• Title, Summary, Keyword: Policy Adoption

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Adoption and Implementation of Tobacco Control Policies in Schools in India: Results of the Bihar School Teachers Study

  • Mathur, N;Pednekar, MS;Sorensen, GS;Nagler, EM;Stoddard, AM;Lando, HA;Aghi, MB;Sinha, DN;Gupta, PC
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.2821-2826
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    • 2016
  • Implementation of no tobacco policies in schools is associated with lower tobacco use among teachers and students. In this study we assessed the extent that a school-based intervention for teachers resulted in adoption and implementation of tobacco control policies. From a random sample of government schools ($8^{th}-10^{th}$), 72 were randomized into intervention and control conditions. Intervention included health education programs for teachers and support for tobacco control policy implementation. Adoption and implementation of policies were assessed at baseline and immediately after intervention. All 36 intervention and one control school adopted a tobacco-control policy. Higher enforcement of tobacco-control policy was at post intervention (OR=3.26; CI: 2.35, 4.54) compared to baseline in intervention schools. Some 64% of intervention and 28% control schools showed "improvement" in policy implementation. Adoption and implementation of no tobacco policies was positively impacted by intervention. This study provides support for scaling up of school-based tobacco control interventions to promote school tobacco control policies.

The Effects of Fashion Innovativeness and Purchase Situation Factors on Fashion Adoption among Adult Women (성인여성의 유행혁신성과 구매상황 요인이 유행채택행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Jun, Dae-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.8
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2008
  • This study aimed to identify the effects of adult women's fashion innovativeness and purchase situation factors on fashion adoption. To explain women's fashion adoption at the point of clothing purchases, fashion innovativeness and 3 dimensions of purchase situation were adopted as explanatory variables. Total usable questionnaires were obtained from 801 women aged between 20 and 39. Factor analysis on purchase situation resulted in 3 dimensional structures of purchase situation: Store atmosphere, Store policy and Pre-purchase condition. Women groups divided by fashion innovativeness level showed meaningful differences in their purchase situation level and fashion adoption level. Women groups divided by 3 dimensions of purchase situation also showed significant differences in fashion innovativeness level and fashion adoption level. Fashion innovativeness, Store atmosphere and Pre-purchase condition except Store policy positively affected fashion adoption.

Using the PAPM to Examine Factors Associated with Stages of Adoption for Stomach Cancer Screening (위암검진행태 단계의 관련요인 : PAPM을 적용하여)

  • Kye, Su-Yeon;Choi, Kui-Son;Sung, Na-Young;Kwak, Min-Son;Park, Su-Ho;Bang, Jin-Young;Park, So-Mi;Hahm, Myung-Il;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.29-45
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of stages of adoption in stomach cancer screening and elucidate differences among stages. Methods: A randomly selected sample of 712 Korean males and females aged 40 years or over were interviewed. Stomach cancer screening intention and behavior, sociodemographic characteristics, beliefs, self-efficacy and reinforcing characteristics were assessed. Results: The majority of participants were not on-schedule screening(unaware 3.2%, unengaged 20.8%, deciding about acting 24.0%, decided not to act 9.6%, decided to act 14.5%, acting 9.7%, maintenance 18.3%). Perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, other cancer screening experiences were significantly associated with higher compared to lower Precaution Adoption Process Model(PAPM) stages. Conclusions: This study appears to be applicable of the Precaution Adoption Process Model to understanding stomach cancer screening behavior. Our results suggest that it is needed to develop the tailored message for adherence of stomach cancer screening.

Adoption and Its Determining Factors of Computerized Tomography in Korea (우리 나라 전산화단층촬영기(CT)의 도입에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Seok-Jun;Kim, Sun-Mean;Kang, Chul-Hwan;Kim, Chang-Yup;Shin, Young-Soo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.195-207
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    • 1997
  • High price equipment is one of the major factors that increases national health expenditure in developed countries. Computerized Tomography(CT), one of the important high price equipment, has been concerns of health service researchers and policy makers in many countries. In Korea, CT, first introduced in 1984, have spreaded nationwide with rapid speed. Though the Committee for Approving Import of High Price Medical Equipment, founded in 1981, tried to regulate the introduction of high price medical equipment including CT, the effort resulted in failure. The exact situation of diffusion of the high price equipment, however, was not yet investigated. We aimed at the description of the diffusion of CT in Korea and analysis of influencing factors on hospitals for the adoption of CT. We mainly used the database of CT, made in 1996 by the National Federation of Medical Insurance for the purpose of insurance payment for CT. Also characteristics of hospitals were gathered from yearbooks published by the central and local governments and by the Korean Hospital Association. We calculated the cumulative number of the CT per one million population year by year. In turn, multiple linear logistic regression was done to find out the contributing factors for the adoption of CT by each hospital. In the logistic regression model, it is regarded as dependent factor whether a hospital retained CT or not in 1988 and 1993. The major categories of the independent factors were hospital characteristics, environmental factors and competitive conditions of hospitals at the period of the adoption. The results are as follows: Number of CT scanners per one million persons in Korea marked more higher level compared with those of most OECD countries. Major influencing factors on the adoption of CT scanners were hospital characteristics, such as hospital referral level, and competitive condition of hospitals, such as number of CT scanners per 10,000 persons in each district where the hospital was located. In Korea, CT diffused with rather rapid speed, comparable with those of the United States and Japan. The major factors contributing on the adoption of CT for hospitals were competitive condition and hospital characteristics rather than regional health care need for CT. In conclusion, a kind of regulating mechanism would be necessary for the prevention of the indiscreet adoption and inefficient use of high price equipment including CT.

