• Title, Summary, Keyword: Plant growth

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Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria Stimulate Vegetative Growth and Asexual Reproduction of Kalanchoe daigremontiana

  • Park, Yong-Soon;Park, Kyungseok;Kloepper, Joseph W.;Ryu, Choong-Min
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.310-315
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    • 2015
  • Certain bacterial species associate with plant roots in soil. The plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) stimulate plant growth and yield in greenhouse and field. Here, we examined whether application of known bacilli PGPR strains stimulated growth and asexual reproduction in the succulent plant Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Four PGPR strains B. amyloliquefaciens IN937a, B. cereus BS107, B. pumilus INR7, and B. subtilis GB03 were applied to young plantlets by soil-drenching, and plant growth and development was monitored for three months. Aerial growth was significantly stimulated in PGPR-inoculated plants, which was observed as increases in plant height, shoot weight, and stem width. The stimulated growth influenced plant development by increasing the total number of leaves per plant. Treatment with bacilli also increased the total root biomass compared with that of control plants, and led to a 2-fold increase in asexual reproduction and plantlet formation on the leaf. Collectively, our results firstly demonstrate that Bacillus spp. promote vegetative development of K. daigremontiana, and the enhanced growth stimulates asexual reproduction and plantlet formation.

Update on the Effects of Sound Wave on Plants

  • Chowdhury, Md. Emran Khan;Lim, Hyoun-Sub;Bae, Hanhong
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2014
  • Plant growth is considered the sum of cell proliferation and subsequent elongation of the cells. The continuous proliferation and elongation of plant cells are vital to the production of new organs, which have a significant impact on overall plant growth. Accordingly, the relationship between environmental stimuli, such as temperature, light, wind, and sound waves to plant growth is of great interest in studies of plant development. Sound waves can have negative or positive effects on plant growth. In this review paper we have summarized the relationship between sound waves and plant growth response. Sound waves with specific frequencies and intensities can have positive effects on various plant biological indices including seed germination, root elongation, plant height, callus growth, cell cycling, signaling transduction systems, enzymatic and hormonal activities, and gene expression.

Growth Responses and Introduction Plan of Interior Landscape Plants under Light Intensity of Fluorescent Light and Sunlight (형광등과 자연광의 광도에 따른 실내조경식물의 생육반응과 도입 방안)

  • Choi Kyoung-Ok;Lee Sang-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to obtain fundamental information of growth response of interior landscape plants under a fluorescent lighting, a sunlight at indoor. Ficus elastica Roxb. vu. decora Hort, Spathiphyllum 'Clevelandii', Codiaeum variegatum Blume var. pictum Mvell. Arg. 'Exalant' and Cordyline terminalis Kunth var. red edge Hort were examined under 100lux, 500lux, 1,000lux and 2,000lux light intensity consisted of fluorescent lighting and sunlight at indoor condition. Result of experiments are as follows; 1. A Ficus elastica Roxb. var. decora Hort plant growth status was better showed under fluorescent lighting than sunlight. A plant growth status showed the best result under 2,000lux light intensity of fluorescent lighting in cases of all conditions. 2. A Spathiphyllum 'Clevelandii' showed the best effective adaptations under law intensity among experimental plants. A Spathiphyllum 'Clevelandii', plant growth status was better showed under fluorescent lighting than sunlight. A plant growth status showed the best result under 1,000lux light intensity of fluorescent lighting in cases of all conditions. 3. It need the best high establishment of fluorescent lighting among experimental plants for good plant growth. A Codiaeum variegatum Blume var. pictum Mvell. Arg. 'Exalant' plant growth status was better showed under fluorescent lighting than sunlight. A plant growth status was better showed under high light intensity in case of same light source. A plant growth status showed the best result under 2,000lux light intensity of fluorescent lighting. 4. A Cordyline terminalis Kunth var. red edge Hort plant growth status was better showed under fluorescent lighting than sunlight. but, A plant growth status was better showed under $500lux\sim1,000lux$ than 2,000lux in cases of all intensity of fluorescent lighting. while, A plant growth status was better showed under $1,000lux\sim2,000lux$ in cases of all intensity of sunlight.

