• Title/Summary/Keyword: Phytoplankton

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Seasonal Variation of Taxonomic Composition and Standing Crop of Phytoplankton in the Chunggye Bay (청계만 식물플랑크톤의 종조성과 개체수의 계절적 변동)

  • Jeong, Byung-Kwan;Ji, Sung;Shin, Yong-Sik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.313-326
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    • 2012
  • Three embankments, namely Changpo, Bokkil and Guil, in Chunggye Bay were investigated to assess the influence of environmental changes to phytoplankton size structure, distribution of species and standing crops. Three stations was sampled near at each embankment in Nov. 2006, Feb. 2007, May 2007 and Aug. Phytoplankton were classified into net-size (>20${\mu}m$) and nano-size (<20${\mu}m$). In summer, the freshwater discharge seemed to have influence in the decrease of salinity and in the increase of turbidity, ammonium and phosphorus concentrations. Chl a concentration and phytoplankton abundance in Feb. 2007 were observed to be generally higher in all stations compared to other periods. Net-size phytoplankton was observed to be higher in Feb. 2007 and May 2007 compared to nano-sized phytoplankton. However, there was shift in phytoplankton composition in Nov. 2006 and Aug. 2007. Phytoplankton under seven class (Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Dinophyceae, Euglenophyceae) was identified during the study period. It was found out that the major phytoplankton class was Bacillariophyceae. Phytoplankton was more diverse in autumn compared to any other season. Cyanophyceae was increased in summer. In rainy season, change in physical factors (salinity, transparency) seemed to have more influence on phytoplankton growth compared to inorganic nutrients.

Dynamics of the Phytoplankton Community in the Coastal Waters of Chuksan Harbor, East Sea (동해 축산항 연안의 식물플랑크톤 군집 동태)

  • Kang, Yeon-Shik;Choi, Hyu-Chang;Lim, Joo-Hwan;Jeon, In-Seong;Seo, Ji-Ho
    • ALGAE
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2005
  • In order to investigate the distribution of phytoplankton community in the coastal waters of the Chuksan Harbor, East Sea, the abundance and biomass of phytoplankton have been evaluated through seasonal interval sampling from April 2000 to October 2002. A total of 363 different phytoplankton species was observed and most of them were composed of diatoms. The mean abundance and chlorophyll-a concentration of phytoplankton during the study period ranged from 56 ${\times}$ $10^3$ to 720 ${\times}$ $10^3$ cells $L^{-1}$ and from 0.78 to 3.29 μg chl-a $L^{-1}$, respectively. The relative contribution of the size-fractionated phytoplankton to phytoplankton community showed difference according to seasons. The average contribution of nano-phytoplankton(<20 $\mu$m) was over 50% in the total abundance and biomass of the phytoplankton. Our results show that nano-phytoplankton play an important role in the southern coastal waters of the East Sea. And the environmental factors such as suspended substances, phosphates and silicates were positively correlated with the abundances and biomass of phytoplankton.

Vertical Distribution of Phytoplankton in the Paldang Dam Reservior (팔당댐 담수수역 식물플랑크톤의 수직분포)

  • Lee, Kyung
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 1986
  • Phytoplankton community was investigated at the Paldang Dam Reservoir in the Mid-Han River by it's depth, in spring and summer known as the period of phytoplankton's blooming. It was only in summer that phytoplankton bloomed at the investigated area. 128 kinds of phytoplankton were identified and of them, diatoms were abundunt in spring but cyanophyta and chlorophyta were in summer. Because some species with high pollution index were observed in summer, it could be proved that the investigated area was polluted especially in summer. In spring shown the circulation period by vertical distribution pattern of chlorophyll-a and isothermal distribution pattern of water temperature, maximum value of phytoplankton standing crops appeared at the upper layer, except for surface layer. In summer shown the circulation period after the stagnation period by vertical distribution pattern of chlorophyll-a and immediate destruction after stratification of water temperature, maximum value of phytoplankton standing crops appeared at the lower layer. the layer at which the maximum value of chlorophyll-a appeared also accorded with that of phytoplankton standing crops. So, it could be approved that there existed a close relationship among phytoplankton standing crops, chlorophyll-a, and water temperature.

