• Title/Summary/Keyword: Practicum

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The Effect of Teacher's Image and Recognition of Teaching Practice for Student Teacher's Practicum Satisfaction (교사이미지와 교육실습에 대한 인식이 예비유아교사의 교육실습만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong Hee;Cho, Songyon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.8
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2012
  • This research has an objective of investigating the challenges that student teachers encounter during practicum, the difference between teachers' image based on sociodemographic variables, recognition and satisfaction for practicum, and the effect of teachers' image and practicum experience on the satisfaction for the practicum. The participants of this study included 500 student teachers who enrolled in the department of early childhood education in a 2 or 3-year college or a 4-year university and completed practicum in the Chungcheong area. The instruments for this study were Teacher's Image Scale, Practicum Experience Scale, Practicum Satisfaction Scale and a questionnaire for sociodemographic variables. The results were as follows: First, the highest level of teachers' image was obtained for student teachers enrolled in a 2-year college, completed practicum in large cities and finished practicum at an institution with a size of 3-6 classes. Also, the highest level of 'recognition for practicum' of student teachers was observed when they were instructed by a guidance teacher with a degree from a graduate school and with a first degree certification in public kindergarten. Second, the satisfaction for practicum of student teachers was mostly affected by' the atmosphere of the practice institutions', while personality affected the teachers' image.

A Study on the Actual Condition and Suggestions for Improvement in the Operation of the Field Practicum for Healthy Family (건강가정현장실습 운영실태와 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Son, Yeo-Kyoung;Lee, Song-Yi
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.247-280
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual conditions of management of the healthy family field practicum and to present suggestions for its improvement. For this purpose, a preliminary investigation, survey, data analysis, interview as secondary source, and final data analysis were processed as research methods. The subjects of this study were the 42 supervisors in the centers which oversee the field practicum experience and the 12 supervisors in the centers which do not oversee the field practicum experience. 3 supervisors were interviewed to inquire about the reformation of field instruction in Healthy Family Support Centers. Analysis was made of the general characteristics of the above-mentioned 54 supervisors, including sex, age, academic background, certificate of qualification, class of position, and length of career related to the healthy family program. The environment of the field practice, such as the numbers of students supervised, time of field practice, practice hours, and so on, was examined in the centers which oversee the field practicum experience. The actual condition of operation investigated was divided into the preparatory stage, the early stage, the midterm stage, and the end stage. Research was conducted on the improvement of the field practicum, including the proper number of students supervised, adequate practice hours, interaction with universities or colleges, obstacles to the field practicum, and of practicum. The possibility and preparation of a further field practicum was conducted for 12 Healthy Family Support Centers, by inquiring about (a) the reasons for not overseeing the field practicum experience and (b) the needs of universities or colleges for a field practicum. The 54 supervisors surveyed suggested a particular need for improvement in human resources, the space of field instruction, system of field practicum, length of practice hours, orientation for students etc. This study investigated the actual conditions and suggested improvements of the field practicum in Healthy Family Support Centers. Therefore, its results should be meaningfully used to develop the Field Practicum for the Healthy Family and to conduct further studies.

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Effects of Gerontological Nursing Practicum on Attitudes toward Elders with Dementia and General Elders among Korean Nursing Students

  • Kim Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.645-651
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    • 2006
  • Purpose. This study investigated changes in attitudes toward elders in general and elders with dementia after students finished a gerontological nursing practicum. Methods. Questionnaires developed for Asian cultures were administered pre practicum, immediately post practicum, and at 8-months follow up to 31 senior students in a baccalaureate nursing program. The 1-week practicum occurred at two adult day care centers: a center for elders with dementia and a center for elders with stroke. Repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni correction procedures were used to analyze data. Results. Students' evaluation of elder vitality and flexibility increased significantly at post practicum, however this increase was not sustained at follow up. Score of generosity of elders, the only positively evaluated dimension for elders in general, improved partly at post practicum. Students evaluated flexibility and generosity of elders with dementia more negatively than general elders. All of the decreased attitudes at follow up were not significantly different from those at pre practicum. Conclusions. Students had more negative attitudes toward elders with dementia. Attitudes of students in direct contact with elders with dementia were improved through the practicum regarding generosity and flexibility. However the sustainability of the immediate effect was not observed at follow up.

