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Effects of small group transcription activities on university students' English listening comprehension (소집단 협동 전사활동이 대학생의 영어듣기 능력 향상에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Sang-Ho
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.257-286
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    • 2006
  • This paper investigates the effects of small group collaborative transcription activities on the improvement of university students' English listening ability. Based on the results of pre-tests, a class of 42 students was subdivided into 11 small homogeneous groups of three to four students. Each group was provided with 7 different news items to be transcribed. Means were compared between pre-test and post-test scores, followed by comparison of transcription errors in content and function words. Finally, students' perception and attitudes about the use of small group transcription for improving listening skills were qualitatively analysed and compared with pre- and post test results. It was found that post test scores highly correlated with improvement of listening ability. It was also found that groups of high degree of collaboration showed improvement in listening ability while lack of collaboration contributed to loss of interests in listening. Students who see process more important were found to make more contribution to the group success than those who place more emphasis on the results.

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A Development of General Purpose Program NUFLEX for the Analysis of Heat/Fluid Flow (범용 열/유체 유동해석 프로그램 NUFLEX의 개발)

  • Hur N.;Won C.-S.;Son G.;Ryou H.-S.;Shin D.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2004
  • A general purpose program NUFLEX for the analysis of 3-D heat/fluid flow in complex geometry with pre/post processor have been developed, which consists of a flow solver based on FVM and a dedicated pre/post processor. The program employs a general non-orthogonal grid system and solve laminar and turbulent (lows with standard and RNG $\kappa-\epsilon$ turbulence models. NUFLEX is capable of analysing two-phase flow with topologically complex interface, turbulent diffusion combustion, solidification problems and magnetic flow. For the purpose of verification of the program and testing the applicability, several practical problems are solved and compared with the available data. Comparison of the NUFLEX results with that by the STAR-CD program has been also made for the same flow configuration and grid structure.

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The Effect of the Environmental Education Strategy through Personalization of Environment (자기 환경화를 통한 환경교육 전략의 효과)

  • 이선경;장남기
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.71-88
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    • 1993
  • This study was conducted to develop and effective strategy for environmental education. At first, the environmental education strategy through personalization of environment was proposed. Then students in a middle school participated the program according to the strategy and its. effect was investigated. The strategy was designed in basis of the role of the limbic system in brain and involved field-oriented experience such as viewing the non-personal environment as the personal environment. Gokneung stream was selected as the site to conduct this environmental education. Students investigated water quality by senses and biological method. The same content was taught for the classroom group and simple outdoor group selected for the comparison by traditional instructional method. The pre- and post-test by the instrument to test environmental attitude, qualitative questionnaire, cognitive test, the pre- and post-interview were conducted to investigate the effect the program. The achievement of the classroom group(personalization group). But the change of the attitude toward environment of personalization group between pre- and post-test was significantly higher than the classroom group. In qualitative questionnaire and pre- and post-interviews, attitude toward environment differed between two group. The behavioral change to discover and to solve environmental problems was demonstrated in case the personalization group, but was unclear in the classroom group. These results indicated the environmental education strategy through personalization of environment was an effective strategy to change the awareness, attitude and behavior toward the environment compared with a traditional teaching strategy.

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Effects of Postural Control Exercise on the Delayed Heart Rate Increase in Heart Transplant Patients -A Case Study- (자세 조절 운동이 심장이식환자의 심박수 상승지연에 미치는 영향 -단일사례연구-)

  • Choi, Su-Hong;Lee, Sang-Yeol
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of postural control exercise on the delayed heart rate increase in heart transplant patients. Methods: The subject was a female heart transplant recipient who had a delayed increase in heart rate during exercise. The intensity of exercise was performed at MBorg level 4. The A-B-A' and A-B-A'-B' designs were used to identify the changes in heart rate during active-assisted exercise, lower limb postural control exercise, and upper limb postural control exercise. Experiments were performed for four weeks. The heart rates at pre- and post-exercise were compared, and the time to reach MBorg 4 was measured. Results: In the active-assisted exercise, the average heart rates at pre- and post-exercise and after 10 min of exercise were 88, 89, and 87.7 bpm, respectively. In the repetitive comparison of pre- and post-exercise in the lower limb postural control exercise, the difference in the mean heart rate was 3.5 and 3 bpm in stable support and 14 and 14.5 bpm in unstable support, respectively. In the repetitive comparison of pre- and post-exercise in the upper limb postural control exercise, the difference in the mean heart rate was 6 and 4 bpm in stable support and 4 and 4.5 bpm in unstable support. The time required to reach MBorg 4 was short when both the upper and lower postural control exercises were performed in an unstable state. Conclusion: We suggest that combining proper postural control exercise with strength exercise and aerobic exercise, among others, may be effective in rehabilitating patients in the recovery stage after a heart transplant.

