• Title, Summary, Keyword: Photocatalytic degradation

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Studies on Photocatalytic Thin Films($TiO_2$, TiO-N) Manufactured by DC Magnetron Sputtering Method and it's Characteristics for Removal of Pollutants (DC 마그네트론 스퍼터링법을 이용한 광촉매박막($TiO_2$, TiO-N)제조 및 오염물질 제거에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Weon-Sang;Park, Sang-Weon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2005
  • [ $TiO_2$ ] was deposited by DC magnetron sputtering on glass surface under various sputtering parameters such as discharge power($0.6{\sim}5.2\;kW$, substrate temperature($R.T{\sim}350^{\circ}C$), Ar and $O_2$ flow ratio with $0{\sim}50\;sccm$($Ar+O_2$ 90 sccm) and about 1 mtorr of pressure. TiO-N thin film was prepared under same sputtering conditions for $TiO_2$ thin film except flow ratio($Ar+O_2+N_2$ 90 sccm). The sheet resistance of thin films deposited under these parameters was measured to analyze electronic characteristic and thin film's thickness(${\alpha}$-step), surface roughness(AFM) and formation construction(FE-SEM, XRD) were also measured to draw optimal sputtering parameters. In order to evaluate photo-activity of thin film($TiO_2$, TiO-N) made in optimal parameters for removal of pollutants, toluene among VOCs and Suncion Yellow among reactive dyes were chosen to probe organic compounds for photo-degradation. It was shown that the photo-catalytic thin films had a significant photo-activation for the chosen contaminants and especially TiO-N thin film showed maximum efficiency of 33% for toluene(5 ppm) removal in visible-light range.

Development of the Functional Films Coated with Nano-TiO2 Particles for Food Packaging and Removal of Off-flavor from Soybean Sprouts (나노 TiO2를 적용한 식품 포장 필름 개발 및 콩나물의 이취 제거)

  • Choi, Yeonwook;Jeon, Kyu Bae;Song, Kihyeon;Kim, Jai Neung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.733-737
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    • 2015
  • For testing the ultraviolet (UV)-blocking property of functional films coated with Nano-$TiO_2$ particles, UV-Vis spectra of oriented polypropylene (OPP) films uncoated and coated with $TiO_2$ of 3% and 5% in Polyurethane (PU) and polyvinyl butyral (PVB)-Cellulose binders were measured. The result of UV-Vis analyses showed that the film coated with 5% $TiO_2$ in PVB binders had a significant effect on UV protection of 90% compared with the film uncoated. Also The result of The photodegradation of methylene blue (MB), OPP films coated with 5% in both PU and PVB binders had a high photocatalytic activity for MB degradation. To evaluate the effect of the developed functional film coated with Nano-$TiO_2$ particles, fresh soybean sprouts were used. Nano-$TiO_2$ coated film was observed to decompose the off-flavor produced by soybean sprouts within packages during distribution, but uncoated film did not. Therefore, Nano-$TiO_2$ coated film package could give the greatest effect in extending the shelf life of soybean sprouts.

Analysis of Characteristics and Optimization of Photo-degradation condition of Reactive Orange 16 Using a Box-Behnken Method (실험계획법 중 Box-Behnken(박스-벤켄)법을 이용한 반응성 염료의 광촉매 산화조건 특성 해석 및 최적화)

  • Cho, Il-Hyoung;Lee, Nae-Hyun;Chang, Soon-Woong;An, Sang-Woo;Yonn, Young-Han;Zoh, Kyung-Duk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.917-925
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    • 2006
  • The aim of our research was to apply experimental design methodology in the optimization of photocatalytic degradation of azo dye(Reactive orange 16). The reactions were mathematically described as a function of parameters amount of $TiO_2(x_1)$, and dye concentration($x_2$) being modeled by the use of the Box-Behnken method. The results show that the responses of color removal(%)($Y_1$) in photocatalysis of dyes were significantly affected by the synergistic effect of linear term of $TiO_2(x_1)$ and dye concentration($x_2$). Significant factors and synergistic effects for the $COD_{Cr}$, removal(%)($Y_2$) were the linear term of $TiO_2(x_1)$ and dye concentration($x_2$). However, the quadratic term of $TiO_2(x_1^2)$ and dye concentration($x_2^2$) had an antagonistic effect on $Y_1$ and $Y_2$ responses. Canonical analysis indicates that the stationary point was a saddle point for $Y_1$ and $Y_2$, respectively. The estimated ridge of maximum responses and optimal conditions for $Y_1:(X_1,\;X_2)$=(1.11 g/L, 51.2 mg/L) and $Y_2:(X_1,\;X_2)$=(1.42 g/L, 72.83 mg/L) using canonical analysis was 93% and 73%, respectively.