• Title, Summary, Keyword: Postpartum-depression

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COMORBIDITY AND RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CHILDREN WHO HAVE THE SYMPTOMS OF OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER - COMMUNITY BASED STUDY - (반항성 도전 장애 아동과 연관된 공존 증상 및 위험 요인에 관한 연구 - 지역사회 연구 -)

  • Kim Boong-Nyun;Jung Kwang-Mo;Cho Soo Churl;Hong Kang-E
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : To acquire an improved understanding of oppositional defiant disorder, we evaluated the characteristics of children who have the symptoms of ODD in community sample. Methods : 1200 children from an elementary school in Bucheon (an urban community near Seoul) were recruited by randomized sampling method. By Disruptive Behavior Disorder Scale according to DSM-III-R & DSM-IV, we evaluated the symptoms of ODD and selected subjects with ODD. Psychiatric comorbidity, character trait were compared in subjects with ODD and comparison group. Also we examined the association between prenatal/perinatal risk factors, family functions and the symptoms of ODD. Data were analyzed by appropriate statistical method using SPSS 11.5 window version. Result : Children with oppositional defiant disorder were revealed to have significantly higher rates of psychiatric comorbidity and significantly greater family dysfunction compared to comparison group. Among the prenatal/perinatal risk factors, severe emotional stress during pregnancy, postpartum depression, medication during pregnancy were revealed as risk factors of ODD. In character inventory, ODD group were evaluated to have high score in novelty seeking, harm avoidance, but low in reward dependency. Conclusion : These results support that 1) prenatal/perinatal and psycho-social risk factors could be a important role in the progression of ODD, and 2) children with ODD have diverse comorbid psychiatric symptoms.

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