• Title, Summary, Keyword: Phytic acid

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Radiolytic and Antioxidative Characteristics of Phytic Acid by Gamma Irradiation (방사선 조사에 의한 Phytic Acid의 분해특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Park, Hee-Ra;Lee, Cherl-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.1252-1256
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    • 2004
  • Radiolytic characteristics of phytic acid by gamma irradiation were investigated, and the antioxidative activity between irradiated phytic acid and commonly used antioxidants including ascorbic acid, tocopherol and butylated hydroxyl anisole (BHA) was evaluated. Phytic acid sodium salt dissolved in a deionized distilled water was irradiated at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 kGy. It was found that the level of irradiation had an effects on the degree of degradation. After irradiation, stable DPPH radical scavenging capacity of phytic acid was newly observed, and it was significantly increased by dose-dependent manners (p<0.05). Antioxidant activity of phytic acid in the oil models was higher than that of the other antioxidant during storage, and phytic acid (400 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL) irradiated at 20 kGy especially showed the highest antioxidative ability among the antioxidants tested during 3 weeks. Results indicated that irradiation induced the radiolysis of phytic acid in an aqueous model system, and the antiradical and antioxidative activities of irradiated phytic acid increased.

Phytic Acid Content and Phytase Acivity of Barley (보리의 Phytic Acid 함량과 Phytase 활성도)

  • Lee, Won-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 1989
  • Phytic acid content of 6 varieties of Korean barley ranged from 0.94 to 1.17%. Polishing of barleys greatly reduced the level of phytic acid. Cooking and autoclaving had little effect on phytic acid reduction, while ultrasonic treatment removed 57% of the phytic acid content. Germination decreased barley phytic acid 24% and increased phytase activity 9-fold. Phytase purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel filtration and DEAE-cellulose chromatography showed an optimum pH of 5.0 and an optimum temperature of $40^{\circ}C$.

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Effects of Dietary Zinc and Phytic Acid Levels on Enzyme Activity and Lipid Metabolism of Rats (아연과 Phytic Acid 수준별 식이가 흰쥐의 효소활성 및 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Do-Jeom;Choi, Mee-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.25-38
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    • 2005
  • In order to investigate the effect of dietary zinc and phytic acid levels on enzyme activity and lipid metabolism in rats, male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing approximately 60-74g, were fed different diets which contained 0, 0.35 or $1.05\%$ phytic acid each at 3 levels of zinc (0, 30 and 1500ppm zinc) for 28 days. Body weight gain, food consumption, and food efficiency ratio were lower in the rats fed a zinc deficient diet (0ppm zinc) than those consuming 30 or 1500ppm dietary zinc. The activities of GOT, GPT and alkaline phosphatase were lower in the rats consuming 30ppm zinc than those fed 0 or 1500ppm zinc diet. The activity of GOT was increased in rats consuming $0.35\%$ phytic acid, whereas that of alkaline phosphatase was decreased in the rats fed phytic acid-containing diet. The concentration of phospholipid in serum was higher in rats fed $0.35\%$ dietary phytic acid, whereas that of liver phospholipid was higher in zinc deficient groups, and increased by addition of dietary phytic acid. The concentration of triglyceride in serum from rats fed 30ppm zinc was lower than those fed 0 or 1500ppm zinc On the other hand, liver triglyceride was higher in both the rats fed 30ppm zinc and $0.35\%$ phytic acid. The concentration of serum total cholesterol was lower in the rats fed 30ppm zinc diet, and it was increased by addition of dietary phytic acid. But liver total cholesterol was higher in 30ppm zinc group. HDL-cholesterol in serum was the highest in both rats consuming 30ppm zinc and $0.35\%$ dietary phytic acid, and the ratio of HDL-cholesterol to total cholesterol was higher in rats consuming 30ppm zinc diet. In conclusion, we suggest that coronary heart disease or liver disease can be prevented with phytic acid in rats which are fed the high zinc diet.

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Effects of Coagulant Concentration and Phytic Acid Addition on the Contents of Ca and P and Rheological Property of Soybean Curd (응고제 양 및 Phytic acid 첨가가 두부의 칼슘, 인 함량과 물성에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Chan-Kyeong;Hwang, In-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.355-358
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    • 1994
  • The effect of concentration of coagulant and addition of phytic acid on physico-chemical properties of soybean curd was investigated. The results showed that the maximum protein yield in soybean curds was obtained with 0.029N Ca and the bound calcium per protein molecule significantly increased as the level of calcium increased. The highest precipitation of phytic acid occured at 0.029N Ca. When phytic acid was added to soybean milk during soybean curd preparation, the weight of soybean curd increased. The hardness of soybean curd was remarkably reduced by the increase of phytic acid level.

