• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pound net

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Feeding Habits of the Pacific Cod Gadus macrocephalus in Southeast Sea of Korea (한국 남동부해역 대구 Gadus macrocephalus의 식성)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Jung Nyun;Park, Junsu;Park, Tamina;Nam, Ki Mun
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.142-148
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    • 2015
  • The feeding habits of the Pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus were studied using 620 specimens collected by bottom trawl and pound net in the Southeast sea of Korea, from February 2012 to June 2013. Of 620 specimens, 192 contained food and 428 were empty. The total length (TL) of individuals used in this study ranged from 20.4 to 95.2 cm. Pacific cod mainly consumed Pisces, Macrura, and Cephalopoda. Its diet also included small quantities of Anomura, Brachyura, Mysidacea, Isopoda and Amphipoda. The proportion of Pisces in prey items increased with increasing Pacific cod length, but seasonal difference was not observed. The proportion of Macrura and Cephalopoda decreased with growth, and seasonal differences were apparent. Macrura were taken there mainly from autumn to winter, whereas Cephalopoda were consumed from spring to summer.

Food Components and Quality Characteristics of Boiled-Dried Anchovies Caught by Pound Net (죽방 마른멸치의 성분조성 및 품질)

  • 김종태;강수태;강정구;최동진;김석무;오광수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.1186-1192
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    • 2003
  • The food components and quality characteristics of two kinds of boiled-dried anchovies (Engraulis japonica) in the Korean market such as the Jukbang-Myoel (JM) and Kwonhyunmang-Myeol (KM) were investigated. KM was higher in moisture content, and lower in crude protein and lipid contents than JM. Volatile basic nitrogen was higher in KM than in JM, whereas TBA value showed higher levels in JM. Total combined amino acid contents of KM and JM were 41.9∼46.6 g/100 g and 42.0∼49.2 g/100 g, respectively, and large sized boiled-dried anchovies revealed higher contents than small sized ones in both samples. Their major amino acids were Glu, Asp, His, Leu, Ala and Arg. Total lipids of KM and JM were consisted of 55.4 ∼ 68.4%, 53.0 ∼ 68.0% neutral lipid and 31.6∼44.6%,32.0∼47.0% polar lipid, respectively, and their major fatty acids were 14:0, 16:0, 16:1n-7, 18:1n-9, 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3. In taste compounds of boiled-dried anchovies, free amino acid contents of Km and JM were 953.7 ∼ 1,044.8 mg/100 g and 968.8 ∼ 1,306.4 mg/100 g, respectively, and main free amino acids were Tau, His, Ala, 1-methyl his, Lys, Glu and Gly. The contents of other taste-active components such as IMP, total creatinine, TMAO and inorganic ions were not significantly different between KM and JM. The results of sensory evaluations for organoleptic characteristics, small sized JM showed no difference in sensory qualities, whereas large sized JM showed good qualities for appearance, taste and odor compared with KM.

Study on the Intensive Catching Method of Anchovy for Live Bait-I. An Experiment on the Towing Method of Holding Creel (활멸치의 집약적 생산수단에 관한 연구 - I 축양조의 예인방법에 관한 실험)

  • Lee, Byoung-Gee;Yang, Yong-Rim;Su, Young-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 1979
  • At the holding of live anchovies which will be used as bait for the skipjack fishing, it is necessary to transrer the holding creel to the holding ground from the long distanted fishing ground. Usually, the creel made with net webbing and shaped like pound, was towed with a tow rope fastened to the front fringe or it, when two serious problems were found. The one was that the leading flap or the webbing of creel was drifted backward by the drag and caused to decrease the volume of the creel and made anchovies mortal. The other was that much time were spent to tow creels for long distance with slow speed, whereas to tow fast made anchovies worn out and caused them mortal. To prevent these defect, the authors carried out a model experiment in a circular flowing tank with a 1/15 scale model creel by four different arrangement of towing, and found out two suitable method, then these two methods were experimented in the sea with full rigged creel, and found the most suitable method out. To decrease the interior current speed of the creel even if it was towed fast, the apron which made by the same webbing of the creel body was enclosed the leading flap of creel, when the interior current speed showed the 35 to 40 percent of towing speed, whereas it showed 50 to 55 percent without apron.

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