• Title, Summary, Keyword: Portulaca oleracea

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Antimicrobial Effect of Portulaca oleracea Extracts on Food-Borne Pathogens

  • Bae, Ji-Hyun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.306-311
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    • 2004
  • This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial effects of Portulaca oleracea extracts against food-borne pathogens. First, the Portulaca oleracea was extracted with methanol at room temperature, and then further fractionated by using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of the Portulaca oleracea extracts was determined using a paper disc method against food-borne pathogens and food spoilage bacteria. The ethyl acetate extracts of Portulaca oleracea showed the highest antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella dysenteriae. There was also a synergistic effect of the combined extracts of Portulaca oleracea and Indigofera kirilowii as compared to each extract alone. Finally, the growth inhibition curve of ethyl acetate extracts of Portulaca oleracea against Staph­ylococcus aureus and Shigella dysenteriae was determined The ethyl acetate extract of Portulaca oleracea showed strong antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus at the concentration of 4,000 ppm. The 4,000 ppm of ethyl acetate extract from Portulaca oleracea, retarded the growth of S. aureus by more than 24 hand Shigella dysenteriae up to 12 h at $37^{\circ}C$.

Anti-oxidant Effects of Portulaca oleracea L. on HCl-ethanol Induced Gastritis in Rats (염산-에탄올에 의해 유발된 흰쥐 위염에 대한 마치현의 항산화 작용)

  • Kim, Chae-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether or not a pretreatment with Portulaca oleracea has an antioxidant effect in HCl-ethanol induced gastric mucosal damage. Methods : We elucidated the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation, and two important constituents of antioxidant defense such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) in these effects. Results : The oral administration of crude extract from P. oleracea attenuated the gastritic lesion area, submucosal edema and hemorrhage, and mucosal necrosis induced by HCl-ethanol. The MDA levels of control group were higher than those in the rats given the P. oleracea pretreatment. While the GSH levels of control were decreased, the GSH activity on the gastric mucosal layer maintain normal level in rats given the Portulaca oleracea pretreatment before HCl-ethanol induced gastritis significantly increased. However, the SOD activites were not altered by P. oleracea. Conclusions : The administration of Portulaca oleracea have a protective antioxidant effect against the gastric lesion induced by HCl-ethanol and may therefore be a promising drug for gastritis and gastric ulcer.

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Effect of Portulaca oleracea Extract in Removing Nicotine Component of Tobacco (쇠비름 추출물이 담배의 Nicotine 성분 제거에 미치는 영향)

  • 배지현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.607-612
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    • 1999
  • Cigarette smoking is the potential risk factor for lung cancer and chronic pulmonary disease, as well as inflammatory bowel disease and reproductive malfunction. Nicotine and tar have been im plicated as a major factor in the pathogenesis of the diseases. Nicotine increases heart rate and blood pressure due to stimulation sympathetic neurotransmission and tar also accounts for the severe damage of peridontal diseases and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Portulaca oleracea, which contains significant amount of K+, noradrenaline and dopamine as well as various nutrients, has been used for many medicinal purposes and one of which is the detoxification of insect or snake toxins. The purpose of this study was to investigate the action of Portulaca oleracea extracts on the reduction of harmful materials of tabacco. The reduction percentages were measured in the presence and absence of each solvent extract of Portulaca oleracea using reversed C18 column of HPLC. Nicotine reduction effects were obtained from aqueous, methanol and chloroform extracts of Portulaca oleracea as 89%, 55% and 51%, respectively. The results suggest that the polar extracts of Portulaca oleracea affects the reduction of nicotine which is responsible for many diseases.

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Effects of Portulaca Oleracea L. Extract on Lipolysis and Hormone Sensitive Lipase (HSL) Gene Expression in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes (마치현 추출물이 3T3-L1 지방세포에서 지방 분해 및 Hormone Sensitive Lipase (HSL) 유전자 발현에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Mak-Soon;Kim, Chong-Tai;Kim, Chul-Jin;Cho, Young-Jin;Kim, Yang-Ha
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.742-747
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to investigate the lipolytic effects of Portulaca oleracea L. extract in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The Portulaca oleracea L. was extracted with extrusion method using twin-screw extruder under $58{\sim}60rpm$ screw speed, $4{\sim}5kg/hr$ feed rate, $140^{\circ}C$ extrusion temperature. The lipolytic action of Portulaca oleracea L. extract was estimated by measuring the amount of glycerol and free fatty acids (FFA) released from 3T3-L1 adipocytes and by measuring the cellular lipid content in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) mRNA level was analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR. The Portulaca oleracea L. extract at 1 to $100{\mu}g/ml$ suppressed lipid accumulation. The release of glycerol and FFA into the medium, and the mRNA level of HSL were significantly increased by the addition of Portulaca oleracea L. extract at dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, the Portulaca oleracea L. extract was suggested to have the lipolytic effect through release of lipolytic products (FFA and glycerol) of triacylglyceride to the culture medium and suppression of lipid accumulation via up-regulation of HSL gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

