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A Qualitative Study of Physicians' Use of Clinical Information Resources and Barriers (임상의사의 진료목적 정보원 이용과 장애요인에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Kim, Soon;Chung, EunKyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.55-75
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    • 2016
  • We analyzed the characteristics of the physicians preferred information sources and barriers through in-depth interviews. Information searches for patient treatment were subdivided into deciding patient treatment methods, understanding the latest treatment trends, and preparing presentation materials for conferences. The variables that affected the search behaviors were identified as being background knowledge on the topic, clinical experience, job title, search skills, user training, and familiarity with the library homepage. PubMed was the most preferred choice because of users' familiarity, reliability, and the vastness of information; Google was also used frequently for easy access and fast search result. The accuracy and the recentness of information were the most significant criteria. Easy interface and convenient access were also considered important due to physicians' time constraints. Searching obstacles were divided into difficulty of searching system, unfamiliar term, too vast resources, difficulty to get fulltext articles and complex advanced search features. The results of this study can be utilized as a basis for improving information service of library and curriculum development for physicians.

A Log Analysis Study of an Online Catalog User Interface (온라인목록 사용자 인터페이스에 관한 연구 : 탐색실패요인을 중심으로)

  • 유재옥
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.139-153
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    • 2000
  • This article focuses on a transaction log analysis of the DISCOVER online catalog user interface at Duksung Women's University Library. The results show that the most preferred access point is the title field with rate of 59.2%. The least used access point is the author field with rate of 11.6%. Keyword searching covers only about 16% of all access points used. General failure rate of searching is 13.9% with the highest failure rate of 19.8% in the subject field and the lowest failure rate of 10.9% in author field.

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A Qualitative Research about the Purchase Behavior of Internet Shoppers (인터넷 쇼핑몰 이용자의 구매행동에 관한 질적연구)

  • 고은주;김성은
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.153-166
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the internet shoppers' new purchase behavior, to examine the general purchase behavior(i.e., purchase pattern, preference), and to examine the related factors to promotion strategies(i.e., e-mail, event) of internet shopping mall. Focus group interviews were done with 40 internet shopping-mall users on May, 2003 for the data collection. Data were analyzed by content analysis and descriptive statistics(i.e., frequency, percent). The results of this study were as following. First, competitive price, accurate product and service information and convenience were considered as important factors in the new purchase behavior among internet shoppers. Second, the more frequent purchasing time through the internet shopping mall were on weekdays rather than weeekends and the most preferred information search engine were category type, item type, and price type in order. Third, e-mails from internet shopping mall were most likely opened by internet shoppers, that is to say, e-mail can be the efficient communication tool as well as the possible promotion strategies. Specifically, the title of email was considered as an important factor to approach the target consumers.

A comparative study on users' satisfaction about online catalog and card catalog (대학도서관의 온라인목록과 카드목록의 이용자 만족도 비교)

  • 강미혜
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.24
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    • pp.163-187
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    • 1996
  • The library catalog is considered an important tool to provide library users with conveniences making a search for necessary information. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to investigate "behaviors and attitudes" of library users in a university library using online and card catalogs together, to compare their distinctions between online and card catalogs and then to bring about reforms for the development of future cataloging, thereby improving the utilization of online catalog and its service expansion. For this, this paper carried out a survey research which was randomly questionaired 280 library users of four universities in Seoul from March 28th to April 16th 1996. Major findings are as follow : 1. Library users tended to use more online catalog(50.0%) than card catalog (21.9%). 2. The main reasons the library users us online catalog were time saving(24.0%), convenience of use(21.3%), multiple searching possibility (16.2%), and the preferences of card catalog were location of library materials(34.6%), time saving(17.5%), Bibliographic information(14.9%). 3. The major access points which library users utilized mostly in their online catalog are title(30.3%), author(29.2%) and subject heading (17.6%), and for card catalog, title(40.5%), author(34.6%) and call no.(11.1%). 4. The methods library users learned to use online catalog are terminal screen(44.7%), online manual(26.1%), and for card catalog, library orientation(42.6%), librarian's help(18.5%). 5. It was shown that library users were not mostly satisfied about their searching results: the users satisfied with online catalog in the order of partly(46.2%), as expected(42.3%), more than expected(10.4%), and with the card catalog in the order of partly(54.6%), as expected(27.3%), more than expected(10.4%). It was found that although library users preferred online catalog more than card catalog, 54.8% of the total catalog users were not satisfied about the search results they have had. 6. The items which library users want to add to online catalog are catalogs of materials other libraries have(41.6%), catalogs of the materials the library has(29.3%), titles of serial articles(17.7%). And the additional services library users want are checking function of loan materials and reservation of materials(15.5%), subject headings(14.5%), more terminals(13.4%), catalog use explanations(12.9%), multiple access points(11.0%), searching function of contents, abstracts, and indexes(9.6%). Considering the fact that library users tend to use more favorably online catalog than card catalog and the trend that library change from card catalog to online catalog, it is strongly recommended to su n.0, pply students with formal and informal training programs for online catalog use.talog use.

