• Title/Summary/Keyword: Polymorphism

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Genetic Variations in Six Candidate Genes for Insulin Resistance in Korean Essential Hypertensives

  • Bae, Joon-Seol;Kang, Byung-Yong;Kim, Ki-Tae;Shin, Jung-Hee;Lee, Chung-Choo
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.341-346
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    • 2001
  • Hypertension is a complex disease with strong genetic influences. Essential hypertension has been shown to be associated with insulin resistance. To clarify the genetic basis of insulin resistance in Hypertension, case-control association studies were performed to examine candidate genes for insulin resistance in hypertension. Polymorphisms investigated were the BstO I polymorphism of the $\beta$3-adrenergic receptor (ADRB3) gene, the Xba I Polymorphism of the glycogen synthase (GSY) gene, the Dde I polymorphism of the protein phosphatase 1 G subuit (PP1G) gene, the BstE II polymorphism of the glucagon receptor (GCG-R) gene, the Pst 1 polymorphism of the insulin (INS) gene and the Acc I polymorphism of the glucokinase (GCK) gene. No significant differences were observed in the distribution of alleles and genotypes of the ADRB3, GSY PP1G, GCG-R, INS, and GCK genes between hypertensive and normotensive groups. Although the frequencies in each of these polymorphisms were not significantly different between essential hypertensive and normotensive individuals, our results may provide additional information for linkage analysis and associative studies of disorders in carbohydrate metabolism or in cardiovascular disease.

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The Distribution of C298T Polymorphism in the Oseteocalcin Gene from Korean Male Athletes and its Association with Bone Mineral Density (한국인 남성 운동선수군에서 Osteocalcin 유전자의 C298T 다형성의 분포와 골밀도와의 관계)

  • Jung, In-Geun;Kang, Byung-Yong;Kim, Ji-Young;Oh, Sang-Duk;Ha, Nam-Joo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2006
  • Osteocalcin is a vitamin K dependent and bone specific protein which plays an important role in the regulation of bone and calcium metabolism. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between the C298T polymorphism in the osteocalcin gene and bone mineral density (BMD) in Korean young men and their interaction with physical activity. BMDs of the femoral neck and lumbar spine were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and the C298T polymorphism in the osteocalcin gene determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-HindIII restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. We did not observe any significant differences in the femoral neck and lumbar spine BMDs across genotypes of this polymorphism in controls, athletes or combined groups, respectively (P>0.05). Therefore, our data suggest that the C298T polymorphism in the osteocalcin gene is not a suitable genetic marker for the susceptibility to BMD.

The CDH2 Gene Polymorphism in Schizophrenia (정신분열병의 CDH2 유전자 다형성)

  • Lee, Won Seok;Kim, Mi Kyung;Jung, Han Yong;Woo, Sung Il;Kwon, Young Joon;Kim, Jong Woo;Lee, Hee Je
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.62-67
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    • 2005
  • Objective:There has been increasing evidence that neurodevelopmental dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Cadherin is known to be one of the important molecules in neurodevelopment. This study was performed to examine the relationship between T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene and schizophrenia. Methods:Genoytypes of T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 156 Korea patents with schizophrenia and 170 controls. Results:No difference was found between the patients with schizophrenia and the controls in genotype and allele frequencies of T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene. Conclusion:The results of this study do not support an association between T816C polymorphism of CDH2 gene and schizophrenia. However, it is necessary to investigate other polymorphic regions of CDH2 in schizophrenia.

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Genetic polymorphism of Estrogen metabolising enzymes and individual genetic susceptibility to breast cancer in Korean (Estrogen대사 효소의 유전자 다형성과 한국인 유방암 환자의 유전적 감수성에 대한 연구)

  • 김현준;이수진;공구
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2003
  • To determine the frequencies of the genotypes of estrogen metabolising enzyme (CYP17, CYP1A1, CYP1B1, and COMT) and to identify the high-risk genotypes of these metabolic enzymes to breast cancer in Korean, the author has analysed 115 breast cancer patients and corresponding age and sex matched heathy controls using polymerase chain reaction-restiction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). A2/A2 genotype in CYP17 polymorphism, m2/m2 genotype in CYP1A1 polymorphism, and Val/Val genotype in CYP1B1 had 0.95, 1.40 and 0.76 relive risks to breast cancer comparing with reference genotypes of each polymorphism, respectively. Among the genotypes of COMT enzyme polymorphism, L/H and L/L genotypes had 0.97 and 1.54 relative risks to breast cancer, respectively. According to the number of high risk genotype, the patients with one or two putative high risk genotypes had 0.95 and 1.94 relative risks to breast cancer, respectively. This study have demonstrated the unique frequency of genotypes of estrogen metabolizing enzyme in Korean healthy women, which will provide the basic data and insights to study the estrogen related conditions in Korean women including breast and endometrial cancers. And it also indicates that the well-known high risk genotypes of estrogen metabolizing enzymes are not significantly associated with the development of breast cancer in Korean women.

