• Title, Summary, Keyword: Planning theory

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A Study on Landscape Architecture Planning and Design as Communicative Action (의사소통 행위로서의 조경계획 및 설계에 대한 연구)

  • 김연금;이규목
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.73-85
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    • 2003
  • With more and more people paying attention to substantial democracy, participatory democracy is presented as a practical strategy and an index of Korean democracy. In this social and political atmosphere, participation in environmental planning and design is essential. Nonetheless, the true meaning of “participation” is not used properly because many people do not understand it correctly, The concept of social and political participation is “the action or attempt of ordinary members of society for affecting on the result of decision making.” Based on this concept, participation is accomplished through conventional means and as a form of mobilization in environmental planning and desist Most of the theories on public participation in landscape architecture are technical theories. Therefore, this paper proposes that planning and design of landscape architecture be understood as a communicative action that aims to enable stakeholders to reach a consensus through communication. This study offers the framework of theory to understand and practice planning and design of landscape architecture as a communicative action, after reviewing communicative action theory and communicative planning theory. Results suggest that communicative action theory should be accepted in landscape architecture to overcome the shortcomings of instrumental rationality -- the same way planning theory accepted this theory --and to join the culture of experts focusing on the artistic truth and the culture of life of the world. In addition, accepting communicative action theory enables the acquisition of the instrumental effect and social learning effect and the making of social capital. This study also suggested prerequisite for using the method. There should be change in the social institution and in individual action. In addition the method is composed of three steps: creating the atmosphere for communication; communicating, and; reaching a consensus among stakeholders. Finally, raising the possibility of applying the theory presented in this study requires the accumulation of know-how through trial and error.

A Planning Element of Welfare Center for the Elderly based on the Salutogenic Model (건강생성 모델기반 노인복지관 계획 요소)

  • Choi, Joo-young;Park, Sung-jun
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to propose the clue of planning guideline for the elderly welfare center supporting the healthy life of the elderly through deriving the planning element of the elderly welfare center based on the Salutogenic Model(SM). The research method was proceeded with literature review. The meaning of Sense of Coherence(SOC) and Generalised Resistance Resources(GRR) which constitute Salutogenic Model is established. The correlation between SOC and GRR is analyzed. The conclusions of this study are as follows. First, EBD, BD, HD, UD, and BFD were studied as planning theories that could enhance the SOC of space. Second, based on the five planning theories, 43 planning elements needed for the elderly welfare center plan were derived. Third, as a result of classifying the plan elements based on the SOC, 'Manageability' is divided into 22 elements, 'Meaningfulness' is 11 and 'Comprehensibility' is 10 elements. Fourth, the details of the SOC items for each theory are as follows: BFD focuses on 'Manageability' with 'Manageability'(74%) and 'Comprehensibility'(26%), but 'Meaningfulness' does not exist. And UD regards 'Comprehensibility'(66%) as important, and 'Manageability' and 'Meaningfulness' as 17%. BD, on the other hand, has a high percentage of 'Meaningfulness'(70%), 'Comprehensibility'(21%) and 'Manageability'(9%). Next, the 'Manageability' of HD and EBD is 46%. And HD was 'Meaningfulness'(34%), 'Comprehensibility'(20%), and EBD was 'Meaningfulness'(30%) and 'Comprehensibility'(24%). The three items of SOC showed different distribution according to the spatial planning theory. As a result of the analysis, the spatial planning theory with the 'Comprehensibility' was related to Universal Design(UD), and the spatial planning theory with the 'Manageability' was related to Barrier-Free Design(BFD). In addition, the spatial planning theory of 'Meaningfulness' was related to Bio-philic Design(BD). Therefore, the plan of the elderly welfare center needs to approach the multidimensional design methodology to enhance the SOC(Sense of Coherence).

An Analysis of the Quadrangle Type of Raymond Unwin (레이몬드 언윈의 쿼드앵글 유형 해석)

  • Sohn Seiwook;Kim Kyoungwan
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2004
  • This paper has attempted to analyze the site planning theories of Raymond Unwin (1863-1940), who is called the father of British town planning. A prominent contribution of his was to establish both the site planning of garden suburb and urban housing style in British type. Here it attempts to analyze how he greatly and firmly established the concept of Housing Group, and how he got this the concept from the life and spatial composition of villages. It could be pointed out that the main factors of the Unwin theory are social mixture, creation of community consciousness and informal landscape design, and that the small enclosed space with plenty of amenity is his main theme. It is pointed out that the Unwin theory is composed of recognizing urban life as totality, and group planning theory, and that he definitely originated a new technique: Housing Group. It is analyzed that the syntactic relations between the group planning theory and housing designs in the English garden suburbs are epitomized in Hampstead Garden Suburb, Middlesex.

Formation of a composite theory of planning built environment for holistic health (총체적 건강을 위한 건축 공간계획의 실험적 복합이론 구축연구)

  • Lee, Yeun-Sook;An, So-Mi;Lim, Soo-Hyun
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2010
  • Although aspiration towards quality of life and holistic health has been growing faster in our modern society and the affordance of health in built environment has been more acknowledged, there has been hardly any development on built environment planning and design theory that can be comfortably and confidently used in creating built environment to promote holistic health. Thereby, this study sets out to experimently formulate a composite theory that explains the relationship between health and built environment. The main methodology of this study is literature review and analysis. Theories that have been applied in other similar fields were chosen to be analyzed by health related perspectives and graft those theories onto holistic health viewpoints to compose a comprehensive theory. Selected theories that were considered useful to be analyzed were Lawton's Environment Press Theory, Carp & Carp's Complementary & Congruence Theory, Valins' Activity-based Design Criteria Theory, Atchley's Continuity Theory, Murtha & Lee's User Benefit Criteria Theory, and Alexander's Pattern Language Theory. Characteristics of these theories were compared by their abstractness and concreteness, and the range of application, and analyzed by a holistic health perspective. Then, these theories were comprehensively structuralized and synthesized as a built environment for health theory. This study has its significance in providing a base to develop healthy built environment research further as it introduced a conceptual framework which explains spatial elements in the health functionality point of view.

