• Title/Summary/Keyword: Polymorphism

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SULT1A1 Arg213His Polymorphism and Lung Cancer Risk: a Meta-analysis

  • Liao, Shao-Guang;Liu, Lu;Zhang, Ying-Yi;Wang, Ying;Wang, Ya-Jie
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.579-583
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    • 2012
  • Background: The SULT1A1 Arg213His polymorphism is reported to be associated with lung cancer risk. However, this relationship remains controversial. For better understanding a meta-analysis was therefore performed. Methods: An extensive search was performed to identify all case-control studies investigating association between SULT1A1 Arg213His polymorphism and lung cancer risk. The strength was assessed by odds ratio (OR) with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (95%CI). Results: A total of five publications covering 1,669 cases and 1,890 controls were included in this meta-analysis. No significant association between SULT1A1 Arg213His polymorphism and lung cancer risk was observed in overall comparisons in all genetic models (dominant model: OR=1.33, 95%CI=1.00-1.76, P=0.05; additive model: OR=1.30, 95%CI=0.93-1.81, P=0.12; recessive model: OR=1.21, 95%CI=0.89-1.66, P=0.23). However, on subgroup analysis, an elevated risk in mixed populations with variant His allele was revealed in the dominant model (OR=1.66, 95% CI=1.06-2.62, P=0.03). Furthermore, the SULT1A1 Arg213His polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer in both females and males in the dominant model (females: OR=1.72, 95%CI=1.29-2.27, P=0.00; males: OR=1.46, 95%CI=1.19-1.78, P=0.00). No significant association between this polymorphism and different smoking status (smokers and non-smokers) and the other ethnicities (Asians and Caucasians) was shown. Conclusions: The results of this meta-analysis indicate that the SULT1A1 Arg213His polymorphism is not associated with lung cancer risk in Asians and Caucasians, but possible elevation for genotype (GA/AA) in mixed populations and males and females needs further investigation.

Lack of Association of Glutathione S-transferase M3 Gene Polymorphism with the Susceptibility of Lung Cancer

  • Feng, Xu;Dong, Chun-Qiang;Shi, Jun-Jie;Zhou, Hua-Fu;He, Wei;Zheng, Bao-Shi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.4465-4468
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The conclusions of published reports on the relationship between the glutathione S-transferase M3 (GSTM3) A/B gene polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer are still debated. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the association between GSTM3 and the risk of lung cancer. Methods: Association investigations were identified from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library, and eligible studies were included and synthesized using a meta-analysis method. Results: Eight reports were included into this meta-analysis for the association of GSTM3 A/B gene polymorphism and lung cancer susceptibility, covering 1,854 patients with lung cancer and 1,926 controls. No association between the GSTM3 A/B gene polymorphism and lung cancer was found in this meta-analysis (B allele: OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 0.89-1.76, P = 0.20; BB genotype: OR = 1.53, 95% CI: 0.71-3.32, P = 0.28; AA genotype: OR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.59-1.23, P = 0.39). Conclusions: The GSTM3 A/B gene polymorphism is not associated with lung cancer susceptibility. However, more studies on the relationship between GSTM3 A/B gene polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer should be performed in the future.

Association Between TP53 Arg72Pro Polymorphism and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Risk: A Meta-analysis

  • Xu, Chang-Tao;Zheng, Fang;Dai, Xin;Du, Ji-Dong;Liu, Hao-Run;Zhao, Li;Li, Wei-Min
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.4305-4309
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    • 2012
  • Background: Previous studies on the association between the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk obtained controversial findings. This study aimed to quantify the strength of the association by meta-analysis. Methods: We searched PubMed and Wangfang databases for published studies on the association between the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and HCC risk, using the pooled odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for assessment. Results: 10 studies with a total of 2,026 cases and 2,733 controls were finally included into this meta-analysis. Overall, the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism was not associated with HCC risk (all P values greaterth HCC risk in Caucasians in three genetic models (For Pro versus Arg, OR = 1.20, 95%CI 1.03-1.41; For ProPro versus ArgArg, OR = 1.74, 95%CI 1.23-2.47; For ProPro versus ArgPro/ArgArg, OR = 1.85, 95%CI 1.33-2.57). However, there was no significant association between the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and HCC risk in East Asians (all P values greater than 0.10). No evidence of publication bias was observed. Conclusion: Meta-analyses of available data suggest an obvious association between the TP53 Arg72Pro and HCC risk in Caucasians. However, the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism may have a race-specific effect on HCC risk and further studies are needed to elucidate this possible effect.

