• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pre-Post Comparison

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A Service Facilities Evaluation of Inland River Cruise Ship by Pre-Post Comparison Based on IPA Methods (IPA분석방법에 의한 내륙연안 크루즈선의 서비스시설 사전-사후 비교 평가)

  • Wang, YiJue;Zhang, YunYao;Park, Keun-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.521-534
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    • 2019
  • From the day of luxurious inland river cruise ship started in Chongqing, China, the controversy is continuous; some people think those luxurious cruise ships on inland river might reduce the experience to enjoy the scenery of the Three Gorges, while some people think, which could improve the experience. In the study, the service facilities provided by luxurious inland river cruise ship will be evaluated by Pre-Post comparison based on IPA methods. After a review of the service facilities provided by luxurious inland river cruise ship running on Three Gorges areas. The tourists who would take the trip were asked to fill an questionnaire to examine the desired service facilities performance, which represents the highest level of the service facilities of the cruise ship that is expected by customers. After the trip, they were asked again to fill another questionnaire to examine the importance of service facilities and the performance of service. Pre-Post comparison would be examined to tell whether there is any change between pre and post experience. IPA would be used to evaluate the service facilities provided by inland river cruise ship. At last, some strategic suggestions to the development of inland river cruise ship are made.

Development of Construction Model of Disease Classification on Clinical Diagnosis in Ophthalmology (임상진단명에 따른 질병분류체계 구축모형 개발 - 안과를 대상으로 -)

  • Suh, Jin-Sook;Shin, Hee-Young;Kee, Chang-Won
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.204-215
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    • 2003
  • Background : ICD-10 Classification, which is used domestically as well as internationally, has limited use in the clinical practice since it is developed for at disease statistics and epidemiology. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to improve the quality of diagnosis by constructing a new disease classification based on the diagnoses doctors currently make in the clinical setting and connecting this classification with OCS and EMR, and to meet the demands of doctors for high quality medical study data in medical research. Methods : The specialists in each ophthalmic subfield collected clinical diagnoses and abbreviations based on the ophthalmology textbooks and confirmed the classifications. Total number of clinical diagnoses collected was totaled 672, for which ideal diagnoses had been selected and a new model of disease classification model in connection with ICD-10 was constructed. The constructed classification of clinical diagnoses consisted of six steps: the first step was the classification by ophthalmic subspecialty field; the second to fifth steps were the detailed classification by each specialty field; the sixth step was the classification by site. Results : After introducing the new disease classification, research on the use and a pre-post comparison was conducted. The result from the research on the use of the clinical diagnoses in inpatient and outpatient care has shown a gradually increasing tendency. From the pre-post comparison of EMR discharge summary diagnoses, the result demonstrated that the diagnosis was stated correctly and in detail. Since the diagnosis was stated correctly, code classification became correct as well, which makes it possible to construct high quality medical DB. Conclusion : This construction of clinical diagnoses provides the medical team with high quality medical information. It is also expected to increase the accuracy and efficiency of service in the department of medical record and department of insurance investigation. In the future, if hospitals wish to construct a classification of clinical diagnosis and a standard proposal of clinical diagnosis is presented by a medical society, the standardization of diagnosis seems to be possible.

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Clinical Usefulness of M-test on Patients with Chronic Neck Pain: A Single Arm Pre-post Comparison Study (M-test에 근거한 만성 경항통 환자의 진단 및 치료: 전후비교 임상연구)

  • Cho, Woo-Young;Chung, Seok-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2016
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of M-test (Meridian test) as an adjunctive evaluation and treatment in patients with chronic neck pain. Methods This study was a single arm pre-post comparison study. Thirty-six eligible subjects with chronic neck pain were recruited from August to September, 2015. M-test was used for evaluating the condition of meridian, which can induce the limitation of ROM and body discomfort. Subjects were offered intradermal acupuncture treatment on one-acupoint for 48 hours. Cervical numeric rating scale (NRS), cervical range of motion (ROM), neck disability index (NDI) and surface electromyography (SEMG) were measured before and after the treatment. Total NRS and the number of movement limitation of M-test were also measured before and after the treatment. Results Among the 36 participating subjects, 4 subjects were lost to follow-up or excluded in accordance with the criteria. Significant differences on Cervical NRS and NDI were found after the treatment (p<0.001). There was a significant difference in the range of left cervical rotation (p<0.05). Root mean square (RMS) of SEMG significantly decreased on the right sternocleidomastoid muscle (p<0.05), but significantly increased on the right trapezius muscle (p<0.05). Median frequency (MdF) of SEMG significantly increased on both sternocleidomastoid muscles. There appears to be significant differences after the treatment in total NRS and the number of movement limitation of M-test (p<0.05). Conclusions These results suggest that the evaluation and treatment of M-test based on the meridian and collateral theory were effective on cervical NRS and NDI, and also improved the movability of human body.

