• Title, Summary, Keyword: Personal initiative

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An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Role Stress and Personal Creativity: The Mediating Roles of Creative Self-Efficacy and Personal Initiative (역할스트레스와 개인 창의성 간의 관계에 대한 실증연구: 창의적 자아효능감과 자기주도성의 매개역할)

  • Heo, Myung Sook;Cheon, Myun Joong
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.51-83
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    • 2013
  • Personal creativity is critically important for organizations seeking to survive and thrive in today's highly turbulent business environments. Organizations must effectively identify and mobilize the creative resources of their members. When organizational members perceive a work environment that restricts or fails to encourage individual creative expression, a gap may exist between the level of individual creative potential and the actual amount of individual creativity practiced within the organization. In this situation, this paper will examine the impact of role conflict, role ambiguity, creative self-efficacy, and personal initiative on personal creativity. Creative self-efficacy is the subjective belief in one's personal ability to be creative, that is, a personal assessment of one's own creative potential. A strong internal belief in one's ability to successfully engage in creative behaviors is generally considered an important part of the creative process. Personal Initiative refers to behaviors, mainly directed toward work and organizational issues, that are characterized by the following aspects: self-starting, proactive, and persistent in overcoming barriers. Creativity-related creative self-efficacy and personal initiative are critical components to understand motivation that coordinates the relationship between perception and behavior of individual employees. Based on role theory, researchers have focused on role conflict and role ambiguity as the two key ingredients of role stress. Role ambiguity is defined as an evaluation about the lack of salient information needed to perform a role effectively. Role conflict results from two or more sets of incompatible demands involving work-related issues. Employees are usually pursued work-roles more than one in work-focused organization. Too many work-roles and perceived uncertainties at employee's work can be obstacles to personal creativity. In an analysis of results, while role conflict is not negatively related significantly to creative self-efficacy, role ambiguity is negatively related significantly to creative self-efficacy. While role conflict is significantly related to personal creativity, role ambiguity is negatively related significantly to personal creativity. Creative self-efficacy mediates the relationship among role conflict, role ambiguity, and employee creativity. Personal initiative mediates the relationship between creative self-efficacy and employee creativity. This paper shows that creative self-efficacy and personal initiative are the driving force behind personal creativity. Organizations can get some implications of creative-related role conflict and role ambiguity that employees have experienced. As a result, organizations must not only encourage creativity of employees by greater involvement but also encourage their input towards their-focused own works and tasks. And employees should be developed to pace with the organizational needs and development. Management must enable employees to think of new ideas and practices that promotes personal creativity.

Factors Affecting the Behavior of Sharing Online Video : Focusing on Need to Belong, Personal Growth Initiative, and Theory of Planned Behavior (온라인 비디오 공유 행위에 영향을 미치는 요인: 소속 욕구, 자기성장주도성, 계획된 행동이론 모델을 중심으로)

  • Yu, Su-Min;Noh, Ghee-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.213-223
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to prove the relationship between a TPB(theory of planned behavior) variables (subjective norms, attitudes, and self-efficacy), need to belong and personal growth initiatives to explain the reasons for users' shared behavior. 959 participants who had shared online video were collected as a sample through an online survey and the collected data were analyzed through structural equation modeling. The study found that need to belong affected attitudes to online video sharing and subjective norms, and that personal growth initiative also affected attitudes to online video sharing and self-efficacy. In addition, all three variables of TPB were affect the intend of online video sharing, and attitudes to online video sharing were affecting subjective norms and self-efficacy. This study is meaningful in that it demonstrated the user's intention to share online video through variables of TPB along with their need to belong and personal growth initiatives.

Social Expectations, Personal Values, and Women's Role in South Korea

  • Cho, Sung Kyum;LoCascio, Sarah Prusoff
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.175-191
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    • 2018
  • This exploratory study considers the difference between personal and perceived societal values related to South Korean women's role in the home, workplace, and society using eight items asked on the Korean Academic Multimode Open Survey (KAMOS), May-July 2017. Factor analysis showed that these eight items could be grouped into two categories: women's role in her family and women's in the outside world. Of the 2,000 respondents, 54.1% personally agreed that "Both the husband and wife should contribute to their family income." People in their 30s felt the largest gap between their personal and societal values; women also felt a larger gap than men. Those who watched television more were generally more conservative than those who used the Internet more. People who felt a smaller gap between societal and personal values were more likely to feel proud to be a Korean citizen. People who believe that it is better not to marry felt a bigger gap between some societal and personal values on items relating to whether a wife should work, whether a woman's housework or paid job is more valuable, and whether women's job performance is equal to men's. People who believe that divorce is sometimes acceptable were also more likely to feel a bigger difference in two items: the item about job performance and an item about whether a married woman's social status is dependent on her husband's.