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Elemental Stoichiometry of Natural Phytoplankton Communities in Reservoirs of the Han River Systems (한강수계 주요 댐호의 식물플랑크톤 군집 세포내 화학양론)

  • Park, Hae-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.665-672
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    • 2014
  • Elemental cellular stoichiometry of natural phytoplankton communities was examined in six large dam reservoirs in the Han River system. Carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) contents of the phytoplankton-dominated seston from Lake Soyang was higher than that from other lakes. Phosphorus (P) content showed slight variations among six lakes in the range of $0.04{\sim}0.18{\mu}mol$ P mg $DW^{-1}$. The phosphorus concentrations of lake water showed obvious positive relationship with P and C contents of the phytoplankton-dominated seston. In all six lakes, N:P ratios and C:P ratios in the phytoplankton-dominated seston were more than 23 and 133 respectively, indicating the phytoplankton communities in six lakes have been exposed in phosphorus limited condition. The relative abundance of diatoms showed significant negative correlation with C, N, P contents of the phytoplankton-dominated seston and that of cyanobacteria showed significant positive correlation. Elemental stoichiometry of diatoms-dominated seston showed distinctive less content than that of cyanobacteria-dominated seston. The cellular N:P ratios of diatoms- and cyanobacteria-dominated seston indicate that both main classes of phytoplankton in six lakes are in phosphorus deficiency. Elemental stoichiometry of the phytoplankton-dominated seston in this study could be used for the further ecological stoichiometric studies in six lakes.

Seasonal Fluctuation of Phytoplankton in Inchon Dock-Autumn, 1976 (인천항 선거내 식물성 플랑크톤의 추계동태에 대하여)

  • 정영호
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 1977
  • A series of observations of phytoplankton were made at seven station with two control stations in Inchon Dock to clarify the quantity, quality and standing crop of phytoplankton from Oct. to Nov., 1976. Thirty seven species of phytoplankton, representing 18 genera, 36 species, 1 forma were taken in this research. Chaetoceros decipiens, Rhizosolenia delicatula, Hemiaulus sinensis, Chaetoceros affinis and Skeletonema costatum were the dominant species in this area during two moths. By the ecological division, the neritic species occupied 86.5% of total phytoplankton composition. Standing crop of phytoplankton represented much variation: ranging from 263 to 1, 614, 832 cells/l. The maximum happened at station 1 on November.

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Spatio-temporal Fluctuations of Size-structured Phytoplankton over an Annual Cycle in the Youngsan Lake

  • Song, Eun-Sook;Shin, Yong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.530-540
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    • 2008
  • The temporal and spatial variations of size-structured phytoplankton dynamics in Youngsan Lake were investigated to explore potential mechanims controlling the dynamics in the Youngsan Lake. Field data were collected monthly from February to October, 2003 at 6 stations along the axis of Youngsan Lake. In this study, phytoplankton (chlorophyll $\alpha$) were categorized into three size classes: micro-size ($>20{\mu}m$), nano-size ($2{\sim}20{\mu}m$) and pico-size ($<20{\mu}m$). Water temperature, light attenuation coefficients, PAR (photosynthetically active radiation) and suspended solids were measured to analyze relationship between physical-chemical properties and size structure of phytoplankton. Phytoplankton blooms developed during March, July and October in the upper region of the main stem whereas small-scaled spring bloom was observed in the lower region. The scales of phytoplankton blooms were higher in the upper regions than the lower region and blooms were predominated by micro-size class in upper region but predominated by nano-size class in lower region. Growth of size-structured phytoplankton appeared to be controlled by rather light availability than temperature-dependant metabolisms in the system. Phytoplankton growth may be also supported by ambient nutrients available in the water column from analyses of chlorophyll $\alpha$ vs. nutrient concentrations including nitrite+nitrate and orthophosphate. Growth of nano-sized phytoplankton alone appeared to be supported by orthophosphate as well as nitrite+nitrate indicating that response of phytoplankton to nutrient inputs may be size-dependent.

Seasonal Changes of Environmental Factors and Primary Productivity in the Jido Pond Ecosystem (지도못 生態系에 있어서의 1次 生産性과 環境要因의 계절적 變化)

  • Lyu, Seung-Won;Song, Seung-Dal
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 1983
  • Seasonal changes of aquatic environmental factors, phytoplankton biomass and primary productivity were investigated in the Jido pond (a phytoplankton proliferating pond) from August 1982 to October 1983. Secchi disc transparency, pH, alkalinity and inorganic nitrogen concentration ranged 24~105cm, 7.5~10.6, 50~175mgCaCO3/l 0.1~4.0mgN/l, respectively. The minimum values of transparency, alkalinity and inorganic nitrogen concentration and the maximum value of pH were obtained during the phytoplankton proliferating season. The phytoplankton biomass changed in the range of 51~1146mgchl/m3 with considerable fluctuations but maintained fairly constant in winter. Themaximum and minimum rates of monthly carbon inflow (net primary production) of the phytoplankton community attained 1190gc/m2 in August 1982 and 68g/m2 in February 1983, respectively. The annual rates of inflow and outflow from August 1982 to July 1983 were 7.384 and 7.396kgc/m2, respectively. Turnover rate of phytoplankton carbon and efficiency of radiation of the phytoplankton community varied in the ranges of 60~130%/day (annual mean, 90%/day) and 0.9~11.2% (annual mean, 6.3%), respectively.

