• Title, Summary, Keyword: Personal innovativeness

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A Study on the Effect of Personal Innovativeness on QR Code Users' Behavioral Intention (개인 혁신성이 QR코드 사용자의 행동의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seung-Bae
    • Journal of the Korea Management Engineers Society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2018
  • Despite that QR codes are spreading worldwide in Pin Tech, logistics distribution, etc., South Korea is staying at the level of using QR codes in limited areas such as website connection and marketing communication. The purpose of this study is to propose measures for more effective use of QR codes by examining the effects of personal innovativeness on user's behavioral intentions by applying personal innovativeness to QR codes. To this end, this study was intended to examine the relationships between performance expectancy (PE), effort expectancy (EE), social expectancy (SE), and personal innovativeness, which are variables used in the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model among innovative technology acceptance models, and behavioral intentions. For this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted with students in collages in the metropolitan area in May 2018 and the results were statistically verified using IBM SPSS 21. The results showed that PE, EE, and SE had significant positive(+) effects on personal innovativeness and behavioral intentions of QR code users. The mediating effects of personal innovativeness were tested and the results indicated that personal innovativeness partially mediates between PE and behavioral intentions and between EE and behavioral intentions but not between SE and behavioral intentions. The fact that since QR codes are expressed as a component to users through other media rather than its internal factors, the personal innovativeness of QR code users plays an important role in increasing the use of QR codes could be identified through this study.

Moderating Effects of Personal Innovativeness on the Relationship between Perceived Usefulness, Subjective Norm and Intention to Use Mobile Internet (인지된 유용성과 주관적 규범이 모바일인터넷 사용 의도에 미치는 영향에 있어 개인 혁신성향의 조절효과에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Hyun-Sik
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.209-236
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    • 2010
  • Recently, utilization of mobile Internet services is rapidly increasing. To properly accelerate the vitalization of mobile Internet usage, we have to know exactly about the factors affecting potential users' value recognition and intention to use. Technology acceptance model (TAM) is one of the most powerful reference framework for the individual user's adoption of IT innovations. This research borrowed core concept of TAM, and tried to explain users' intention to use mobile Internet by understanding the direct and indirect effects of subjective norm and perceived usefulness. To increase the explanatory power of the model, this paper introduced personal innovativeness as a key moderator variable. The research findings include; i) subjective norm has strong positive influence on perceived usefulness and intention to use, ii) perceived usefulness has positive influence on intention to use, iii) the influence of subject norm is greater than that of perceived usefulness, iv) positive influence of subjective norm on the perceived usefulness and intention to use are significantly stronger in the case of low personal innovativeness sub-group than the case of high personal innovativeness sub-group, and v) high personal innovativeness sub-group have shown strongly positive influence of perceived usefulness on the intention to use while there is no such significant relationship in the case of low personal innovativeness sub-group. Based on these findings, this paper proposed several guidelines to increase the adoption and the usage of mobile Internet; i) word-of-mouth is extremely important, ii) to form a good word-of-mouth, it will be very important to make early adopters and heavy users have positive direct experiences of using mobile Internet.

The study of smart-media acceptance model for teachers in special education based on personal innovativeness and social influence (개인의 혁신성과 사회적 영향 관점에서 특수교사들의 스마트미디어 수용에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Dong-Wook;Kang, Min-Chae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.10
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to test the behavioral acceptance of adopting smart-media for special education teachers on the points of personal innovativeness and social influence with structural equation modeling(SEM). The corelation of factors such as personal innovativeness, social influence, performance expectancy and behavioral intention are significant. The results of SEM analysis show that the direct impact of social influence on performance expectancy and behavioral intention is significant. The indirect impact of social influence toward behavioral intention through performance expectancy is also significant. However, the personal innovativeness is not statistically significant factor affecting performance expectancy and behavioral intention.