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The GSTP1 Ile105Val Polymorphism is not Associated with Susceptibility to Colorectal Cancer

  • Khabaz, Mohamad Nidal
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2949-2953
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    • 2012
  • The glutathione S transferase (GST) family is a major part of cellular defense mechanisms against endogenous and exogenous substances, many of which have carcinogenic potential. Alteration in the expression level or structure of the glutathione-S-transferase (GST) enzymes may lead to inadequate detoxification of potential carcinogens and consequently contribute to cancer development. A member of the glutathione-S-transferase (GST) family, GSTP1, is an attractive candidate for involvement in susceptibility to carcinogen-associated colorectal cancer. An $Ag{\rightarrow}G$ transition in exon 5 resulting in an Ile105Val amino acid substitution has been identified which alters catalytic efficiency. The present study investigated the possible impact of Ile105Val GSTP1 polymorphism on susceptibility to colorectal cancer. in Jordan We examined 90 tissue samples previously diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma, and 56 non-cancerous colon tissues. DNA was extracted from paraffin embedded tissues and the status of the GSTP1 polymorphism was determined using a polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. No statistically significant differences were found between colorectal cancer cases and controls for the GSTP1 Ile/Ile, Ile/Val and Val/Val genotypes. The glutathione S-transferase polymorphism was not associated with risk in colorectal cancer cases in Jordan stratified by age, sex, site, grade or tumor stage. In conclusion, the GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism is unlikely to affect the risk of colorectal cancer.

Genetic Association between ERCC5 rs17655 Polymorphism and Colorectal Cancer Risk: Evidence Based on a Meta-analysis

  • Zeng, Yong;Wei, Li;Wang, Ya-Jie;Liu, Chuan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.13
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    • pp.5565-5571
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    • 2015
  • Background: Previous studies evaluating the association between the excision repair cross complementing group 5 (ERCC5) gene rs17655 polymorphism and colorectal cancer susceptibility generated controversial results. To generate large-scale evidence on whether the ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism might indeed be associated with colorectal cancer susceptibility, the present meta-analysis was performed. Materials and Methods: Data were collected from PubMed, Embase and Web of Science, with the last report up to Apr 03, 2015. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of any association. Results: A total of nine studies including 5,102 cases and 6,326 controls based on the search criteria were included and significant associations were found between ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism CG vs GG overall (OR = 1.29, 95% CI =1.18~1.40) and in the dominant model (OR=1.23, 95% CI =1.13~1.33). On subgroup analysis by ethnicity and source of controls, the ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism was found to correlate with the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer among Asians and Caucasians and with hospital-based populations. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that the ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphism might contribute to genetic susceptibility to colorectal cancer.

Lack of Association between the MiR146a Polymorphism and Susceptibility to Thai Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

  • Chansing, Kochpinchon;Pakakasama, Samart;Hongeng, Suradej;Thongmee, Acharawan;Pongstaporn, Wanida
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.2435-2438
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    • 2016
  • Background: MiRNAs, small non coding RNAs, play a role in the regulation of hematopoiesis, with effects on cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. In addition, MiRNAs are thought to play an important role in tumorigenesis. The miR146a G>C polymorphism can lead to alteration of miR146 expression, which appears to be associated with development and progression of several cancers. This study aimed to investigate the association of the miRNA146a (rs2910164) G>C polymorphism and susceptibility to childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and clinical outcomes. Materials and Methods: Totals of 100 childhood ALL patients and 200 healthy children were studied for miR146a polymorphisms using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results: The frequency of the miR146a G allele in controls was 0.40 compared with 0.38 in ALL patients. There was no association between miRNA146a (rs2910164) G>C polymorphism and susceptibility to childhood ALL (OR=1.484, 95%CI=0.712-3.093, p=0.290). Moreover, the frequencies of miR146a (rs2910164) G>C polymorphism were not associated with demographic data and clinical outcomes in ALL cases. Conclusions: The miRNA146a polymorphism was not significantly associated with susceptibility to Thai childhood ALL or any clinico-pathological variables.