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Inhibition of Submerged Macrophytes on Phytoplankton I. Field Evidence for Submerged Macrophyte Inhibition on Phytoplankton Biomass

  • Joo, Sung-Bae;Ji, Young-Jung;Park, Sang-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.511-519
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    • 2007
  • It is known that phytoplankton biomass or turbidity are lower in waters with submerged macrophytes than those without submerged plants at a given nutrient level. We hypothesize that presence of submerged macrophytes would lower phytoplankton biomass below levels expected by total phosphorus levels through various mechanisms and that phytoplankton biomass would decrease more as the biomass increase of the submerged macrophytes. To find submerged macrophytes effectively lowering phytoplankton growth, we conducted spatial field surveys at 21 water bodies and a temporal monitoring at Seung-un 1 Reservoir, Anmyyeondo Island. We measured chlorophyll ${\alpha}$ concentrations and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations from waters in patches of submerged macrophytes with measurements of submerged plant biomass. Majority of our sites with submerged macrophytes showed much less chlorophyll a concentrations than the predicted ones from literature. Among submerged macrophytes studied, Myriophyllum spicatum and Hydrilla verticillata showed patterns of lowering chlorophyll ${\alpha}/TP$ ratios with increase of their biomass in both spatial and temporal surveys.

Community Dynamics of Phytoplankton in Lake Daecheong (대청호의 식물플랑크톤 군집 변화)

  • Park, Jong-Geun;Lee, Jung-Joon
    • ALGAE
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.197-205
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    • 2005
  • Temporal variability in lake phytoplankton is controlled by a complex between hydrological and chemical factors, and biological interactions. We explored annual change of phytoplankton in Lake Daecheong, using phytoplankton analysis data from 1997 to 2002 (except 2000). The standing crop of phytoplankton was ranged from 3.5 x 10 to 1.5 x 106 cells mL$^{-1}$ and the highest mean value was at site 1. The class composition ratios of phytoplankton standing crop were divided into three classes. From January to March, diatoms showed a dominance (68.1-77.7%). From April to June, diatoms were mixed with cryptomonad etc. or blue-green algae. From July to October, blue-green algae showed a dominance (54.7-84.0%). In the case of green algae, the class composition ratios were below 10%. But green algae appeared all the year round.

Characteristics of Distribution of Phytoplankton Communities in Three Estuarial Lakes of the Yeongsan River (영산강 하구역에 위치한 세 호수의 식물플랑크톤 군집 분포 특성)

  • Cho, Hyeon Jin;Na, Jeong Eun;Lee, Gun Ju;Lee, Hak Young
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.291-302
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    • 2021
  • The phytoplankton community in the estuarine system is affected by changes of physicochemical factors easily. The present study analyzed phytoplankton community distribution and similarity, in addition to exploring factors influencing variations in phytoplankton community structure in three lakes located in the Yeongsan River estuary from March 2014 to November 2017. We carried out non-multidimensional scaling (NMDS) and random forest analysis (RF) for comparing the pattern of phytoplankton distribution and the relationship between phytoplankton distribution and environmental variables. Similarity Percentage (SIMPER) and Analysis of Similarity (ANOSIM) were performed to figure out the similarity of phytoplankton community at each site of three lakes. From NMDS, Phytoplankton community distribution differed between Yeongsan and Gumho lakes, and the factors influencing the distribution of phytoplankton communities across the three lakes were water temperature, dissolved oxygen, total nitrogen (T-N), nitrate-N (NO3-N), and conductivity. NO3-N was a key factor influencing phytoplankton community structure in the three lakes based on RF. A total of 24 species were identified as indicator species in the three lakes studied, with the highest species numbers observed in Yeongsan Lake (13) and the lowest observed in Yeongam Lake (2). According to SIMPER and ANOSIM results, the phytoplankton community in Yeongsan and Yeongam lakes were similar, and they differed from those in Gumho Lake. In addition, the phytoplankton community structure varied across the study sites in the three lakes, indicating that water channels across the lakes a minor influence phytoplankton community distribution.