• Title, Summary, Keyword: Phase shifter

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A Ku-Band 5-Bit Phase Shifter Using Compensation Resistors for Reducing the Insertion Loss Variation

  • Chang, Woo-Jin;Lee, Kyung-Ho
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2003
  • This paper describes the performance of a Ku-band 5-bit monolithic phase shifter with metal semiconductor field effect transistor (MESFET) switches and the implementation of a ceramic packaged phase shifter for phase array antennas. Using compensation resistors reduced the insertion loss variation of the phase shifter. Measurement of the 5-bit phase shifter with a monolithic microwave integrated circuit demonstrated a phase error of less than $7.5{\circ}$ root-mean-square (RMS) and an insertion loss variation of less than 0.9 dB RMS for 13 to 15 GHz. For all 32 states of the developed 5-bit phase shifter, the insertion losses were $8.2{\pm}1.4$dB, the input return losses were higher than 7.7 dB, and the output return losses were higher than 6.8 dB for 13 to 15 GHz. The chip size of the 5- bit monolithic phase shifter with a digital circuit for controlling all five bits was 2.35 mm ${\times}$1.65 mm. The packaged phase shifter demonstrated a phase error of less than $11.3{\circ}$ RMS, measured insertion losses of 12.2 ${\pm}$2.2 dB, and an insertion loss variation of 1.0 dB RMS for 13 to 15 GHz. For all 32 states, the input return losses were higher than 5.0 dB and the output return losses were higher than 6.2 dB for 13 to 15 GHz. The size of the packaged phase shifter was 7.20 mm${\times}$ 6.20 mm.

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Simulation of A 90° Differential Phase Shifter for Korean VLBI Network 129 GHz Band Polarizer

  • Chung, Moon-Hee;Je, Do-Heung;Han, Seog-Tae;Kim, Soo-Yeon
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2010
  • A simulation for the design of a $90^{\circ}$ differential phase shifter aimed toward Korean VLBI Network (KVN) 129 GHz band polarizer is described in this paper. A dual-circular polarizer for KVN 129 GHz band consists of a $90^{\circ}$ differential phase shifter and an orthomode transducer. The differential phase shifter is made up of a square waveguide with two opposite walls loaded with corrugations. Three-dimensional electromagnetic simulation has been performed to predict the $90^{\circ}$ differential phase shifter's characteristics. The simulation for the differential phase shifter shows that the phase shift is $90^{\circ}{\pm}3.3^{\circ}$ across 108-160 GHz and the return losses of two orthogonal modes are better than -30 dB within the design frequency band. According to the simulation results the calculated performance is quite encouraging for KVN 129 GHz band application.

A Study on $90^{\cire}$ Constant Phase Shifter (전송선형 $90^{\cire}$ 정위상기에 관한 연구)

  • 이충웅
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.12-15
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    • 1976
  • This paper presents the realization method of 90$^{\circ}$ constant phase shifter in the VHF band, constructed by the entirely differens idea from the conventional method of the realization of constant phase shifter in the audio frequency range. The construction of 90$^{\circ}$ constant phase shifter is. simple and can be easily realized by using the distributed constant element, transmission line, and the lumped constant elements, R,C,L.

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Asymmetric 45$^{\circ}$ Schiffman Phase Shifter (PS) (비대칭 45$^{\circ}$ Schiffman 위상 천이기)

  • 채동규;임문혁;김동현;윤기완
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.97-99
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    • 2003
  • Novel asymmetric 45$^{\circ}$ Schiffman phase shifter having l-coupling for 2.3GHz applications is presented along with measurement results. The proposed phase shifter with a Teflon substrate is fabricated in a smaller area and cost-effective way as compared to the conventional Schiffman phase shifter. In addition, the characteristics of the fabricated phase shifter is extracted and compared. The proposed phase shifter seems useful particularly for the future 2.3GHz wireless applications.

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A Phase-shifter for Regulating Circulating Power Flow in a Parallel-feeding AC Traction Power System

  • Choi, Kyu-Hyoung
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.1137-1144
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    • 2014
  • A parallel-feeding AC traction power system increases the power supply capacity and decreases voltage fluctuations, but the circulating power flow caused by the phase difference between the traction substations prevents the system from being widely used. A circuit analysis shows that the circulating power flow increases almost linearly as the phase difference increases, which adds extra load to the system and results in increased power dissipation and load unbalance. In this paper, we suggest a phase shifter for the parallel-feeding AC traction power system. The phase shifter regulates the phase difference and the circulating power flow by injecting quadrature voltage which can be obtained directly from the Scott-connection transformer in the traction substation. A case study involving the phase shifter applied to the traction power system of a Korean high-speed rail system shows that a three-level phase shifter can prevent circulating power flow while the phase difference between substations increases up to 12 degrees, mitigate the load unbalance, and reduce power dissipation.

