• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pollution level

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A Study for the Selection Method of Control Area of Nonpoint Pollution Source (비점오염원 관리지역의 선정 기법에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sanghyun;Jeong, Woohyeok;Yi, Sangjin;Lim, Bongsu
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.761-767
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    • 2010
  • This study introduces a model of territorial analysis on Chungcheongnam-do Nonsan-chun valley area, which gives an example of a method of selecting the management area for non-point pollution source from land use to help eliminate its source. High discharge load per unit area signify high level of land ratio with high level of basic unit of development load (including factory sites, school sites, roadways), which mean that there are a significant level of urbanization. It is these areas with the examination of the water quality of the nearby river that should be considered as the management area for non-point pollution source. Thus, the management area for non-point pollution source should be sought in areas with high discharge load per unit area and high density of water pollution area. When level of drainage is high the pollution density level is relatively lower, and when the level of drainage is low the density level is relatively higher. The level of pollution from non-point pollution source is much lower with more water flowing through. The possible non-point pollution source areas that were selected with these standards were then examined with the distance from the river, the slope angle, land usage, elevation, BOD discharge density load, T-N discharge density load, T-P discharge density load, and were given a level one through five. Out of the possible areas Nonsan-si Yeonmu-eup Anshim-li was the densest area, and it was given level one. The level one area should be examined further with the field analysis to be selected as the actual management area for non-point pollution source.

Relation between the Pollution Level of the Atmosphere and that of the Soil in the Vicinity of Roads (도로변 대기오염도와 토양오염 수준의 관계)

  • Lee, Jin-Ha;Park, Gi-Hark;Jeoung, Young-Do
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.494-500
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    • 1996
  • To investigate the relationship between the atmospheric pollution level and the pollution level of soil adjacent to the roadside in Suwon suspended particles and soil samples were collected in August to October 1993, and analyzed by AAS and ICP. The Ca, K, Mg concentration in atmosphere were observed as high level and assumed that it was effected by the acid-rain originated from the erosion of concreate vicinity to the roadside, and the Pb, Zn concentration were higher at outer area than that of central area. Hazardous heavy metal (Cu, Pb, Zn) concentrations in soil were observed as high level at all sampling sites. The relationship between the heavy metal concentrations in the atmosphere and those in the soil were analyzed, by using the correlation coefficient value(r) and the result was appeared similarly. And this study indicated that the atmospheric pollution affect the level of the soil pollution adjacent to the road side.

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Development of an instrument to assess middle school students' attitude toward environmental pollution (환경 오염에 대한 중학생의 태도 평가 도구 개발)

  • Jeong, Eun-Young;Kim, Young-Soc
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.272-281
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was. to develop a valid and reliable Likert-type scale to assess middle school students' attitude toward environmental pollution. The evaluation categories of this instrument were cognition and conaction levels. Initially, 42 statements (29 statements for cognition level and 13 statements for conaction level) were framed. This pilot instrument was administered to 1015 middle school students. To select valid and reliable statements, the 42 initial statements were analyzed by item mean, standard deviation, and response distribution. In addition, the emotional intensity: of each statement was judged. As a result, 22 final statements (14 statements for cognition level and 8 statements for conaction level) were developed. Cronbach alpha coefficient of the instrument was 0.76 with a range of item-total correlation from 0.229 to 0.488. Factor analysis was done to explore the potential constructs of this instrument. As a result, six factors were extracted. Those factors were identified as "Conaction to prevent environmental pollution", "Confrontation with the enterprise which causes environmental pollution", "Voluntary inclination to participate in the group which prevents environmental pollution", "Discussion on environmental pollution", "Environmental pollution and interests", and "Everyday sources of environmental pollution".

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Pollution Level of Heavy Metals of Asian Dust in Daejeon Area, 2008 (2008년 대전지역에서 발생한 황사의 중금속 오염도)

  • Lee, Pyeong-Koo;Bae, Beob-Geun
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.8-25
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    • 2014
  • The aims of this study were to determine concentrations of selected metals in Asian and non-Asian dust collected in Daejeon, Korea between February 2008 and December 2008 and to estimate the pollution level. The geochemical analyses of Asian dust (AD) and Non Asian dust (NAD) show that the mean concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Zr, Sb, Mo and S reached levels up to 16, 209, 31, 43, 81, 28, 31, 122 and 302 times higher, respectively, than those in uncontaminated Chinese desert soils. These results indicate that both AD and NAD serve as an atmospheric repository for trace and heavymetal accumulation. The the enrichment factor (EF) and pollution index (PI) show that AD and NAD were severely contaminated by S, Mo, Zr, Cd, Pb, Zn, Sb, Cu, and As. All indices for these metals showed either strong or notably high level of pollution relative to Chinese desert soil, principally due to the severe atmospheric pollution derived from anthropogenic activities in heavily industrial Chinese cities. Therefore, Mo, Cd, Zr, As, Cu, Sb, Pb, and Zn are the ones most strongly affected by anthropogenic inputs such as airborne pollutants.

The Influence of Air Pollution Level on Resident's Evaluation and Cognition for Indoor Environment in Ulsan (울산지역의 대기오염 환경의 차이가 거주자의 실내환경 평가 및 인식에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Bok-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of air pollution level in industrial and residential district of Ulsan on resident's evaluation and cognition for indoor environment. The evaluation of air pollution materials (as $SO_2$, $NO_2$, $O_3$, CO, PM10) were investigated to understand the distributional characteristics in survey area, and air quality monitoring data from 2007 to 2009 were used. The data was applied in a realtime measurement of industrial and residential area respected to difference of the pollution level in Ulsan. The questionnaire of this survey for resident's cognition was to find out characteristics on perception of indoor environment and outdoor air quality recognition based on the distinct characteristics of the areas. The results of this study shows that resident's satisfaction at clean level outdoor air and indoor environment were different whether it was residential area or industrial area and outdoor air pollution level has direct influence on resident's satisfaction in indoor environment.

