• Title, Summary, Keyword: Personality Traits

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Trends and Directions in Personality Genetic Studies

  • Kim, Han-Na;Kim, Hyung-Lae
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2011
  • How personality forms and whether personality genes exist are long-studied questions. Various concepts and theories have been presented for centuries. Personality is a complex trait and is developed through the interaction of genes and the environment. Twin and family studies have found that there are critical genetic and environmental components in the inheritance of personality traits, and modern advances in genetics are making it possible to identify specific variants for personality traits. Although genes that were found in studies on personality have not provided replicable association between genetic and personality variability, more and more genetic variants associated with personality traits are being discovered. Here, we present the current state of the art on genetic research in the personality field and finally list several of the recently published research highlights. First, we briefly describe the commonly used self-reported measures that define personality traits. Then, we summarize the characteristics of the candidate genes for personality traits and investigate gene variants that have been suggested to be associated with personality traits.

Relationship Between Personality Traits and Anxiety Disorders (성격특성과 불안장애의 관계)

  • Park, Su-Bin;Hong, Jin-Pyo
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.3-7
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    • 2009
  • In this article, we review research on how normal personality traits and personality disorder traits may relate to anxiety disorders ; as predisposing factors, 2) as complications, 3) as pathoplastic factors, and 4) as manifestations of common underlying etiologies. Based on current literatures, we draw a conclusion as follows : 1) Normal personality traits such as high neuroticism and low extraversion and personality disorder traits, especially cluster C traits, are at least risk factors for certain anxiety disorders ; 2) Anxiety disorders in early life might influence a later development of personality disorder ; 3) Personality disorder traits may have negative influence on the outcome of anxiety disorders ; 4) Personality and anxiety disorders may be manifestations of common genetic and environmental etiologies.

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The Relationships between Preschool Teachers' Personality Traits and Their Relationships at Workplace

  • Jin, Byoung Sook;Kim, Sang Lim
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2018
  • Preschool teachers' relationships at workplace is an important component that affects the work performance of caring and educating young children. This study investigated the connection between preschool teachers' personality traits and their relationships at workplace. The participants were two hundred and eighty two teachers in 55 preschools and asked to answer the survey questionnaires. Two research questions were investigated; (1) are there correlations between preschool teachers' personality traits and their relationships at workplace? (2) do preschool teachers' personality traits affect their relationships at workplace? The results showed that preschool teachers' personality traits were correlated with their relationships at workplace; neuroticism showed a negative correlation while the other four (extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) showed positive correlations with relationships at workplace. In addition, preschool teachers' personality traits had effects on their relationships at workplace in overall. Especially, neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were revealed as significantly influencing personality traits on preschool teachers' relationships at workplace.

Thai Internet Users' Personality Traits and their Preferred Web Portal's Characteristics

  • Tanya, Rattipon;Tanlamai, Uthai
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this research is to identify a web portal's specific functions and layouts that are aligned with personality trait of an individual internet user. This first stage of the overall research project intends to check whether the research instrument, namely the NEO Five Factors Inventory (NEO-FFI), is applicable to assess the personality traits of Thai internet users. Based on these personality traits, text-based description of functions/layouts of a web portal was developed and given to professional designers to mock up example web portal pages. These web portal pages were in alignment with individual personality traits. Rating data on the functions/layouts corresponding to individual personality traits were collected from an online survey of 207 Thai internet users. Results showed that respondents gave more consistent rating to the functions/layouts close to their individual personality traits identified in the text-based descriptions than in the mocked-up web portal pages.

The Mediation Effect Verification of Narcissistic Personality Traits and Schizophrenic Personality Traits on the Relationship between Smartphone Addiction and Relational Aggression of Middle School Girls (여중생의 스마트폰 중독과 관계적 공격성의 관계에서 자기애적 성향과 분열형 성격특성의 매개효과검증)

  • Lim, Jeeyoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.199-210
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to examine the mediation effect of narcissistic personality traits and schizophrenic personality traits on the relationship between smartphone addiction and relational aggression of middle school girls. Data from 378 girls in Kyungki and Chungchoeng areas were analyzed. Main results were as follows. First, smartphone addiction showed significant positive correlations with narcissistic personality traits, schizophrenic personality traits and relational aggression. Both personality traits also showed positive relationship with relational aggression. Second, narcissistic personality traits fully mediated the relationship between smartphone addiction and reactive relational aggression. Third, schizophrenic personality traits partially mediated the relationship between smartphone addiction and relational aggression. Finally, clinical implications for adolescent girls at high risk of smartphone addiction and suggestions for future studies were discussed.

The Effects of Personality Traits on Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly (노인의 성격특성이 자아존중감 및 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Jong-Hyun;Choi, Soo-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.8
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    • pp.47-61
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    • 2011
  • This study aimed to analyze the influential relation among personality traits, self-esteem and life satisfaction of the elderly and to analyze the differences in the conceptual variables according to demographic factors. The survey was conducted from January 10 to February 20 in 2011, and the participants were 282 seniors over the age of 60 in Gangwon province areas. As a result, the personality traits of the elderly were classified into openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and extraversion. There were partially significant differences in the personality traits, self-esteem and life satisfaction according to demographic factors. The personality traits such as openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and extraversion had a positive impact on self-esteem and satisfaction of positive life. The neuroticism of personality traits had a negative impact on satisfaction of positive life, while it had a positive impact on satisfaction of negative life.

