• Title, Summary, Keyword: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

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In Vitro Mechanistic Studies of Photogenotoxicity of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

  • Park, Jong-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.106-106
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    • 2003
  • Many polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are acutely toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms in the presence of environmentally realistic intensities of solar ultraviolet radiation (SUVR). The phototoxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs through photodynamic activation of PAH compounds. Oxygen molecules react as quenchers with excited triplet states of PAHs producing reactive oxygen species (ROS).(omitted)

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Linkage Between Biodegradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Phospholipid Profiles in Soil Isolates

  • Nam, Kyoung-Phile;Moon, Hee-Sun;Kim, Jae-Young;Kukor, Jerome-J.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2002
  • A bacterial consortium capable of utilizing a variety of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons has been isolated from a former manufactured gas plant site. The consortium consisted of four members including Arthrobacter sp., Burkholderia sp., Ochrobacterium sp., and Alcaligenes sp., which were identified and characterized by the patterns of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME analysis) and carbon source utilization (BIOLOG system). With the individual members, the biodegradation characteristics of aromatic hydrocarbons depending on different growth substrates were determined. FAME analyses demonstrated that microbial fatty acid profiles changed to significant extents in response to different carbon sources, and hence, such shift profiles may be informative to characterize the biodegradation potential of a bacterium or microbial community.

A combined approach to remediate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at a former manufactured gas plant site

  • Kyoungphile Nam;Kim, Jae-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.103-106
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    • 2001
  • A remediation technology consisting of biodegradation and a modified Fenton reaction was developed to degrade mixtures of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at a former manufactured gas plant (MGP) site. The original Fenton reaction (i.e., $H_2O$$_2$ + Fe$^{2+}$) was modified to be biocompatible by using ferric ions and chelating agents such as catechol and gallic acid. The modified reaction was effective in degrading PAHs at near neutral pH and thus was compatible with biodegradation. By the combined treatment of the modified Fenton reaction and biodegradation, more than 98% of 2- or 3-ring hydrocarbons and between 70 and 85% of 4- or 5-ring compounds were degraded in the MGP soil, while maintaining its pH about 6.6.

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Formation of particulate-phase and gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke

  • Shimazu, Haruki;Yata, Tsuyoshi;Ozaki, Naoto
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.189-202
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    • 2017
  • This study examines the concentrations of particulate-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and gas-phase PAHs in sidestream cigarette smoke. Sixteen PAHs were determined for four brands of cigarettes. The volume of the experimental room is approximately $66m^3$. The air samples in the room were collected before and after smoking. The median total of particulate-phase and gas-phase PAH concentrations before smoking $3.13ng/m^3$and $48.0ng/m^3$, respectively. The median concentrations of them after smoking were $10.0ng/m^3$ and $79.6ng/m^3$. The median increases in the total of 16 PAH concentrations per cigarette during smoking were 271 ng for the particulate-phase PAHs and 1960 ng for the gas-phase PAHs. According to the relationship between particulate-phase and gas-phase PAHs after smoking, the two- to four-ring gas-phase PAHs and the higher molecular weight particulate-phase PAHs were probably formed from similar precursors. The relationship between the total suspended particulate (TSP) concentration and the increase in the total particulate-phase concentration of the 16 PAHs per cigarette during smoking were significantly positive. The increase in the total gas-phase concentration of the 16 PAHs tended to increase as the TSP concentration increased. This may indicates that decreasing the amount of TSP produced inhibit the production of PAHs during smoking.