Antihyperlipidemic Effect of Diet Containing Portulaca oleracea L. Ethanol Extract in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice (고지방식이로 유도된 비만 Mice에서 쇠비름 에탄올 추출물의 고지혈증 개선효과)

  • Won, Hyang-Rye;Kim, Soo-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.538-543
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted for the antihyperlipidemic effect of ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea in high fat diet-induced obese mice after having injected the ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea to the obese mice with high fat diet. The 30 six-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were divided into 3 groups of 10 and fed for 5 weeks to be obese with high fat diet. Thereafter, for 4 weeks, ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea was provided through oral injection to the 3 groups: control group (HFD), group injected with 75 mg/kg of ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea (HFD+POE 75) and the group injected with 125 mg/kg of ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea (HFD+POE 125). The serum and liver lipid and the alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) activity were measured. The result showed that there was no significant difference in weight gain and feed intake, and the feed efficiency ratio was significantly low in the group provided with ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea. Serum total cholesterol was significantly low in the group of ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea (HFD+POE 125). It appeared that all the groups provided with ethanol extract from Portulaca loeracea reduced plasma triglyceride significantly according to the ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea dose. There was no dose dependency of HDL-cholesterol to the dose of ethanol extract of Portulaca oleracea. LDL-cholesterol was low in the group dosed with high ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea (HFD+POE 125). There was difference of total cholesterol, triglyceride and total lipid contents in liver. AI (atherogenic index) and CRF (cardiac risk factor) were significantly low in the group with high dose of ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea (HFD+POE 125). There was no difference of serum AST activity, however, serum ALT activity was significantly low in the group with high dose of ethanol extract from Portulaca oleracea (HFD+POE 125).

Anti-Asthmatic Effects of Portulaca Oleracea and its Constituents, a Review

  • Khazdair, Mohammad Reza;Anaeigoudari, Akbar;Kianmehr, Majid
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The medicinal plants are believed to enhance the natural resistance of the body to infections. Some of the main constituents of the plant and derived materials such as, proteins, lectins and polysaccharides have anti-inflammatory effects. Portulaca oleracea (P. oleracea) were used traditionally for dietary, food additive, spice and various medicinal purposes. This review article is focus on the anti-asthmatic effects of P. oleracea and its constituents. Methods: Various databases, such as the PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar, were searched the keywords including "Portulaca oleracea", "Quercetin", "Anti-inflammatory", "Antioxidant", "Cytokines", "Smooth muscle ", and " Relaxant effects " until the end of Jul 2018. Results: P. oleracea extracts and its constituents increased $IFN-{\gamma}$, IL-2, $IFN{\gamma}/IL-4$ and IL- 10/IL-4 ratio, but decreased secretion of $TNF-{\alpha}$, IL-4 and chemokines in both in vitro and in vivo studies. P. oleracea extracts and quercetin also signifcantly decreased production of NO, stimulated ${\beta}$-adrenoceptor and/or blocking muscarinic receptors in tracheal smooth muscles. Conclusion: P. oleracea extracts and quercetin showed relatively potent anti-asthmatic effects due to decreased production of NO, inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, reduced oxidant while enhanced antioxidant markers, and also showed potent relaxant effects on tracheal smooth muscles via stimulatory on ${\beta}$-adrenoceptor or/and blocking muscarinic receptors.

Cyclooxgenase Inhibitory Components from Portulaca oleracea

  • Kim, Jeong-Ah;Yang, Seo-Young;Kang, Sang-Jin;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 2012
  • Five triterpenoids, epifriedelanol (1), friedelin (2), lupeol (3), ${\beta}$-sitosterol (4), daucosterol (5), and one phenyl propanoids ester, trans-docosanoyl ferulate (6) were isolated from the whole parts of Portulaca oleracea. They were determined using a combination of spectroscopic analyses ($^1H-$, $^{13}C$-NMR, and MS data) and evaluated for their cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity. Compound 6 exhibited inhibitory effect with $IC_{50}$ values of $40.2{\mu}M$ and 1.6 mM on COX-1 and COX-2 activities, respectively.