Associations between the rs6010620 Polymorphism in RTEL1 and Risk of Glioma: a Meta-analysis of 20,711 Participants

  • Wu, Yao;Tong, Xiang;Tang, Ling-Li;Zhou, Kai;Zhong, Chuan-Hong;Jiang, Shu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.17
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    • pp.7163-7167
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    • 2014
  • Background: Associations between the rs6010620 polymorphism in the regulator of telomere elongation helicase1 (RTEL1) gene and glioma have been widely reported but the results were not inconclusive. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between the rs6010620 polymorphism in RTEL1 gene and risk of glioma by meta-analysis. Materials and Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, Wanfang Weipu and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) databases, which included all research published 05 May 2014. A total of 8,292 cases and 12,419 controls from 14 case-control studies involving the rs6010620 polymorphism in the RTEL1 gene were included. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA 12.0 software. Results: The results indicated that the rs6010620 polymorphism in RTEL1 gene was indeed associated with risk of glioma (OR=1.474, 95%CI=1.282-1.694, p<0.001). On subgroup analysis by ethnicity, we found associations between the rs6010620 polymorphism in the RTEL1 gene and risk of glioma in both Caucasians and Asians. Conclusions: The current meta-analysis suggested that the rs6010620 polymorphism in the RTEL1 gene might increase risk of glioma. In future, larger case-control studies are needed to confirm our results.

Association between Panic Disorder and Dopamine D2 Receptor TaqI A Polymorphism (공황장애와 도파민 D2 수용체 TaqI A 다형성의 관련)

  • Lim, Se-Won;Kim, Bum-Jo;Oh, Kang-Seob;Lee, Min-Soo
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2006
  • Puropse : Disturbances of dopaminergic system might be related to the possible mechanism of panic disorder. This study was aimed to examine the association of DRD2 Taq 1 polymorphism and panic disorder. Methods : One hundred and fourteen patients with panic disorder (62 male (54.4%), mean age $40.96{\pm}0.11$ years) and 200 comparison subjects (114 male (57.0%), mean age $35.57{\pm}8.81$ years)were tested for DRD2 TaqI A polymorphism. We excluded panic patients with comorbid alcohol related disorders, bipolar disorders, and any kinds of psychotic disorders because there have been some reports about association of these disease and DRD2 TaqI A polymorphism. Results : There was significant difference in the frequency of the genotype in DRD2 polymorphism between patients and controls (${\chi}^2$=6.09, df=2, p=0.048). The A1+ allele (A1A1 and A1A2) frequency analysis also showed significant association (${\chi}^2$=4.08, df=1, p=0.043). In addition, we observed a more strong and specific association between panic disorder and the A1+ allele of the DRD2 TaqI polymorphism for men (${\chi}^2$=4.71, df=1, p=0.03), but not for women (${\chi}^2$=0.45, df=1, p=0.50). Conclusion : These results in our Korean sample suggest that the DRD2 TaqI A polymorphism may be associated with panic disorder. Furthermore, we found sex-specific association of DRD2 A1 allele with panic disorder.

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Correlation between Selected XRCC2, XRCC3 and RAD51 Gene Polymorphisms and Primary Breast Cancer in Women in Pakistan

  • Qureshi, Z.;Mahjabeen, I.;Baig, R.M.;Kayani, M.A.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.23
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    • pp.10225-10229
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    • 2015
  • Genetic polymorphisms in homologous recombination repair genes cause an abnormal development of cancerous cells. In the present study we evaluated the possibility of breast cancer association with single nucleotide polymorphisms of RAD51, XRCC2 and XRCC3 genes. Polymorphisms selected in this study were RAD51 135G/C, XRCC2 Arg188His; and XRCC3 Thr241Met. Each polymorphism was genotyped using Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in study cohort of 306 females (156 breast cancer patients and 150 controls). We observed that heterozygous variant genotype (GC) of RAD51 135 G/C polymorphism was associated with a significantly (OR=2.70; 95%CI (0.63-1.79); p<0.03) increased risk of breast cancer. In case of the XRCC3 gene we observed that frequency of heterozygous (OR=2.88; 95%CI (1.02-8.14); p<0.02) and homozygous (OR=1.46; 95%CI (0.89-2.40); p<0.04) genotype of Thr241Met polymorphism were significantly higher in breast cancer patients. For the Arg188His polymorphism of XRCC2, ~2fold increase in breast cancer risk (OR=1.6, 95%CI = 0.73-3.50) was associated with GA genotype with a p value for trend of 0.03. Our results suggest that the 135G/C polymorphism of the RAD51, Thr241Met polymorphism of XRCC3 and Arg188His polymorphism of XRCC2 can be independent markers of breast cancer risk in Pakistan.