such as physical environment, barrier free buildings or traffic systems, economic support and investigation or survey is not yet sufficient. Korea must start preparation for an aged society, possibly and quickly. And it needs to prepare until 2026, when the aging rate will be 20%. To prepare a barrier free and an aged society must consider both aging and economic status.

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The Influence of Aging Anxiety and Successful Aging on Retirement Preparation in Middle Aged Women (중년여성의 노화불안, 성공적노화가 노후준비에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Young Mi;Choi, Seong Hui;Ahn, Okhee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.175-183
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This is a descriptive research examining the relationships between aging anxiety, perceived level of successful aging, and preparation for aging as well as factors influencing preparation for aging. Methods: Subjects of this study were 221 women aged between 40 and 59 years residing in area J. Data were collected from October 27, 2017 to November 9, 2017, using a structured questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using the statistical program SPSS/WIN 24.0. Results: Regression analysis revaled that factors having a significant effect on the preparation for aging of the subjects were age, perceived health status, exercise, leisure activity, aging anxiety, and perception of successful aging. The total explanatory power was 42.3%. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it was found that aging anxiety and successful aging influenced the preparation for aging of middle-aged women. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a nursing intervention that properly manage aging anxiety and improves successful aging, in order to encourage middle-aged women to actively prepare for their later lives.

R&D Policy of the Korean Government for Aging Society

  • Suh, Jiyoung
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.14-26
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    • 2013
  • The $1^{st}$ National Plan for Aging Society with Low Fertility, which the Korean government announced in 2006, caused the gradual increase of R&D investment in order to prepare for an aging society in Korea. This study explores if the directions and strategies of R&D projects related to aging are suitable to improve the quality of life for elderly people and establish a sustainable aging society by analyzing the features of R&D investment from 2004 to 2010. The results show that most R&D projects conducted by departments focus on the development of assistive devices for the elderly to support everyday lives. The Korean government's R&D policy to prepare for an aging society is based on the narrow interpretation of Quality of Life (QoL) in an aging society that tries to resolve the socioeconomic problems of the elderly; however, the policies have ignored the independence of active elderly individuals and the social integration of the young and elderly generations. The research shows that a paradigm shift is required from a 'Senior' to 'Aging Society' because almost 1/3 of the Korean population is over 65 years old and the expansion of the research embraces from assistive technologies for the elderly to the design of social infrastructure such as transportation, education and work.

A Study on R&D program for the aging society (고령사회 대응 연구개발 지원방안 연구)

  • Yoo, Jae-Seong
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the research and development(R&D) programs for effectively response of population aging. We analyzed of aging-related R&D support status by National Science and Technology Information Services(NTIS) and reviewed of foreign aging-related R&D programs. It was found that the overall lack of support systems, the R&D support status for Korea's aging society is very low performance and the difference appears in the annual support status, etc. It is very important to enhance the effectiveness of R&D programs in order to effectively prepare for aging society. I suggested support measures of the R&D for aging society by survey research. The result of this study will help in planning of the R&D for aging society and contribute to increasing of welfare for the aged.

Development of Indicators to Evaluate the Regional Preparedness Level for Rural Aging (농촌고령화 위기 대응을 위한 지역특성 변화 분석지표 개발)

  • Lee, Jimin;Lee, Yoonhee;Bae, Yeonjoung;Lee, JeongJae;Suh, Kyo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2012
  • Korean population has been rapidly aging. Most of people regard the aging population as future crisis due to the rate of change and agree to prepare for a soft-landing on aging society in South Korea. Particularly, the aging population growth in rural areas is much faster than urban areas. Also rural areas relatively have poorer social and economic conditions so the countermeasures for population aging considering related social and economic indices are required. Moreover, each rural region has the different preparedness level for rural aging based on regional socio-economic characteristics. In this study, we analyzed correlations of the rural aging rate and local characteristics and developed an evaluation index to show the regional preparedness status for rural aging. To test the applicability of developed indicators, we applied them to 161 rural regions and assessed regional preparedness level for rural aging. This study would provide basic data for establishing policies for rural aging.