An Empirical Study on the Use of Intelligent Personal Secretary Service Based on Value-based Acceptance Model (가치 기반 수용모델에 기반한 지능형 개인비서 서비스 사용에 대한 실증 연구)

  • Kim, Sanghyun;Park, Hyunsun;Kim, Bora
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.99-118
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    • 2018
  • Recently, individuals are interested in a variety of products and services based on artificial intelligence. Among those products and services, an intelligent personal assistants are attracting many attention from IT companies as a next generation platform. Thus, the main purpose of this study is to investigate effects of intelligent personal assistant's benefits on user's value formation and adoption behavior based on Value-based Adoption Model. In addition, the moderating effect of personal innovativeness is examined through empirical analysis. Based on the analysis with the data from actual users, the results show that usefulness, enjoyment, technicality and cost advantage have significant influences on perceived value and correspondingly have an effect on intention to adopt. Personal innovativeness is related to the relationship between perceived value and intention to adopt. These findings may provide important insights to the relevant field regarding the use and spread of intelligent personal assistants.

Exploring the Personal Innovativeness Construct: The Roles of Ease of Use, Satisfaction and Attitudes

  • Amoroso, Donald L.;Lim, Ricardo A.
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.662-685
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    • 2015
  • The use of global mobile technology has increased exponentially. In particular, a survey of consumers in the Philippines showed that 83% "could not live" without their mobile phones. We investigated factors, such as ease of use and personal innovativeness, to elucidate the consumer adoption of mobile technologies in the Philippines, to integrate existing adoption theories for academics and provide recommendations to practitioners based on our findings. Our research questions are as follows: (1) What key factors drive adoption of mobile technologies by Filipino consumers?; (2) Are Filipino consumers innovative in their use of mobile technologies?; And (3) How can telecom companies retain their customers? A structural equation model, which was built from a survey of 528 mobile Filipino consumers, showed support for repurchase intention to use mobile technologies. The hypotheses were generally supported by variables related to mobile phone usage with the Philippine consumer sample. Results support all of the hypothesized relationships for consumers using mobile technologies. Personal innovativeness did load on both attitude and repurchase intention for mobile applications as originally hypothesized but was strongly loaded for attitude toward using. This research is a first step in understanding the adoption of mobile applications by Filipino consumers. We initially hypothesized that consumer behavior toward mobile applications would involve constructs of innovativeness, ease of use, and satisfaction; however, we found that ease of use was less significant in understanding repurchase intention to use mobile technologies. Personal innovativeness was more important in explaining satisfaction with mobile application attitudes and repurchase intention. The Filipino context of this study also provides other interesting implications. As the Philippines transitions into a more international market, western products start to guide market behavior, particularly consumer adoption.

Antecedents of Accepting Disruptive Innovation: The Perspective of Value Congruence

  • CUI, Yuan;ZHANG, Tingting;KIM, Seungwoon;FENG, Shi
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.353-364
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    • 2021
  • Originating in value congruence theory, this study aims to give a clear understanding of the transformation process of consumers from incumbent technology to disruptive innovation technology. Moreover, the moderating effect of personal innovativeness in the process of consumers' switching to disruptive innovation is investigated. This study combines value congruence with expectation-disconfirmation theory, technology-switching theory, and the personal innovativeness of the disruptive innovation product, explaining why consumers have transformed from an incumbent product into a disruptive innovation. Data was collected through a questionnaire from 280 smartphone users in China. The respondents were mainly potential consumers who had never bought Redmi phones, namely, a smart product owned by the renowned Chinese company Xiaomi. The hypothesis of the research model is based on the example of the Redmi smartphone, which has been confirmed by existing smartphone users in China. Through investigation, the results of multivariable regression analysis show the decisive variables that influence consumer intentions, and we analyze the role of personal innovativeness in moderating between dissatisfaction with the incumbent product and purchase intention of a product based on disruptive innovation. The findings of this study can provide a certain reference for the sustainable growth of Xiaomi and the development of new products.

An Empirical Study on Perceived Value and Continuous Intention to Use of Smart Phone, and the Moderating Effect of Personal Innovativeness (스마트폰의 지각된 가치와 지속적 사용의도, 그리고 개인 혁신성의 조절효과)