Dietary Behaviors, Food Preferences and Its Relationships with Personality Traits in Sixth Grader′s of Elementary School (초등학교 6학년 아동의 식사행동 및 식품기호와 성격특성)

  • 백정자;이희숙
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2004
  • Although many studies have focused on dietary habits and behaviors among children, few have looked at individual dietary behaviors and food preferences and their relationships with personality traits. This study examined the relationships between children's dietary behaviors, food preferences and personality traits using a random sample of 236 sixth graders in Chuncheon. Results showed a high prevalence of undesirable dietary behaviors among children: 42.8% of the children had skipped breakfast at least twice a week, 53% had overeaten, 45.8% had eaten irregularly, and 66.5% had eaten an unbalanced meal. These undesirable dietary behaviors were negatively associated with such personality traits as sociability, responsibility, emotional stability, activity, and superiority. When asked about food preference, fruits were most popular while vegetables were least desirable. Total food preference scores were positively correlated with emotional stability (r=.204), activeness (r=.247), sociability (r=.156), responsibility (r=.249), and superiority (r=.133). Preference for meats had negative correlations with responsibility (r=-.133), sociability (r=-.146), and superiority (r=-.132), while preference for vegetables was positively correlated with these personality traits (r=.292, .244, and .230, respectively). In conclusion, the more desirable dietary behaviors and the higher total food preference scores, the more positive the child's personality traits. In addition, preference for vegetables was associated with positive personality traits. The findings suggest the need for continuous attention and guidance on desirable dietary habits for school children both at home and at school.

Relationships of adolescent's dietary habits with personality traits and food neophobia according to family meal frequency

  • Cho, Mi Sook;Kim, Miseon;Cho, Wookyoun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.476-481
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND: A higher frequency of family meals is associated with good dietary habits in young people. This study focused on the relationships of family meal frequency with food neophobia and personality traits in adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHOD: For this purpose, we administered a survey to 495 middle school students in Seoul metropolitan city, after which the data were analyzed using the SPSS (18.0) program. Pearson correlation was used to determine the relationships among dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia according to frequency of family meals. RESULTS: Dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia all showed significant differences according to the frequency of family meals. Further, eating regular family meals was associated with good dietary habits (P < 0.001) and was linked with improved extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness/intellect (P < 0.001). On the other hand, it showed a negative relationship with food neophobia (P < 0.001). The relationship between dietary habits and food neophobia showed a negative correlation (P < 0.01). The relationship between dietary habits and personality traits showed a positive correlation (P < 0.01). Lastly, the relationship between personality traits and food neophobia showed a negative correlation (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, the frequency of family meals affects dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia in adolescents.

Effects of Clothing Cues and Perceiver's Personality Traits Variables on Impression Formation (지각자의 성격변인에 따른 의복단서의 인상효과에 대한 연구)

  • 이현화;박찬부
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.341-352
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of clothing cues (color, color scheme, structure) on impression formation by perceiver personality variable. The subjects were consisted of 77 male and 86 female undergraduate and graduate students. The experimental inventories for this study were a set of stimuli, a response scale, standardized MBTI. The stimuli were eighteen photographs and one extra photograph of a female wearing Korean dress, Chima and Jokori-varied in hue (cool, warm), color scheme (related schemes, con- trasting schemes) of the same silhouette. Results indicate that the most affecting perceiver's personality variables on impression effects were judging-perceiving traits and extraversion -introversion traits. The interaction effects were most frequently appeared between color scheme (clothing cues) and perceiver's personality traits. The impression factors which were most affected by perceiver's personality traits variables were preference· evaluation factor and individuality· attention factor.

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The Effects of Personality Traits on Stress Level, Stressor, and Stress Coping Style : Focused on S High School Students (성격특성이 스트레스 수준, 발생요인, 대처방식에 미치는 영향 : S고등학교 학생들을 중심으로)

  • Jo, Eun-Hyeon;Lee, Dong-Hyung
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to find and compare the differences in stress level, stressor, and coping style of high school students according to their personality traits. And to identify the personality traits contributing to stress reduction. The results of the study can be used as basic data for reducing the stress of adolescents to improve their academic achievement and maintain mental and physical stability. The questionnaire survey was conducted for 10 days from June 7 to June 16, 2017 for S high school students in Chungbuk Province. The study employed four measuring instruments as Ego-gram, Ok-gram, stressor scale, and stress coping type scale. Individual personality traits were classified into ego-states and ok-states in TA (Transactional Analysis). Stressors are classified into 5 categories (school life, home life, human relationship, myself, environment) and stress coping styles are classified into 4 categories (problem-focused coping, social-support coping, feeling-focused coping, hope-thinking coping) used in the previous studies. The collected data were analyzed using T-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. As a result, the stress level of high school students showed significant differences according to sex, year, grade, sleeping time, personality traits, and coping styles. Personality traits that contributed to the stress increase were NP, AC, 'you positive', 'i negative' and personality trait that contributes to stress reduction is 'you negative.' Therefore, we can judge that individual personality traits have significant effects on stress level, stressor, and coping style and need to find the effective stress management method suitable for individual personality traits using counseling, repetition training, self-suggestion etc.