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The role of tolerance and self-sufficiency in a nation's adoption of nuclear power generation: A search for a quick and simple indicator

  • Roh, Seungkook
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.904-907
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    • 2019
  • Nuclear energy remains one of the world's major energy sources, making up over 10% of global electricity generation in 2017. Public acceptance of nuclear energy is essential for its adoption. From a practical perspective, it is beneficial to have a simple indicator that can predict the actual adoption of nuclear energy. Based on practical experience, the authors suggest tolerance and self-sufficiency as potential indicators that may predict the adoption of nuclear energy. By evaluating the cross-sectional data of 18 countries in 2013, this research assesses the actual impact of tolerance and self-sufficiency on public acceptance in order to identify the validity of the two variables. The results indicate that the two variables are statistically significant, while public acceptance is insignificant in explaining national adoption of nuclear energy. This may be because tolerance reflects national willingness to accept potential risk, while self-sufficiency explains a government's likelihood of developing non-carbon energy sources.

Policy and Managerial Issues of Voice over Internet Protocol(VoIP) (인터넷전화의 정책 및 경영이슈측면에서의 이용자분석)

  • Kim, Ji-Hee;Sung, Yoon-Young;Kweon, O-Sang;Kim, Jin-Ki
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.221-233
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    • 2007
  • Which factors should influence consumer consideration to subscribe to Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)? Policy issues, managerial concerns, and demographic variables are possible factors. This paper discusses policy and managerial issues regarding VoIP adoption. A model that explains VoIP adoption is proposed and tested. This study analyzes a survey of 750 prospective VoIP users in Korea. The testing is accompanied by logistic regression and discriminant analysis. The results show that trust in VoIP, relative comparison of Quality to fixed service, numbering plan, satisfactions of call Quality and customer services on both fixed and mobile services have impacts on the adoption of VoIP. Implications for VoIP providers and policy makers are presented.

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A Study on Facilitating Condition and Adoption of Innovative Policy (혁신제도 촉진환경과 제도수용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Geon Chan;Kang, Inwon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.79-90
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    • 2010
  • As the volume of South Korean trading increased, the pressure from the international community on South Korea to perform export control system for strategic items (ECS) increased as well. However, the South Korean government has been giving a tepid response toward the ECS, due to lack of the knowledge on psychological reactance of firms. This paper investigates the structural relationships between environmental factors and the attitude toward the ECS, and the adoption of the ECS. The author discuss the implications of the findings in this article which are useful for the government to find strategic policy direction.

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A Study on Adoption of Curriculum Autonomy Policy by a Middle School (학교의 교육과정 자율화 정책 수용에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Hyun-Sook;Kim, Dae-Hyun
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.989-1002
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to figure out adoption of curriculum autonomy policy by a middle school. To achieve the purpose, official documents accepted or produced by the school were examined regarding how much curriculum autonomy was given to the school. As well as, minutes on curriculum organization and implementation and interviews with significant figures in the school were analyzed to reveal how the school exerted its curriculum autonomy. The results indicated that superior educational administrative institution that had made decision on curriculum autonomy policy and promoted it constantly sent to the school official documents that required it to report what had been done. Such practices prevented the school from autonomous organization and implementation of curriculum. In addition, as most decisions on curriculum organization and implementation at school level was made by administrator and teachers with special position, most teachers remained at passive status to accept what had decided by them. Parents'committee did not exercise their rights by lack of expertise and passive attitude.

A Review on the Research of Information Technology Adoption by SME (중소기업의 정보기술 수용연구에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Gil-Rae;Kim, Chung-Yeong
    • 한국디지털정책학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.421-435
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    • 2004
  • This paper explores the applicability of traditional TAM and DOT to multi-level adoption (first level and second level adoption) process occurring within an organizational context. This paper identifies existing gaps in traditional innovation adoption models and concludes that a new framework is required. A new hybrid theoretical framework is developed which combines insights from organizational-level research on technology implementation with constructs from traditional innovation adoption models.

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Shipper's Decision on Private Fleet or For-hire Carriage : IT Adoption, Changes in Incentive Structure and Policy Implications (화주의 자가운송과 영업운송간의 선택 : IT 도입, 경제적 유인 구조 변화 및 정책적 시사점)

  • Shin, Ilsoon;Jang, Wonchang
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.69-85
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    • 2012
  • This paper analyzes how IT adoption affects differently on the shippers' make-buy decision, depending on the changes through agency and coordination problems. Empirical findings are consistent with the theoretical predictions on the changes of shippers' decision, summarized as follows. First, while the adoption of agency-cost reducing IT leads to the increase in the proportion of private fleets, the adoption of coordination-cost reducing IT leads to the increase in proportion of for-hire carriage. Second, the extent of private fleets changes depends on the primary product type that trucks load, with products of important service task experiencing more increase. Third, the extent of for-hire carriage changes depends on the truck's trip distance, with long-trip trucks experiencing more increase. With the results, we present different policy implications from the conventionally advocated ones.