Effect of Continuous Antagonistic Muscle Strengthening and Evjenth-Hamberg Stretching on Pulmonary Function of Forward Head Posture Subjects

  • Park, Joo Hyun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.871-877
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    • 2015
  • This research was conducted to investigate the effect of continuous antagonistic muscle strengthening exercise and Evjenth-Hamberg stretching on the pulmonary function of university students with abnormal transformation of forward head posture(FHP). The results of study subject to the continuous antagonistic muscle strengthening(CAS) group(n=10) and Evjenth- Hamberg stretching(EHS) group(n=10) that was conducted 3 times a week for 6 weeks are as follow. FVC, IVC, and MVV all were shown to be significant in the pre post comparison between the CAS group and EHS group(p<.05), and significant difference was shown for MW between the two groups(p<.05) in which the CAS group showed better effect. Based on the results above, it is considered that combining continuous antagonistic muscle strengthening exercise has better effect on pulmonary function compared to application of only Evjenth-Hamberg stretching.

Effects of Skin Mobilization on Pain and Joint Range Improvement in Patients with Axillary Web Syndrome: A Single Case Report

  • Choi, Suhong;Lee, Sangyeol
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.112-115
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    • 2021
  • Objective: This study was conducted to apply skin mobilization to patients with Axillary web syndrome following breast cancer resection and to see the resulting changes in pain and joint range of motion. Design: Single case study,pre-post comparison. Methods: The subject was a female patient in her 40s who performed a mastectomy after being diagnosed with breast cancer, and then complained of uncomfortable pain from the shoulder joint to the axilla and limited range of motion. To implement a skin mobilization, the palms were adhered to the inner half of the arm, the arms were raised to a pain-free extent, and skin mobilization was performed. The skin was pulled in the direction of axilla and kept for 5 seconds 10 times for a total of 2 sets. Immediate changes in range of motion and pain were identified. Results: Following skin mobilization, there was an immediate increase in range of motion (pre 116°, post 140°) and a decrease in pain (NRS pre 5, post 2). And also uncomfortable pain, which is hard to define in words, also seems to have improved. Conclusions: Skin mobilization, which considers skin mobility for patients with Axillary web syndrome, can be considered for improving range of motion and restoring function in patients with pain due to fibrous bands around veins and lymphatic vessels, and is recommended as a new intervention method not used as a conventional treatment.

Development and Effect of Education Program for Enhancing Convergence Competence of Undergraduate Engineering Students (공학전공 학생들의 융합역량 증진을 위한 교육프로그램 개발 및 효과)

  • Jin, Sung-Hee;Kim, Jae Hee
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to develop an educational program to enhance convergence competence of undergraduate engineering students and analyze its educational effects. Prior to the development of the convergence education program for engineering students, 13 experts in engineering education field surveyed the needs of the convergence education program and 829 students from four engineering colleges in the Seoul metropolitan area, Chungcheong area and Honam area were assessed for the level of convergence competency. The educational program was developed based on the needs analysis and the program consisted of four major themes: convergence lecture, convergence competence, convergence practice, and convergence vision. The validity of the program was confirmed through the two expert validation tests. A total of 40 students participated in the selection of 10 students from each of the four universities. As a result of pre-post comparison of students' convergence competencies, the average of all competencies increased, and it was found that there were statistically significant differences in convergence mindset, differentiation mind, commitment, communication, and social value competence. Implications for the improvement of education programs and convergence education were suggested.