Effectiveness of Oral Glycopyrrolate Use in Compensatory Hyperhidrosis Patients

  • Gong, Tai Kyung;Kim, Do Wan
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 2013
  • Compensatory hyperhidrosis or reflex hyperhidrosis is the increase in sweating in the postoperative stage of thoracic sympathectomy or lumbar sympathectomy. It shares several features with anxiety disorders and has a negative impact on a patient's quality of life. Oralglycopyrrolate is one of the treatment options available. This study reviewed case notes in a series of 19 patients with compensatory hyperhidrosis. We made a comparison between the Milanez de Campos score of a pre-glycopyrrolate medication group and the Milanez de Campos score of a post-glycopyrrolate medication group. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) score, and autonomic nervous system (ANS) scale score were also compared between the pre-medication and post-medication groups. In the post-glycopyrrolate medication group, there was decrease in the Milanez de Campos score, BAI score, and BDI score (P < 0.05). But no meaningful change was seen in the ANS score in the post-glycopyrrolate medication group (P > 0.05). Glycopyrrolate is an effective medication in the treatment of compensatory hyperhidrosis that, can alleviate anxiety and improve patients' quality of life.

The Effects of Invention Animation on Invention Attitudes in Elementary School Students (발명 애니메이션이 초등학생의 발명 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • LEE, Eun-Sang
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.634-643
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the invention animations on the invention attitudes of elementary school students. This study was conducted with a pre-and-post test experimental design. The participants were 73 students from J elementary school in Daejeon. Among them, 36 students were the experiment group and 37 students were the comparison group. Watching invention animations were conducted in a classroom everyday for 24 times. Assessments of Invention Attitudes were administered to all the participants during the pre-test and post-test. To analyze the data, the analysis of covariance(ANCOVA) was adopted. The result of this study was as follows: The experimental group who watched invention animations showed significantly higher improvement in Invention Attitudes and sub-factors of Invention Attitudes(Attentional Attitude, Emotional Attitude, Cognitional Attitude) than the comparison group. In conclusion, watching invention animations had positive effect on the invention attitudes of elementary school students.

The Effect of an Art Therapy Program based on Reality Therapy on Weight Control, Body Image, and Self-esteem of College Students (현실요법에 기초한 미술치료 프로그램이 대학생의 체중조절과 신체상 및 자아존중감에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Won-Gyung;Park, Jeong-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.249-268
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to identify the effects of an art therapy program based on reality therapy on the weight control, body image, and self-esteem of college students. The program was developed by the authors. The design was a pretest-post test control group design. The subjects were college students attending M college : 8 in experimental group A, 6 in experimental group 2, who wanted to control their body weight and 16 in the control group who didn't attend the program those in the experimental group attended the program once (group A) or twice (group B) per week meeting a total of six times. The data were analyzed by quantity method (SPSS 10.0 program) and quality method(process analysis). The results were as follows : 1. The average obesity index of pre-test, post-test, and a follow-up test decreased from 8.9% to 6.1%, 3.7%. And the rate of decrease both pre-post and post-follow up were statistically significant 2. The average obesity index of group A decreased from 9.6% to 6.3%, 4.1% and the rate of decrease between pre and post were statistically significant. But the rate of decrease between post and follow-up were statistically not significant 3. The average obesity index of group B decreased from 7.8% to 5.8%, 3.1% and the rate of decrease between pre and post were not significant statistically. But the rate of decrease between post and follow-up were statistically significant 4. The average scores of pre and post body image increased and were statistically significant : group A from 129.0 to 153.5, group B from 127.7 to 155.2. 5. The average scores of pre and post semantic differential method increased and were statistically significant: group A from 38.1 to 44.1, group B from 38.0 to 45.0. 6. The average scores of pre and post self-esteem increased: group A increased from 37.3 to 40.3 and were statistically significant, group B increased from 36.5 to 39.5 but was statistically insignificant 7. The average scores of pre and post obesity rate, body image, semantic differential method and self-esteem in the control group were not statistically significant 8. The pre and post scores of body image(p=.001), semantic differential method(p=.001) and self-esteem(p=.039) between experimental and control group were statistically significant. 9. In Duncan multiple comparison, it was not statistically significant between group A and B, but statistically significant between group A and the control group, group B and the control group in obesity index, body image, semantic differential method. There was no statistically significance among the three groups in self esteem 10. In Duncan multiple comparison, group A gained higher scores than group B in obesity index(-1.2%), and self esteem(0. 3). Group B gained higher scores than group A in body image(3. 0), and semantic differential method(1. 0). So it is difficult to conclude whether group A or B is more effective. In conclusion, the art therapy program based on reality therapy was effective in weight the control program of college students: obesity was decreased, the scores of body image and semantic differential method and self-esteem were increased. The scores of group A were increased more than group Band were statistically significant, The time interval was a very important factor in this program. The recommendation is : the validity of this program has to be tested through various subjects and in various areas. And also this program has to be tested in other topics.