Atmospheric Behaviors of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Nitropolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in East Asia

  • Hayakawa, Kazuichi;Tang, Ning;Kameda, Takayuki;Toriba, Akira
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2007
  • Hazardous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nitropolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) are mainly originated from imperfect combustion of fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal. The consumptions of not only petroleum but also coal have been increasing in the East Asian countries. This review describes the result of international collaboration research concerning characteristics and major contributors of atmospheric PAHs and NPAHs in cities in Japan, Korea, China and Russia. We collected airborne particulates in ten cities in the above countries and six PAHs and eleven NPAHs were determined by HPLC methods using fluorescence and chemiluminescence detections. The total PAH concentrations were much higher in Chinese cities (Fushun, Tieling, Shenyang and Beijing) than those in other cities (Vladivostok, Busan, Kanazawa, Kitakyushu, Sapporo and Tokyo). The total NPAH concentrations were also higher in Chinese cities than those in the other cities. The [NPAH]/[corresponding PAH] ratios are much larger in diesel-engine exhaust particulates than those in coal-burning particulates. The [1-nitropyrene]/[pyrene] ratio of airborne particulates was much smaller in the four Chinese cities, suggesting that coal combustion systems such as coal heaters were the main contributors. On the other hand, the ratios were larger in Korean and Japanese cities, suggesting the large contribution of diesel-engine vehicles.

Excitation Mechanism of Fluorescent Polycyclic Aromatic Amines and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Peroxyoxalate Chemiluminescence Reactions

  • Sung Chul Kang;Kang-Jin Kim
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.224-227
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    • 1990
  • The excitation mechanism of polycyclic aromatic amines (amino-PAHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) for the chemiluminescence arising from the reaction between oxalate ester, bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate (TCPO) or bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl)oxalate (DNPO) and hydrogen peroxide has been studied in terms of the excitation efficiencies to singlet excitation energies and the oxidative half-wave potentials. As a results of the study, the excitations of both amino-PAHs and PAHs appear to involve the charge transfer type of energy transfer. However the chemiluminescence efficiency corrected for fluorescence quantum yield of the amino-PAHs are varied more sensitively to the oxidative half-wave potential than that of PAHs possibly due to the large difference in solvation energy between the compounds and their ions.

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Inhibitory effects of dietary antioxidants on the formation of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in grilled pork

  • Wongmaneepratip, Wanwisa;Jom, Kriskamol Na;Vangnai, Kanithaporn
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.1205-1210
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The inhibitory effects of dietary antioxidants, diallyl disulfide (DADS) and quercetin, in marinade were investigated on the formation of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (EPA priority 16 PAHs) in grilled pork. Methods: The formation of PAHs in grilled sirloin pork with different marinades after charcoal-grilling for 2 min/side were evaluated using high performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector (HPLC-DAD). Results: Compared with the control marinade treatment (without antioxidant), the addition of DADS (500 mg/kg meat sample) in marinade significantly decreased benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) (100%) and heavy PAHs (84%) in charcoal-grilled pork, while the addition of quercetin at the same concentration could reduce 23% and 55% of BaP and heavy PAHs, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that the addition of DADS in the marinade could be important in decreasing the levels of PAHs in grilled meat.

Simultaneous Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Synchronous Spectrofluorimetry (형광분광법에 의한 방향족 탄화수소의 동시정량)

  • 이상학;손범목
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.87-92
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    • 2003
  • Synchronous spectrofluorimetry was carried out for the simultaneous determination of various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) in aqueous solution by fluorescence spectrometry have been studied. The optimal wavelength interval(${\triangle}{\lambda}$) for synchronous spectra of acenaphthene, anthracene, benzo[a]anthracene, fluorene and pyrene were investigated in the presence of surfactants. The great enhancement of the fluorescence of these PAHs in Triton X-100 was obtained and optimal wavelength was 50 nm. The calibration curves in synthetic mixture solution of 5 PAHs were linear over the range from $1.0{\times}10^{-8}M$ to $1.0{\tiems}10^{-4}M$. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the detection limits were $4.9{\tiems}10^{-9}M$,\;7.0{\times}10^{-9}M,\;4.7{\tiems}10^{-9}M,\;1.6{\tiems}10^{-9}M$ and $3.2{\tiems}10^{-9}M$ for acenaphthene, anthracene, benzo[a]anthracene, fluorene and pyrene, respectively.