• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical activity or exercise

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An Update on Accumulating Exercise and Postprandial Lipaemia: Translating Theory Into Practice

  • Miyashita, Masashi;Burns, Stephen F.;Stensel, David J.
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.46 no.sup1
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2013
  • Over the last two decades, significant research attention has been given to the acute effect of a single bout of exercise on postprandial lipaemia. A large body of evidence supports the notion that an acute bout of aerobic exercise can reduce postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) concentrations. However, this effect is short-lived emphasising the important role of regular physical activity for lowering TAG concentrations through an active lifestyle. In 1995, the concept of accumulating physical activity was introduced in expert recommendations with the advice that activity can be performed in several short bouts throughout the day with a minimum duration of 10 minutes per activity bout. Although the concept of accumulation has been widely publicised, there is still limited scientific evidence to support it but several studies have investigated the effects of accumulated activity on health-related outcomes to support the recommendations in physical activity guidelines. One area, which is the focus of this review, is the effect of accumulating exercise on postprandial lipaemia. We propose that accumulating exercise will provide additional physical activity options for lowering postprandial TAG concentrations relevant to individuals with limited time or exercise capacity to engage in more structured forms of exercise, or longer bouts of physical activity. The benefits of accumulated physical activity might translate to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease in the long-term.

Physical Activity and Exercise Intervention for Cancer Survivors (암 환자의 신체활동 및 운동)

  • Chae, Jean;Park, Hyeong-Jun;Lee, Ji-Yeong;Jung, Hyun-Sik;Lee, Sang-Hun
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2012
  • Objective : To present an overview of current reports and guidelines of physical activity and exercise intervention for cancer survivors Methods : We searched Pubmed for the related studies such as randomized controlled trials and observational studies, as well as published guidelines or recommendations for exercise intervention. Results : Physical activity and exercise intervention is considered safe and effective for most cancer survivors. According to the guidelines, patients with peripheral neuropathy, musculoskeletal disorder, or those who are at risk of fracture, should undergo proper medical assessment before starting exercise intervention. Also, patients with bone metastasis, thrombocytopenia, symptomatic anemia, or acute infection may fall into one of the contraindications of exercise intervention. Conclusions : Physical activity and exercise intervention may play a major role in improving physical functioning, quality of life, or treatment-related symptoms of cancer survivors. It is necessary to recognize the benefits and precautions of exercise in caring cancer patients.

Comparison of Abdominal Muscle Activity during Exercises Using a Sling and Swiss-ball

  • Kim, Byung-Kon;Lee, Myoung-Hee;Kim, Gi-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Spinal instability due to weakness of abdominal muscles is one of the major causes that induces low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this study was to investigate any differences in abdominal muscle activity during curl up, roll out, and jack knife exercises using a swiss-ball or sling. Methods: Twenty healthy subjects were randomly assigned into either a swiss-ball exercise group (SBEG) or a sling exercise group (SEG). Subjects performed curl up, roll out and jack knife exercises using the swiss ball or sling. Activity of abdominal muscles (rectus abdominis and external oblique muscle) was assessed using surface EMG and normalized maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). The significance of differences between the sling exercise group and the swiss-ball exercise group was evaluated by the independent t-test. Results: These Results indicated that activities of rectus abdominis on right and left of the SEG during the curl up exercise were significantly greater than the SBEG. During the roll out exercise, activity of the abdominal muscle was not significantly different between the SEG and SBEG. In addition, during the jack knife exercise, activities of the right rectus abdominis and left external oblique muscle in the SEG were significantly greater than the SBEG. Conclusion: In conclusion, activity of the abdominal muscles was maximized when curl up and jack knife exercise were performed using the sling rather than the swiss-ball. Therefore, if increased activation of the abdominal muscle is the goal of an exercise program, curl up and jack knife exercises may be useful.