An Analysis of the Message on Internet Fashion Brand's Community - Focused on Brand Reneevon - (패션 브랜드의 인터넷 커뮤니티 메시지 유형 분석 - 브랜드 레니본을 중심으로 -)

  • Son, Hee-Jung;Yu, Ji-Hun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.791-806
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    • 2009
  • Internet brand community's message makes significant contributions for fashion industry. Therefore, if we understand and implement the characteristics of the message on the Internet brand's community, it can be useful for future marketing strategy. This study was to classified the internet community and to examine messages with regard to direction, write motive and prior knowledge. The messages were taken from February, 20th, to August, 7th in 2008. Content analysis method was used for this study. The results were as follows: First, Fashion brand community divided into user initiative type and enterprise establishing type. Second, User initiative type had positive direction message more than enterprise establishing type had. Third, User initiative type had large volumes of information searching or sharing related message, but enterprise establishing type had large quantities of personal experience related message about write motive. Fourth, There was no difference numerical prior knowledge between user initiative type and enterprise establishing type, and then both had a high rate of prior knowledge.

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The effect of individual perception of team climate for coopetition on the knowledge sharing and the moderating effects of procedural justice and personal initiative (개인의 경쟁적 협력 팀 분위기 인식이 지식공유에 미치는 효과 및 절차적 공정성, 개인 주도성의 조절효과)

  • Park, Owwon;Han, Sujin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.2112-2122
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    • 2014
  • Most of the researches on coopetition are focused on the effect of coopetion on firm performance in the firm level. However, few studies attempted to find out the effect of coopetition in team and individual level. In this paper, we examined the effect of individual perception of team climate for coopetition on the knowledge sharing and the moderating effects of procedural justice and personal initiative between the two variables. Empirical results using R&D researchers in research institutes of large-firms showed that individual perception of team climate for coopetition is positively related to knowledge sharing. In addition, we also found that procedural justice has positively strengthened the effect of coopetition on knowledge sharing. Finally, we addressed implications, limitations and future research directions.

The moderating roles of employees' self-efficacy and trust in leader on the relationship between ethical leadership and employees' behaviors (윤리적 리더십과 종업원의 행동 간의 관계-종업원의 자기효능감과 리더에 대한 신뢰의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Young-Hyung;Kim, Hye-Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ethical leadership on employees' behaviors (deviant behavior and personal initiative) and to explore the moderating roles of self-efficacy and trust in leader in the relationship between ethical leadership and employees' behaviors. This study developed four hypotheses and tested them using regression and hierarchical regression analyses. The results showed that the negative relationship between ethical leadership and deviant behavior and the positive relationship between ethical leadership and personal initiative were statistically supported. And this study found that self-efficacy and trust in leader played moderating roles in the relationship between ethical leadership and employees' behaviors. Based on the findings of the study, this study presented managerial implications and suggestions for future studies.

A Study on the Qualities of the Security and Secretary (경호비서에게 요구되는 자질)

  • Park, Ok-cheol
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.24-37
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    • 2009
  • In the political and economic circles of our society, the security and secretary is always accompanying the society leaders, like shadows. The job of the security and secretary is a very difficult one that requires comprehensive and extensive capability and talent. From results of the prior studies, qualities of the security and secretary are divided into three groups. i.e. personal qualities, mental qualities and physical qualities. Each quality can be summarized as follows. Firstly, personal qualities mean honesty, responsibility, initiative, work ethic, sense of duty, modest attitude, kindness and loyalty. Secondly, mental qualities represent agility & composure, judgement, adaptability, memory, prediction, accuracy & reliability, observation and secret. Finally, physical qualities such as health, cleanliness, decent appearance, good feeling voice, physical strength and Martial arts for Protection. The security and secretary equipped with the above three requisites can be said to be the most ideal the security and secretary whom this age want and need.

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Technological and Personal Factors of Determining the Acceptance of Wrist-Worn Smart Devices

  • Kim, Sun Jin;Cho, Jaehee
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.143-168
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    • 2019
  • With much attention being paid to the rapid growth of wrist-worn smart devices, this study aimed to examine the micro-processes that determine an individual's adoption of smart bands and smartwatches. Primarily relying on the theoretical background of the extended technology acceptance model (TAM II), this study explored relationships between three groups of predictors-social, personal, and device-oriented-and the three main components of the original TAM: perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEOU), and behavioral intention (BI). Results from the path analysis indicated multiple factors played significant roles in increasing the PU, PEOU, and BI of wristworn smart devices: subjective norms, social image, self-efficacy, perceived service diversity, and perceived reasonable cost. The main findings from this research contribute to significantly improving the understanding of the main factors leading people to adopt wrist-worn smart devices.

Formalizing the Role of Social Capital on Individuals' Continuous Use of Social Networking Sites from a Social Cognitive Perspective

  • Guo, Yu;Li, Yiwei;Ito, Naoya
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.90-102
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    • 2014
  • By integrating useful insights from social cognitive theory and social capital theory, we aim to develop a model for better understanding people's behaviors related to the use of social networking sites (SNSs) and formalize the role of social capital in individuals' continuous SNS use. Propositions that emphasize the triadic interactive relationships among environmental, personal, and behavioral factors were highlighted in this study. After reviewing previous studies, in this paper we proposed the following: (1) the causation between SNS use and individuals' perceived social capital might be mutual; social capital may not only be the result of media selectivity, but could also be an essential stimulus initiating the start of using SNSs; (2) the influences of SNSs use on the generation of individuals' online social capital might be conditional upon particular patterns of use; (3) both the level of dependence on SNSs and the differentiated patterns of SNSs use vary according to individuals' perceived offline social capital and their personal characteristics, for instance, personality or self-construal, and social anxiety.