• Title, Summary, Keyword: Plant size

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Genetic Analyzed of Quantitative Characters in Perilla (들깨 품종집단에 대한 몇 개 양적 형질의 유전분석)

  • 정원복;정대수
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.431-436
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    • 1998
  • These studies were carried out to obtain useful information about the effective selection of vegetable perilla by estimating the genetic relationships between the heritabilities and the genetic correlations of quantitative traits among eight agronomic characters from 91 perilla varieties. The positive correlations were showed among characters such as between leaf weight and leaf size, leaf weight and leaf length, leaf weight and leaf width, leaf weight and plant height, leaf weight and stem diameter, leaf size and leaf length, leaf size and leaf width, leaf size and plant height, leaf size and stem diameter , leaf length and leaf width, leaf length and plant height, leaf length and stem diameter, leaf width and plant height, leaf width and stem diameter, plant height and stem diameter, plant height and the number of internodes per plant, and the number of internodes per plant and the number of leaves per plant. Heritabilities were high as from 0.7311 to 0.9112 among leaf weight, leaf size, leaf length, leaf width, plant height, stem diameter, and the number of internodes per plant.

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The recognition of the leaf size determines the egg cluster size while leaf abundance is correlated to the laying frequency for Luehdorfia puziloi (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) oviposition

  • Kim, Do Sung;Park, Doo Sang;Koh, Jae Ki
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2013
  • The life cycle of butterflies is closely related to the growth of food plants and, through a prolonged coevolutionary process, has undergone an ecological adaptation. So, it is important that control the egg-laying number and place to secure enough food plant by female adult to guarantee the survival of the larvae. To study whether oviposition control of the Luehdorfia puziloi takes into greater consideration food plant leaf biomass or leaf abundance, correlation among the egg cluster size, the leaf size, and the number of leaves around egg clusters was investigated. According to the results, the egg clusters size exhibited positive correlation with the leaf size of food plants on which eggs had been laid but did not do so with the number of surrounding leaves. In addition, the number of egg clusters laid exhibited positive correlation with the number of surrounding food plant leaves but not with the leaf size on which eggs had been laid. Consequently, for the Luehdorfia puziloi, the females' recognition of the leaf size seems to be the most important factor in the egg cluster size, and the number of egg clusters had positive correlation with food plant density per unit area.

Gender Variation in Relation to Resource Allocation in Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Ambrosia artemisiifolia에 있어서 자원분배와 관련된 성비의 변이)

  • Kang, Hyesoon
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.231-241
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    • 1995
  • I examined the relationship between allocations to plant size components such as plant height, total leaf weight, and nuber of branches and to reproductive components such as the number and weight of male and female fowers in three populations of the monoecious, wind-pollinated Ambrosia artemisiifolia. In particular, the two types of gender of plants, phenotypic and functional gender, were related to resource allocation. Mean values of all plant size and reproductive components differed significantly among the three populations. Such inter-population differences did not exist for both photosynthetic and reproductive efforts, Plant size components were mostly positively correlated with reproductive components among plants. However, the relationships between photosynthetic effort and reproductive components were largely negative and inconsistent among populations. The phenotypic gender was much lover than 0.5 in all of the three populations. Pairwise correlations between functional gender and each allocation measurement such as plant size components, reproductive components, photosynthetic effort, and reproductive effort were not consistent across the three populations. These results suggest that the gender of A. artemisiifolia measured as flower production responds sensitively to environmental conditions which might differ whithin as well as among populations.

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Transposable Elements and Genome Size Variations in Plants

