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The Effect of Auricular Acupressure Therapy on Anxiety of Cancer Pateint (암환자의 불안관리를 위한 이압요법 적용 효과)

  • 김귀분
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.888-896
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study wsa to necessitate auricular acupressure therapy as an independent nursing intervention on cancer paitents by confirming its effectiveness. Method: The experimental study was unequivalently controlled pre-post measure study. The subjects were 40 cancer patients who were hospitalized in K medical center in Seoul. The experimental group (20) and the control group (20) were randomly assigned. As measured tools, Spielberger's State-trait Anxiety (1976) measured tool by Kim's transplation (1978). The auricular acupressure therapy was applied to experimental group, and the pre-post measure was performed to both group. The data was analyzed by using SPSS computer program that included descriptive statistics, 2-test, and t-test. Result: 1) The experimental group with the auricular acupressure therapy showed lower trait anxiety scores in comparison with the control group (t= 8.036, p=.000). 2) The experimental group which applied the auricular acupressure therapy showed lower state anxiety scores in comparison with the control group (t= 19.616, p=.000). This result showed that cancer patients with the auricular acupressure therapy applied cancer patients decreased state anxiety and trait anxiety. Therefore , effectiveness of the auricular acupressure therapy was confirmed through this study. Conclusion: According to the result, anxiety of cancer pateint should be decreased and controlled by the auricular acupressure therapy as independent nursung intervension. In addition, the auricular acupressure therapy will provide effective independent nursing intervention that will decrease anxiety on patient with other disease and will improve quality of their lives.

Comparison between Nl -N2 Audiograms of Guinea Pigs pre and post loudtone exposure (격음 노출 전후의 기니픽 N1-N2 오디오그램의 비교)

  • 장순석
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.471-480
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    • 1995
  • The modification of Nl -N2 Audiograms before and after loudtone exposure onto the tympanic membrane of guinea pigs was examined. The exposure was a loud continuous tone of 106 dB SPL intensity at 10 KHz for 10 minutes. The comparison between Wl-H2 Audiograms pre and post loudtone exposure indicates that the exposed cochlea permanently lost its normal hearing function. The largest threshold shifts wore found between 12-13.2KHz. The functional change of the cochlea after the loudtone exposure depends on the state of the cochlea before the trauma. More sensitive cochlea is more critically damaged in its function after the trauma than less sensitive cochlea.

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The Effect of Ankle Balance Dual Task Including Motor Training on Static Balance and Dynamic Balance in the Elderly

  • Park, Seoung-Uk;Cho, Yong-Ho;Hwang, Yoon-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.105-109
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ankle dual task including motor training on the static balance, dynamic balance in the elderly. METHODS: 30 elderly people were randomly divided into 3 groups: 10 people in the single motor task group, 10 people in the double motor dual task group and 10 people in the motor-cognitive dual task group. In the double motor dual tasks group was performed ankle balance motor task additional motor task. Motor-cognitive dual task group was performed ankle balance motor task additional cognitive task. Single motor task group was performed ankle balance motor task. It was performed three times intervention a week for six weeks. Statistical analysis method was performed using one way ANOVA for comparison between groups, and the paired t-test was used for comparison pre and post intervention. RESULTS: Static and dynamic balance were significant differences between pre and post intervention by three groups (p<.05). In static balance, there was a significant difference among groups (p<.05), but there was not a significant difference between groups in dynamic balance (p>.05). CONCLUSION: The results of the research, the ankle balance dual task including motor or cognitive task was more effective than single motor task on static balance in the elderly.

Effects of Recreation Combined Exercise Program in Body Composition, Physical Fitness and Depression in Elderly (레크리에이션 복합운동이 노인의 신체조성, 체력 및 우울에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Min-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of recreation combined exercise program on body composition, physical fitness and depression in elderly women in rural district over a three-month follow-up period. Methods: Recreation combined exercise program (RCEP) was composed of resistance exercise, walking and recreation activity twice a week. The subjects were 52 divided in to experimental group (n=28) and control group (n=24). Arm curl, chair stand, 2 min step test, back scratch, chair sit and reach were measured as pre- or post-test data. Also, Depression was expressed using geriatric depression scale as pre- or post-test data. $X^2$ test, paired t-test and t-test were performed using SAS program. Results: Arm curl (p=.023), 2 minute step test (p<.001), back scratch (p=.004) and chair sit and reach (p=.024) showed the significant difference in the comparison between groups. Depression showed the significant difference in the comparison between groups (p=.008). Conclusion: These findings indicated the RCEP has positive influence upon increasing the physical fitness and improving the depression level. In conclusion, the regular RCEP will contribute to the improving physical and psychologic aspect in elderly women over the long period.