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Contents of Phytic Acid of Various Cereal Crops Produced in Korea

  • Lee, Heok-Hwa;Choi, Yong-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.267-271
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    • 2011
  • The main objective of the study was to investigate the phytic acid contents of various cereals and legumes produced in Korea. The results showed that the phytic acid contents of buckwheat, foxtail millets, sorghum, millet, barley, jobs' tears, yellow corn and wheat flour (Urimil) were in a range of 0.13 to 2.27%. The contents of the phytic acid ranged from 1.03 to 1.16% for legumes including red Indian bean, black Indian bean, mung bean, and black soybean. The phytic acid content of brown rice was five times higher than those of 100% polished rice. The polishing process of the rice decreased significantly the content of the phytic acid. We estimate that the daily phytic acid intake from rice was changed from 653 mg/day in 1995 to 430 mg/day in 2005 based on the results of a national nutrition survey.

Effect of Phytate on the Solubility and Digestibility of Soy Protein Isolates (분리 대두단백의 용해도와 소화율에 미치는 Phytate의 영향)

  • Cho, Hee-Hwan;Yoon, Jae-Young;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.286-290
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    • 1991
  • Phytic acid known as an antinutritional facfor was studied for its effect on the solubility and digestibility of high-phytate and low-phytate soy protein isolates (SPI) obtained by two different methods of pH adjustment. Phytic acid content was 2.48% in high-phytate SPI and 0.72% in low-phytate SPI. Solubility of soy proteins was higher in low-phytate SPI than in high-phytate SPI at all pH values tested and it was lowered by adding more phytic acid to result in precipitation of the proteins. The inhibitory effect of phytic acid toward pepsin digestion of SPI increased by the increasing amount of phytic acid added and its effect was slightly higher in high-phytate SPI than in low-phytate SPI.

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The Changes of Phytic Acid Content and its Interactions with Protein and Minerals in the Preparation of Tempeh (Tempeh 제조시 Phytic Acid 함량변화 및 그에 따른 단백질, 무기질과의 상호작용에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Eun-Soon;Yoon, Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.281-286
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    • 1983
  • The interactions of phytic acid with protein and minerals has been blamed to decrease the bioavailability of protein and minerals in soybean products. Tempeh, the traditional Infonesian fermented soybean product, was prepared to investigate the changes of phytic acid contents nesian fermented soybean product, was prepared to investigate the changes of phytic acid contents and its interactions with protein and minerals in the fermentation. The acceptability of tempeh were also studied by conducting sersory evaluation. 1) Phytic acid contents of cooked soybeans and of tempch were significantly lower than that of raw soybeans, indicating that cooking and fermentation resulted in the decrease in phytic acid content of soybeans. In tempeh the fraction of phytic acid retained after ultrafiltration was significantly lower than that in raw soybeans. 2) The total protein contents were not significantly different between raw soybeans and tempeh. Phytic acid contents per gram of protein retained ultrafiltration were significantly higher in raw soybeans than in tempeh. This result is interpreted as that raw soybeans contain higher amounts of phytic acid- protein complexes than tempeh. 3) Both of calcium and zinc contents were not significantly different among raw, cooked soybeans and tempeh. However, the retained Ca and Zn fraction after ultrafiltration were significantly lower in tempeh comparing with that in raw soybeans. Lower retention of Ca and Zn after ultrafiltration in tempeh may be the result of lower phytate content of tempeh, thereby less chance of forming mineral- phytate complexes. 4) Tempeh received the sensory evaluation scores between good and fair and the addition of garlic to tempeh significantly improved the odor, general desirability and total score.

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Effect of microwave heating on the content of phytic acid and phosphorus in soybeans (대두의 Phytate 함량에 미치는 microwave heating의 영향)

  • Cho, Young-Hoon;Rhee, Chong-Ouk
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 1996
  • Effects of microwave heating on the content of phytic acid and phosphorus of soaked soybean were investigated. Phytic acid content of Danwon, Marly and Amsoy cultivars were found to be 19.19 mg, 18.38 mg, and 16.73 mg/g defatted soybean respectively. Inorganic phosphorus content of soybeans was significantly increased during microwave heating, while phytic acid and phytate phosphorus was gradually decreased. Microwave heating was more effective than autoclaving in reducing the phytate contents. It was also found that microwave heating to soybean of low moisture content was more effective than that of high moisture content for decreasing the phytic acid content. Soaking in 2.5% sodium chloride, 2% sodium bicarbonate, and mixed salt solution for 12 hrs was not effective on reducing the contents of phytic acid and phytate phosphorus, but microwave-heating after soaking in above solutions greatly decreased the contents of phytic acid and phytate phosphorus, whereas significantly increased inorganic phosphorus of soybeans.