  • Lee, Sung-Il;Kim, Nam-Soo
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2014
  • Although the number of protein-coding genes is not highly variable between plant taxa, the DNA content in their genomes is highly variable, by as much as 2,056-fold from a 1C amount of 0.0648 pg to 132.5 pg. The mean 1C-value in plants is 2.4 pg, and genome size expansion/contraction is lineage-specific in plant taxonomy. Transposable element fractions in plant genomes are also variable, as low as ~3% in small genomes and as high as ~85% in large genomes, indicating that genome size is a linear function of transposable element content. Of the 2 classes of transposable elements, the dynamics of class 1 long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons is a major contributor to the 1C value differences among plants. The activity of LTR retrotransposons is under the control of epigenetic suppressing mechanisms. Also, genome-purging mechanisms have been adopted to counter-balance the genome size amplification. With a wealth of information on whole-genome sequences in plant genomes, it was revealed that several genome-purging mechanisms have been employed, depending on plant taxa. Two genera, Lilium and Fritillaria, are known to have large genomes in angiosperms. There were twice times of concerted genome size evolutions in the family Liliaceae during the divergence of the current genera in Liliaceae. In addition to the LTR retrotransposons, non-LTR retrotransposons and satellite DNAs contributed to the huge genomes in the two genera by possible failure of genome counter-balancing mechanisms.

Estimation of nuclear DNA content of various bamboo and rattan species

  • Kumar, Prakash P.;Turner, Ian M.;Rao, A. Nagaraja;Arumuganathan, K.
    • Plant Biotechnology Reports
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.317-322
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    • 2011
  • We determined the nuclear DNA content (genome size) of over 35 accessions each of bamboo and rattan species from Southeast Asia. The 2C DNA per nucleus was quantified by flow cytometry. The fluorescence of nuclei isolated from the leaves and stained with propidium iodide was measured. The genome size of the bamboo species examined was between 2.5 and 5.9 pg DNA per 2C nucleus. The genome size of the rattan species examined ranged from 1.8 to 10.5 pg DNA per 2C nucleus. This information will be useful for scientists working in diverse areas of plant biology such as biotechnology, biodiversity, genome analysis, plant breeding, physiology and molecular biology. Such data may be utilized to attempt to correlate the genome size with the ploidy status of bamboo species in cases where ploidy status has been reported.

Effect of Divided Rhizome Size and Medium Type on Growth of Wasabia japonica Matsum. (분주 근경 크기와 배지 종류가 고추냉이 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yong-Beom;Choi, Ki-Young;Bae, Jong-Hyang;Kim, Jeong-Man
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 2009
  • This experiment was investigated to effect of divided rhizome size and medium type on survival rate and growth of wasabi for 60 days in controlled growth room. In divided rhizome size of 5mm above, survival rate was 100% and their growth (plant height of 12cm and leaf number of 3${\sim}$4 per plant) was good at 30 days after wrapped-sphagnum treatment. Plant height was 20cm above and number of leaves increased in 1-2 per plant at 60 days after treatment. Survival rate and growth didn't show any effect on plant regulator of root-tone. In inorganic media (saprolite and aerated light stone) treatment, survival rate of wasabi in divided size of 5${\sim}$10mm showed 83% or above at 30 days in deep flow culture. Growth did not show significant difference of inorganic support media treatments. Therefore, it is possible for divided rhizome size of 5mm above to do production of seedlings by acclimatize for 30 days in hydroponics under controlled growth chamber.

Seasonal Variation of Reproductive Characters in Two Introduced Species of Taraxacum (두 외래종 민들레 번식 특성의 계절적 변이)

  • 강혜순;최유미
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.21 no.5_1
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    • pp.457.2-486
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    • 1998
  • Ecological success of introduced species is frequently attributed to the reproductive characters of those species. We examined the relationship between both flowering season and plant size and reproductive characters in two introduced species of Taraxacum, e.g., T. officinale and T.laevigatum. Seventy six plants of T. officinale and 23 plants of T. laevigatum were randomly tagged from a population at the sungshin Women's University in April of 1997. The size and number of vegetative characters such as rosette diameter, leaf number, and the largest leaf length and width were measured for each plant at the onset of flowering. The infructescence was collected continually from each plant before seed dispersal from April to August of 1997. The number of infructescence per plant, and seed number and total seed weight per infructescence were measured. Mean individual seed weight per infructescence was also obtained. T. officinale possessed larger sized, but smaller number of, leaves than T. laevigatum, thereby resulting in no significant difference in total leaf area. There was a trend that vegetatively larger plants in both of these species produced reproductive characters larger in size or greater in number, except for seed number and total seed weight per infructescence in T. laevigatum. All reproductive characters examined in T. officinale decreased toward the end of flowering season. In T. laevigatum, infructescence number per plant also declined during a flowering season: however, mean seed number per infructescence increaed toward the end of flowering season with no significant seasonal change in the total seed weight per infructescence. T. officinale produced on average about twice as many seeds per plant as T. laevigatum during a growing season. These two Taraxacum species produced quite small seeds in size compared to the endemic species, exhibiting a far better dispersal ability of introduced species. These data demonstrate that most reproductive characters decline in size and number in both species during a long flowering period, but the two species appear to employ different strategies to achieve reproductive success in disturbed habitats.