Effect of teaching practicum for pre-service mathematics teachers' perception changes about teacher's knowledge (학교현장실습이 중등 예비수학교사들의 교사의 지식에 대한 인식 변화에 미친 영향)

  • Shim, Sang Kil;Lee, Kang Sup
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.351-363
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    • 2015
  • In this study, 45 pre-service mathematics teachers were surveyed about how the perception of knowledge through teaching practicum have changed and how the knowledge learned in college and teaching practicum helped to format teachers' knowledge and analyzed survey's result. Pre-service mathematics teachers felt the knowledge for understanding students were needed the most and considered the experiences from teaching practicum were more useful than the knowledge learned from college classes. However, they had low appreciations on connecting knowledge on learned contents with real-life or other subjects and on necessity of knowledge of using various learning tools or mathematical materials in class. Also, they have answered the knowledges from college classes and teaching practicum were useless in those areas. Especially, they pointed out that guidance teachers during teaching practicum were insufficient in instructing. Therefore, we suggest the following two to improve the teaching ability of pre-service mathematics teachers through teaching practicum. First, college and secondary school cooperating programs such as class-observation and student-mentor system connected with local society should be developed. Second, the special re-training program for guidance teachers of teaching practicum is needed.

The Effect of Self-Efficacy and Teacher's Image on Student Teachers' Practicum Anxiety (예비유아교사의 교육실습불안에 대한 자기효능감과 교사이미지의 영향)

  • Cho, Songyon;Lee, Jeong Hee
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate early childhood student teachers' practicum anxiety on the basis of the teacher's image and self-efficacy during their practicum. The participants of this study were 499 student teachers who were enrolled in the department of early childhood education in a college or a university and had completed the practicum in Daejeon metropolitan city or the Chungcheong area. The instruments for this study were the Teacher's Image Scale, Practicum Anxiety Scale, Self-efficacy Scale, and a questionnaire for socio-demographic variables. The collected data were analyzed by using a t -test, F test, Pearson's partial correlation, and multiple regression with SPSS software (version 20.0). The results were as follows: First, the student teachers expressed higher practicum anxiety in a provincial area than in metropolitan city, and their self-efficacy was higher in public kindergarten than in private kindergarten. Further, the highest level of the teacher's image was obtained in the case of student teachers who enrolled in a 2- or 3-year college program and completed the practicum in the metropolitan city. Second, there was a significant negative correlation between the sum of student teachers' practicum anxiety and their professional skills of teacher's image as well as significant correlations between the sum of student teachers' practicum anxiety and their self-efficacy, except self-control efficacy. Finally, the student teachers' practicum anxiety was found to be 17.5%-24.4% and was explained the most by the confidence of self-efficacy.

The Current State and Future Directions of Clinical Practicum for Adult Health Nursing at Four-year Nursing Colleges in Korea (4년제 간호대학 성인간호학 실습교육의 현황과 발전방향)

  • Kim, Nam-Cho;Lee, Hyang-Yeon;Kim, Boon-Han;Shin, Kyung-Rim
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.831-843
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    • 2005
  • Objective: The study was conducted by the Association of Korean College of Nursing in order to survey and analyze the current state of clinical practicum for adult health nursing at four-year nursing college in Korea and to suggest improvements in the contents and methods of clinical practicum and its future direction. Method: Data were collected using a survey by mail from July to November 2004 using a structured questionnaire on the general state of clinical practicum for adult health nursing. The questionnaires were sent to 53 nursing colleges throughout the country, and 47 recovered questionnaires were analyzed. Results: The number of credits for adult health nursing practicum was 7~10(average range), and various nursing fields were used in clinical practicum. The number of students per team was 5~6 at general wards and 3~4 at intensive care units. Students also experienced practicum during daytime and in the evening. Clinical practicum for adult health nursing was led by full-time professors and field practicum directors. In clinical practicum for adult health nursing, almost every college evaluated students' attitude, skills, leadership, etc. in various forms. Conclusions: It is urgent to develope a standardized evaluation tool for clinical practicum.