The Effect of Progressive Exercise on the Activities of the Elderly (점진적 근력 운동이 노인의 활동에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.19-33
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    • 2000
  • For the purpose of disclosing the effects of progressive low intensity exercise on the activity of the elderly, questionnaire survey and physical fitness examination were performed on the subjects who were 65 years old or older. The subjects were assigned into two groups using paired matching on gender and age: experimental group (33 persons) and control groups (35 persons). The subjects in experimental group was put on the low intensity exercise program (exercising upper and lower limbs for 12 weeks using dumbbell and lead-packed weight). The results showed that the difference of physical and social behavior scores among activities before and after exercise were significantly higher in all variables of general characteristics, health habits and status, perception, and physical fitness. The findings of this research suggested that the progressive low intensity exercise improves the activities of the elderly, physical activity, self assessed activity, activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, social behavior of the elderly be affected by general characteristics, health habits and status, perception, and physical fitness.

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Analysis on Health Factors Affecting Physical Activity Level among First-year Students in a University (대학 신입생의 신체활동수준에 영향을 미치는 건강 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Bok
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.109-121
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    • 2018
  • Background & objectives: Life style modification reduces the health risks of young people and improves their health status. Physical activity is known the effective factor to reduce health risks and health problems. This study performed to analyze health promotion behaviors related to physical activity among first-year students of university. Methods: To examine the association with physical activity and health promotion practices, health survey was conducted with 3,806 students who were first-year students in a university by self-reported questionnaire from February 26 to March 10, 2015. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the difference of health promotion behaviors by physical activities. Results: 51.4% of the first-year student was regular exercisers who had practiced on regular walking exercise or regular strength exercise or regular aerobic exercise for a week. 87.8% of students exercised one or more times within the last one week. On the other hand, 12.2% of them did not exercise. In multiple logistic regression models, it remained significantly the difference of regular exercise by gender, subjective health status, sleeping time per one day, BMI, drinking behavior, and eating habit (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001). Also it remained significantly the difference by physical activity type, such as walking, strengthen, and aerobic exercise (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001). Conclusion: To help the achievement of academic goal, it should build physical activity policies and comprehensive health promotion programs to reduce health risk factors of university students. Comprehensive university health services and customized program for university students could help to make the best of their health. In future, to enhance physical activity practice, it needs to develop various tailed messages and smart healthcare service using health information technology (IT) on campus.

Effects of Virtual Reality-Based Closed Kinetic Chain Exercise on Lower Extremity Muscle Activity in Chronic Stroke Patients (가상현실을 이용한 닫힌 사슬 운동이 뇌졸중 환자의 하지 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Dae-Jung;Park, Sam-Heon;Lee, Min-Ki;Park, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to identify effects of virtual reality-based closed kinetic chain (CKC) exercise on lower extremity muscle activity in chronic stroke patients Methods : Subjects were assigned randomly either to VR+CKC exercise group (n=15) or the CKC exercise group (n=15). When the study began, both groups received conventional physical therapy five times per week. The VR+CKC exercise group received virtual reality programs and the CKC exercise group received close kinetic chain exercises. Each exercise program was performed for six weeks (5 times per weeks; 20 minutes per time). Participants were measured on lower extremity muscle activity using EMG. Results : There was a significant increase of muscle activity (%RVC) in vastus lateralis and vastus medialis. Conclusion : In this study, the virtual reality-based closed kinetic chain exercise program was an effective exercise for improving lower extremity muscle activity in chronic stroke patients.

Relationships between Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise, Motivation for Exercise, and Physical Activity of Female Workers in Retail and Health Service Sectors (서비스업 여성근로자의 운동심리, 욕구만족, 운동동기가 신체활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Yeongmi;Han, Sangmi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of psychological need satisfaction in exercise and motivation for exercise on physical activity. Methods: Eighty-five women working in three retail and health service sectors completed self-reported questionnaires during September and November 2018. Data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows 24.0 through descriptive statistics, t-tests, and logistic regression analysis. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that intrinsic motivation (OR=1.95, 95% CI: 1.10~3.47) and autonomy (OR=1.65, 95% CI: 1.00~2.70) affected female workers' physical activity. Conclusion: To improve physical activity among women working in retail and health service sectors, programs to improve autonomy and intrinsic motivation should be developed and examined.