Effect of Temperature Associated with Early Growth Stimulus on Shortening of Heading Dates in Rice

  • Song, Moon-Tae;Lee, Jeom-Ho;Cho, Youn-Sang;Hwang, Hung-Goo
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 2002
  • The heading date is known to be controlled by two kinds of genetic constituent, photosensitivity and basic vegetable phase. For the latter, the effect of temperature in early growth period is critical to determine the shortness of vegetative growth periods in plant's life. A phytotron experiment on 55 rice cultivars, consisting of two ecotypes of rices, indica and japonica, was conducted at high and low temperature treatments at early growth stage to investigate the possible role of plant growth stimulus by high temperature to associate with shortening of heading date. The high temperature during the early growth stage stimulated the rice growth as measured by plant height with much difference of the growth response between indica and japonica. The conclusive finding that these growth stimulus in early growth stage was highly correlated with the acceleration of heading is, more or less, correlated with the heading of the late growth stage although we could not conclude the genes for early plant growth stimulus by high temperature is the same genes as the genes for accelerating of heading in the late growth stage of plants.

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Invisible Signals from the Underground: Bacterial Volatiles Elicit Plant Growth Promotion and Induce Systemic Resistance

  • Ryu, Choong-Min;Farag, Mohammed A.;Pare, Paul. W.;Kloepper, Joseph W.
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2005
  • Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a wide range of root-colonizing bacteria with the capacity to enhance plant growth and control plant pathogens. Here we review recent progress that indicate some PGPR strains release a blend of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that promote growth in Arabidopsis seedlings and induce resistance against Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora. In particular, the volatile components 2,3-butanediol and acetoin released exclusively from the PGPR strains triggered the greatest level of growth promotion and induced systemic resistance. Pharmacological applications of 2,3-butanediol promoted the plant growth and induced resistance, while bacterial mutants blocked in 2,3-butanediol and acetoin synthesis was devoid of growth-promotion and induced resistance capacities. The results suggested that the bacterial VOCs play a critical role in the plant growth promotion and induced resistance by PGPR. Using transgenic and mutant lines of Arabidopsis, we provide evidences that the signal pathway activated by volatiles from one PGPR strain is dependent on cyto-kinin activation for growth promotion and dependent on an ethylene-signaling pathway for induced pathogen resistance. This discovery provides new insight into the role of bacterial VOCs as initiators of both plant growth promotion and defense responses in plants.

Effects of CO2 enrichment, LED inter-lighting, and high plant density on growth of Nicotiana benthamiana used as a host to express influenza virus hemagglutinin H1

  • Shang, Lingling;Gaudreau, Linda;Martel, Michele;Michaud, Dominique;Pepin, Steeve;Gosselin, Andre
    • Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology : HEB
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    • v.59 no.5
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    • pp.637-648
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    • 2018
  • Plants are being recognized as promising hosts for molecular farming and several molecular tools have been developed over the last two decades to optimize recombinant protein yields. However, the effects of basic growth factors on protein yield have been much less studied. Here, we investigated the effects of supplemental light emitting diode (LED) inter-lighting, $CO_2$ enrichment, and plant density on growth and recombinant protein yield of Nicotiana benthamiana used as a host to express the vaccine antigen influenza virus hemagglutinin H1. LED inter-lighting improved plant growth and recombinant protein yield on a per-plant basis. $CO_2$ enrichment also enhanced plant growth, but its effect on recombinant protein yield was not significant. By comparison, high plant density decreased recombinant protein production per plant, mainly because of its negative impact on protein accumulation on a per-plant basis. On a whole-crop area basis, supplemental lighting, $CO_2$ enrichment, and high plant density improved plant growth, while only LED inter-lighting and high plant density positively impacted recombinant protein yield. We suggest that LED inter-lighting and an elevated plant density should be used to maximize H1 antigen yield in large-scale protein production systems using N. benthamiana.