The Effects of Kinesio Taping on the Muscle Activities of Vastus Lateralis and Medialis in Patients with Degenerative Arthritis (키네시오 테이핑이 퇴행성 슬관절염 환자의 외측광근과 내측광근의 근활성도에 미치는 효과)

  • Son, Gil-Soo;Lee, Soo-Yeon;Jeon, Hye-Jin;Lee, Moon-Hwan
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of kinesiotaping on the muscle activities in patients with degenerative arthritis. To evaluate the effects of taping therapy, we calculated activation of vastus medialis and vastus lateralis. Methods: 40 female patients with degenerative arthritis of knee joint were participated in this study. Muscle activation were assessed by using a surface EMG. This procedure was performed with and without taping. Results: The activation of vastus lateralis was significantly increased in comparison between pre and post test. And vastus medialis was significantly increased in comparison between pre and post test. Conclusion: We thought that kinesio taping have effectiveness on the muscle activation of vastus lateralis and vastus medialis in patients with degenerative arthritis.

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The Effect of Action Observation Training on Sit to Walk with Chronic Stroke Patients

  • Kim, Jin-Cheol;Lee, Hyun-Min
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.413-418
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was performed to examine the effect of action observation training on sit to-walk times in chronic stroke patients. Methods: Twelve stroke patients were randomly allocated to two groups, as follows: an action observation training (AOT) group and a scenery picture observation (SPO) group. The AOT group was engaged in video observation for 2 minutes 30 seconds with 12 ADL functional activities related to the sit-to-walk task: physical training was carried out in two repetitions lasting 2 minutes 30 seconds. The landscape imagery control group observed landscape picture for 2 minutes 30 seconds and then carried out the same physical training. The intervention involved a total of 12 sessions over 4 weeks, and each session lasted 30 minutes. The pre and post-tests measured the timed up and go test (TUG), Sit to stand test (STS), and Dynamic gait index (DGI). The Wilcoxon signed ranks test was used to compare pre-test and post-test result, and the Mann-Whitney U test was employed for comparison between groups. Results: The TUG time was significantly different between the AOT group and the SPO group. According to the findings, the experimental group's TUG was significantly decreased (p<0.05). In comparison of the two groups, there was no significant in STS or DGI between the AOT group and SPO group. Conclusion: This study showed that the intervention can be used to decrease TUG time. Our research suggests that action observation training has a positive effect on sit-to-walk times in patients with chronic stroke.

The Effects of an Empathy Ability Improvement Program on Empathy Ability and Parenting Efficacy among Mothers of Elementary School Students (공감능력 향상 프로그램이 초등학생 어머니의 공감능력과 양육효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Youn Sil;Cho, Haeryun
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of an empathy ability improvement program on empathy ability and parenting efficacy among mothers of elementary school students. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study using a pre-test/post-test control group design. The experimental group (n=23) completed an empathy ability improvement program, while 22 mothers were assigned to the control group. Pre-test and post-test analyses were conducted using the empathy ability scale and parenting efficacy scale. The data were analyzed using the $x^2$ test and test independent t-test. Results: The experimental group showed a statistically significant improvement in empathy ability (t=2.79, d=4.48, p=.008) and parenting efficacy (t=2.87, d=0.89, p=.006) in comparison to the control group. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that empathy education may be effective for improving empathy ability and parenting efficacy in mothers of school-age children.

