• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical Education

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Dietary intake based on physical activity level in Korean elementary school students

  • Kim, Yeon-Soo;Kim, Hyun-A;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Yu-Ri;Lim, Yun-Sook
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.317-322
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    • 2010
  • Prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing significantly worldwide due to energy imbalance perhaps stemming from undesirable dietary behavior and physical activity level. The objective of the study was to examine the effects of physical activity level on nutritional status in elementary school students. The subjects were comprised of 287 elementary school students between 4th and 6th grades in Seoul, Korea. The level of physical activity was scored with a modified Godin leisure-time exercise questionnaire and was categorized as active, moderately active, and sedentary. Dietary intakes were obtained using a 24-hour food recall method. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to test for global significant differences of nutrient intakes by physical activity level. Boys were more active than girls. Daily intakes of energy in moderately active boys were significantly higher than in the sedentary group, but intakes of calcium and iron in moderately active boys were lower than active boys. For girls, physical activity level did not affect nutrient density at all. Intakes of calcium, vitamin C, and folate for both boys and girls were below 50% of recommended intake. Physical activity did not affect nutrient density and our participants were exposed to nutritional imbalance. Therefore, the results suggest that nutrition education regarding balanced diet and optimum physical activity is required for children's health and growth.

Middle School Physical Education Teachers' Perceptions of the School Sports Club (학교스포츠클럽에 대한 중학교 체육교사의 인식)

  • Chang, Han-Kee;Choi, Soo-Suk
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.333-349
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to examine middle school physical education teachers' perceptions of the School Sports Club, Questionnaires were sent to the all 547 middle school physical education teachers in the Busan Metropolitan City, 326 (59.6%) were returned and 322 (58.9%) were analyzed. The results of the study were as follows: Firstly, there were school sports clubs of 24 kinds of sports at middle schools, but overly concentrated in soccer, basketball and badminton. Secondly, physical education teachers responded positively to the importance of school sports club. Thirdly, They thought that school sports club activities had an effect on both the physical and socio-cultural improvement of students. Fourthly, among tough barriers were time restraint, school parents' unfriendly sentiments toward the activities, and financial difficulties. Fifthly, to have better school sports clubs, reducing the barriers is pivotal.

A Survey of Needs and Types of Home Physical Therapy, Visiting Physical Therapy and School Physical Therapy (가정.방문물리치료 및 학교물리치료의 필요성 및 유형실태에 대한 조사연구)

  • Kwon, Hei-Jeoung
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.31-46
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this survey was to give data and information about type and needs of Home Physical Therapy, Visiting Physical Therapy and School Physical Therapy for physical and nurse. The subjects were 154(99 physical therapists and 55 nurses) who were working at geriatric rehabilitation hospitals and children hospitals. The period of questionary collection was from the 15 of August to the 15th of September 2011. And data was analysis from 99 articles such as journals related to physical therapy, and searched with keyword 'home and visiting physical therapy' by web site and Korea National Assembly Library from 1991 to 2011. The data was analysis with percentage, mean, standard deviation and ANOVA by SPSS PC 12.0. The results were as follows; 1. The definition of 'Home Physical Therapy' has been community based on physical therapy service for the patient who had diagnosis by medical doctor, has been based on medical law. The definition of 'Visiting Physical Therapy' has been community based on physical therapy service at home for the patient who had diagnosis by medical doctor, for the national basic living security, and senior citizen over 65 years who lives alone, has been based on law for community health and law of long term health insurance. The definition of 'School Physical Therapy' has been school based on physical therapy service at school after class for the disabled children who are studying at school, has been based on special education law article 28. 2. As for the knowledge of the Home and Visiting and School Physical Therapy, both groups PT and nurse were 'I do not know'125(81.3%) of the difference the concept of 3 definitions, so it means to need education and information about the different concept of three physical therapy. As for the needs of home and visiting physical therapy, both groups of PT and Nurse were 'needs' 151(98.1%). Physical therapist showed of 'Needs' on visiting physical therapy 35(35.4%), home physical therapy 32(32.3%), and schole physical therapy 32(32.3%). Nurse showed of 'Needs' on home physical therapy 23(41.8%). visiting physical therapy 19(34.5%), school physical therapy 13(23.6%). Therefore it is necessary to have home and visiting physical therapy as for the elderly and disabled person. 3. As for the qualification of Home and Visiting physical therapist, both PT and nurse groups showed as follows; take post graduation education program for home and visiting therapy after became PT : home physical therapist 108(70.1%), visiting physical therapist 106(68.8%). So it means education center or university can be developed post graduation program for home and visiting physical therapist. 4. As for the 'Needs' of school physical therapy, both groups of PT and nurse showed as follows; 'Needs' 142(92.2%), 'Needs superviser education program' 148(96.1%), in PT group showed 'I will participate of education program' 92(92.9%). 5. As for the present states of research papers or report of home, visiting, and school physical therapy was as follows; the 103 papers for 8 fields about' the needs of home and visiting physical therapy' from 1991 to 2011, the 13 papers for 2 fields about school physical therapy from 2001 to 2011, so total papers were 114 articles.

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Ecological Viewpoint of Evolution in Physical Education (체육교과 진화에 관한 생태학적 조망)

  • Kim, Chae-Woon;Yi, Joo-Wook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.400-409
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    • 2009
  • This study purports to review and discuss the evolution of Physical Education in terms of ecological viewpoint. To achieve this purpose, this study try to look for the meanings through the 2007 revised physical education curriculum. The reason that I look for the meanings from the curriculum is because the curriculum includes objectives, values and philosophical backgrounds in Physical Education. Through this study, I found the following results. Governmental active supports to reinforce roles of in-service teachers should be emphasized. Second, teacher should focus on Game strategies for Physical Education. Third, mental function for activities in Physical Education should be considered as an intelligence as one of H. Gardner's multiple intelligences rather than they are just accepted as the level of functions or a motor nerves. Fourth, Physical Education for 11 and 12 grades should be accepted as a requirement to maintain Physical Education. classes in high school as a normalization process.