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Changes of Plant Cell Size Index by Culture Conditions (배양 조건에 따른 식물세포 크기 지수의 변화)

  • 김상목;박인석;이상윤;이규화;김동일
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.438-443
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    • 1998
  • Effects of various environmental factors on cell size index(FCW/DCW) in Thalictrum rugosum. Lithospermum erythrorhizon and Taxus cuspidata plant cell suspension cultures were investigated. Time course change of cell size index were also observed. In batch cultures, FCW/DCW increased according to the decrease of sugar concentration. For short-term experiment within 24 hr, FCW/DCW value could be reduced significantly by increasing sugar concentration. When an osmoticum such as mannitol was added, FCW/DCW converged to a low value. Therefore, it was confirmed that osmolality of the medium was important in determining cell size or water content of the cells. Inorganic salts or treatment with organic solvent also exhibited some effect on the cell size index. However, pH and centrifugal force did not show any influences. On the other hand, it was found that the addition of Pluronic F-68 reduced FCW/DCW. By combining these results effectively, it may be possible to increase the cell concentration in high density culture to a higher extent.

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Application of the Leak Before Break(LBB) Concept to a Heat Exchanger in a Nuclear Power Plant

  • Kwon, Jae-Do;Lee, Choon-Yeol;Lee, Yong-Son;Sul, Il-Chan
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.10-20
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    • 2001
  • The leak before break(LBB) concept is difficult to apply to a structure with a thin tube that is immersed in a water environment. A heat exchanger in a nuclear power plant is such a structure. The present paper addresses an application of the LBB concept to a heat exchanger in a nuclear power plant. The minimum leaked coolant amount(approximately 37.9 liters) containing the radioactive material which can activate the radiation detector device installed in near the heat exchanger is assumed. A postulated initial flaw size that can not grow to a critical flaw size within the time period to activate the radiation detector is justified. In this case, the radiation detector can activate the warning signal caused by coolant leakage from initially postulated flaws of the heat exchanger. The nuclear plant can safely shutdown when this occurs. Since the postulated initial flaw size can not grow to the critical flaw size, the structural integrity of the heat exchanger is not impeded. Particularly the informational scenario presented in this paper discusses an actual nuclear plant.

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Economic Feasibility Study for Providing Co-generation System in various Type of Apartment Complexes (아파트단지의 특성에 따른 열병합발전도입의 경제성 비교연구)

  • Gi, Woo-Bong;Kim, Gwang-Ho;Lim, Hee-Jin;Yoon, Kyung-Shick;Jang, Hyuk-Bong;Kim, Dong-Hwan
    • New & Renewable Energy
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2007
  • This study is to analyse the feasibility for providing Co-generation plant in Apartment Complex for 4 typical Apartment Complexes located Seoul metropolitan area, The selected complexes are three midium-large size Apartment[nearby 35pyoug of floor area] and one complex of small size Apartment[below 25 pyoung of floor area] for comparison. The necessary data for the study were collected with visitation of each site. The study showed very positive result for the three medium-large size Apartment Complexes of which the average floor area is more than 25 pyoungs, while negative result for the Complex of which average floor area is less than 25 pyoungs. Other than floor size it was found that the electric consumption density also influence the economic feasibility. In study the unit fixed cost of the energy produced from Co-generation plant is one third of the unit variable cost[fuel cost] and it seems better to select high thermal efficiency machine for Co-generation plant even with some higher cost of the plant.

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