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A Study on Changes of Confidence in Core Basic Nursing Skill by Each Period of Clinical Practicum of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 임상실습 시기별 핵심기본간호술 수행자신감의 변화양상)

  • Choi, Mi-Suk;Dong, Hwa-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.329-338
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate confidence in core basic nursing skill each period of clinical practicum and discover the changes, depending on characteristics of periods. The data was collected for 94 nursing students attending a university located in J-do from Mar. 9 to Dec. 16 2016 for 4 times in total. For data analysis, the frequency analysis, descriptive statistics and paired t-test were used. The research findings showed that confidence in core basic nursing skill by each period of clinical practicum was lowest before clinical practicum in general but gradually increased depending on lapse of time and experience of clinical practicum. However, it decreased in all items after having first clinical practicum in the $2^{nd}$ semester, compared to after first clinical practicum in the $1^{st}$ semester. In addition, the difference of confidence in core basic nursing skill between clinical practicum periods was higher after the first clinical practicum in the $1^{st}$ semester and after clinical practicum at the end of school year, compared to before clinical practicum and after the first clinical practicum in the $2^{nd}$ semester respectively. Therefore, this study suggested that it's necessary to have efficient and systematic clinical practicum education strategy, reflecting the characteristics of periods in clinical practicum in order to improve the confidence in core basic nursing skill of nursing students.

The Present Status and Future Direction of Practicum of Fundamentals of Nursing in Baccalaureate Nursing Programs (4년제 간호대학(과) 기본간호학 실습교육의 현황과 발전방향)

  • Byeon, Young-Soon
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the present status of practicum of fundamentals of nursing in baccalaureate nursing programs. Method: This study used a descriptive design surveying status of practicum of fundamentals of nursing from 47 schools. The instruments developed by investigator based on Shin's(2003) findings. The data collected were analyzed by SAS and the content analyses. Result: 1) The aims of fundamental nursing practicum were 'the acquirement of knowledge on fundamental nursing skill and attitude, and their implementations'. 2) 45 schools had their own practicum labs and the number of a group was 5 or 6. The mean number of student was 37.8 and the mean size of the labs was 169m2(${\pm}\;93.6$). 3) The credit of lecture and practicum ranged from 3 to 4 and in 32% schools, one professor and one teaching assistant were responsible for the practicum of fundamental nursing. 4) The teaching methods of practicum were shown as demonstration, role play, case study presentation, special lecture, video, computer simulation, and so forth. 5) The practice evaluation was used practice examination and students' self evaluation. Conclusion: The studies require of the contents and the evaluation method corresponding to the course objectives.

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A Study Related to Self-Efficacy, Satisfaction with Practice and Fundamentals of Nursing Practicum (일 대학 간호학생의 자기효능감, 실습만족도 및 기본간호수기술과의 관계)

  • Shin, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.380-386
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among self-efficacy, satisfaction with practice and fundamentals of nursing practicum in student nurses. Method: The participants were 185 first year students at K College of Nursing in Jeonbuk Province who were taking a practicum for Fundamentals of Nursing and agreed to participate in the study. Data collection was done from November 19 to 30, 2007. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire on self-efficacy, satisfaction with practice and fundamentals of nursing practicum. Data were analyzed by SPSS-PC ver 12.0. Results: Self-efficacy and fundamentals of nursing practicum were significantly different depending on satisfaction with major and school life. Satisfaction with practice was significantly different depending on relationship with schoolmates and school life. Self-efficacy showed a significantly positive correlation with satisfaction with practice and fundamentals of nursing practicum. Also, satisfaction with practice showed a significantly positive correlation with fundamentals of nursing practicum. Conclusion: This study suggests that self-efficacy helps student nurses to plan a self-directed nursing performance, improves their ability to solve problems and helps to perform fundamentals of nursing practicum well.

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An Analysis of the Contents of Pre-Service Early Childhood Teacher's Practicum Experience in Kindergartens and Child Care Centers Shown in Practice Teaching Journals (실습일지에 나타난 예비유아교사의 교육실습 및 보육실습 내용 분석)

  • Lee, Mi Ran
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.227-248
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the contents of pre-service early childhood teacher's practicum experience in kindergartens and child care centers through the analysis of practice teaching journals. The subjects of this study were a total 52 practice teaching journals of 26 pre-service early childhood teachers who completed their practicum in kindergartens and child care centers. This study analyzed the type of teaching practice management, the type of activities, and the contents of journal writings. The findings are as follows; First, pre-service teachers experienced a similar ratio of the type of teaching practice management in both types of teaching practice. Second, pre-service teachers performed more group activities in practicum in kindergartens, but more choice activities in practicum in child care centers. Third, the journal writing contents of pre-service teachers in both types of teaching practice mainly addressed the operating of educational and child care activities, and the execution of observing young children. But some categories of teacher's competency were hardly addressed. The results of this study could be used as basic data for designing early childhood practicum programs.