The effects of EMG-triggered functional electrical stimulation on upper extremity function in stroke patients

  • Kim, Young
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2013
  • Objective: The aim of this review is to explore the latest intervention trends and effects of EMG-triggered functional electrical stimulation on the upper extremity functions in stroke patients. Design: Systematic review on clinical trials. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify clinical trials evaluating the effects of EMG-triggered functional electrical stimulation (EMG-FES) and task-oriented EMG-triggered FES on the hand functions in stroke patients. Literature review was conducted with the following key words: hand function, functional electrical stimulation, task-oriented, stroke. Results: Ten clinical trials were included; 8 of them were randomized controlled trial, 1 was block-randomized, and 1 was a pre-post comparison study. A positive effect of electrical stimulation was reported in the patient groups that were treated with functional electrical stimulation combined with specific tasks, and volitional muscle contraction-triggered stimulation that was synchronized with tasks. Motor capabilities of the hand and arm were improved after the rehabilitation. Conclusions: EMG-triggered electrical stimulation may be more effective than non-triggered electrical stimulation in facilitating the hand functions in stroke patients in terms of muscle strength and voluntary muscle contraction of the paretic hand and arm. Triggered electrical stimulation can be even more effective when it is combined with specific tasks.

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A Review on Clinical Research Trends in the Treatment of Tai Chi on Anxiety (불안에 대한 태극권 치료의 해외 임상연구 동향)

  • Kim, Ju-Young;Hong, Min-Ho;Koo, Byung-Su;Kim, Geun-Woo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.275-285
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study was performed to review the research trends in the treatment of Tai Chi on anxiety. Methods: We searched for articles in Pubmed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from January 2009 to December 2018. The selected studies were evaluated by Jadad Scale. Results: One pre-post comparison study and seven controlled clinical trials were selected. HAMA (Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety) and STAI (State Anxiety Inventory) were the most frequently used diagnostic criteria. For outcome measurement, STAI was again the most commo. From Jadad Quality Assessment Scale of 8 articles, the overall quality of the studies was low. Conclusions: According to this study, it seemed that Tai Chi treatment on anxiety disorder is an effective and safe intervention. Therefore, based on this study, more clinical research on diverse forms of treatments of anxiety disorder should be performed in Korean medicine in the near future.

The Efficacy and Safety Human Study of Narasoo Healing Shampoo and Hair Tonic for Scalp's Lipids & Moisture and Hair Growth -One Center, one group pre-post comparison Pilot Human study- (나라수 힐링액 샴푸와 토닉의 모발 유수분과 양모 효능 및 안전성 연구 -단일기관, 단일군 전후 비교 예비 인체 적용 시험-)

  • Lee, Kyou-Young;Hong, Chul-Hee;Lee, Sung-Jin;Sun, Seung-Ho;Lee, Chun-Myeong
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.56-71
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : This study was carried out to examine the change of scalp and hair condition and to evaluate the efficacy of hair growth, subject's satisfaction and safety of the Narasoo healing shampoo and Hair tonic Methods : We offered 25 subjects Narasoo healing shampoo and Hair tonic and observed the changes among the starting point, 3rd week and 6th week. Study methods include the measurement of water and sebum content of the scalp, photo of scalp and hair, thermographic images and questionnaires. Results : It is estimated that Narasoo healing shampoo and Hair tonic have the positive effects on increase of water contents hair gloss, removal of excessive hair keratin, facilitation of hair growth, and decrease of sebum contents. Conclusions : Several meaningful effects of Narasoo healing shampoo and Hair tonic are observed in this study. Additional research is needed forward.

The Effect of Algorithm Execution Time Analysis using Unplugged Program on the Computational Thinking of Third Grade Students (언플러그드 방식을 활용한 알고리즘 수행시간 분석이 초등학교 3학년 학생의 컴퓨팅 사고력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Jungah;Oh, Minwoo;Yang, Younghun;Kim, Taehun;Kim, Jonghoon
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the effect of an unplugged educational program which focuses on the algorithm execution time analysis on enhancing the computational thinking of the third grade students. An unplugged educational program was developed by following the procedures of the ADDIE model based on the result of the demand analysis conducted with 70 incumbent elementary school teachers and 120 third grade students. The developed program was applied to 24 third grade students for 36 classes in six days and a comparison was made through pre-post comparison tests with 24 students who were taught with a board game program for the same period of time. As a result, the unplugged education program which focuses on the algorithm execution time analysis is deemed to have positive effect on the computational thinking of the third grade students.