  • Han, Joonhyoung;Kang, Sungbae;Moon, Taesoo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.53-84
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    • 2013
  • With rapid development of ICT (Information and Communications Technology), new services by the convergence of mobile network and application technology began to appear. Today, smart phone with new ICT convergence network capabilities is exceedingly popular and very useful as a new tool for the development of business opportunities. Previous studies based on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) suggested critical factors, which should be considered for acquiring new customers and maintaining existing users in smart phone market. However, they had a limitation to focus on technology acceptance, not value based approach. Prior studies on customer's adoption of electronic utilities like smart phone product showed that the antecedents such as the perceived benefit and the perceived sacrifice could explain the causality between what is perceived and what is acquired over diverse contexts. So, this research conceptualizes perceived value as a trade-off between perceived benefit and perceived sacrifice, and we need to research the perceived value to grasp user's continuous intention to use of smart phone. The purpose of this study is to investigate the structured relationship between benefit (quality, usefulness, playfulness) and sacrifice (technicality, cost, security risk) of smart phone users, perceived value, and continuous intention to use. In addition, this study intends to analyze the differences between two subgroups of smart phone users by the degree of personal innovativeness. Personal innovativeness could help us to understand the moderating effect between how perceptions are formed and continuous intention to use smart phone. This study conducted survey through e-mail, direct mail, and interview with smart phone users. Empirical analysis based on 330 respondents was conducted in order to test the hypotheses. First, the result of hypotheses testing showed that perceived usefulness among three factors of perceived benefit has the highest positive impact on perceived value, and then followed by perceived playfulness and perceived quality. Second, the result of hypotheses testing showed that perceived cost among three factors of perceived sacrifice has significantly negative impact on perceived value, however, technicality and security risk have no significant impact on perceived value. Also, the result of hypotheses testing showed that perceived value has significant direct impact on continuous intention to use of smart phone. In this regard, marketing managers of smart phone company should pay more attention to improve task efficiency and performance of smart phone, including rate systems of smart phone. Additionally, to test the moderating effect of personal innovativeness, this research conducted multi-group analysis by the degree of personal innovativeness of smart phone users. In a group with high level of innovativeness, perceived usefulness has the highest positive influence on perceived value than other factors. Instead, the analysis for a group with low level of innovativeness showed that perceived playfulness was the highest positive factor to influence perceived value than others. This result of the group with high level of innovativeness explains that innovators and early adopters are able to cope with higher level of cost and risk, and they expect to develop more positive intentions toward higher performance through the use of an innovation. Also, hedonic behavior in the case of the group with low level of innovativeness aims to provide self-fulfilling value to the users, in contrast to utilitarian perspective, which aims to provide instrumental value to the users. However, with regard to perceived sacrifice, both groups in general showed negative impact on perceived value. Also, the group with high level of innovativeness had less overall negative impact on perceived value compared to the group with low level of innovativeness across all factors. In both group with high level of innovativeness and with low level of innovativeness, perceived cost has the highest negative influence on perceived value than other factors. Instead, the analysis for a group with high level of innovativeness showed that perceived technicality was the positive factor to influence perceived value than others. However, the analysis for a group with low level of innovativeness showed that perceived security risk was the second high negative factor to influence perceived value than others. Unlike previous studies, this study focuses on influencing factors on continuous intention to use of smart phone, rather than considering initial purchase and adoption of smart phone. First, perceived value, which was used to identify user's adoption behavior, has a mediating effect among perceived benefit, perceived sacrifice, and continuous intention to use smart phone. Second, perceived usefulness has the highest positive influence on perceived value, while perceived cost has significant negative influence on perceived value. Third, perceived value, like prior studies, has high level of positive influence on continuous intention to use smart phone. Fourth, in multi-group analysis by the degree of personal innovativeness of smart phone users, perceived usefulness, in a group with high level of innovativeness, has the highest positive influence on perceived value than other factors. Instead, perceived playfulness, in a group with low level of innovativeness, has the highest positive factor to influence perceived value than others. This result shows that early adopters intend to adopt smart phone as a tool to make their job useful, instead market followers intend to adopt smart phone as a tool to make their time enjoyable. In terms of marketing strategy for smart phone company, marketing managers should pay more attention to identify their customers' lifetime value by the phase of smart phone adoption, as well as to understand their behavior intention to accept the risk and uncertainty positively. The academic contribution of this study primarily is to employ the VAM (Value-based Adoption Model) as a conceptual foundation, compared to TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) used widely by previous studies. VAM is useful for understanding continuous intention to use smart phone in comparison with TAM as a new IT utility by individual adoption. Perceived value dominantly influences continuous intention to use smart phone. The results of this study justify our research model adoption on each antecedent of perceived value as a benefit and a sacrifice component. While TAM could be widely used in user acceptance of new technology, it has a limitation to explain the new IT adoption like smart phone, because of customer behavior intention to choose the value of the object. In terms of theoretical approach, this study provides theoretical contribution to the development, design, and marketing of smart phone. The practical contribution of this study is to suggest useful decision alternatives concerned to marketing strategy formulation for acquiring and retaining long-term customers related to smart phone business. Since potential customers are interested in both benefit and sacrifice when evaluating the value of smart phone, marketing managers in smart phone company has to put more effort into creating customer's value of low sacrifice and high benefit so that customers will continuously have higher adoption on smart phone. Especially, this study shows that innovators and early adopters with high level of innovativeness have higher adoption than market followers with low level of innovativeness, in terms of perceived usefulness and perceived cost. To formulate marketing strategy for smart phone diffusion, marketing managers have to pay more attention to identify not only their customers' benefit and sacrifice components but also their customers' lifetime value to adopt smart phone.

