• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical Education

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Influence of Anticipation on Landing Patterns during Side-Cutting Maneuver in Female Collegiate Soccer Players

  • Park, Eun-Jung;Lee, Jung-Ho;Ryue, Jae-Jin;Sohn, Ji-Hoon;Lee, Ki-Kwang
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.391-395
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    • 2011
  • To investigate the anticipatory effect on landing patterns during side-cutting maneuver, thirteen healthy female elite college soccer players participated in this study. Three-dimensional knee kinematics, effective mass and correlation between both these were measured and analyzed using a motion analysis and force plates. Each testing session included anticipated tasks, $45^{\circ}$ side-cutting tasks (AC), followed by a set of unexpected side-cutting (UC) in a random order. Knee flexion/extension, valgus/varus and internal/external rotation angles and effect mass were compared by using paired t-test. Also, correlation analysis was performed to identify the relationship between knee angles and effective mass. Effective mass during UC was greater than that during AC. Effective mass and maximum knee flexion angle were positively correlated during AC and not during UC. Based on the relationship between effective mass and knee flexion angle in AC, shock absorption can be controlled by knee joint flexion in pre-predicted movement condition. However, effective mass can not be controlled by knee flexion in UC condition. The unexpected load affects were more irregular on the knee joint, which may be one of the injury mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in female soccer players.

Influence of Physical Education Teacher's Transformational Leadership on Trust and Class Satisfaction (체육교사의 변혁적 리더십이 학생들의 신뢰와 수업만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Tae-Soo;Jeon, Yong-Bae;Mun, Sun-Ho
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.526-537
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data needed for analyzing the factors needed for students' positive participation in physical education class and developing the leadership skills needed for effective class guidance by analyzing what relationship there exists between a physical education teacher-exercised transformational leadership and students' trust in physical education teachers and class satisfaction; thus, this study drew the conclusions as follows: First, in the relations between a physical education teacher-exercised transformational leadership and students' trust, it was found that a physical education teacher's charisma and intellectual stimulus had a positive influence on high school students. Second, it was found that a physical education teacher's charisma and individual consideration had a positive influence on a physical education teacher-exercised transformational leadership and the subordinate factor in class satisfaction-a sense of accomplishment while individual consideration and intellectual stimulus were found to have a positive influence on evaluation. Third, as for the trust in a physical education teacher and class satisfaction, the trust was found to have a positive influence on both a sense of accomplishment and evaluation.

The Relationship among Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Physical Education Professor-trust, Attitude in Physical Education and Class Satisfaction (예비초등교사의 체육교수신뢰와 체육교과태도 및 수업만족도의 관계)

  • Lee, Yong-Kuk;Choi, You-Lee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.503-512
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate the relationship among physical education professor-trust, attitude in physical education and self-management which pre-service elementary school teachers perceive. For this purpose, data from 328 students in universities of education located nationwide were collected and analyzed. Descriptive statistics analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis were conducted on the collected data by using IBM SPSS 23.0 statistical program, and confirmatory factor analysis and verification on structural equation model were conducted by using IBM AMOS 23.0 program. Through this research process, following conclusions were obtained; First, prospective elementary school teachers' confidence in physical education has a significant effect on attitude in physical education. Second, prospective elementary school teachers' attitude in physical education has a significant effect on class satisfaction. Third, prospective elementary school teachers' confidence in physical education has a significant effect on class satisfaction.

Effect of Postural Education on Physical Satisfaction and Life Habit in Elementary Students

  • Song, Ju-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of postural education in preventive educational aspects on physical satisfaction and life habit related to posture in elementary school students. Methods: Participants were 974 4th-grade elementary school students in 9 schools of U city (boy 50.2%, girl 49.8%). Postural education was conducted from May through November 2011, once each semester, each class was conducted two times. Results: Results of this study showed that physical satisfaction and life habit related to posture were significantly improved after postural education (p<0.05). Both physical satisfaction and life habit were not significantly difference between effort and non-effort group about good posture after education. Conclusion: This study showed that postural education was effective in improving the physical satisfaction and life habit of elementary school students.

A Study on the Ancient Greek Physical Education Spirit

  • Han, Do Ryung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2017
  • Plato and Aristotle examined what the true spirit of physical education is and what kind of relationship it is, from the perspective of dividing into two parts of the body and mind. And the relationship between human body and mind, knowledge and behavior. Plato and Aristotle examined the harmonious combination of body and mind and what is the desirable relationship setting. In Plato's soul and body in philosophical centered ideological aspect, human education center emphasizes poetry education, but physical education is recognized as essential education for human education. Plato's body contour emphasizes the harmony of soul and body, not the superiority of the body to the mind. In Plato's education room, physical education should be preceded and then mental education should be done. I thought that there could be no independent souls without bodies. It is not an independent entity but a unified entity. Because there is a body, there is a soul. There is a soul, so a body exists. Aristotle thought that the body was more important than Plato, and that the body should be preceded by the soul.

Contents Analysis of Health Unit in the Middle School Physical Education Textbook (중학교 체육교과서에 제시된 보건단원 내용 고찰)

  • Kim, Young-Sik;Lee, Yeon-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate various characteristics of the health unit presented in current physical educational curriculum and study a variety of middle school physical education textbooks in the aspect of health education. The conclusions of this research are as follow Acquiring and executing of health knowledge is important in the school health education. Thus, the contents of textbook suitable to the developmental stage of teenager and applicable to future life should be concretely presented in the physical education textbook. The standard of selecting the range of physical education contents should be regulated, and the contents appropriate to standard should be presented in the physical education textbook. We make student utilize the textbook by showing the sample the example of portfolio and self-checklist in the textbook. In the aspect of formation of textbook, scientific and systematic which is appropriate to improving the power of thinking and inquiry should be used in the textbook. In the aspect of format of textbook, application of CD-ROM or video type should be attempted, making the textbook. Moreover, the health education in the physical education textbook should be connected to not only the school health education but the health education in the unit of home and society for the purpose of successful health education.