The Association between the T102C Polymorphism of the HTR2A Serotonin Receptor Gene and HDL Cholesterol Level in Koreans

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Zhang, Shu-Ying;Park, Kyung-Woo;Cho, Young-Seok;Oh, Byung-Hee;Lee, Myoung-Mook;Park, Young-Bae;Kim, Hyo-Soo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.238-242
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    • 2005
  • 5-HT2A is one of major serotonin receptor that is involved in the action of serotonin-targeting drugs. Previous clinical studies have shown an unexpected association between lower cholesterol level and psychiatric diseases, in which T102C polymorphism of HTR2A, gene of 5-HT2A serotonin receptor, might be involved. Therefore, we hypothesized a potential association between lower cholesterol level and T102C polymorphism. The effect of the T102C polymorphism on the serum lipid profiles of 646 subjects without specific psychiatric disease was investigated. Genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. There were significantly lower levels of total cholesterol ($193.6{\pm}35.0$ versus $202.1{\pm}45.5\;mg/dl$, p = 0.016) and HDL-cholesterol ($42.7{\pm}11.6$ versus $46.3{\pm}12.7\;mg/dl$, p = 0.004) in CC genotype than non-CC genotypes. Moreover, multivariate analysis showed that the CC genotype is a strong predictor of a lower HDL-cholesterol level (p < 0.001). In conclusion, this study shows that the CC genotype of the HTR2A gene is related to lower HDL-cholesterol level in Koreans. This is the first demonstration showing the potential genetic relationship between the serotonin receptor gene polymorphism and the HDL-cholesterol level.

The Association between Korean Schizophrenics and Catalase Gene Polymorphism (한국인 정신분열병 환자와 Catalase 유전자 다형성의 연합)

  • Park, Jin-Kyung;Lee, Hee-Jae;Bahn, Geon-Ho;Park, Jong-Deuk;Chung, Joo-Ho;Chang, Hwan-Il
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.62-67
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    • 2002
  • Objective:There is increasing evidence that free radical-mediated CNS neuronal dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. This study was performed to examine the relationship between antioxidant defense system and schizophrenia by analyzing polymorphism of catalase gene, an antioxidant enzyme. Method:Genotype and allele frequencies in the promoter region in the catalase gene using restriction fragment length polymorphism were studied, comparing 155 Korean controls with 167 Korean schizophrenics. Results:No difference was found between the schizophrenics and the controls in genotype and allele frequencies of HinfI polymorphism in the catalase gene. Significant difference was found between the female schizophrenics and the female controls in the genotype distribution(${\chi}^2$=11.096, df=2, p=0.004). Conclusions:The results do not support an association between polymorphism of catalase gene and schizophrenia. However, this study suggests that HinfI polymorphism in the catalase gene could be associated with female schizophrenics.