Use of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria to control stress responses of plant roots

  • Kang, Bin-Goo;Kim, Woo-Taek;Yun, Hye-Sup;Chang, Soo-Chul
    • Plant Biotechnology Reports
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 2010
  • Ethylene is a key gaseous hormone that controls various physiological processes in plants including growth, senescence, fruit ripening, and responses to abiotic and biotic stresses. In spite of some of these positive effects, the gas usually inhibits plant growth. While chemical fertilizers help plants grow better by providing soil-limited nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphate, overusage often results in growth inhibition by soil contamination and subsequent stress responses in plants. Therefore, controlling ethylene production in plants becomes one of the attractive challenges to increase crop yields. Some soil bacteria among plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) can stimulate plant growth even under stressful conditions by reducing ethylene levels in plants, hence the term "stress controllers" for these bacteria. Thus, manipulation of relevant genes or gene products might not only help clear polluted soil of contaminants but contribute to elevating the crop productivity. In this article, the beneficial soil bacteria and the mechanisms of reduced ethylene production in plants by stress controllers are discussed.

The Development of the System Software for Analysis of Plant's Growth (식물성장 분석을 위한 시스템 소프트웨어 개발)

  • 전성동;이현우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.299-303
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    • 2003
  • We research hardware and software for measurement of most suitable condition of the plant growth. that is put of the future oriented that plant growing system. The environment cannot offer the most suitable condition of the plant growth. so we are approached most suitable condition of the plant growth by adjustment of artificial condition of the plant growth but in theses experiment includes some fault that is subjectivity of observation. therefor we develop vision equipment and software for objective observation measurement.

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Effect of Inoculation of Azospirillum brasilense and Methylobacterium oryzae on the Growth of Red Pepper Plant (고추의 생장에 미치는 Azospirillum brasilense 및 Methylobacterium oryzae 접종 효과)

  • Kim, Byoung-Ho;Sa, Tong-Min;Chung, Jong-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 2011
  • BACKGROUND: Rhizosphere bacteria may improve plant growth and productivity both by supply nutrients and hormonal stimulation. Although many experiments have shown improvements in plant growth with inoculation of bacterial cultures to the rhizosphere, the main obstacle in the applications of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in a large scale is the inconsistency of the results. We tested the growth promoting effects of Azospirillum and Methylobacterium strains on red pepper plant. METHODS AND RESULTS: Red pepper seedlings were grown for 25 days in a growth media inoculated with A. brasilense CW903 or M. oryzae CBMB20. The seedlings were transplanted and grown for 45 days in pots with soil in a greenhouse, at half the recommended level of fertilizer. Bacterial culture, $4.0{\times}10^9$ for A. brasilense CW903 and $5.8{\times}10^8$ CFU for M. oryzae CBMB20, was applied in root zone soil periodically every 10 days during the experiment. Inoculation of M. oryzae CBMB20 significantly increased the red pepper plant growth in terms of leaf number, height and mass of shoot, or root mass compared to uninoculated control plants. Although beneficial effects of A. brasilense on plant growth of many crops were observed, the growthpromoting effect of A. brasilense CW903 on red pepper plant was not found in this study. CONCLUSION(s): The factors responsible for the irregularities in plant growth promoting of rhizobacteria are difficult to elucidate. Extensive inoculation experiments in the greenhouse and in the field should enable us to define the factors critical to obtain successful application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria.

Development of a High Efficient LED System for the Plant Growth (고효율 LED 식물재배 시스템 개발)

  • Hwang, Jong-Dae;Ko, Dong-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to develop an efficient plant growth system that can be controlled by altering the wavelength and illumination using a LED module. If it is possible to develop a system that can be controlled in this manner, utilizing different characteristics in the meaningful wavelength band depending on the growth time or type of plant, the plant growth conditions can be optimized. In order to this, red, green, blue and white LEDs are arrayed in a rectangle, consisting of LED modules which can be combined with each other. Consequently, the array can be used to select the optimal light conditions with monochromatic red, green, blue and white LEDs, or mixed LEDs, for plant growth. Experiments on the characteristics of the wavelengths to evaluate the efficiency of the plant growth system were performed. The usefulness of the system was demonstrated through a cultivation test involving several special plants.