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Frequency, Expected Effects, Obstacles, and Facilitators of Disclosure of Patient Safety Incidents: A Systematic Review

  • Ock, Minsu;Lim, So Yun;Jo, Min-Woo;Lee, Sang-il
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.68-82
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: We performed a systematic review to assess and aggregate the available evidence on the frequency, expected effects, obstacles, and facilitators of disclosure of patient safety incidents (DPSI). Methods: We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines for this systematic review and searched PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library for English articles published between 1990 and 2014. Two authors independently conducted the title screening and abstract review. Ninety-nine articles were selected for full-text reviews. One author extracted the data and another verified them. Results: There was considerable variation in the reported frequency of DPSI among medical professionals. The main expected effects of DPSI were decreased intention of the general public to file medical lawsuits and punish medical professionals, increased credibility of medical professionals, increased intention of patients to revisit and recommend physicians or hospitals, higher ratings of quality of care, and alleviation of feelings of guilt among medical professionals. The obstacles to DPSI were fear of medical lawsuits and punishment, fear of a damaged professional reputation among colleagues and patients, diminished patient trust, the complexity of the situation, and the absence of a patient safety culture. However, the factors facilitating DPSI included the creation of a safe environment for reporting patient safety incidents, as well as guidelines and education for DPSI. Conclusions: The reported frequency of the experience of the general public with DPSI was somewhat lower than the reported frequency of DPSI among medical professionals. Although we identified various expected effects of DPSI, more empirical evidence from real cases is required.

A Study on Considerations in KCR4 through Changes of Cataloging Rules from AACR2 to RDA (AACR2에서 RDA로 목록규칙 변화에 따른 KCR4의 고려사항에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mi-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.23-42
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    • 2011
  • This study is to compare the descriptive cataloging rules between AACR2 and RDA, and then to find a direction of future cataloging and KCR 4. RDA is new cataloging rules that embody the International Cataloging Principles(2009), FRBR and FRAD. It is a structure of bibliographic control of all kinds of resources, and the rules can be flexibly applicable in the international cataloging community. It is critical to embody RDA in KCR 4 because RDA is likely to affect the future cataloging through its collocation function and relation function to construct semantic web of OPAC. This study analyzed the descriptive rules of work, expression, and manifestation based on RDA draft(2008) of JSC for Development of RDA. It analyzed the changes in the cataloging rules from AACR2 to RDA in such descriptive areas as title, type of resources, statement of responsibility, edition, publication, physical description and series in the manifestation level, and the preferred access points in both expression and work levels. The findings of this study will provide implications in revising KCR4.

A Study on the Directions of Authorized Access Points in KCR4 (한국목록규칙에서 전거형 접근점의 방향성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mihwa;Rho, Jee-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.47-69
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    • 2016
  • This study was to suggest the directions of and the choice of the authorized access points for Korean Cataloging Rules, based on the trends of the international cataloging and the need of rules for the authorized access points in KCR. The Literature review, the case study, and the interviewing were used as the research methods. In the literature review, the Authorized access points were reviewed in FRBR conceptual model, International cataloging Principle 2009, and Resource Description and Access. VIAF authorized access points were analyzed as case study. Last interview was executed with the representative librarians in 4 University libraries. Through these surveys, new directions and rules of the authorized access points for KCR were suggested. This study could contributed to construct work and expression authorized access points of FRBR, and to set up the selection rules of the authorized access points for KCR.