Effects of Instability Tools on Muscles Activities in Lunge Exercise in Healthy Adult Males

  • Kim, KwangSu;Lee, JaeHong;Lee, JinHwan;Lee, JaeKwang
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.363-367
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the effect of instability on the activation of lower limb muscles during lunge exercise. Methods: The study subjects were healthy twenties and were selected to have no orthopedic or neurological diseases. 1) Flat lunge exercise (Lunge 1, 2) Lunge exercise on TOGU (Lunge 2, 3) Holding the olympic bar and moving the lunge on TOGU (Lunge 3, 4) Holding the Surge and moving the lunge on TOGU (Lunge 4). Through the above four actions, we can see how the top-down instability influences the lower limb unlike the Bottom-up instability. EMG attachment sites were gluteus medius, vastus medialis, gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior. Results: These result suggest that exercise using Lunge 4 activity was the highest in muscle activity compared to other exercises, but vastus medialis showed the highest muscle activity in Lunge 2 exercise(p<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed the muscular activity of the lower extremities according to the lunge exercise using the instability tools.

The effects of physical training on antioxidative status under exercise-induced oxidative stress

  • Choi, Eun-Young;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.14-18
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated the effect of physical training and oxidative stress on the anti oxidative activity and on plasma lipid profile. Forty eight rats were given either a physical training or no training for 4 weeks and were then subdivided into 3 groups: before-exercise (BE); during-exercise (DE); after-exercise (AE). The antioxidative activity was evaluated with the activities of catalase in plasma and superoxide dismutase (SOD), the ratio of reduced glutathione/ oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver. The plasma concentrations of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)) were also compared. Compared to those of non-training group. catalase activities of training group were lower before exercise but higher during and after exercise. SOD activities were higher regardless of exercise. GSH/GSSG ratio was higher before exercise but was not significantly different during exercise and even lower after exercise. There were no differences between non-training group and training group in MDA levels regardless of exercise. Compared to those of non-training group, atherosclerotic index of training group was lower after exercise and there were no significant differences before and during exercise. There were no differences between non-training group and training group in HDL-C regardless of exercise. These results suggest that moderate physical training can activate antioxidant defenses and decrease the atherosclerotic index and this beneficial effect is evident under exercise-induced oxidative stress.

The Effect of Strengthening Exercise Program on the Physical Activity, Activities of Daily Living, Social Behavior and Functional Performance of the Elderly in a Home for the Aged (양로원 노인의 신체활동, 일상생활동작, 사회행동 및 기능수행에 대한 근력강화 운동프로그램의 효과)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook;Chung, Chee-Kyung;Lee, Kang-Sook
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : To evaluate the effects of a strengthening exercise program on the physical activity, activities of daily living(ADL), social behavior and functional performance of the elderly in a home for the aged. Methods : We administered a survey questionnaire that consisted of questions to establish general characteristics, health habits and status, physical activity, ADL, and social behavior. Additionally, a physical fitness and functional performance examination was peformed on subjects who were 65 years old or older. Study subjects numbered 33 in the experimental group and 35 in the control group. For intervention, we used a strengthening exercise program of the upper and lower limbs for 12 weeks(5 times/week) using dumbbells and lead-packed weights. Results : After the strengthening exercise program, the scores of physical activity and social behavior were significantly higher than the control group and the before exercise measurements. Moreover, the variables of functional performance were significantly higher than in the control group or the before exercise records. Conclusion : These results Indicate that a strengthening exercise program can improve the score of physical activity, ADL and social behavior, as well as decrease the time(sec) of functional performance of the elderly in a home for the aged.