Neuroprotective Effect of Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Portulaca oleracea L. (마치현 에틸아세테이트 분획물의 뇌세포 보호효과)

  • Im, Nam Kyung;Jeong, Gil Saeng
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.379-383
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    • 2013
  • Portulaca oleracea L. is known to have many biological benefits such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-tumor. The objective of this study is to explore the neuroprotective effect of P. oleracea L. against glutamate-induced oxidative stress in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells. P. oleracea L. 70% ethanol extract and solvent fractions have the potent neroprotective effects on glutamate-induced nerotoxicity by induced the expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in HT22 cells. Especially, ethyl acetate fraction showed higher protective effect. In HT22 cell, P. oleracea L. treatment with ERK inhibitor (PD98059) and c-JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor (SP600125) reduced P. oleracea L. ethyl acetate fraction induced HO-1 expression and P. oleracea L. ethyl acetate fraction also increased ERK and JNK phosphorylation. Furthermore, we found that treatment of P. oleracea L. caused the nuclear accumulation of Nrf2. In conclusion, the ethyl acetate fraction of 70% ethanol extract of P. oleracea L. significantly protect glutamate-induced oxidative damage by induction of HO-1 via Nrf2, ERK and JNK pathway in mouse hippocampal HT22. Taken together these finding suggest that P. oleracea L. ethyl acetate fraction is good source for taking active compounds and may be a potential therapeutic agent for brain disorder that induced by oxidative stress and neuronal damage.

A Study on Photosynthesis and Nitrogen Assimilation in Cactus -Portulaca oleracea L.- (Cactus의 광합성과 질소동화작용에 관한 연구 - 한국산 쇠비름(Portulaca oleracea L.) -)

  • 장남기;김희백
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.125-142
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    • 1996
  • Crassulacean acid metaholism (CAM) was investigated in leaves and stems of the succulent $C_4$dicot Portulaca oleracea L. Under 14-hour days, stem tissues showed much greater fluctuation of acidity than leaf tissues. But leaf and stem tissues showed almost same CAM-like pattern of acid fluctuation under 8-hour days. Stem tissues of R oleracea grown under the naturai environment showed high CAM activity, but no CAM activity was seen in leaves of those plants. In the naturally growing plants, the rapid acidification was seen in intact stems at dawn, but defoliated stems showed only a gradual increase. RuBP carlboxylase activity was very high at 2:00 P.M. in both leaves and stems. However, its activity at 1:00 A.M. and 5:30 AM. was hardly detected. particularly, activity of PEP carboxylase in leaves was very high in the early morning, though that in stem tissues was little. These results indicate that $CO_2$ passed through open stomata at dawn may be assimilated by PEP carboxylase in leaves, and then $C_4$ products move to stems. The levels of nitrate concentration and of nitrate reductase were higher in stems than in leaves. The levels were also higher in the light than in the dark. It would be suggested that considerable amount of nitrate absorbed from roots ho assimilated in stems, and nitrate transferred to leaves via stem tissues be reduced there. Key words: Portalaca oleracea, Cactus, Photosynthesis, Nitrogen assimilation, Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM).

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Biological And Antimicrobial Activity of Portulaca oleracea (Portulaca oleracea의 생리활성과 항균활성)

  • Cho, Young-Je;Ju, In-Sik;Kwon, Oh-Jun;Chun, Sung-Sook;An, Bong-Jeun;Kim, Jeung-Hoan
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2008
  • The concentration of total phenolic compounds of the water extracts and 80% ethanol extracts form Portulaca oleracea were 3.05 ${\mu}g/ml$ and 6.33 ${\mu}g/ml$, respectively. The total antioxidant activities of water extracts and 80% ethanol extracts of Portulaca oleracea were 89.2% and 72.9% in DPPH assay, 69.0% and 96.5% in ABTS assay, antioxidant protection factor of the water and 80% ethanol extracts were each 2.73 PF and 3.63 PF. Tyrosinase inhibitory activities were water extracts and 80% ethanol extracts of Portulaca oleracea were 20.2% and 38.7%. Portulaca oleracea showed high antimicrobial activites against Helicobater pylori, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericia coli and Streptococcus mutans. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) on Helicobacter pylori, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escheichia coli and Streptococcus mutans were 200, 50, 100, 100 and 150 ${\mu}g/ml$, respectively. The result suggest that Portulaca oleracea extracts may be useful as potential source as antioxidant and antimicrobials.