• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical Education

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The Effects of an Early Childhood Physical Rhythm Education Program on Rhythm Perception and Rhythm Expression (신체리듬교육프로그램이 유아의 리듬 지각력과 리듬 표현력에 미치는 효과)

  • Suh, Young Meen;Yi, Soon Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.25-46
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study were to demonstrate whether a Physical Rhythm Education Program can alter children's rhythm perception and rhythm expression. To solve the questions posed by this study, 60 5-year-olds and 60 6-year-olds (a total of 120 children) from one child-care center in Kyunggi-province were selected. An experimental group participated in the Physical Rhythm Program which was carried out 10 times over the course of 4 weeks. The results indicated that the Physical Rhythm Program positively improved the children's rhythm perception and rhythm expression. In particular, the Physical Rhythm Program was more effective in producing effects upon six-year-olds' rhythm perception and rhythm expression (verbal, instrumental and physical expression) than five-year-olds' rhythm expression (instrumental and physical expression).

The Comparison of Curriculums of Physical Therapy Education Department in the World (세계 물리치료학과 교과과정 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Han-Suk;Lee, Jin-Hee;Kim, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.151-164
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate curriculums of physical therapy department in order to provide the basic data for developing educational standard. Methods : We identified the curriculums of physical therapy department in the world from January to may 2010 by internet, e-mail, fax and telephone. We compared the credits, education semesters, the names of departments, the numbers of departments for physical therapy education in all countries of the world and suggested some alternative for improvement. Results : The mean credits of 25 senior colleges were 140 and the mean credits of 22 Junior colleges were 136.6 in south Korea. The mean educational semesters and the mean credits were 9 semesters, 175.8credits of 1,363 universities in 73countries in the world. Of the 1,289 universities in the world, South Korea was ranked the fifth in the number of existing physical therapy education institutions with the number of 72. The name of department were comprised of physical therapy(1,289, 94.6%) and compound name(75, 5.4%) Conclusion : We suggest that the KAPT gradually rearranges senior college(4years), 170 creditS and consider time of community services and forms commission on accreditation in physical therapy education for developing educational standard. Also, we suggest to change the name of department into compound name because the student can have a chance to studies various subjects and get a chance to more occupations. We hope that the results of study can be helpful in order to rearrange the curriculum and the KAPT encourages the universities about following the educational standard.

The Effect of Upper Extremity Usage on the Soccer Instep Kick Motion (축구 인스텝 킥 시 상지의 이용 유무가 하지의 운동학적 변인에 미치는 영향)

  • Chae, Woen-Sik;Kang, Nyeon-Ju;Kim, Jong-Woo;Yun, Chang-Jin;Chae, Su-Duk;Seok, Chang-Huk;Park, Gi-Yong;Lim, Young-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the kinematic effect of upper extremity usage for the scoccer instep kick motion. Ten male university students were recruited as the subjects. Temporal parameters, ball velocity, velocity of CG, angle of segment, angular velocity, and trunk orientation angle were determined for each trial. The results showed that temporal parameters in WU and WORU were significantly less than those found in WOU during pre impact phase. These indicated that no usage of upper extremity may increase excessive setup time in order to improve the accuracy of instep kick. Angle of right knee in WOU at LC was significantly greater than corresponding value for WU since angular momentum contributions of the lower limb were not effectively balanced by contributions of the upper limb. We found that the lower extremity movement was controlled by lateral movement in the trunk as a result of no usage of the upper extremity, resulting in the relatively greater trunk rotation in WOU.

A Study on Gender Differences in Programming Attitude and Achievements on Physical Computing Education in Informatics Curriculum Revised 2015 (2015 개정 정보 교육과정에 따른 피지컬 컴퓨팅을 활용한 정보교육에서 성별에 따른 태도와 성취도 차이분석)

  • Shim, JaeKwoun;Kim, Hyeoncheol;Lee, WonGyu
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2016
  • From the influence of DIY (Do It Yourself) and the Maker Movement diverse areas in media, clothing, performing that requires physical computing. That is why the requests of teaching students about physical computing or using physical computing in education area has been increasing. Physical computing education is learning computational thinking by using programming activities, the usage of physical computing is still increasing. However, physical computing education became known recently with the lack of time to research, not only that the effectiveness in education is lacking as well. This research analysed the attitude and accomplishment from different gender of middle schoolers and high schoolers for one semester to see their ideas in programming and increase of designing algorithms.

Enhancement of the Roles of Physical Education to Prevent School Violence (학교폭력 방지를 위한 체육의 역할 제고)

  • Nam, Joong-Woong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.368-377
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    • 2012
  • The comprehensive countermeasures against school violence recently announced by the government include some content on physical education classes. Physical education has long been ignored in school paradoxically in spite of the deteriorating physical strength and health of adolescents. The physical education subject undervalued in the middle of overly excessive competitions for college entrance exams finds its core goal in whole person education and officially emphasizes the development of personality aspects, which means that physical education claims important significance by providing diverse approaches to school violence prevention. This study thus set out to enhance the roles of physical education for school violence prevention. In Korean society, school violence has taken deep root due to the combined results of individual, family, school and community factors, the growth-first policy driven by compressed modern growth, and neoliberalism based on economic efficiency. School violence possesses such fixed value systems and convictions in Korean society. Education has failed to achieve some effectiveness because of the serious level of school violence, which calls for assessment of ideology having big impacts on educational environments. Given that it has been rediscovered that physical education has legitimacy of alleviating or preventing school violence through its value, an alternative to eradicate school violence should start with physical education normalization in school. Specific alternatives including the activation of sports clubs in school will be established as more fundamental practical alternatives when accompanied by the development of school violence-related programs and the operation of in-service training programs for physical education teachers.