Predicting IT-based Robot Adoption in Korea: By Integrating TAM and EDT (IT기반 로봇의 수용에 관한 연구: TAM과 EDT 모형의 통합관점)

  • Kim, Yoo-Jung;Lee, Hyung-Seok;Yoon, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.237-245
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    • 2010
  • Korea Communications Commission (KCC) has been providing the pilot service of URC(Ubiquitous Robot Companion), which is a network-based personal robot, to 1000 Korean households since 2006 to define potential users' needs and adoption behaviors. Personal innovativeness might play a critical role in adoption of URC services by users because much sophisticated and convergence technologies are incorporated into URC services. Also, defining not only perceived beliefs about URC services but also expected beliefs about them are very crucial to reduce disconfirmation between users' perception and expectation of URC services. From this point of view, this paper aimed to examine robot users' adoption behavior by considering constructs such as personal innovativeness, usefulness (perceived usefulness - expected usefulness, P-E), user attitude, and intention to use. The findings reveal that personal innovativeness is negatively related to usefulness (P-E) whereas usefulness (P-E) influences significantly and positively on user attitude. It is also shown that usefulness (P-E) and user attitude have strong positive effects on intention to use.

Intention to Use Mobile Delivery Application Services, Depending on Personal Innovativeness and Self-Efficacy (개인혁신성과 자기효능감이 모바일 배달 어플리케이션 서비스 이용의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Min-Hee;Kwon, Mahnwoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.440-448
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to determine the factors affecting people's intention to use mobile delivery application services. The technology acceptance model (TAM) was employed and a survey was conducted on 300 delivery application users. As a result, personal innovativeness was found to have a positive effect on perceived ease of use and perceived playfulness. Self-efficacy turned out to have a positive influence on perceived ease of use and perceived playfulness. Next, perceived ease of use was found to positively affect both perceived usefulness and perceived playfulness, and perceived usefulness and playfulness had a positive effect on the intention to use the service as well. Lastly, personal innovativeness and self-efficacy were found to have a significant indirect influence on the intention to use the service. This study suggests users can be induced to voluntarily and continuously use the service, if their personal characteristics and perception of the service are considered in the future development of the service.

Digital Home Residents' Personal Characteristics by their Trait of Innovativeness toward Technology (디지털 홈 거주자의 기술혁신성 정도에 따른 개인적 특성)

  • Kwon, Oh-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2009
  • The supply of digital homes has been increasing but digital home services which meet consumer needs under the various conditions have not identified. The purpose of the study was to investigate the residents' personal characteristics living in digital apartments with comparison of their trait of innovativeness toward technology. Residents who lived in two apartment complexes equipped with fundamental digital home services (Level 1 service) were selected to conduct the survey. A total of 500 responses were used for data analyses. Responses were classified into three groups based on their innovativeness toward technology for data analyses. The results of the study showed that residents' sociodemographic and housing related characteristics differed according to their acceptance trait of new technology. Early adopters and early majority were younger, higher income, and more educated than late adopters. Also, they were more likely to be renters and consider installation of digital home services before they moved in. Respondents who had higher innovativeness tended to experience more positive life changes after using digital home services and possessed more and many digital appliances. Remote control and remote meter reading service were the most preferable features among digital home services without no differences in three groups.