A Comparative Study on Awareness the Dental Coordinator between Dental Hygienists and Dental Hygiene Students (치과위생사와 치위생과 학생의 치과코디네이터 인식 비교)

  • Park, Il-Soon;Lee, Kyeong-Hee;Youn, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the business awareness of dental coordinators and preferred working condition according to educational period, to suggest what improvements should be made. A survey was conducted for a year and four months from March 2007 to June 2008, and the collected data were analyzed, which made use of ${\chi}^2$(Chi-square) test, t-test. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. In regard to preferred conditions of employment, a dental hospital (42.0%) was most preferred by the incumbent dental hygienists investigated, followed by a dental clinic(29.4%). The largest number of the students who took dental coordinator courses had a liking for a dental hospital(41.9%), followed by university hospital and general hospital(29.0%)(p<0.001). 2. As for perception of dental coordinator, all the dental hygienists were aware of that occupation, and most of the students(81.9%) were cognizant of it(p<0.001). Concerning the necessity of that occupation, the students who felt the need for that(94.8%) outnumbered the dental hygienists who did(85.2%)(p<0.05). 65.9 percent of the dental hygienists and 84.5 percent of the students looked upon a dental hygienist as the best occupation that also could serve as a dental coordinator(p<0.01). 3. Concerning a favorite type of work including an official title, the dental hygienists wanted to work as the chief of counseling section the most(34.1%), and the largest group of the students hoped to become a section chief or team leader(35.2%). In regard to the most integral field of work, the dental coordinators(51.1%) and students(65.8%) attached the most importance to counseling(p<0.05). 4. The dental hygienists were better gratified than the students in every regard(p<0.001). The former($4.00{\pm}0.41$) looked at that occupation in a better way than the students($3.81{\pm}0.50$) as well(p<0.01). The abovementioned findings suggested that it would be advisable to provide dental hygienists with a certain level of a clinical career with education in order to ensure the success of dental coordinator education.

A Study on Suggestion for KCR and KORMARC by Analyzing Work and Expression Element of RDA in MARC (MARC 데이터의 RDA 저작 및 표현형 요소 분석을 통한 한국목록규칙 및 KORMARC의 고려사항)

  • Lee, Mi-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.251-272
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    • 2010
  • Resource Description and Access(RDA) was published in 2008, reflecting IFLA IME ICC's International Cataloguing Principles(ICP), conceptual model for cataloging of Functional Requirement for Bibliographic Records(FRBR), and conceptual model for authority data of Functional Requirement for Authority Data(FRAD). Therefore, new tags and fields have been added to MARC21 format, and researches about the prototype have been studied to implement FRBR as envisioned by the new RDA standard. According to the innovative international cataloging environments, KCR and KORMARC must be revised to accommodate RDA description. This study was to grasp occurrence rate of work and expression element of FRBR and RDA among MARC field of Hansung University library and to analyze limitation of MARC data for RDA. Based on this limitations, cataloging rules and tags and fields of KORMARC were suggested to accommodate RDA in national cataloging environment. This study reviewed cataloging rules such like representation, main entry and rule of three, preferred title, types of content, media and carrier. This study is to suggest the consideration of KCR and KORMARC for RDA in Korea.

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A Study on the Characteristics and Considerations of Bibliographic Description of ISBD Consolidated edition 2011 (ISBD 통합판의 서지기술 특징 및 고려사항에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mihwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.169-188
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of the bibliographic description of ISBD Consolidated edition published in 2011 and to grasp the considerations in applying the rules of ISBD consolidated edition to KCR4. For achieving this, the four aspects were analyzed such as the description area and data elements, the resource types, the punctuation, and the order of the elements of ISBD Consolidated edition(2011). The characteristics of ISBD Consolidated edition are as follows. First, the content form and the media type area are added in new 0 area and elements are designated by mandatory to confirm to FRBR. Second, content form, content qualification and media type replaced GMD in title and statement of responsibility area. Third, the prescribed punctuations were retained even when this results in double punctuation, and individual square brackets were preferred than entire square brackets when using square brackets to all elements in same area. Fourth, the order of elements in description was set out by patterns of data elements in areas, therefore could reduce the confusion of the order of elements. ISBD Consolidated edition as an international standard would make various rules to maintain the uniformity, but also respects the bibliographic practices of individual countries. Therefore, each country must revise its own rule to conform the ISBD Consolidated edition as well as reflect its unique situation. In Korea, since KCR4 was developed based on the previous edition of ISBD, it should be revised to confirm to the ISBD Consolidated edition. Therefore, this study is expected to contribute to the revision of KCR4.