• Title, Summary, Keyword: Popped Soybean

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Effects of Popped Soybean on Concentration of Ruminal Peptide and Blood Amino Acids in Holstein Calves

  • Kim, H.D.;Ha, J.K.;Itabashi, H.;Kim, S.W.;Kim, W.Y.;Ko, Y.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 1998
  • This study conducted to evaluate effects of popped soybean on levels of ruminal peptides and blood amino acids in Holstein calves fed sudan grass hay as a forage source and popped (PSB) soybean as a concentrate supplement. At 0, 2, 4 and 6 h after feeding, rumen fluid and blood samples were collected from the rumen and jugular vein, respectively, and amino acids, peptides and other nitrogen-containing compounds in the rumen were analyzed. Ruminal pH tended to be higher in the RSB than in the PSB treatments, and declined upto 4 h after feeding, since then increased in both treatments. The concentrations of ammonia-N in all treatments increased upto 2 h after feeding, and then decreased gradually with time after feeding. The concentrations of ammonia N in the rumen were not significantly different between the treatments, however, those in RSB treatment appeared to be higher. Also, protein concentrations in the rumen were not significantly different between the treatments. Peptide productions were the highest at 2 h after feeding in the group fed RSB which is rapidly degradable in rumen, whereas those in the group fed PSB which is slowly degradable in rumen were maximized at 4 h after feeding. The concentration of total free essential amino acids in plasma was higher in the RSB treatment than in the PSB, but disappearance rates of these amino acids out of plasma was higher in the PSB treatment than in the RSB treatment. Disappearance rates of free non-essential amino acids in plasma were not significantly different between the treatments. Consequently, this study implies that the production of peptide and utilization of blood amino acid may be controlled by the modification of protein degradability.

The Effect of Hydrated Soybean Oil on Quality of Popped Rice for Preparing Salyeotgangjung (쌀엿강정용 팽화쌀 품질에 대한 대두경화유의 영향)

  • Kim, Myoung-Ae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.679-684
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    • 2006
  • In this experiment, I used three samples of oils. The oils that I used were hydrated soybean oil, pure soybean oil and regular soybean oil. The group of rice was fried in the each sample of oil that had not been used for a few seconds. Rice was used after frying at 230-235$^{\circ}C$ every four hours terms and total frying hours was 12 hours. The hydrated soybean oils was least affected in rancidity. The other two oils were more affected in rancidity than the hydrated soybean oil. However, the trans fatty acid in hydrated soybean oil was 36.5%. The diameter of the poped rice that was fried in pure soybean oil and regular soybean oil that had been used 12 for hours was reduced while the diameter of the popped rice fried in the hydrated soybean oil was not reduced. Also, the groups of rice fried in the pure and the regular soybean oil that had been used for 12 hours reduced the hardness in rice while the group that fried in the hydrated soybean oil at the 12th hour kept the hardness well. In sensory evaluation, rancidity order was found apparently in the pure soybean oil that had been used for 12 hour and in the regular soybean oil that have been used for eight hours and 12 hours. Only the hydrated soybean oil did not have distinctive rancidity order at all. The degree of the crispiness was reduced in the pure soybean oil and in the regular soybean oil at 12th hour frying. However, the hydrated soybean oil preserved the crispiness well until the end of 12 hours of frying. In overall preference test, the pure and regular soybean oil that had been used for 12 hour were not preferable. In conclusion, I found that the group fried in the hydrated soybean oil was better in every evaluation than the groups fried in the pure soybean oil and in regular soybean oil. The hydrated Soybean oil may be better to be used in food manufacturing if the trans fatty acid in the hydrated soybean oil can be reduced.