Relationship among Flow and Satisfaction of College Physical Education Class and Psychological Well-Being (대학 교양체육수업의 몰입과 만족도 및 심리적 웰빙의 관계)

  • Han, Gun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.7051-7059
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the relationship among flow and satisfaction of college physical education class and psychological well-being. An analysis of 264 college students from 3 universities in D and G city revealed the following. First, flow of college physical education class had a positive influence on the satisfaction of college physical education class. Second, the flow of college physical education class did not affect the psychological well-being. Third, the flow of the college physical education class had a positive but indirect influence on the psychological well-being mediated by the satisfaction of the college physical education class. Fourth, there was a moderation effect of the leisure sport participation level on the relationship among flow and satisfaction of the college physical education class and psychological well-being.

A Keyword Network Analysis on Health Disparity in Korea: Focusing on News and its application to Physical Education

  • Kim, Woo-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to analyze the keyword related to Health Disparity in Korea through the method of keyword network analysis and to establish a basic database for suggesting ideas for prospective studies in physical education. To achieve the goal, this study crawled co-occured keyword with 'health' and 'disparity' from news casted in 20 different channels. The duration of the news was 3 months, from September 11th, 2018 to December 11th. The results are as follows. First, among the news during recent 3 months, there were 1,383 keyword related to health disparity and this study selected 173 keyword which had co-occured over 3 times. Second, the inclusiveness of the network was 97.674% and the density was .038. Third, analyzing news related to health disparity, 'mortality' was the most co-occured keyword and 'disparity', 'reinforcement', 'the most', 'health', '6 times', 'Seoul', 'half', 'medicine', and 'local' were shown similarly. And common keyword in 4 centrality were 13 keyword. Lastly, by analyzing eigenvector centrality, significantly different result has shown. 'Disparity' was the most co-occured keyword. Based on this result, this study showed the necessity for reinforcing the public physical education in public education system in Korea. In order to achieve it, the field of physical education must look beyond present elite-focused physical education to public physical activity.

South Korean Study in a Public Health -Preventive Medicine and Sports Environment-

  • Radut, Dan Silviu;Kim, You-Jin;Min, Byung-Nam;Cho, Ki-Jeoung;Lee, Jong-Young
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to develop search filters able to retrieve the South Korean scientific output and relating the fields of public health, preventive medicine, and physical education, activity, fitness, exercise and sport in MEDLINE between 2000 and 2007. Methods : The search filters were constructed and applied in MEDLINE accessed through PubMed according to the affiliation and subject. The language and place of publication were identified and the evaluation of the geographical filter performance was done. Results : The search format was successfully elaborated and applied, and the articles originated, published in Korea and/or abroad focusing on the fields of public health, preventive medicine, physical education, activity, fitness, exercise and sport, added to MEDLINE between 2000 and 2007 were retrieved. Publications in six languages originated in South Korea were detected. Conclusions : A geographic search filter determined the South Korean research output, and combined with additional filters focused on specific areas. The dynamics of the scientific output followed an increased evolution in all categories. Articles were written mainly in English/Korean. Further research is recommended on developing search strategies in order to retrieve precise and reliable information.

An Analysis on the Health Education Content Suggested in the 7th Curriculum of Elementary School Education (제7차 초등학교 교육과정에 제시된 보건교육 내용 분석)

  • Kim, Gha-Ok;Park, Young-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.39-55
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the necessary fundamental data in composing a systematic text content of the public health by analyzing each text, domain, and teaching contents suggested in the textbooks as well as teachers' guides of the 7th elementary school education curriculum, while the study subjects were as follows. 1. The health education content suggested in the 7th physical education curriculum were analyzed and examined. 2. The health teaching content of each textbook in the 7th elementary school curriculum was to be analyzed and examined. In order to resolve the above research issues, the physical, spiritual, and social domain along with the (1) Proper living habit, (2) Health and nutrition, (3) Sex education, (4) Prevention of the sense-organic diseases, (5) Cleanliness of food, (6) Oral hygiene, (7) Individual health and public health, (8) Safety in living, (9) Abuse and usage of medication, educational content suggested in the 7tand (10) Environment pollution focused around the health of the elementary school education curriculum was analyzed and its outcome was as below First, compared with the 6th elementary school education curriculum, the health content suggested in the 7th elementary school education curriculum was decreased. Second, although each grade's teaching content of the health domain in the physical education was considered in its structure following after the according systems, they were preponderant in partial subjects such as the safety in living, nutrition, proper living habit, sport, and health in sport. oo. Third, the health education content was organized in 4 units such as the physical growth and development, prevention of diseases, safe living, and leisure living(leisure, spiritual health, and etc.) for the 3rd and 4th grade. Then, as for 5th and 6th grade, it was organized in 3 units such as the understanding the human body, prevention of disease, and leisure and safe living. Fourth, in the physical educational health domain, a strong point was constructed within the physical, spiritual, and social areas of the elementary school physical education. Fifth, the number of the public health education contents directly related with the health education was 43 as with 25 indirect contents. Sixth, each grade's domain unit structure of the public health content was heavy upon the physical and social area throughout every grade while in opposite, the spiritual domain' s unit structure was weak. In according to each grade, the physical domain was stressed in 4, 5, and 6 grades while the social domain was stressed in 1, 5, and 6 grades.

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