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The Impact of Choline Acetyltransferase Polymorphism on the Expression of Mild Cognitive Impairment (Choline Acetyltransferase 유전자 다형성이 경도인지손상 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-Jae;Park, Joon-Hyuk;Lee, Seok-Bum;Huh, Yoon-Seok;Kim, Tae-Hui;Youn, Jong-Chul;Jhoo, Jin-Hyeong;Lee, Dong-Young;Park, Koung-Un;Kim, Ki-Woong
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.218-225
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The potential association between choline acetyltransferase(CHAT) polymorphism and the risk of mild cognitive impairment(MCI) has not been investigated in Korea. We examined the main effect of CHAT polymorphism and its interaction with apolipoprotein E(APOE) polymorphism in the development of MCI in elderly Korean sample. Methods : We analyzed CHAT 2384G > A polymorphism and APOE polymorphism among 149 MCI subjects with MCI and 298 normal controls. We tested the association between MCI and CHAT A allele status using a logistic regression model. In addition, we employed generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction(GMDR) to investigate the interaction between CHAT and APOE with regard to the risk of MCI. Results : The CHAT A allele was associated with AD risk(OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.02-2.48, p = 0.042). No significant gene-gene interaction between CHAT and APOE was found in GMDR method(testing balanced accuracy = 0.540, p = 0.055). Conclusion : The CHAT A allele was associated with MCI risk in the Korean elderly. Its interaction with the APOE ${\varepsilon}4$ allele was not significant with regard to the development of MCI.

Comparison of the Affymetrix SNP Array 5.0 and Oligoarray Platforms for Defining CNV

  • Kim, Ji-Hong;Jung, Seung-Hyun;Hu, Hae-Jin;Yim, Seon-Hee;Chung, Yeun-Jun
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.138-141
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    • 2010
  • Together with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), copy number variations (CNV) are recognized to be the major component of human genetic diversity and used as a genetic marker in many disease association studies. Affymetrix Genome-wide SNP 5.0 is one of the commonly used SNP array platforms for SNP-GWAS as well as CNV analysis. However, there has been no report that validated the accuracy and reproducibility of CNVs identified by Affymetrix SNP array 5.0. In this study, we compared the characteristics of CNVs from the same set of genomic DNAs detected by three different array platforms; Affymetrix SNP array 5.0, Agilent 2X244K CNV array and NimbleGen 2.1M CNV array. In our analysis, Affymetrix SNP array 5.0 seems to detect CNVs in a reliable manner, which can be applied for association studies. However, for the purpose of defining CNVs in detail, Affymetrix Genome-wide SNP 5.0 might be relatively less ideal than NimbleGen 2.1M CNV array and Agilent 2X244K CNV array, which outperform Affymetrix array for defining the small-sized single copy variants. This result will help researchers to select a suitable array platform for CNV analysis.

Significant Genotype Difference in the CYP2E1 PstI Polymorphism of Indigenous Groups in Sabah, Malaysia with Asian and Non-Asian Populations

  • Goh, Lucky Poh Wah;Chong, Eric Tzyy Jiann;Chua, Kek Heng;Chuah, Jitt Aun;Lee, Ping-Chin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.17
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    • pp.7377-7381
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    • 2014
  • CYP2E1 PstI polymorphism G-1259C (rs3813867) genotype distributions vary significantly among different populations and are associated with both diseases, like cancer, and adverse drug effects. To date, there have been limited genotype distributions and allele frequencies of this polymorphism reported in the three major indigenous ethnic groups (KadazanDusun, Bajau, and Rungus) in Sabah, also known as North Borneo. The aim of this study was to investigate the genotype distributions and allele frequencies of the CYP2E1 PstI polymorphism G-1259C in these three major indigenous peoples in Sabah. A total of 640 healthy individuals from the three dominant indigenous groups were recruited for this study. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) at G-1259C polymorphic site of CYP2E1 gene was performed using the Pst I restriction enzyme. Fragments were analyzed using agarose gel electrophoresis and confirmed by direct sequencing. Overall, the allele frequencies were 90.3% for c1 allele and 9.7% for c2 allele. The genotype frequencies for c1/c1, c1/c2 and c2/c2 were observed as 80.9%, 18.8%, and 0.3%, respectively. A highly statistical significant difference (p<0.001) was observed in the genotype distributions between indigenous groups in Sabah with all Asian and non-Asian populations. However, among these three indigenous groups, there was no statistical significant difference (p>0.001) in their genotype distributions. The three major indigenous ethnic groups in Sabah show unique genotype distributions when compared with other populations. This finding indicates the importance of establishing the genotype distributions of CYP2E1 PstI polymorphism in the indigenous populations.