Quality characteristics of popped rice Doenjang prepared with Bacillus subtilis strains (Bacillus subtilis 균주를 이용하여 제조한 팽화미 된장의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Kyung Ha;Kim, Eun Ju;Choi, Hye Sun;Park, Shin Young;Kim, Jae Hyun;Song, Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.545-552
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of popped rice Doenjang prepared with different Bacillus strains (Bacillus subtilis KACC 15935, and Bacillus subtilis HJ18-9). The changes in the enzyme activity (protease, cellulase, and ${\alpha}$-amylase), amino-type nitrogen and ammonia-type nitrogen contents, and the reducing sugar were investigated during the fermentation period. Enzymes such as protease, cellulase, and a-amylase plays an important role in the changes in composition of nutrients, and in flavor and taste of popped rice Doenjang. Protease activities of the popped rice deonjang fermented with different Bacillus strains (control, B. subtilis KACC 15935, and B. subtilis HJ18-9) was in the range of 171.77-185.97 unit/g at the beginning of fermentation, and there were no significant differences among the samples. On the other hand, the protease activity in popped rice Doenjang fermented with B. subtilis HJ18-9 increased significantly up to $248.77{\pm}4.53unit/g$ at the end of fermentation (p<0.05). Cellulase activity and a-amylase activity of popped rice Doenjang in HJ18-9 was higher than these of other samples. After 56 days of fermentation, amino-type nitrogen in popped rice deonjang fermented with control, B. subtilis KACC 15935, and B. subtilis HJ18-9 increased significantly up to $174.99{\pm}3.70$, $166.59{\pm}1.40$, $225.39{\pm}3.70mg%$, respectively (p<0.05). These results suggested that B. subtilis HJ18-9 was a suitable starter for the preparation of soybean paste.

Quality Characteristics of Yukwa (Popped Rice Snack) made by Different Varieties of Rice (쌀 품종별 유과제조 특성)

  • Shin, Dong-Hwa;Kim, Myung-Kon;Chung, Tae-Kyu;Lee, Hyun-Yu
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.820-825
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    • 1989
  • Yukwa (one of most popular Korean traditional popped rice snacks) was made by four different varieties of rice, Shinsun (Japonica) and Hangang $(Japonica{\times}Indica)$ which are waxy rice and Dongjin (Japonica) and Samgang $(Japonica{\times}Indica)$ which are non waxy rice, for their quality by total expansion volume, hardness and brittleness. It was notified that hydration rate of waxy and non waxy rice for preparation of Yukwa were different by 30% and 42% in moisture content respectively soaked at $12^{\circ}C$ for 12 hours and the gelatinization temperature of their starch was $64.5-67.5^{\circ}C$ with no big difference by varieties. The quality of Yukwa was deeply related with amylose contents ranging from 18.5% of non waxy rice to 2-3% of waxy rice. Superior quality (p<0.05) was got from waxy rice. Lactic acid bacterial fermentation didn't improve the quality, and soybean and rice bran oil can be used for popping in even value.

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Effect of Some Additives for Yukwa (Popped Rice Snack) Quality Improvement and Process Modification Trials (유과 품질향상을 위한 첨가물의 효과와 공정 단순화 시도)

  • Shin, Dong-Hwa;Kim, Myung-Kon;Chung, Tae-Kyu;Lee, Hyun-Yu
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.272-277
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    • 1990
  • Some additives were applied to improve Yukwa(Popped rice snack) quality and process modifications were tested for cutting down soaking time and application of rice flour. Addition of soaked soybean (3%, w/w) to dough showed higher expansion rate and better physical properties with more acceptable quality by sensory evaluation of Yukwa. Baking powder, modified starch and alcoholic liquor, Mackeali(rice wine, turbid). Soju(distilled liquor) and Yakju(rice wine, clear), were no positive effect on quality of Yukwa but alcoholic liquor gave more fine texture than others. High temprature soaking $(60^{\circ}C)$ of rice for 3 hours which is near gelatinization temperature of rice starch. gave same quality of Yukwa comparing with long time soaking (12 hours) at room temperature. Extention of high temperature soaking (12 hours) did not improve the quality of Yukwa. The 100 mesh of rice flour by dry milling method was better in expansion rate and hardness than 40 and 80mesh but it was worse than ordinary wet milling. It was notified that milling method and milling mechines for Yukwa preparation should be studied in more detail.

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