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The Effects of Laughing Programs on Elementary Students Anxiety and Self-esteem (웃음프로그램이 초등학생의 불안과 자아존중감에 미치는 효과)

  • Jang, Hyun Sun;Jeong, Sohee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.101-114
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: Find out how it affects anxiety situations and self-esteem targeting the critical period of development of self-esteem in the lower grades in elementary school based on laughter therapy in having a positive influence on physical health promotion and positive emotional cultivation. And to verify the effects of laughter activity was to provide preliminary data on mental health education and guidance of school life. Methods: By targeting Ulsan Y elementary school, second grade 7 class, 191 students conducted test self-esteem and anxiety. Homogeneous group of experimental and control groups were selected in each one class. Classified as experimental group carried out laughter activity programs and control group did not carried out. Also the separation of the application program before and after, then it were performed preliminary-post-further as same checklist. Program coverage period is 12 weeks and 30 minutes per session was conducted twice a week. Differences between the experimental group and the comparison group has conducted the independent samples t-test, and if the difference between the experimental group and the comparison group were verified by performing a variance analysis(Oneway ANOVA) and post multiple comparisons. Results: Analysis of the experimental group decreased anxiety in the post-test than the pre-test as a whole, in particular, sub-areas of concern, shame and shyness was shown to be effective, and decision of the difficulty was not significant by insignificant reduction. In addition, self-esteem was increased in overall score. The score of collective self-esteem and School life self-esteem were more increased, and domestic self-esteem was not significant by slight increases. In contrast, the comparison group showed no significant difference in all areas of anxiety and self-esteem of pre-test and post-test. Conclusions: In experiments on self-esteem and anxiety of lower grade in elementary school through laughter activity program, comparison group it did not show an effect by accident, and experimental group showed meaningful effects that self-esteem was increased and anxiety was reduced. Thus, laughter activity can be seen that improving self-esteem, anxiety reduction and etc, is very beneficial to mental health.

Comparison of Relationship between Biochemical Indices and Bone Mineral Density of Pre- and Post- Menopausal Women in Gyeongnam Area (경남 일부지역 폐경 전·후 여성들의 골밀도와 생화학지수들과의 관련성에 관한 비교연구)

  • Park, Mi-Young;Kim, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.408-419
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to compare the relationship between biochemical indices and bone mineral density (BMD) in 50 pre-menopausal and 50 post-menopausal women. The subjects were divided into normal and risk groups according to their bone status, as determined by T-scores of the lumbar spine and femur. The average T-score of the lumbar spine was higher (p<0.05) in pre-menopausal women ($0.42{\pm}0.18$) than post-menopausal women ($-0.08{\pm}0.21$). Serum levels of HDL-cholesterol, P, and Fe were significantly higher in the risk group than the normal group in pre-menopausal women (p<0.05). Serum levels of total protein, globulin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and osteocalcin were lower in the risk group than the normal group, whereas the level of estrogen was higher in the normal group than the risk group in post-menopausal women (p<0.05). In pre-menopausal women, P was positively correlated with Ca (p<0.01), and ALP was positively correlated with osteocalcin (p<0.01) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) (p<0.05). Further, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) was negatively correlated with the vitamin $25(OH)D_3$ and vitamin K (p<0.05). In post- menopausal women, the Ca was positively correlated with vitamin $25(OH)D_3$ (p<0.05) and vitamin K (p<0.01), and P was positively correlated with vitamin K (p<0.01), Ca (p<0.01), and IGF-I (p<0.05) and negatively correlated with PTH (p<0.05). IGF-I was negatively correlated with PTH (p<0.01) and estrogen (p<0.05), and ALP was positively correlated with osteocalcin (p<0.01) and negatively correlated with vitamin K and estrogen (p<0.05). In pre-menopausal women, the lumbar spine BMD was positively correlated with vitamin K level (p<0.01) and negatively correlated with P level (p<0.05). In post-menopausal women, the femur BMD was positively correlated with estrogen level and negatively correlated with PTH leves (p<0.05). These results suggest that vitamin K and P levels are associated with bone health in pre-menopausal women, and estrogen and PTH levels are associated with bone health in post-menopausal women.