X-Band 6-Bit Phase Shifter with Low RMS Phase and Amplitude Errors in 0.13-㎛ CMOS Technology

  • Han, Jang-Hoon;Kim, Jeong-Geun;Baek, Donghyun
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.511-519
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    • 2016
  • This paper proposes a CMOS 6-bit phase shifter with low RMS phase and amplitude errors for an X-band phased array antenna. The phase shifter combines a switched-path topology for coarse phase states and a switch-filter topology for fine phase states. The coarse phase shifter is composed of phase shifting elements, single-pole double-throw (SPDT), and double-pole double-throw (DPDT) switches. The fine phase shifter uses a switched LC filter. The phase coverage is $354.35^{\circ}$ with an LSB of $5.625^{\circ}$. The RMS phase error is < $6^{\circ}$ and the RMS amplitude error is < 0.45 dB at 8-12 GHz. The measured insertion loss is < 15 dB, and the return losses for input and output are > 13 dB at 8-12 GHz. The input P1dB of the phase shifter achieves > 11 dBm at 8-12 GHz. The current consumption is zero with a 1.2-V supply voltage. The chip size is $1.46{\times}0.83mm^2$, including pads.

Design of the analog phase shifter for the ghost signal elimination (고스트 신호 제거기용 애널러그 위상변위기 설계)

  • 주성호;김동현;이상설
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.825-828
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    • 1999
  • In this paper, we design the analog phase shifter for the elimination of the ghost signal. Compensation of the delay between the reference signal and the relatively delayed signal is possible. This phase shifter uses the vector summing method. We use for the attenuator in our system FETs. The phase shifter is operated at the 200MHz and composed by lumped elements. The proposed analog phase shifter is simulated by the HP ADS software.

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Fabrication and Characterization of Lateral p-i-n photodiodes and design of stub mounted optically controlled phase shifter (수평형 p-i-n 광다이오드의 제작, 특성 측정 및 광제어 스터브 장착 위상기의 설계)

  • 한승엽;정상구
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics A
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    • v.32A no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 1995
  • Lateral p-i-n photodiodes have been fabricated, electrically tested, and incorporated into microwave control circuits such as an optically excited microwave atttenuator and reflection type phase shifter. Circuit design procedures for the loaded-line phase shifter with the optically controlled p-i-n photodiode are presented. The equal loss loading mode presented for the first time for the phase shifter circuits with lossy load allows an equal insertion loss of the phase shifter in both of its phase states. It is found that the insertion loss of the equal loss loading mode phase shifter constructed with the fabricated p-i-n photodiode load are about 3dB for 11.25$^{\circ}$ bit and 1dB for 5.625$^{\circ}$ bit for the frequency range of 2GHz to 11GHz.

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Design and Fabrication of a Phase Shifter RFIC using a Tunable Multi-layer Dielectric

  • Lee, Young Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2014
  • In this work, a phase shifter radio-frequency integrated chip (RFIC) using a simple all-pass network is presented. As a tuning element of the phase shifter RFIC, tunable capacitors with a multi-layer dielectric of a para-/ferro-/para-electrics using a high tunable BST ferroelectric and a low-loss BZN paraelectric thin film were utilized. In order to evaluate and analyze the fabricated phase shifter RFIC, the same elements such as an inductor and capacitor integrated into it are also fabricated and tested. The designed phase shifter RFIC was fabricated on a quartz substrate in the size of $1.16{\times}1.21mm^2$. As the test results, the maximum phase difference of $350^{\circ}$ is obtained at 15 V and its tuning frequency bandwidth is 90 MHz from 2.72 to 2.81GHz.

Development of Liquid Stub and Phase Shifter

  • Wang, Son-Jong;Yoon, Jae-Sung;Hong, Bong-Guen
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.201-208
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    • 2001
  • The high power RF transmission line components are required for transmitting MW level RF power continuously in RF heating and current drive system which heat the plasma and produce plasma current in fusion reactor The liquid stub and phase shifter is proposed as the superior to the conventional stub and phase shifter. Experimental results show that they are reliable and easy to operate compared to the conventional stub and phase shifter. There is no distortion of reflected power during the raising of the liquid level. RF breakdown voltage is over 40kV. Temperature increment of the liquid is expected not to be severe. These results verify that the liquid stub and phase shifter can be used reliably in the high power continuous RF facilities.

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