The Role of Secondary Home Economics Education to Prepare the Elderly for an Independent Life in an Aged Society (고령 사회에서 자립적인 노후생활 준비교육을 위한 중등 가정교육의 역할)

  • Cho, Byung Eun;Lee, Jong Hui
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.591-602
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    • 2013
  • This paper aims to explore the role of the home economics subject in helping high school students preparing for an independent aged life and to develop problem based teaching plans toward this goal. Contents related to the elderly in the high school home economics and technology 2007 and 2009 revised curricula were analyzed, and elderly-related contents in other subject areas (the 2009 revised curricula of ethics, public health, and social studies) were also comparatively analyzed to determine the identity of the home economics subject in relation to preparation for independent aging. Based on these analysis, five subjects and teaching plans were presented: the aging society and population changes, the characteristics of the elderly, individual preparation for aging, care of the elderly, and welfare services for the elderly. The ultimate objectives of the lessons were, through critical reasoning, to inquire into the causes of current problems the elderly face so that teenagers can understand aging societies and the elderly and to seek reasonable alternatives for teenagers as they prepare for successful and independent aging, increasing their problem-solving abilities in choosing the best course of action by considering the ripple effect of consequences of each of those alternatives. Suggestions on what direction elderly-related education should take in the future, and what roles teachers should take are also provided.

Does Population Aging Contribute to Increased Fiscal Spending?

  • LEE, Mihye
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - With rapid population aging in Korea, changes in the population structure will result in a rise in the fiscal burden. This paper investigates the effects of population aging on fiscal spending based on Korea's province data and country panel data from the OECD. Research design, data, and methodology - We use province-level fiscal data from Local Finance Integrated Open System and the Korean Statistical Information Service and also collect country panel data from the OECD. To investigate the relationship between population aging and fiscal expenditures, our analysis uses the fixed effects model. Results - The empirical analysis based on Korean local finance and country panel data show that population aging has a positive impact on social welfare expenditures and it also has a positive impact on spending related to children and the elderly, implying that population aging may lead to an increase in fiscal spending via an increase in social welfare expenditures and spending related to children and the elderly. Conclusion - These empirical results suggest that countries like Korea that expect to experience rapid population aging need to pay more attention to prepare for the expected increase in age-related spending in the near future.

Successful Aging of the Middle-class Baby Boomer Generation (베이비부머세대의 성공적 노화 : 중산층을 중심으로)

  • Hong, Sung-Hee;Kwak, In-Suk
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.69-92
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the baby boomers' perception of and preparation for their successful aging. Seven women and three men were interviewed with the use of an unstructured questionnaire. Their perceptions of their likelihood of future successful aging were not negative, and were influenced by a range of considerations that included health, leisure, finance, volunteer services, family relationships, and elderly life without children's supports. They tried to prepare several kinds of sports, leisure activities, and volunteer services for their elderly life. However, their reasons for preparing these activities varied, and the background of their differences consisted of the family background, personal values, and experiences. Moreover, men and women responded differently to their personal experiences as they related to their elderly life. Women were likely to match their family relationship with their perception and preparation for successful aging, and men were not.

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Microstructural Development of Ferritic 11Cr-3.45W Heat-resistance Steel for Ultra-supercritical Power Plant During Creep and Thermal Aging (크리프와 등온열화에 따른 초초임계압 발전설비용 페라이트계 11Cr-3.45W 내열합금강의 미세조직 변화)

  • Kim, Chung-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2018
  • Microstructural development of ferritic 11Cr-3.45W heat-resistance steel for ultra-supercritical power plant during creep and thermal aging was investigated using electron microscopy. The test samples were isothermally aged at $700^{\circ}C$ for up to 4000 hours and subjected to creep loading at $700^{\circ}C$ for predetermined periods of lifetime to prepare the damaged materials. In this structural material, a various secondary phases are the primary influence on mechanical properties of ferritic heat-resistance steel. The typical precipitates of $M_{23}C_6$, MX and $M_2X$ secondary phases had been analyzed through qualitative and quantitative manner. Coarsening of precipitates and increase of lath width were observed during creep and thermal aging. This phenomenon was remarkable for creep process compared with isothermal aging process.

A Study on the Public Space Planning of Congregate Housing of the Elderly (고령자(高玲者)를 위한 집합주거시설(集合住居施設)의 공용공간(共用空間) 계획(計劃)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Nam-Hee;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.105-109
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    • 2007
  • Aging society appears immediate social problem in Korea. Housing for aging is required independent and comfortable housing life to live considering about feature of elderly. It is necessary field to prepare. Aged person who suffers the aging process several stages gets changing weak, so living environment is important aging person aspect of social, psychological and physical point. Finally, aged person living together requires facilities for the naturally communicating and active things. Community of aged person required organization of space for keeping independence and connection with each other. According to space of community, housing for aging should have a different access route. In conclusion, congregate housing of the elderly should be planed organization of space to be solved anxiety and tension and to be aware of joining the community.

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