The Link between Health-related Physical Fitness Level and Cardiovascular Disease-related Risk Factors (건강체력 수준과 심혈관질환 관련 위험인자와의 관련성)

  • Ka, Sung-Soon;Kim, Jung-Soo;Lee, Mi-Young;Kim, Seok-Han;Jeong, Hae-Cheon;Lee, Min-Ki;Lee, Gyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the link between health-related physical fitness level and cardiovascular disease-related risk factors in adult male workers. Methods: We tested cardiovascular disease-related risk factors (waist circumference, SBP, DPB, fasting glucose, TC, HDL-C, TG, LDL-C) and health-related physical fitness ($VO_2max$, grip, Sit-up, Flexibility, Body fat) and divided health-related physical fitness level of the subjects into 3 groups - A (very good, n=56), B (good, n=59), and C (below-average, n=57) according to the criterion of the Health and Fitness counseling guidelines of KOSHA. The statistical techniques such as standard deviation, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression (p<.05) were used. Results: There were significant differences between group C and group B & A (p<.001) in waist circumference, DBP, Fasting glucose, HDL-C, TG, LDL-C. In TC/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, Group C was higher than group B and A. Conclusion: On the basis of these results, we identified that improvement of health-related physical fitness level positively effects on the decrease of cardiovascular disease-related risk factors.

A Survey on Safety and Health Education in Technical High Schools in Korea (우리나라 공업고등학교의 안전 . 보건 교육실태 조사)

  • 박순우
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-29
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    • 1999
  • Safety and health education in technical high schools is especially important because the great majority of the students engage in the industrial field after graduation. But there are few reports on the state. of safety and health education in technical high schools in Korea. The aims of this study were to identify the problems of the present safety and health education in technical high schools in Korea and to propose the ways of improving health and safety education. To conduct this study, the textbooks for health and safety related courses, i.e., Introduction to Industry, Gyoryun(dril), and Physical Education, were reviewed. A questionnaire was mailed to the teachers of Introduction to Industry, Gyoryun, Physical Education, and school nurses in 188 technical high schools and the teachers of Gyoryun, Physical Education, and school nurses in 376 general high schools in November 1997. The final response rates were 42.0% for teachers of Introduction to Industry, 62.9% for teachers of Gyoryun, 47.9% for teachers of Physical Education, and 33.0% for school nurses. Also, a survey by self-administered questionnaire on the knowledge, attitude, and practice about safety and health was conducted from May through July 1998 among 44 employees graduated from technical high schools and 44 employees graduated from general high schools since 1995. The analysis of the textbooks showed that the contents of the ‘Industrial Safety and Environment’ section in Introduction to Industry were rather for safety managers than industrial workers and the contents about occupational hygiene and health were scanty. The majority of ‘Accident and Disaster’ and ‘Hazardous Substances’ section in Gyoryun overlapped with those in Introduction to Industry and several mistakes about health related descriptions were found. Some contents of Physical Education. ‘Mental Health’. ‘Emergency Care’. ‘Communicable Disease’, ‘Noncommunicable Disease’, and ‘Food Hygiene’ overlapped with those of Gyoryun. The teachers lectured safety and health related sections of textbook completely in 84.8% for Introduction to Industry, 62.1% for Gyoryun, 20.8% for Physical Education and the most frequent reason for the incomplete education was shortage of time.

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The Effect of Cross-Education in Nondominant Arm with Normal Adult (정상인의 비우성 상지를 이용한 교차훈련의 효과)

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Lee, Mi-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: We investigated the effects of physical practice, mental practice, and cross education using serial reaction time (SRT) in the non-dominant left arm of right-handed individuals. Methods: Subjects were divided into three groups; physical practice (n=8), mental practice (n=8) and controls (n=8). They did, respectively, physical training or mental training, or had no intervention for three weeks. Super lab 4.0 displayed four symbols on the monitor and subjects were asked to push the matching button. Reaction time was assessed pre- and post-intervention. Results: Reaction time was significantly lower after physical practice (p<0.05), but mental practice did not significantly lower reaction time? in the left hand. Also, reaction time was not significantly lower after physical practice or mental practice in the right hand. Conclusion: Physical practice can improve motor learning, but mental practice is not sufficient. Also, neither physical practice nor mental practice is sufficient for cross education from the nondominant to the dominant arm.

An Investigation Study on the Role and Performance Ability of Physical Therapists in the Community Care System for Elderly

  • Lee, Sang-Yeol;Choi, Su-Hong;Ha, Kyung-Jin;Rhee, Min-Hyung
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.266-271
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: A survey was conducted to investigate the role, priority, and awareness of physical therapists in the community care system for the elderly. Methods: Nine hundred ninety-three physical therapists were invited to an online survey from 1st to 30th June 2020. Results: While the awareness of physical therapists for the community care system for the elderly was found to be low, the role priority and performance ability were found to be high. Fall training scored the highest for the job duties of physical therapists, and functional training scored the highest for the performance ability of physical therapists. For the role priority by the education status regarding the community care system, the participants who received the education program showed higher scores in the performance ability than those who did not. For the role priority and performance ability according to the education levels, higher education levels resulted in higher scores in both outcomes. Regarding the clinical experience, low scores were found in the participants with less than five years of experience. Conclusion: Physical therapy establishes itself as an essential area of expertise in the community care system for the elderly. Therefore, these results can be utilized in developing a model for Korean community care for the elderly.