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Effect of Dietary Zinc and Phytic Acid Levels on Protein Metabolism in Rats (아연과 Phytic Acid 수준을 달리한 식이가 흰쥐의 단백질 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi Do-Jeom
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.687-699
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    • 2005
  • In order to investigate the effect of dietary zinc and phytic acid levels on protein metabolism in rats, male rats of Sprague-Dawley strains weighing approximately $60\~74g$ were fed different diets which contained 0, 0.35 and $1.05\%$ phytic acid each at 3 levels of zinc(0, 30 and 1,500 ppm zinc) for 28 days. Result obtained in this experiment are summarized as follows; 1. Body weight gait food consumption food efficiency ratio and protein efficiency ratio were lower in the rats fed zinc deficient diet(0 ppm zinc) than in those consuming 30 or 1,500 ppm dietary zinc, and the additional effect of phytic acid were not observed in all of then 2. Liver weight was lower in the rats fed 30 ppm zinc diet than in those fed 0 or 1,500 ppm-zinc diet but kidney and spleen weights were lower in the rats fed zinc deficient diet than in those fed 30 or 1,500 ppm-zinc diet Among organs measured only the liver appeared to be influenced by dietary phytic acid: the more the dietary phytic acid, the more the weight of liver, 3. Fecal nitrogen was decreased in the rats fed zinc deficient diet compared with those fed 30 or 1,500 ppm dietary zinc. Urinary nitrogen was increased in the rats fed $1.05\%$ dietary phytic acid compared with those fed 0.35 or $0\%$ dietary phytic acid Nitrogen retention of rat was influenced by neither dietary zinc nor phytic acid. 4. Urea nitrogen was decreased with increasing dietary zinc levels, and creatinine and uric acid levels were increased with increasing dietary zinc concentration or with additional quantity of phytic acid. Uric acid appeared to be influenced by zinc x phytic acid interaction; especially, the presence of phytic acid in the 30 ppm-zinc diet had significant effect on uric acid content. 5. Hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrit ratio were higher in the rats fed 30 ppm dietary zinc than in those fed 0 or 1,500 ppm-zinc diet Serum zinc concentration was increased with increasing dietary zinc levels. The content of total protein albumin and BUN and the ratio of albumin to globulin in serum, and protein content in liver were influenced by neither dietary zinc nor phytic acid.

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The Effect of Inositol and Phytic Acid on Skin (이노시톨과 피틴산이 피부에 미치는 영향)

  • Zho Choon Koo;Han Chang Giu;Song Hwan
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.515-524
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    • 2004
  • Inositol and phytic acid extracted from rice bran were investigated for applying cosmetics. Skin lotions containing $0{\~}3.0\;wt\%$ inositol and $0{\~}1.50\;wt%$ phytic acid were applied respectively, to the arm skins of 45 Asian women 20'~40's for 7 weeks. Improvement on moisture was evaluated. In addition, improvements on sebum, elasticity, and wrinkle were examined after applying placebo, inositol and phytic acid-containing skin lotions tot face, respectively. For $1.0\;wt\%$ inositol, it resulted in $19\%$ increase of moisture. The wrinkle reduction and elasticity improved $12.4%\;and\;17.0\%$ on average, respec-tively. Applying $0.5\;wt\%$ phytic acid resulted in $71.6\%$ increase the moisture. Improvements on wrinkle and elasticity were $16.9%\;and\;21.9\%$ respectivelv. hpplving inositol or phytic acid regardless of dry or oily skin, resulted in sebum value recovery to that of the normal skin after 2~4 weeks. Although inositol is inferior to phytic acid in improvements of the skin, phytic acid is not suitable to sensitive skin. So, $0~0.50\;wt\%$ of phytic acid were added to $1.0\;wt\%$ inositol and similar experiments were carried out. In case of added $1.0\;wt\%$ phytic acid, moisture increased $63.8\%$ approximately. Improvements on elasticity and reduction on wrinkle were $17.2%\;and\;17.4\%,$ respectively. Both skin types were turned to normal skin type after 2 weeks. It could improve the skin condition when used inositol added phytic acid. The optimized concentration of phytic acid was $0.10\;wt\%\;with\;1.0\;wt\%$ of inositol without side effect.