Domestic and Foreign Trends in the Study of the Landscape Evaluation (경관평가연구의 국내외 동향)

  • 주신하;임승빈
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to overview domestic and foreign trends in the study of the landscape evaluation through new framework of landscape evaluation studies. 108 studies on the landscape evaluation are summarized and categorized into theoretical studies, verification of theories, development of evaluation methods and applications in physical planning. Major theories in the landscape evaluation came from the psycho-physics, the evolutionary theory ann the cultural-learning theory, and were verified and applied into physical planning. Early experimental researches on landscape evaluation, based on psycho-physics, were focused on relatively simple responses to landscapes. But many studies have been gradually related to the evolutionary theory and the cultural learning theory, emphasizing biological and cultural effects on landscape evaluation. Especially, Appleton's Prospect-Refuge theory' and Kaplans' 'Information Processing model' have very strong influence in landscape evaluation. Relatively there have been many application researches in Korea, which tells there have been strong needs to solve pending practical problems caused by the rapid economic and social growth for several decades. Almost of applications in physical planning are focused on physical features of landscapes, but for more comprehensive landscape evaluation, many other factors such as cognitive and sociocultural variables should be integrated into the whole evaluation system. As a result of reviewing of landscape evaluation studies, I found the overall domestic and foreign trends and the necessity of more research on the applications in physical planning. Because this study mainly focused on academic researches, for more appropriate landscape evaluation and management there should be more practical researches including various approaches.

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Directions and Tasks of Rural Planning System in Korea (한국 농촌계획의 방향정립과 과제)

  • Yoon, Won-Keun
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.111-123
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    • 2004
  • The directions and tasks of rural planning system can be accessed by the three view points of planning theory that are value formation, mean identification and effectuation. The concept of rural planning in Korea have been confronted with many problems and need to make new paradigm being able to develop depressed rural area. The highest valve in rural planning have been changed from economic development oriented to environmentally sound and sustainable development oriented. Also, the strategy of rural development have been changed rapidly. The growth pole theory and agricultural economic development strategy have been replaced by the urban-rural linkage theory and multi-sectoral development strategy including economic. social and spatial development. In recent, The implementation instruments for rural development focus on the participation of residence in rural area.

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An Analysis of the Enclosed Housing Cluster Type of Louis de Soissons (루이 드 스와송의 에워싼 주택배치 유형 해석)

  • Sohn, Sei-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2006
  • Welwyn Garden City benefits from the greater design cohesion and management of development which gave it a more distinctive 'brand image' almost from the outset than its older garden city(Letchworth, Hampstead). Its planner, Louis de Soissons, brought a more obvious sense of traditional formal urbanism to the design of the second garden city. This was rather different to the distinctive but rather more informal arts and crafts approach of Raymond Unwin. Here it attempts to analyze how they greatly and firmly established the concept of Housing Group in the residential design, and what similar elements between Unwin and de Soissons in the New Town planning. It is pointed out that the Housing Group theory is composed of recognizing urban life as totality, and group planning theory, and that they definitely originated a new technique in the residential area. It is analyzed that the syntactic relations between the group planning theory and enclosed housing cluster designs in the English garden city are epitomized in Welwyn Garden City.

The Impact of Information and Strategic Planning Capabilities on Logistics Performance and Competitiveness

  • Lee, Sang-Yoon
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.151-173
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    • 2006
  • This paper aims to explore the strategic roles of information and strategic planning capabilities for firms' performance, and to examine the direct and indirect relationships between information capability, strategic planning capability, logistics performance and competitive advantage. The present research adopts resource based theory (RBT) to explore the relationships between a firm's specific capability and its performance and employs structural equation modelling (SEM) in order to test the validation of the measurement models and examine the relationships between construct variables. The current empirical test was conducted using the data collected from logistics managers of 101 Korean electronics companies. The empirical research presents positive influential relationships between (1) information/planning formality capability and strategic planning capability; (2) strategic planning capability and logistics performance; (3) logistics performance and competitive advantage; and (4) competitive advantage and competitive position in the market.

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A Robot Trajectory Planning based on the Dual Curvature Theory of a Ruled Surface (룰드서피스 듀얼곡률이론을 이용한 로봇경로계획)

  • 박상민;송문상;김재희;유범상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.482-487
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents a robot trajectory generation method based on the dual curvature theory of ruled surfaces. Robot trajectory can be represented as a ruled surface generated by the TCP(Tool Center Point) and my unit vector among the tool frame. Dual curvature theory of ruled surfaces provides the robot control algorithm with the motion property parameters. With the differential properties of the ruled surface, the linear and angular motion properties of the robot end effector can be utilized in the robot trajectory planning.

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Trajectory Planning of Multi Agent Robots for Robot Soccer Using Complex Potential (복소 포텐셜을 이용한 로봇 축구용 다개체 로봇의 경로 계획)

  • Lee, Kyunghee;Kim, Donghan;Rew, Keun-Ho
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1073-1078
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    • 2012
  • This paper deals with the trajectory planning of multi agent robots using complex potential theory for robot soccer. The complex potential theory is introduced, then the circle theorem is used to avoid obstacles, and the vortex pair is used to make precise kicking direction of robot. Various situations of robot soccer are simulated and the effect of vortex strength and the speed of robots are discussed and the better way to avoid obstacles and to kick the precise direction is found. The feasibilities of complex potential theory to apply for the multi agent robots are successful.