Adiponectin Receptor 1 (ADIPOR1) rs1342387 Polymorphism and Risk of Cancer: a Meta-analysis

  • Yu, Li-Xiang;Zhou, Nan-Nan;Liu, Li-Yuan;Wang, Fei;Ma, Zhong-Bing;Li, Jie;Yu, Zhi-Gang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7515-7520
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    • 2014
  • Many studies have indicated possible associations between a polymorphism of adiponectin receptor 1 (ADIPOR1) rs1342387 and risk of cancer, but contradictory results have been reported. The main aim of this study was to draw a reliable conclusion about the relationship between the rs1342387 polymorphism and cancer incidence, by conducting a literature search of Pubmed, Embase, Wanfang and Cochrane libraries. Eleven studies including 3, 738 cases and 4, 748 controls were identified in this meta-analysis. The ADIPOR1 rs1342387 polymorphism was associated with risk of colorectal cancer for all genetic comparison models (GG vs AA, OR: 1.44, 95%CI: 1.21-1.70; G carriers vs A carriers, OR: 1.23, 95%CI: 1.11-1.36; dominant model, OR: 1.28, 95%CI: 1.10-1.49 and recessive model, OR: 1.31, 95%CI: 1.12-1.55). Stratified by ethnicity, the rs1342387 polymorphism was significantly associated with risk of colorectal cancer in Asian ancestry for all genetic comparison models (GG vs AA, OR: 1.56, 95%CI: 1.26-1.92; G carriers vs. A carriers OR: 1.30, 95%CI: 1.18-1.43; dominant model OR: 1.31, 95%CI: 1.08-1.60 and recessive model OR: 1.44, 95%CI: 1.26-1.64), but not in Caucasian or mixed (Caucasian mainly) groups. In summary, the ADIPOR1 rs1342387 polymorphism is significantly associated with risk of colorectal cancer among individuals of Asian ancestry.

The RTEL1 rs6010620 Polymorphism and Glioma Risk: a Meta-analysis Based on 12 Case-control Studies

  • Du, Shu-Li;Geng, Ting-Ting;Feng, Tian;Chen, Cui-Ping;Jin, Tian-Bo;Chen, Chao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.23
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    • pp.10175-10179
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    • 2015
  • Background: The association between the RTEL1 rs6010620 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and glioma risk has been extensively studied. However, the results remain inconclusive. To further examine this association, we performed a meta-analysis. Materials and Methods: A computerized search of the PubMed and Embase databases for publications regarding the RTEL1 rs6010620 polymorphism and glioma cancer risk was performed. Genotype data were analyzed in a meta-analysis. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated to assess the association. Sensitivity analyses, tests of heterogeneity, cumulative meta-analyses, and assessments of bias were performed in our meta-analysis. Results: Our meta-analysis confirmed that risk with allele A is lower than with allele G for glioma. The A allele of rs6010620 in RTEL1 decreased the risk of developing glioma in the 12 case-control studies for all genetic models: the allele model (OR=0.752, 95%CI: 0.715-0.792), the dominant model (OR=0.729, 95%CI: 0.685-0.776), the recessive model (OR=0.647, 95%CI: 0.569-0.734), the homozygote comparison (OR=0.528, 95%CI: 0.456-0.612), and the heterozygote comparison (OR=0.761, 95%CI: 0.713-0.812). Conclusions: In all genetic models, the association between the RTEL1 rs6010620 polymorphism and glioma risk was significant. This meta-analysis suggests that the RTEL1 rs6010620 polymorphism may be a risk factor for glioma. Further functional studies evaluating this polymorphism and glioma risk are warranted.