Removal of Virus in Home Drinking Water Treatment Systems (가정용 정수시스템의 바이러스 제거)

  • 김영진;오남순;정문호
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.45-48
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    • 2000
  • Reverse osmosis filtration(RO) system and ultrafiltration(UF) system are principally use for domestic home drinking water treatment systems. The object of this study is to make a comparison between two systems in terms of theirs abilities to remove RNA coilphage QB as an indicator of pathogenic enteroviruses. The virus removal ratio of RO system was 99.999%, which was higher than EPA virus treatment guideline(99.99%). In the course of filtration, removal ratios of sediment filter, pre-carbon filter, reverse osmosis membrane and post-carbon filter were 75.000%, 93.208%, 99.997% and 99.999%, repectively. In case of UF system, virus removal ratio was 99.708%. Removal ratios of sediment filter, pre-carbon filter, post-carbon filter and ultrafiltration membration membrane were 71.038%, 91.530%, 98.283% and 99.708%, respecively, in UF steps. Therefore, RO system is more effective than UF system in virus removal.

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Comparison of the Immediate Effects of the Neural Mobilization Technique and Static Stretching Exercise on Popliteal Angle and Hamstring Compliance in Young Women With Short Hamstring Syndrome (넙다리뒤근 단축 증후군이 있는 젊은 여성에서 오금각과 넙다리뒤근 순응성에 대한 신경가동화기법과 정적신장운동의 즉각적인 효과 비교)

  • Oh, Duck-won
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2017
  • Background: Limitation of hamstring extensibility is often associated with various musculoskeletal problems such as alterations in posture and walking patterns. Thus, certain appropriate strategies need to be established for its management. Objects: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the neural mobilization technique and static stretching exercises on popliteal angle and hamstring compliance in young women with short hamstring syndrome (SHS). Methods: Thirty-three women with SHS were randomly assigned to either group-1 ($n_1=17$) that underwent the neural mobilization technique or group-2 ($n_2=16$) that underwent the static stretching exercises. Outcome measures included the active popliteal angle (APA) and a hamstring's electromyographic (EMG) activity at a maximum popliteal angle of the baseline. Intervention for each group was performed for a total time of 3-min (6 sets of a 30-sec application). Results: There were significant interactions between time and group in the APA [group-1 (pre-test to post-test): $69.70{\pm}8.14^{\circ}$ to $74.14{\pm}8.07^{\circ}$ and group-2: $68.66{\pm}7.42^{\circ}$ to $70.52{\pm}7.92^{\circ}$] (F1,31=6.678, p=.015) and the EMG activity of the hamstring (group-1: $1.12{\pm}.30{\mu}N$ to $.69{\pm}.31{\mu}V$ and group-2: $1.19{\pm}.49{\mu}V$ to $1.13{\pm}.47{\mu}V$)(F1,31=6.678, p=.015). Between-group comparison revealed that the EMG activity of the hamstring was significantly different at post-test between the groups (p<.05). Furthermore, in within-group comparison, group-1 appeared to be significantly different for both variables between pre- and post-test (p<.05); however, group-2 showed significant difference in only the APA between pre- and post-test (p<.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the neural mobilization technique and static stretching exercises may be advantageous to improve hamstring compliance in young women with SHS, resulting in a more favorable outcome in the neural mobilization technique.

Runoff Characteristics Analysis for Interior Drainage Systems in Urban Basin -Application of SWMM- (도시유역의 내수배제시스템 설계를 위한 유출특성분석 -SWMM의 적용-)

  • Choi, Yun-Young;Lee, Yeong-Hwa
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2000
  • This study is carried out the analysis of the runoff characteristics for the design of the interior drainage systems by SWMM in urbanization basin. The basin analyzed in this study is Bumuh-chun basin which is located in Susung-gu of Taegu city. Huff method is used for rainfall distribution analysis. The optimal rainfall duration in Bumuh-chun basin is analyzed as about 90 minutes decided from comparison of arrival time and critical duration. Flood flow variation pattern is proposed through the comparison of the results of peak flow and peak time analyzed by SWMM about pre-urbanization and post-urbanization of Bumuh-chun basin. It is known that the variation of arrival time caused by the rapid increase of pavement rate in the upper area shows about 20∼25 minutes faster than pre- urbanization. Therefore, the management of surface water for design of water supply and drainage, and channel alteration has to considered the variation of geological factors according to urbanization.

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