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Effect of different exercise intensities on biomarkers of oxidant-antioxidant balance, inflammation, and muscle damage

  • Roh, Hee-Tae;Ha, Hyoung Zoo;Woo, Jin-Hee;Lee, Yul-Hyo;Ko, Kangeun;Bae, Ju-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.778-786
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    • 2018
  • We investigated the effect of different exercise intensities on biomarkers of oxidant-antioxidant balance, inflammation, and muscle damage. Eighteen healthy and untrained male subjects were enrolled.Subjects were randomly and equally assigned to a moderate-intensityexercise(MIE, $65%VO_2max$) group(n=9) or a high-intensity exercise(HIE, $85%VO_2max$) group(n=9).Blood samples were collectedimmediately pre-exercise, post-exercise, and 60min post-exercisetoexamine oxidant-antioxidant balance(d-ROMs; BAP), inflammation(CRP; fibrinogen), muscle damage(CK; LDH), and lactate. Serum d-ROMs and BAP levels were significantly increased post-exercise compared with pre-exercise levels in HIE group(p<0.05). Lactate levels were significantly increased post-exercise compared pre-exercise levels in both the MIE and HIE groups(p<0.05). In addition, post-exercise serum d-ROMs and plasma lactate levels were significantly higher in the HIE group than in the MIE group(p<0.05). These results suggest that although relatively high-intensity exercises may increase oxidative stress levels in the body, they do not produce inflammatory response and/or muscle damage.

The Analysis on Continuing Education in Physical Therapy : In 2014~2015 (물리치료사의 보수교육 실태분석 : 2014~2015년도)

  • Moon, Sora;Kim, Myungchul;Lee, Juncheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 2016
  • Purpose : The primary objective of this study was to examine the status of continuing education, and to identify the current state and employment status of these physical therapists. Moreover, the study also aimed to provide basic data for establishing improvement measures in various continuing education programs to enhance the quality of physical therapists, thereby providing high quality service to patients and contributing to the increasing productivity of hospitals. Method : The present study analyzed the basic data obtained from KPTA regarding the 671 physical therapists throughout Korea. Questionnaires were sent by mail to from direct visits were used in the final data analysis. The questionnaire consisted of 45 questions in 3 categories: general characteristics, continuing education. Collected data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means, and standard deviations. Result : Subjects 88 (87.1%) indicated that they continuing education, showing that most had taken continuing education courses. The importance and necessity of continuing education was much higher for those with doctoral degrees than for those who graduated from college, or who possessed bachelors or master's degrees. Conclusion : A necessary follow-up study using these findings would contribute to providing a high quality medical service and to enhancing the quality of physical therapists. Moreover, systematic management of continuing education is necessary to devise comprehensive and effective measures for the development and acquisition of updated skills by health care professionals.

Influences of Physical Education Classes based on Flipped Learning of Self-directed Learning Abilities and Attitude towards These Classes, for Middle School Students

  • Lee, Dae Jung;Kim, Dae Jin
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of physical education classes based on Flipped Learning on self-directed learning abilities and learning attitude towards these classes, for middle school students. The study selected 90 students as an experimental group (3 classes) and 97 students as a control group (3 classes), among 240 students of the first-year students attending a middle school located at Jeonju City of South Korea, applying convenience sampling, one of the non-probability sampling methods. For the experimental group, 36 sessions of physical education classes were held for 14 weeks, while the control group received teacher-centered classes. Comparing the results with the control group, the experimental group showed significant differences in terms of all sub factors of self-directed learning abilities, namely; desire for learning, learning objective establishment, basic self-management abilities, selection of learning strategy and self-reflection. Moreover, the experimental group manifested significant differences in terms of all sub factors of attitude towards the physical education subjects, namely; positive emotions, negative emotions, health & physical strength, interpersonal relations, physical activities & movements, and active participation & positive performance. From the findings, it can be considered that physical education classes based on Flipped Learning contributed to improving self-directed learning abilities and attitude towards physical education classes. This result can serve as a significant basic material for designing and performing classes in raising the understanding of Flipped Learning and effectively applying Flipped Learning in physical education classes.

Recognition, attitudes, knowledge, education experience, and education demand regarding physical restraint among laypersons (신체억제대에 대한 일반인의 인식, 태도, 지식 및 교육경험과 교육요구도 조사)

  • Han, Da-Yeon;Kim, Chul-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.7-22
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate recognition, attitudes, knowledge, education experience, and education demand regarding physical restraint among laypersons. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 105 randomly recruited laypersons in D city. Excluding 2 incomplete answers, 103 data were analyzed by frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and chi-square test using SPSS 23.0. Results: Laypersons' recognition of physical restraints was rated at 3.37 out of 5 points, and showed a positive perspective. Knowledge on physical restraints was rated at 13.68 out of 18 points and was affected by age and education level (F = 2.845, p = .028)(F = 3.126, p = .029) A majority of the participants had no education on physical restraints. Nevertheless, participants showed intention to receive education in physical restraint to reach further understanding. Conclusion: Education on physical restraints is necessary for lay persons. However, there were education limits for people living in modern times. As an intervention addressing this problem, observing videos on the internet is recommended. Moreover, for advertising/educational purposes, accessing the internet and using smart-phone applications are suggested.