A Study on the Environmental Management Knowledge and Perception on Environmental Pollution and the Management Behavior on Environmental Preservation - As Related to Housewives in Pusan - (환경관리지식과 환경오염인지 및 환경보전 관리행동에 관한 연구 - 부산시 주부를 대상으로 -)

  • 이정숙
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.57-72
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate some influencing variables related to the management behavior on environmental preservation of housewives in Pusan. The subject of this study were 411 housewives and interviewed with a questionnaire. The data was analyzed by SPSS/PC+ Program for the frequency, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach's$\alpha$, t-test, F-test, Duncan's multiple range test and regression. The major result of this study were as follows : 1. The level of Environmental Management Knowledge was relatively high. The perceived level of environmental pollution was relatively high. The score of perception on water pollution was the highest. The level of management behavior on environmental preservation was relativity low. The score of management behavior on food pollution was the highest. 2. Frequencies of management behavior on environmental preservation differ according to age, education, relegion, and mass - media. 3. The influenced level of perception on air pollution was the highest among the other variables.

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The Microbiological Quality Estimation of Samul Chol-Pyon during the Storage (사물절편의 미생물학적 품질안전성)

  • 김윤선;박춘란
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.516-521
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    • 2002
  • This study was investigated to prove the relation between the ingredient of Samul Chol-Pyon and its microorganism pollution level during the storage. As a result, the pollution degree in total aerobic bacteria, yeast, mold, and colitis germs of rice power turned out to have a lower one than the oriental medicine materials do. In case of preserved write Chol-Pyon, the total aerobic bacteria pollution level was 8.8 $\times$ 10$^3$CFU/g the highest degree among other ones in their among other ones in their early pollution levels and in the oriental medicine materials, the pollution level was degreased as its annex increased. Moreover, yeast propagated fast in its first day of storage, but mold grew somewhat slowly than yeast and total aerobic bacteria did. In every case, the range of colitis germs growth was between 10$^2$-10$^3$CFU/g and it was similar to the each one of total aerobic bacteria, yeast, and molds. On its third day of storage, the pollution level of mold showed 10$^4$-10$\^$5/CFU/g.

A Study on Environmental Micro-Dust Level Detection and Remote Monitoring of Outdoor Facilities

  • Kim, Seung Kyun;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Cha, Jae Sang
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2020
  • The rapid development in modern industrialization pollutant the water and atmospheric air across the globe that have a major impact on the human and livings health. In worldwide, every country government increasing the importance to improve the outdoor air pollution monitoring and control to provide quality of life and prevent the citizens and livings life from hazard disease. We proposed the environmental dust level detection method for outdoor facilities using sensor fusion technology to measure precise micro-dust level and monitor in realtime. In this proposed approach use the camera sensor and commercial dust level sensor data to predict the micro-dust level with data fusion method. The camera sensor based dust level detection uses the optical flow based machine learning method to detect the dust level and then fused with commercial dust level sensor data to predict the precise micro-dust level of the outdoor facilities and send the dust level informations to the outdoor air pollution monitoring system. The proposed method implemented on raspberry pi based open-source hardware with Internet-of-Things (IoT) framework and evaluated the performance of the system in realtime. The experimental results confirm that the proposed micro-dust level detection is precise and reliable in sensing the air dust and pollution, which helps to indicate the change in the air pollution more precisely than the commercial sensor based method in some extent.

Air Pollution Forecasting Using Urban Transportation Planning Models and Air Pollution Dispersion Models (都市交通計劃 모델과 大氣汚染 擴散모델을 이용한 都市地域 大氣汚染 豫測)

  • 董宗仁;趙康來;金良均;兪 浣
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1986
  • Motor vehicle related air pollution has become more serious because of rapid increase of number of cars, specially in the urban area. The increase trend seems to be accelerated, however, the fact is that road conditions, parking facilities and traffic control systems are far behind coping with this situation. In spite of the lack of related basic data, urban transportation planning (UPT) and air pollution dispersion models were applied to predict air pollution level. In standard UPT model, trip generation, distribution, modal split and network assignment were estimated by experimental equations and appropriate models. The air pollution level in the central business area was believed to be higher and it will increase continuously due to the increase of traffic demand. To meet this situation, air pollution problem should be considered as a part of integrated plannings of urban plans or transportation plans as well as more stringent motor vehicle emission standards, have to be enforced.

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A Study on the Air Pollution Level in Tae Jon Area by Botanical Indicator (指標植物을 이용한 大氣汚染度 調査硏究 -대전시를 중심으로-)

  • Oh, Sob Yun
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 1984
  • Air pollution has been one of the severe problems in city area. Sulfur dioxide is the major pollutant among the air pollutants. And the lichen as a botanical indicator have been used to predict the air pollution level. This study was carried out to evaluate the air pollution level in Taejon area through the field survey which were checked lichen status and sulfur dioxide content in the atmosphere. The results were as follows 1. The average sulfur dioxide content in Taejon area was 0.031ppm. The comparison of measurement methods were regression equation, Y= 0.357$\times$+0.014 and correlation factor, r = 0.771. 2. The maximum point of the SO$_2$ level was site No. 2(Daehwa-Dong), 0.087 ppm and the minimum, site No. 8 (Doma 2-Dong), 0.009ppm. 3. Total amounts of sulfur dioxide yearly emitted from Taejon area by fuel consumption estimated 29829.6 tons. 4. The relationship between degree of lichen and sulfur dioxide contents were 0.000~0.020ppm : Zone No. 2 0.020~0.060ppm : Zone No. 1 over 0.060ppm : Zone No. 0

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